Pinnipeds

Seals, sea lions, and walruses.

Pinnipeds

 

Seals, sea lions, and walruses are marine mammals that are part of the suborder Pinnipedia. These animals live in the ocean but are able to come on land for long periods of time. Offshore renewable energy devices may affect pinnipeds in a variety of ways, including attraction to or avoidance of project sites, collision with dynamic devices, and impacts from noise.

Total Results: 121
Title Author Date Type of Content Technology Type Stressor Receptorsort descending
Behavioural Reactions of Free-Ranging Porpoises and Seals to the Noise of a Simulated 2 MW Windpower Generator Koschinski, S., et al. December 2003 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Effects from the Construction of Nysted Offshore Wind Farm on Seals in Rødsand Seal Sanctuary Based on Remote Video Monitoring Edrén, S., et al. June 2004 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Effects of Marine Windfarms on the Distribution of Fish, Shellfish and Marine Mammals in the Horns Rev Area Hoffmann, E., et al. May 2000 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Attraction, Avoidance, EMF, Habitat Change, Noise Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Final Report on the Acoustic, Marine Mammal and Bird Monitoring Studies During Phase 1 Pile Driving Activities ORPC Maine June 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Noise Birds, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Framework for Assessing Impacts of Pile-Driving Noise from Offshore Wind Farm Construction on a Harbour Seal Population Thomson, P., et al. November 2013 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Guidance on Survey and Monitoring in Relation to Marine Renewable Deployments in Scotland - Draft Reports Royal Haskoning September 2011 Report Marine Energy (General) Invertebrates, Birds, Raptors, Seabirds, Shorebirds, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Harbour Seals at Horns Reef Before, During and After Construction of Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm Tougaard, J., et al. October 2006 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Lethal and Physical Injury of Marine Mammals and Requirements for Passive Acoustic Monitoring Parvin, S., Nedwell, J., Harland, E. February 2007 Report Marine Energy (General) Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Listening In Riddoch, L. August 2009 Magazine Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Noise Birds, Seabirds, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Low-Frequency Amphibious Hearing in Pinnipeds: Methods, Measurements, Noise, and Ecology Schusterman, R., Kastak, D. January 1998 Journal Article Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Marine Mammal Monitoring Plan: San Francisco Oakland Bay Bridge East Span Seismic Safety Project Caltrans February 2004 Report Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Marine Mammal Noise Exposure Criteria: Initial Scientific Recommendations Southall, B., et al. December 2007 Journal Article Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
Masking in Three Pinnipeds: Underwater, Low-Frequency Critical Ratios Southall, B., Schusterman, R., Kastak, D. June 2000 Journal Article Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Modelling of Noise Effects of Operational Offshore Wind Turbines Including Noise Transmission Through Various Foundation Types Marmo, B., et al. August 2013 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Fish, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Offshore Wind Farms and Marine Mammals: Impacts and Methodologies for Assessing Impacts Evans, P. February 2008 Workshop Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Collision, Noise, Habitat Change Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary: Marine Mammals List National Marine Sanctuaries July 2004 Website Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
Scientific Advice on Matters Related to the Management of Seal Populations Special Committee on Seals January 2012 Website Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Scroby Sands Seal Monitoring: Analysis of the 2005 Post-Construction Aerial Surveys Skeate, E., Perrow, M. November 2005 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Seascapes of Fear: Evaluating Sublethal Predator Effects Experienced and Generated by Marine Mammals Wirsing, A., et al. January 2008 Journal Article Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Summary on Seal Monitoring 1999-2005 around Nysted and Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farms Teilmann, J., et al. November 2006 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise, Habitat Change Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
The Effect of a Large Danish Offshore Wind Farm on Harbor and Gray Seal Haul-Out Behavior Edrén, S., et al. July 2010 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Tracking Marine Mammals Around Marine Renewable Energy Devices Using Active Sonar Hastie, G. July 2013 Report Marine Energy (General) Collision, Habitat Change Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
Underwater Noise From Three Types Of Offshore Wind Turbines: Estimation Of Impact Zones For Harbor Porpoises And Harbor Seals Tougaard, J., Henriksen, O., Miller, L. January 2009 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Utilisation of Space by Grey and Harbour Seals in the Pentland Firth and Orkney Waters SMRU January 2011 Report Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Interactions Between Seals and Offshore Wind Farms McConnell, B., Lonergan, M., Dietz, R. January 2012 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Pacific Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment (PaCSEA): Aerial Seabird and Marine Mammal Surveys off Northern California, Oregon, and Washington, 2011-2012 Adams, J., et al. March 2014 Report Birds, Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
Marine Megavertebrates of Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly: Relative Abundance and Distribution Leeney, R., et al. December 2012 Journal Article Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
MERiFIC 3.3.1: Collaborative Field Study Programme Sotta, C., Witt, M., Le Niliot, P. February 2014 Report Marine Energy (General) Noise Ecosystem Processes, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
MERiFIC 3.3.2: Grey Seal Population Surveys of the Isles of Scilly and Parc Naturel Marin d'Iroise Witt, M. December 2013 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Marine Mammals Trace Anthropogenic Structures at Sea Russell, D., et al. July 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Underwater Detection of Tonal Signals Between 0.125 and 100 kHz by Harbor Seals (Phoca vitulina) Kastelein, R., et al. November 2008 Journal Article Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
The Influence of Underwater Data Transmission Sounds on the Displacement Behaviour of Captive Harbour Seals (Phoca vitulina) Kastelein, R., et al. April 2005 Journal Article Displacement, Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Hearing Threshold Shifts and Recovery in Harbor Seals (Phoca vitulina) after Octave-Band Noise Exposure at 4 kHz Kastelein, R., et al. July 2012 Journal Article Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
The Effect of Signal Duration on the Underwater Hearing Thresholds of Two Harbor Seals (Phoca vitulina) for Single Tonal Signals Between 0.2 and 40 kHz Kastelein, R., et al. December 2009 Journal Article Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Underwater Hearing Sensitivity of Harbor Seals (Phoca vitulina) for Narrow Noise Bands Between 0.2 and 80 kHz Kastelein, R., et al. April 2009 Journal Article Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Distribution of Harbour Seals in the German Bight in Relation to Offshore Wind Power Plants Adelung, D., et al. January 2006 Book Chapter Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Effects of Underwater Sounds on Escape Behavior of Steller Sea Lions Akamatsu, T., et al. January 1996 Journal Article Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Behavioural Responses of Harbour Seals to Human-Induced Disturbances Andersen, S., et al. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Unusual Mortality of Pinnipeds in the United Kingdom Associated with Helical (Corkscrew) Injuries of Anthropogenic Origin Bexton, S., et al. January 2012 Journal Article Collision Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Underwater Auditory Localization by a Swimming Harbor Seal (Phoca vitulina) Bodson, A., et al. January 2006 Journal Article Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Escape Responses of Hauled out Ringed Seals (Phoca hispida) to Aircraft Disturbance Born, E., et al. February 1999 Journal Article Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Behavioral Responses and Habituation of Pinnipeds and Small Cetaceans to Novel Objects and Simulated Fishing Gear With and Without a Pinger Bowles, A., Anderson, C. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
The Assessment of Lethal Propeller Strike Injuries in Sea Mammals Byard, R., et al. April 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Collision Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Aversiveness of Sounds in Phocid Seals: Psycho-Physiological Factors, Learning Processes and Motivation Götz, T., Janik, V. January 2010 Journal Article Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Spatial and Seasonal Relationships Between Pacific Harbor Seals (Phoca vitulina richardii) and their Prey, at Multiple Scales Grigg, E., et al. July 2009 Journal Article Ecosystem Processes, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Basic Mechanisms in Pinniped Vision Hanke, F., et al. December 2009 Journal Article Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Criteria and Case Definitions for Serious Injury and Death of Pinnipeds and Cetaceans Caused by Anthropogenic Trauma Moore, M., et al. April 2013 Journal Article Collision, Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
Variability in Reactions of Pacific Harbor Seals, Phoca vitulina richardsi, to Disturbance Suryan, R., Harvey, J. May 1999 Journal Article Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Some Examples of Marine Mammal 'Discomfort Thresholds' in Relation to Man-Made Noise Verboom, W., Kastelein, R. January 2005 Report Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Habitat Preferences of Harbour Seals in the Dutch Coastal Area: Analysis and Estimate of Effects of Offshore Wind Farms Brasseur, S., et al. January 2012 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Source Levels of the Underwater Calls of a Male Leopard Seal Rogers, T. October 2014 Journal Article Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
EMEC Billia Croo Wave Test Site: Wildlife Observations Project Annual Report Marine Scotland May 2014 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave Birds, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Analysis of Bird and Marine Mammal Data for Billia Croo Wave Test Site, Orkney Robbins, A. January 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave Birds, Seabirds, Shorebirds, Waterfowl, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
EMEC Fall of Warness Tidal Test Site: Wildlife Observations Project Annual Report Marine Scotland May 2014 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Birds, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Analysis of Bird and Marine Mammal Data for Fall of Warness Tidal Test Site, Orkney Robbins, A. January 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Birds, Seabirds, Shorebirds, Waterfowl, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Grey Seals use Anthropogenic Signals from Acoustic Tags to Locate Fish: Evidence from a Simulated Foraging Task Stansbury, A., et al. January 2015 Journal Article Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Windpower and Grey Seals: An Impact Assessment of Potential Effects by Sea-Based Windpower Plants on a Local Seal Population Sundberg, J., Söderman, M. December 1999 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Modelling Harbour Seal Habitat by Combining Data from Multiple Tracking Bailey, H., Hammond, P., Thompson, P. January 2014 Journal Article Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Far-Reaching Effects of a Seal Scarer on Harbour Porpoises, Phocoena phocoena Brandt, M., et al. April 2013 Journal Article Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Galloper Wind Farm Project: Environmental Statement - Chapter 14: Marine Mammals Galloper Wind Farm October 2011 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Hearing Thresholds of Harbor Seals (Phoca vitulina) for Playbacks of Seal Scarer Signals, and Effects of the Signals on Behavior Kastelein, R., et al. September 2015 Journal Article Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Likely Effects of Construction of Scroby Sands Offshore Wind Farm on a Mixed Population of Harbour Phoca vitulina and Grey Halichoerus grypus Seals Skeate, E., Perrow, M., Gilroy, J. April 2012 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Final Report on Aerial Monitoring of Seals near Nysted Offshore Wind Farm Teilmann, J., et al. April 2006 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Sound Exposure in Harbour Seals During the Installation of an Offshore Wind Farm: Predictions of Auditory Damage Hastie, G., et al. June 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
MR3 Methods for Tracking Fine Scale Movements of Marine Mammals around Marine Tidal Devices McConnell, B., et al. July 2013 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Harbor Seals & Harbor Porpoises-Pile Driving: Detection, Behavioral Response and TTS Kastelein, R. November 2013 Presentation Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Dogger Bank Creyke Beck Environmental Statement - Chapter 14: Marine Mammals Mackey, B., Keenan, G. March 2014 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Annex I: Movements and Diving Behaviour of Juvenile Grey Seals in Areas of High Tidal Energy Thompson, D. July 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
MR7.2.2 Collision Risk and Impact Study: Examination of Models for Estimating the Risk of Collisions Between Seals and Tidal Turbines Lonergan, M., Thompson, D. July 2015 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
MR7.2.3 Collision Risk and Impact Study: Field Tests of Turbine Blade-Seal Carcass Collisions Thompson, D., et al. July 2015 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
MR8.1 Tests of Acoustic Signals for Aversive Sound Mitigation with Harbour Seals Gordon, J., et al. July 2015 Report Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Numerical Modeling of the Impact Response of Tidal Devices and Marine Mammals Grear, M., Motley, M. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Tidal Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
Framework for Assessing Ecological and Cumulative Effects of Offshore Wind Farms: Cumulative Effects of Impulsive Underwater Sound on Marine Mammals Heinis, F., de Jong, C. April 2015 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Calculating Limits to the Allowable Human-Caused Mortality of Cetaceans and Pinnipeds Wade, P. January 1998 Journal Article Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
Estimating Harbour Seal Abundance and Status in an Estuarine Habitat in North-East Scotland Thompson, P., et al. February 1997 Journal Article Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Seal Predation on Salmon and Forage Fish Schools as a Function of Tidal Currents in the San Juan Islands, Washington, USA Zamon, J. December 2001 Journal Article Fish, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Geographical Variation in Temporal and Spatial Vocalization Patterns of Male Harbour Seals in the Mating Season Van Parijs, S., Hastie, G., Thompson, P. December 1999 Journal Article Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Assessment of Collision Risk for Seals and Tidal Stream Turbines Davies, I., Thompson, F. January 2011 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
The Sensitivity of UK Marine Mammal Populations to Marine Renewables Developments Harwood, J., King, S. March 2014 Report Marine Energy (General) Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
Use of Anthropogenic Sea Floor Structures by Australian Fur Seals: Potential Positive Ecological Impacts of Marine Industrial Development? Arnould, J., et al. July 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Auditory and Behavioral Responses of California Sea Lions (Zalophus californianus) to Single Underwater Impulses from an Arc-Gap Transducer Finneran, J., et al. August 2003 Journal Article Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Studies of Harbour Seal Behaviour in Areas of High Tidal Energy: Part 1. Movements and Diving Behaviour of Harbour Seals in Kyle Rhea Thompson, D. January 2014 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Use of Population Viability Analysis (PVA) to Assess the Potential for Long Term Impacts from Piling Noise on Marine Mammal Populations - A Case Study from the Scottish East Coast De Silva, R., et al. May 2014 Presentation Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
The Number and Distribution of Marine Mammals in the Fall of Warness, Orkney July 2005 - July 2006 Duck, C., et al. August 2006 Report Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
Movement Patterns of Seals in Tidally Energetic Sites: Implications for Renewable Energy Development Hastie, G., et al. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy (General), Tidal Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Avoidance of Wind Farms by Harbour Seals is Limited to Pile Driving Activities Russell, D., et al. May 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Avoidance, Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Seal Telemetry Inventory Sparling, C. March 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Harbor Seal - Tidal Turbine Collision Risk Models. An Assessment of Sensitivities. Wood, J., Joy, R., Sparling, C. March 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Movements of Seals from Rødsand Seal Sanctuary Monitored by Satellite Telemetry Dietz, R., et al. January 2003 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Hydrodynamic Trail-Following in Harbor Seals (Phoca vitulina) Dehnhardt, G., et al. July 2001 Journal Article Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Data Based Estimates of Collision Risk: An Example Based on Harbour Seal Tracking Data around a Proposed Tidal Turbine Array in the Pentland Firth Thompson, D., et al. January 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Hearing thresholds of two harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) for playbacks of multiple pile driving strike sounds Kastelein, R., et al. August 2013 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Refining Estimates of Collision Risk for Harbour Seals and Tidal Turbines Band, B., et al. January 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
MERiFIC 3.3.3: Technical Report Biodiversity Assessment - Methods for Surveying Marine Mammal Biodiversity around Small Islands Ingram, S. May 2014 Report Marine Energy (General) Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
The Number and Distribution of Marine Mammals in the Fall of Warness, Orkney July 2006 - July 2007 Lonergan, M., et al. August 2007 Report Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
Pentland Firth Meygen AR1500 Multi-beam Echosounder Data: SGDS Project February 2017 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
Pentland Firth MeyGen Harbour Seal Telemetry Data October 2016 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Fall of Warness HyTide 1000 Observational Data of Seal Haul-Outs During the Breeding Season June 2010 Dataset Marine Energy (General), Tidal Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Harbour Seals Avoid Tidal Turbine Noise: Implications for Collision Risk Hastie, G., et al. March 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Avoidance, Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Determining the Water Column Usage by Seals in the Brims Lease Site Evers, C., et al. November 2017 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds

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