The guidance documents are intended to be available for regulators and advisors as they carry out their decision-making and for developers as they prepare consenting and licensing applications. This country-specific document presents an overview of regulations relevant for marine renewable energy development in Japan. It is not intended to replace any regulatory requirements or prescribe action for a particular risk. This document is intended to be read in conjunction with the background document.
In China, consenting processes for marine renewable energy (MRE) projects usually consist of applications for power permits, sea area use rights, above water and underwater activity licenses, submarine cable and pipeline route investigation and laying construction, and completion of a marine environmental impact assessment.
Consents and licenses are regulated by several administration authorities, implemented in an integrated management system that includes national unified supervision and authorization to local government hierarchically. Table 1 shows the information of the consents (permissions), authorities and regulations, for MRE projects. The main national administration authorities include the State Oceanic Administration (SOA), National Energy Administration (NEA), Ministry of Ecological Environment (MEE), Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR). Additional authorities may be involved at the local level.