Wind Energy general

Generic term that applies to all wind energy.

Wind Energy

 

Temperature differentials around the world generate winds that can have substantial power around surface features such as mountains and water. These winds can be captured by several different turbine designs, though the most common is a three-bladed monopile. Within a project site, turbines are sited in locations that experience larger and more consistent winds for greater power generation. The magnitude of winds expected in an area may play a role in determining the turbine size and design. The wind energy can be classified in the following categories:

 

The primary environmental concern for the wind energy industry is preventing bird and bat collision with blades, which commonly results in fatalities.

 

Photo Credit: "South Point Wind Farm" by Harvey McDaniel from Naalehu, HI

Total Results: 2974
Title Author Date Type of Contentsort descending Technology Type Stressor Receptor
Europe, China and the United States: Three different approaches to the development of offshore wind energy deCastro, M., et al. July 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Rangifer within areas of human influence: understanding effects in relation to spatiotemporal scales Flydal, K., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Terrestrial Mammals
Via Pontica-Myth and Reality for Birds and Wind Turbines Manev, T., Zehtindjiev, P. February 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general Birds
The politics of Estonia's offshore wind energy programme: Discourse, power and marine spatial planning Tafon, R., Howarth, D., Griggs, S. January 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Do tidal stream energy projects offer more value than offshore wind farms? A case study in the United Kingdom Lamy, J., Azevedo, I. February 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Biases in the Literature on Direct Wildlife Mortality from Energy Development Loss, S., Dorning, M., Diffendorfer, J. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general
An evidence-based approach to specifying survey effort in ecological assessments of bat activity Richardson, S., et al. March 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Bats
A smart curtailment approach for reducing bat fatalities and curtailment time at wind energy facilities Hayes, M., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Bats
Globalization in the wind energy industry: contribution and economic impact of European companies Lacal-Arántegui, R. April 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general Human Dimensions
Justice, social exclusion and indigenous opposition: A case study of wind energy development on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Mexico Zárate-Toledo, E., Patiño, R., Fraga, J. August 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions
Floating offshore wind - Economic and ecological challenges of a TLP solution Kausche, M., et al. October 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Climate Change, Life Cycle Assessment
The influence of stakeholder groups in operation and maintenance services of offshore wind farms: Lesson from Denmark Ahsan, D., Pederson, S. September 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Energy droughts from variable renewable energy sources in European climates Raynaud, D., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine, Wind Energy general Human Dimensions
Assessing the Cumulative Adverse Effects of Offshore Wind Energy Development on Seabird Foraging Guilds Along the East Coast of the United States Goodale, M,, Milman, A., Griffin, C. May 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Birds, Seabirds
Agassiz’s desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii) activity areas are little changed after wind turbine-induced fires in California Lovich, J., et al. November 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Reptiles
Offshore Wind Turbine Visibility and Visual Impact Threshold Distances Sullivan, R., et al. March 2013 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts
The implications for visual simulation and analysis of temporal variation in the visibility of wind turbines Bishop, I. April 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts
The influence of wind turbine visibility on the health of local residents: a systematic review Freiberg, A., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general Lighting, Noise Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts
The memory of place disruption, senses, and local opposition to Korean wind farms Kim, E., Chung, J. August 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts, Legal and Policy, Stakeholder Engagement
The economics of visual disamenity reductions of offshore wind farms—Review and suggestions from an emerging field Ladenburg, J., Lutzeyer, S. December 2012 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts
Place attachment and marine recreationists' attitudes toward offshore wind energy development Brownlee, M., et al. December 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Recreation & Tourism
Over the Sea and Far Away? A Consideration of the Planning, Politics and Public Perception of Offshore Wind Farms Haggett, C. August 2008 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Steel forests or smoke stacks: the politics of visualisation in the Cape Wind controversy Phadke, R. February 2010 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts
Winds of change – Predicting water-based recreationists' support and opposition for offshore wind energy development in the Great Lakes Ferguson, M., et al. February 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Recreation & Tourism
Sustainability and tourism: the effect of the United States’ first offshore wind farm on the vacation rental market Carr-Harris, A., Lang, C. August 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts
How Does Wind Turbine Noise Affect People? Salt, A., Lichtenhan, J. January 2014 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Noise
Past, present and future environmental footprint of the Danish wind turbine fleet with LCA_WIND_DK, an online interactive platform Besseau, R., et al. July 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Life Cycle Assessment
Comprehensive life cycle assessment of large wind turbines in the US Alsaleh, A., Sattler, M. February 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Critical challenges and capacity building needs for renewable energy deployment in Pacific Small Island Developing States (Pacific SIDS) Lucas, H., et al. August 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general Human Dimensions, Climate Change
Positive ecological effects of wind farms on vegetation in China’s Gobi desert Xu, K., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Ecosystem Processes
Characterizing the benthic community in Maryland’s offshore wind energy areas using a towed camera sled: Developing a method to reduce the effort of image analysis and community description Cruz-Marrero, W., et al. May 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Minimizing wildlife impacts for offshore wind energy development: Winning tradeoffs for seabirds in space and cetaceans in time Best, B., Halpin, P. May 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Collision, Noise Birds, Seabirds, Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Combined Exploitation of Offshore Wind and Wave Energy in the Italian Seas: A Spatial Planning Approach Azzellino, A., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Life cycle environmental impacts of wind energy technologies: A review of simplified models and harmonization of the results Mendecka, B., Lombardi, L. September 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
The contingent valuation study of the wind farm Búrfellslundur - Willingness to pay for preservation Einarsdóttir, S., Cook, D., Davíðsdóttir, B. February 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
A three-dimensional underwater sound propagation model for offshore wind farm noise prediction Lin, Y., et al. May 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise
Social construction of risk in non-conventional renewable energy: Risk perception as a function of ecosystem services in La Araucanía, Chile Cordoves-Sánchez, M., Vallejos-Romero, A. May 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general Human Dimensions
The politics of evidence: Conflicting social commitments and environmental priorities in the debate over wind energy and public health Taylor, J., Klenk, N. January 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general Noise Human Dimensions
Hidden outlaws in the forest? A legal and spatial analysis of onshore wind energy in Germany Bunzel, K., et al. September 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
The post-normal politics and science of wind power planning: Evidence from a Danish near-shore wind farm tender Johansen, K., Upham, P. July 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy, Stakeholder Engagement
Who influences windpower licensing decisions in Norway? Formal requirements and informal practices Inderberg, T., et al. June 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
The integrated offshore grid in Europe: Exploring challenges for regional energy governance Dedecca, J., Hakvoort, R., Herder, P. June 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Korean traditional beliefs and renewable energy transitions: Pungsu, shamanism, and the local perception of wind turbines Kim, E., Chung, J., Seo, Y. December 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Worldviews as predictors of wind and solar energy support in Austria: Bridging social acceptance and risk perception research Sposato, R., Hampl, N. August 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions
Fragmented authorities, institutional misalignments, and challenges to renewable energy transition: A case study of wind power curtailment in China Cai, Y., Aoyama, Y. July 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Wind power gone bad: Critiquing wind power planning processes in northeastern Brazil Gorayeb, A., et al. June 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Wind in the sails or choppy seas?: People-place relations, aesthetics and public support for the United States’ first offshore wind project Firestone, J., et al. June 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts
When tourists meet transmission lines: The effects of electric transmission lines on tourism in Iceland Stefánsson, P., Sæþórsdóttir, A., Hall, C. December 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy general Human Dimensions, Recreation & Tourism, Visual Impacts
The Muillean Gaoithe and the Melin Wynt: Cultural sustainability and community owned wind energy schemes in Gaelic and Welsh speaking communities in the United Kingdom Haf, S., Parkhill, K. July 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions
Procedural justice in Canadian wind energy development: A comparison of community-based and technocratic siting processes Walker, C., Baxter, J. July 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy general Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Spoiled darkness? Sense of place and annoyance over obstruction lights from the world’s largest wind turbine test centre in Denmark Rudolph, D., et al. March 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Lighting Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts, Stakeholder Engagement
The influence of high-voltage power lines on the feelings evoked by different Swiss surroundings Lienert, P., Sütterlin, B., Siegrist, M. January 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts
Stakeholder empowerment through participatory planning practices: The case of electricity transmission lines in France and Norway Späth, L., Scolobig, A. January 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts, Stakeholder Engagement
Marine wind energy and the North Sea Offshore Grid Initiative: A Multi-Level Perspective on a stalled technology transition? Flynn, B. December 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Public views on renewable energy in the Rocky Mountain region of the United States: Distinct attitudes, exposure, and other key predictors of wind energy Olson-Hazboun, S., Krannich, R., Robertson, P. November 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Climate Change, Visual Impacts
Biodiversity and wind energy in Kenya: Revealing landscape and wind turbine perceptions in the world’s wildlife capital Nordman, E., Mutinda, J. September 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts
Media and policy in a complex adaptive system: Insights from wind energy legislation in the United States Smith, H., et al. September 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy general Human Dimensions
Community perceptions of renewable energies in Portugal: Impacts on environment, landscape and local development Delicado, A., Figueiredo, E., Silva, L. March 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Beauty in motion: Expectations, attitudes, and values of wind energy development in the rural U.S Fergen, J., Jacquet, J. January 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement, Visual Impacts
Does more wind energy influence the choice of location for wind power development? Assessing the cumulative effects of daily wind turbine encounters in Denmark Ladenburg, J. November 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Offshore wind farms in Southern Europe – Determining tourist preference and social acceptance Westerberg, V., Jacobsen, J., Lifran, R. November 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts, Recreation & Tourism
A comparative assessment of proposed offshore wind power demonstration projects in the United States Bates, A., Firestone, J. November 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Wind energy in the city: An interurban comparison of social acceptance of wind energy projects Khorsand, I., et al. July 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Determining the local acceptance of wind energy projects in Switzerland: The importance of general attitudes and project characteristics Walter, G. December 2014 Journal Article Wind Energy general Human Dimensions
A Review of the Application of Lifecycle Analysis to Renewable Energy Systems Lund, C., Biswas, W. April 2008 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Life Cycle Assessment of Dernah (Libya) wind farm Al-Behadili, S., El-Osta, W. November 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Numerical simulation of spudcan-soil interaction using an improved smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) method Wu, H., et al. July 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general Nearfield Habitat
Uncertainty analysis of soil-pile interactions of monopile offshore wind turbine support structures Yeter, B., Garbatov, Y., Soares, C. January 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Physical Environment
Microclimate effects of wind farms on local crop yields Kaffine, D. July 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions
Effects of wind farms on near-surface wind speed Xin, Z., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Changes in Flow
Integration of marine research results into a maritime spatial plan for Lithuania Mileriene, R., Blažauskas, N., Gulbinskas, S. April 2014 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Building the Blue Economy: The Role of Marine Spatial Planning in Facilitating Offshore Renewable Energy Development Young, M. February 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Who cares? European attitudes towards marine and coastal environments Potts, T., et al. October 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts, Fisheries, Stakeholder Engagement
Tilting at Offshore Windmills: Regulating Wind Farm Development Within the Renewable Energy Zone Scott, K. December 2005 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Social licence in the marine sector: A review of understanding and application Kelly, R., Pecl, G., Fleming, A. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Development of cumulative impact assessment guidelines for offshore wind farms and evaluation of use in project making Durning, B., Broderick, M. July 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Effects of wind turbine noise on the surrounding soundscape in the context of greater-prairie chicken courtship vocalizations Whalen, C., et al. October 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Noise Birds, Ground-Nesting Birds
The Iowa Atmospheric Observatory: Revealing the Unique Boundary Layer Characteristics of a Wind Farm Takle, E., Rajewski, D., Purdy, S. March 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Changes in Flow Nearfield Habitat
Effect of wind turbines on bird abundance: A national scale analysis based on fixed effects models Miao, R., et al. September 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Birds
Wind turbines in high quality habitat cause disproportionate increases in collision mortality of the white-tailed eagle Heuck, C., et al. August 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Collision Birds, Raptors
Effects of impulsive noise on marine mammals: investigating range‐dependent risk Hastie, G., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
A path planning approach based on multi-direction A* algorithm for ships navigating within wind farm waters Xie, L., et al. June 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Navigation
The proportion of flatfish recruitment in the North Sea potentially affected by offshore windfarms Barbut, L., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Fish
Reconversion of offshore oil and gas platforms into renewable energy sites production: Assessment of different scenarios Leporini, M., et al. December 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Life Cycle Assessment
Offshore gas production infrastructure reutilisation for blue energy production Sedlar, D., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Habitat Change Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Potential effects of electrical energy transmission - the case study from the Polish Marine Areas (southern Baltic Sea) Otremba, Z., et al. June 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind EMF
Adaptive marine spatial planning in the Netherlands sector of the North Sea de Vrees, L. February 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Public perceptions of and responses to new energy technologies Boudet, H. May 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general Human Dimensions
Effect of Pile-Driving Playback Sound Level on Fish-Catching Efficiency in Harbor Porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) Kastelein, R., et al. July 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Effects of submarine power transmission cables on a glass sponge reef and associated megafaunal community Dunham, A., et al. June 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Socioeconomic and demographic factors that influence publics' awareness on the different forms of renewable energy sources Karytsas, S., Theodoropoulou, H. November 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general Human Dimensions
Life-cycle cost analysis of floating offshore wind farms Castro-Santos, L., Diaz-Casas, V. June 2014 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Rural wind farm development: Social, environmental and economic features important to local residents Groth, T., Vogt, C. March 2014 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Co-benefits analysis on climate change and environmental effects of wind-power: A case study from Xinjiang, China Ma, Z., et al. September 2013 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Climate Change
A long‐term assessment of raptor displacement at a wind farm Dohm, R., et al. July 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Habitat Change Birds, Raptors
Life cycle assessment of an onshore wind farm located at the northeastern coast of Brazil Oebels, K., Pacca, S. May 2013 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Recycling offshore wind farms at decommissioning stage Topham, E., et al. June 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Exploring technologically, temporally and geographically-sensitive life cycle inventories for wind turbines: A parameterized model for Denmark Sacchi, R., et al. March 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Sustainable renewable energy planning and wind farming optimization from a biodiversity perspective Dhunny, A., et al. October 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Climate Change, Marine Spatial Planning
Geographic context affects the landscape change and fragmentation caused by wind energy facilities Diffendorfer, J., et al. July 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Nearfield Habitat

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