TY - JOUR
TI - A Mathematical Model of Bird Collisions With Wind Turbine Rotors
AU - Tucker, V
T2 - Journal of Solar Energy Engineering
AB - When a bird flies through the disk swept out by the blades of a wind turbine rotor, the probability of collision depends on the motions and dimensions of the bird and the blades. The collision model in this paper predicts the probability for birds that glide upwind, downwind, and across the wind past simple one-dimensional blades represented by straight lines, and upwind and downwind past more realistic three-dimensional blades with chord and twist. Probabilities vary over the surface of the disk, and in most cases, the tip of the blade is less likely to collide with a bird than parts of the blade nearer the hub. The mean probability may be found by integration over the disk area. The collision model identifies the rotor characteristics that could be altered to make turbines safer for birds.
DA - 1996/11//
PY - 1996
VL - 118
IS - 4
SP - 253
EP - 262
UR - http://solarenergyengineering.asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/article.aspx?articleid=1455629
DO - 10.1115/1.2871788
LA - English
KW - Wind Energy
KW - Birds
ER -