Wind Energy (General)

A broad term that refers to the various ways to generate electricity from the wind.

Wind Energy

 

Wind energy (or wind power) is a broad term that refers to the various ways to generate electricity from wind, the air flows that occur naturally in the atmosphere due to uneven heating of the Earth’s surface by the sun. The type, size, and location of each turbine depends on wind availability, directionality, and strength, as well as grid accessibility and potential environmental and socio-economic impacts. Although the most common turbine design is the three-bladed horizontal axis turbine, several different designs have been developed over time, including vertical axis and two-bladed turbines.

 

Wind energy technologies can be classified in the following categories:

 

The primary environmental concerns associated with wind energy technologies typically encompass animal collision, impacts from noise, avoidance and/or attraction, impacts from lighting, and changes in flow.

Total Results: 2974
Title Author Date Type of Content Technology Typesort descending Stressor Receptor
Short-term integration costs of variable renewable energy: Wind curtailment and balancing in Britain and Germany Joos, M., Staffell, I. April 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General)
Consideration of scales in offshore wind environmental impact assessments Ryan, K., Danylchuk, A., Jordaan, A. March 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
The impact of wind turbines on local recreation: Evidence from two travel cost method-contingent behavior studies Kipperberg, G., et al. March 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Recreation & Tourism
Evaluating the environmental impacts of recycling wind turbines Jensen, J. October 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Life Cycle Assessment
Costs and consequences of wind turbine wake effects arising from uncoordinated wind energy development Lundquist, J., et al. November 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Human Dimensions
Chains of trust: Energy justice, public engagement, and the first offshore wind farm in the United States Dwyer, J., Bidwell, D. January 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
On the Potential Impact of Lake Erie Wind Farms on Water Temperatures and Mixed‐Layer Depths: Some Preliminary 1‐D Modeling Using COHERENS Afsharian, S., Taylor, P. February 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Changes in Flow Physical Environment
Environmental and social impacts of wind energy: a view point with reference to India Gawande, A., Chaudhry, P. February 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General)
Life Cycle Analysis of Ecological Impacts of an Offshore and a Land-Based Wind Power Plant Piasecka, I., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
2017 State of Wind Development in the United States by Region Oteri, F., et al. April 2018 Report Wind Energy (General)
Assessing the cumulative exposure of wildlife to offshore wind energy development Wing Goodale, M., Milman, A. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind
Wind turbines cause functional habitat loss for migratory soaring birds Marques, A.,, et al. February 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Collision, Habitat Change Raptors
Impact of pile-driving on Hector's dolphin in Lyttelton Harbour, New Zealand Leunissen, E., Rayment, W., Dawson, S. May 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Environmental impact analysis of power generation from biomass and wind farms in different locations Gao, C., et al. March 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Climate Change, Life Cycle Assessment
Life cycle assessment of a floating offshore wind turbine Weinzettel, J., et al. March 2009 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
GHG emissions and energy performance of offshore wind power Raadal, H., et al. June 2014 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Life Cycle Assessment of Offshore Wind Electricity Generation in Scandinavia Tveten, A. July 2009 Thesis Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Life cycle energy and greenhouse emissions analysis of wind turbines and the effect of size on energy yield Crawford, R. December 2009 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Climate Change, Life Cycle Assessment
Life cycle assessment: A case study of two wind turbines used in Mexico Vargas, A., et al. January 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Renewable energy from the high seas: Geo-spatial modelling of resource potential and legal implications for developing offshore wind projects beyond the national jurisdiction of coastal States Elsner, P., Suarez, S. May 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Effects of established offshore wind farms on energy flow of coastal ecosystems: A case study of the Rudong offshore wind farms in China Wang, J., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes
Analyzing Coastal and Marine Changes – Offshore Wind Farming as a Case Study Lange, M., et al. January 2010 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Changes in Flow, Habitat Change Invertebrates, Birds, Ecosystem Processes, Fish, Human Dimensions
Marine Aquaculture within Offshore Wind Farms: Social Aspects of Multiple-Use Planning Michler-Cieluch, T., Krause, G., Buck, B. June 2009 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Fisheries, Marine Spatial Planning
Open Ocean Aquaculture and Offshore Wind Farms. A feasibility study on the multifunctional use of offshore wind farms and offshore mariculture in the North Sea area Buck, B. January 2002 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Trade-offs between seascape and offshore wind farming values: An analysis of local opinions based on a cognitive belief framework Gee, K. May 2013 Thesis Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts, Stakeholder Engagement
Offshore wind power development as affected by seascape values on the German North Sea coast Gee, K. April 2010 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts, Stakeholder Engagement
Integrated Assessment of Coastal and Marine Changes Using the Example of Offshore Wind Farms: the Coastal Futures Approach Kannen, A., Burkhard, B. September 2009 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
The use of 'ecological risk' for assessing effects of human activities: an example including eutrophication and offshore wind farm construction in the North Sea Nunneri, C., et al. October 2008 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions
Is bird conservation a barrier to wind energy? Aversa, I., Polizel, J., Montaño, M. May 2018 Conference Paper Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Birds
Avian Monitoring and Mortality Report at the National Wind Technology Center: January 2010 - February 2011 Tetra Tech Inc. January 2018 Report Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Collision Birds
Do Black-naped Hares Lepus nigricollis (Mammalia: Lagomorpha: Leporidae) have synanthropic association with wind farms? Anoop, V., Arun, P., Jaypal, R. June 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Habitat Change Terrestrial Mammals
Modelling golden eagle habitat selection and flight activity in their home ranges for safer wind farm planning Tikkanen, H., et al. July 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Birds, Raptors
Impacts of Wind Energy Development on Bats: A Global Perspective Arnett, E., et al. January 2016 Book Chapter Wind Energy (General) Bats
Resource selection and wintering phenology of White-winged Scoters in southern New England: Implications for offshore wind energy development Meattey, D., et al. February 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Collision Birds, Seabirds
Multi-Platform Concepts for Combining Offshore Wind Energy and Fish Farming in Freezing Sea Areas: Case Study in the Gulf of Bothnia Mikkola, E., et al. June 2018 Conference Paper Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Fish
A study of White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla movements and mortality at a wind farm in Norway Nygård, T., et al. January 2010 Conference Paper Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Collision Birds, Raptors
Bats and Wind Energy Cooperative 5th Science and All Committees Meeting: 2018 Workshop Proceedings Bats and Wind Energy Cooperative June 2018 Workshop Article Wind Energy (General) Bats
Evaluation of the nearshore impact of a hybrid wave-wind energy farm Diaconu, S., Onea, F., Rusu, E. February 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Changes in Flow Physical Environment
Wind and Energy Wildlife Impacts Bispo, R., et al. March 2019 Book Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind
Wildlife Mortality at Wind Facilities: How We Know What We Know How We Might Mislead Ourselves, and How We Set Our Future Course Huso, M. March 2019 Book Chapter Wind Energy (General)
Estimating Potential Costs of Cumulative Barrier Effects on Migrating Raptors: A Case Study Using Global Positioning System Tracking in Japan Kikuchi, D., et al. March 2019 Book Chapter Wind Energy (General) Birds, Raptors
Coastal impact of a hybrid marine farm operating close to the Sardinia Island Onea, F., Rusu, L. May 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Changes in Flow Physical Environment
Impact of the establishment of US offshore wind power on neodymium flows Fishman, T., Graedel, T. March 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind
The Role of Adaptive Management in the Wind Energy Industry Copping, A., et al. March 2019 Book Chapter Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Meta-Analysis of Finfish Abundance at Offshore Wind Farms Methratta, E., Dardick, W. March 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Fish
An Aero-acoustic Noise Distribution Prediction Methodology for Offshore Wind Farms Cao, J., et al. December 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Noise
Attraction of nocturnally migrating birds to artificial light: The influence of colour, intensity and blinking mode under different cloud cover conditions Rebke, M., et al. May 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Lighting Birds
Exploring landowners' post-construction changes in perceptions of wind energy in Michigan Mills, S., Bessette, D., Smith, H. March 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
The Underwater Sound Field from Impact Pile Driving and Its Potential Effects on Marine Life Dahl, P., de Jong, C., Popper, A. April 2015 Magazine Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Fish, Marine Mammals
Where should wind energy be located? A review of preferences and visualisation approaches for wind turbine locations Hevia-Koch, P., Ladenburg, J. July 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts
Is wind energy increasing the impact of socio-ecological change on Mediterranean mountain ecosystems? Insights from a modelling study relating wind power boost options with a declining species Ferreira, D., et al. May 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Birds, Passerines
Assessing potential impacts of energized submarine power cables on crab harvests Love, M., et al. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General) EMF Invertebrates, Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Underwater Acoustic Modeling Report - Virginia Offshore Wind Technology Advancement Project (VOWTAP) Tetra Tech December 2013 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise
Why does the offshore wind industry need standardized HSE management systems? An evidence from Denmark Ahsan, D., et al. June 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy, Stakeholder Engagement
Current status of wind energy policy in Poland Gnatowska, R., Moryn-Kucharczyk, E. May 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Non-Conventional Energy Sources: A Geo-Spatial Study of Site, Situation, Production and Economy of Wind Farms in Satara District Sule, B. July 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions
The Impacts of Chinese Wind Farms on Climate Sun, H., et al. May 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Climate Change
Proceedings of the Wind-Wildlife Research Meeting XII PNWWRM XII March 2019 Conference Paper Wind Energy (General)
Sustainably reconciling offshore renewable energy with Natura 2000 sites: An interim adaptive management framework Le Lièvre, C. June 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Feeding home ranges of pacific coast feeding group gray whales Lagerquist, B., et al. February 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Europe, China and the United States: Three different approaches to the development of offshore wind energy deCastro, M., et al. July 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Rangifer within areas of human influence: understanding effects in relation to spatiotemporal scales Flydal, K., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Terrestrial Mammals
Via Pontica-Myth and Reality for Birds and Wind Turbines Manev, T., Zehtindjiev, P. February 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Birds
A Stochastic Collision Risk Model for Seabirds in Flight McGregor, R., et al. April 2018 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Birds
AMBEMAR-DSS: A decision support system for the environmental impact assessment of marine renewable energies Guinda, X., et al. June 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Stakeholder Engagement
Wind energy: renewable energy and the environment Nelson, V., Starcher, K. January 2019 Book Wind Energy (General)
The politics of Estonia's offshore wind energy programme: Discourse, power and marine spatial planning Tafon, R., Howarth, D., Griggs, S. January 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Do tidal stream energy projects offer more value than offshore wind farms? A case study in the United Kingdom Lamy, J., Azevedo, I. February 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Biases in the Literature on Direct Wildlife Mortality from Energy Development Loss, S., Dorning, M., Diffendorfer, J. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General)
An evidence-based approach to specifying survey effort in ecological assessments of bat activity Richardson, S., et al. March 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Bats
A smart curtailment approach for reducing bat fatalities and curtailment time at wind energy facilities Hayes, M., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Bats
A Pioneer in Transition: Horizon Scanning of Emerging Issues in Germany's Sustainable Wind Energy Development Köppel, J., et al. March 2019 Book Chapter Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Globalization in the wind energy industry: contribution and economic impact of European companies Lacal-Arántegui, R. April 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Land-Use Conflicts in the Sudetes, Poland Furmankiewicz, M., Potocki, J., Kazak, J. January 2019 Conference Paper Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions
Justice, social exclusion and indigenous opposition: A case study of wind energy development on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Mexico Zárate-Toledo, E., Patiño, R., Fraga, J. August 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions
Floating offshore wind - Economic and ecological challenges of a TLP solution Kausche, M., et al. October 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Climate Change, Life Cycle Assessment
The influence of stakeholder groups in operation and maintenance services of offshore wind farms: Lesson from Denmark Ahsan, D., Pederson, S. September 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Energy droughts from variable renewable energy sources in European climates Raynaud, D., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Riverine, Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Site selection process for floating offshore wind farms in Madeira Islands Díaz, H., Fonseca, R., Soares, C. January 2019 Book Chapter Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Assessing the Cumulative Adverse Effects of Offshore Wind Energy Development on Seabird Foraging Guilds Along the East Coast of the United States Goodale, M,, Milman, A., Griffin, C. May 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Birds, Seabirds
Agassiz’s desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii) activity areas are little changed after wind turbine-induced fires in California Lovich, J., et al. November 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Reptiles
Offshore Wind Turbine Visibility and Visual Impact Threshold Distances Sullivan, R., et al. March 2013 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts
The implications for visual simulation and analysis of temporal variation in the visibility of wind turbines Bishop, I. April 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts
The influence of wind turbine visibility on the health of local residents: a systematic review Freiberg, A., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Lighting, Noise Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts
The memory of place disruption, senses, and local opposition to Korean wind farms Kim, E., Chung, J. August 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts, Legal and Policy, Stakeholder Engagement
The economics of visual disamenity reductions of offshore wind farms—Review and suggestions from an emerging field Ladenburg, J., Lutzeyer, S. December 2012 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts
Place attachment and marine recreationists' attitudes toward offshore wind energy development Brownlee, M., et al. December 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Recreation & Tourism
Over the Sea and Far Away? A Consideration of the Planning, Politics and Public Perception of Offshore Wind Farms Haggett, C. August 2008 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Steel forests or smoke stacks: the politics of visualisation in the Cape Wind controversy Phadke, R. February 2010 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts
Winds of change – Predicting water-based recreationists' support and opposition for offshore wind energy development in the Great Lakes Ferguson, M., et al. February 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Recreation & Tourism
Sustainability and tourism: the effect of the United States’ first offshore wind farm on the vacation rental market Carr-Harris, A., Lang, C. August 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts
Installing Offshore Wind Turbine Foundations Quieter: A Performance Overview of the First Full-Scale Demonstration of the AdBm Underwater Noise Abatement System Elzinga, J., et al. May 2019 Conference Paper Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise
AdBm Demonstration at Butendiek Offshore Wind Farm with Ballast Nedam January 2014 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise
How Does Wind Turbine Noise Affect People? Salt, A., Lichtenhan, J. January 2014 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Noise
Past, present and future environmental footprint of the Danish wind turbine fleet with LCA_WIND_DK, an online interactive platform Besseau, R., et al. July 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Life Cycle Assessment
Comprehensive life cycle assessment of large wind turbines in the US Alsaleh, A., Sattler, M. February 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Critical challenges and capacity building needs for renewable energy deployment in Pacific Small Island Developing States (Pacific SIDS) Lucas, H., et al. August 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Climate Change
Positive ecological effects of wind farms on vegetation in China’s Gobi desert Xu, K., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Ecosystem Processes
Characterizing the benthic community in Maryland’s offshore wind energy areas using a towed camera sled: Developing a method to reduce the effort of image analysis and community description Cruz-Marrero, W., et al. May 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Minimizing wildlife impacts for offshore wind energy development: Winning tradeoffs for seabirds in space and cetaceans in time Best, B., Halpin, P. May 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Collision, Noise Birds, Seabirds, Marine Mammals, Cetaceans

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