The Gray wolf (Canis lupus) is one of the most well-known and studied species because of its close and ancient relationship with humans. Wolves occur throughout the northern hemisphere, inhabiting a variety of habitats that range from Arctic tundra to Arabian deserts. They often live in human-dominated landscapes, particularly in Southern Europe and Asia. The biggest concern for wolves around wind farms is increased human disturbance in otherwise remote areas that are of particular importance for breeding packs. This summary represents a general overview of the research, produced by WREN under IEA Wind. The table below contains the literature relevant to harbor porpoises and the offshore wind energy industry and will continue to be updated as new literature is added to Tethys.
Sources of Information on European Wolves:
|Title||Author||Date||Type of Content||Technology Type||Stressor||Receptor|
|The Indirect Impacts of Wind Farms on Terrestrial Mammals: Insights from the Disturbance and Exclusion Effects on Wolves (Canis lupus)||da Costa, G., et al.||January 2018||Book Chapter||Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind||Static Device||Terrestrial Mammals|
|Wildlife and Wind Farms - Conflicts and Solutions, Volume 1 Onshore: Potential Effects||Perrow, M.||April 2017||Book||Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind||
Bats, Birds, Ecosystem, Terrestrial Mammals