Short Science Summary: Next Steps in Resolving Risk from MRE Devices


As single marine renewable energy (MRE) devices and commercial arrays are deployed, several interactions between devices and marine animals continue to concern regulators and stakeholders: (1) Collisions of marine animals or seabirds with tidal turbine blades; (2) Effects of underwater sound from MRE devices on marine animals; and (3) Potential effects of electromagnetic fields on marine animal health and behavior. Each of these concerns is driven largely by the high degree of scientific uncertainty surrounding the probability (likelihood) that events will occur, and the severity of consequences (outcomes), if they occur. The intersection of probability and consequences is broadly defined as the potential risk of the interaction. This summary represents a general overview of the research, produced by Annex IV under Ocean Energy Systems.


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