Human Dimensions

The human dimensions of renewable energy, including impacts on local communities, society and economy.

Human Dimensions

The construction of marine renewable energy and wind energy projects will likely affect human activities both socially and economically at a variety of scales. Constructed devices may have impacts or perceived risk of impacts to people in the area. Evaluation of stakeholder perspectives, needs, and rights is necessary to ensure that the benefits of the device outweigh the cost to industry and residents. Common stakeholder concerns are loss of property value due to aesthetics or erosion, changes in livelihood and recreation, decrease in economic opportunity, or disruption of peace. Potential socio-economic benefits are creation of new industry jobs, increased tourism, or incorporation of new devices as visual art pieces.

Photo Credit: Deepwater Wind

Total Results: 1207
Titlesort ascending Author Date Type of Content Technology Type Stressor Receptor
The economics of visual disamenity reductions of offshore wind farms—Review and suggestions from an emerging field Ladenburg, J., Lutzeyer, S. December 2012 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Aesthetics
The economic geography of variable renewable energy and impacts of trade formulations for renewable mandates Bistline, J., Santen, N., Young, D. May 2019 Journal Article Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
The Development of World Oceans & Coasts and Concepts of Sustainability Stojanovic, T., Farmer, C. November 2013 Journal Article Human Dimensions
The Development of Marine Based Wind Energy Generation and Inshore Fisheries in UK Waters: Are They Compatible? Rodmell, D., Johnson, M. January 2005 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Fish, Human Dimensions
The Development of a Targeted Environmental Monitoring Strategy and the Streamlining of Marine Renewables Consents in Scotland Norris, J. September 2009 Conference Paper Marine Energy general Human Dimensions
The determinants of wind energy growth in the United States: Drivers and barriers to state-level development Schumacher, K., Yang, Z. December 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
The current state of marine renewable energy policy in China Yang, X., et al. February 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
The Crowded Sea: Incorporating Multiple Marine Activities in Conservation Plans Can Significantly Alter Spatial Priorities Mazor, T., et al. August 2014 Journal Article Human Dimensions
The contingent valuation study of the wind farm Búrfellslundur - Willingness to pay for preservation Einarsdóttir, S., Cook, D., Davíðsdóttir, B. February 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
The consequences of seabird habitat loss from offshore wind turbines: a research plan for five selected species van Kooten, T., Soudijn, F., Leopold, M. September 2018 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Birds, Seabirds, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
The climate and air-quality benefits of wind and solar power in the United States Millstein, D., et al. September 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general Human Dimensions, Climate Change
The Case for Renewables Apart from Global Warming Swift-Hook, D. January 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general Human Dimensions
The Case for Offshore Wind Farms, Artificial Reefs and Sustainable Tourism in the French Mediterranean Westerberg, V., Jacobsen, J., Lifran, R. February 2013 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Human Dimensions
The California Ocean Uses Atlas Marine Conservation Biology Institute, NOAA's Marine Protected Areas Center September 2011 Website Human Dimensions
The Biskay Marine Energy Platform (bimep), Environmental Impacts and Monitoring Plan Bald, J., et al. October 2012 Conference Paper Marine Energy general Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
The Attitudes of Fishermen on the Island of Ireland Towards the Development of Marine Renewable Energy in their Locality - Preliminary Survey Results Reilly, K., O'Hagan, A., Dalton, G. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general Human Dimensions, Fishing, Stakeholder Engagement
Thanet Extension Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Impact Assessment Report to Inform Scoping Royal Haskoning December 2016 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Technologies and their Influence on Future UK Marine Resource Development and Management Side, J., Jowitt, P. July 2002 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Taking Account of Land-Sea Interactions in Marine Spatial Planning Kidd, S., Jones, H., Jay, S. January 2019 Book Chapter Marine Energy general Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Sørfjord Windpark, Tysfjord Municipality: Impact Assessment, Evaluation of Natural Environment Jacobsen, K., Arnesen, G., Johnsen, T. April 2010 Report Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Systematic Conservation Planning as a Tool to Advance Ecologically or Biologically Significant Area and Marine Spatial Planning Processes Harris, L., et al. January 2019 Book Chapter Marine Energy general Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning, Stakeholder Engagement
System Perspectives on Renewable Power Sandén, B. January 2014 Book Human Dimensions
Symposium Sound Solutions Report The North Sea Foundation February 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Swimming kinematics and efficiency of entangled North Atlantic right whales van der Hoop, J., et al. January 2017 Journal Article Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Human Dimensions, Fishing
Swansea Bay Tidal Lagoon Adaptive Environmental Management Plan November 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Fishing, Recreation
Sustainably reconciling offshore renewable energy with Natura 2000 sites: An interim adaptive management framework Le Lièvre, C. June 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Sustainable use of marine resources through offshore wind and mussel farm co-location Di Tullio, G., et al. January 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Fishing, Marine Spatial Planning
Sustainable Siting Process in Large Wind Farms Case Study in Crete Tsoutsos, T., et al. March 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions
Sustainable renewable energy planning and wind farming optimization from a biodiversity perspective Dhunny, A., et al. October 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Climate Change, Marine Spatial Planning
Sustainable Hydropower: Using Ecosystem-based Adaptation to Increase Local Adaptation Capacity in Brazil Garcia, K., et al. September 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Riverine Human Dimensions, Climate Change
Sustainable energy in Africa: A comprehensive data andpolicies review Mandelli, S., et al. September 2014 Journal Article Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Sustainable Development for Welsh Seas: Our Approach to Marine Planning in Wales Welsh Assembly Government February 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Sustainable deployment of Marine Current Energy in Indonesia Ramachandran, R., Takagi, K. May 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Ocean Current Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Sustainable Decommissioning of an Offshore Wind Farm Topham, E., McMillan, D. March 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions
Sustainability and tourism: the effect of the United States’ first offshore wind farm on the vacation rental market Carr-Harris, A., Lang, C. August 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Aesthetics
Survey, Deploy and Monitor Licensing Policy Guidance Marine Scotland August 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Human Dimensions
Study on Australian Energy Policy, Socio-Economic, and Environment Issues Azad, A., et al. December 2015 Journal Article Human Dimensions, Climate Change
Strengthening the Role of Science in Marine Governance through Environmental Impact Assessment: A Case Study of the Marine Renewable Energy Industry Wright, G. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Strategisk konsekv ensutredning for landbasert vindkraft. En evaluering av regionale planer for vindkraft May, R. December 2011 Report Wind Energy general Human Dimensions
Strategic Tidal Stream Assessment for Alderney Craig, J. January 2008 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Energy Removal, Static Device Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Strategic Planning to Reduce Conflicts for Offshore Wind Development in Taiwan: A Social Marketing Perspective Chen, J., Liu, H., Chuang, C. October 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Strategic Impact Management of Wind Power Projects Lima, F., Ferreira, P., Vieira, F. September 2013 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions
Strategic Impact Assessment of Offshore Windpower in Norway - Impacts on Seabirds Lorensten, S., et al. March 2012 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Strategic Health Impact Assessment on Wind Energy Development in Oregon Joshi, S., et al. March 2013 Report Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Dynamic Device, Noise, Static Device Human Dimensions
Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) for Wind Energy Planning: Lessons from the United Kingdom and Germany Phylip-Jones, J., Fischer, T. January 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Strangford Lough Marine Current Turbine: Environmental Statement Davison, A., Mallows, T. June 2005 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Storm effects on intertidal invertebrates: increased beta diversity of few individuals and species Corte, G., et al. May 2017 Journal Article Invertebrates, Human Dimensions, Climate Change
Steel forests or smoke stacks: the politics of visualisation in the Cape Wind controversy Phadke, R. February 2010 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Aesthetics
State of the Nation's de Facto Marine Protected Areas Grober-Dunsmore, R., et al. May 2008 Report Marine Energy general Ecosystem, Human Dimensions
Stakeholders or Subject Matter Experts, who Should be consulted? Alberts, D. April 2007 Journal Article Wind Energy general Noise Human Dimensions, Aesthetics, Stakeholder Engagement
Stakeholder requirements for commercially successful wave energy converter farms Babarit, A., et al. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Stakeholder Processes in Marine Spatial Planning: Ambitions and Realities from the European Atlantic Experience Twomey, S., O'Mahony, C. January 2019 Book Chapter Marine Energy general Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning, Stakeholder Engagement
Stakeholder Priorities in Wind Energy Lantz, E. May 2011 Presentation Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Stakeholder Perspectives on the Value of Marine Spatial Planning Towards Advancing Offshore Wind in the U.S. Ryan, K., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Marine Spatial Planning
Stakeholder Perspectives on the Value of Marine Spatial Planning Towards Advancing Offshore Wind in the U.S. Ryan, K., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Stakeholder Outcomes in a Wind Turbine Investment; Is the Irish Energy Policy Effective in Reducing GHG Emissions by Promoting Small-Scale Embedded Turbines in SME's? Kealy, T. February 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy general Human Dimensions, Climate Change, Stakeholder Engagement
Stakeholder empowerment through participatory planning practices: The case of electricity transmission lines in France and Norway Späth, L., Scolobig, A. January 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Aesthetics, Stakeholder Engagement
Spoiled darkness? Sense of place and annoyance over obstruction lights from the world’s largest wind turbine test centre in Denmark Rudolph, D., et al. March 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Lighting Human Dimensions, Aesthetics, Stakeholder Engagement
Special framework for the spatial planning & the sustainable development of renewable energy sources Baltas, A., Dervos, A. December 2012 Journal Article Wind Energy general Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Spatial Trends in Coastal Socio-economics National Ocean Service January 2012 Website Human Dimensions
Spatial targeting, synergies and scale: Exploring the criteria of smart practices for siting renewable energy projects Frantal, B., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Spatial Planning of Offshore Wind Farms: A Windfall to Marine Environmental Protection? Punt, M., et al. November 2009 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Spatial Planning for the Gulf: An International Review of Marine Spatial Planning Initiatives and Application to the Hauraki Gulf Hauraki Gulf Forum January 2011 Report Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Spatial Planning for Sustainable Marine Renewable Energy Developments in Scotland Davies, I., Watret, R., Gubbins, M. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Human Dimensions
Spatial Ecosystem Modelling of Marine Renewable Energy Installations: Gauging the Utility of Ecospace Alexander, K., Meyjes, S., Heymans, J. July 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general Human Dimensions, Fishing
SOWFIA: Learning from Impact Assessments of European wave energy developments O'Hagan, A., et al. January 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
SOWFIA Enabling Wave Power: Streamlining Processes for Progress Greaves, D., et al. September 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Human Dimensions
SOWFIA Deliverable D5.5: Report of Final Project Conference, Aalborg, Denmark Perez-Collazo, C., Greaves, D. September 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Human Dimensions
SOWFIA Deliverable D5.2: Reports of Interactive Meetings with Policy Makers Magagna, D., Rousseau, N. June 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
SOWFIA Deliverable D.4.6 - Final Work Package Report: Consenting Procedures Review with Guidelines for Expansion to Larger Projects and Approval Process Streamlining, Incorporating the Findings of Interim Report and Feedback from Workshop D Simas, T., et al. November 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
SOWFIA Deliverable D.4.4 Interim Report: Critical Environmental Impacts for Relevant Socio-economic Activities and Mitigation Measures Including Main Conclusions and Feedback Analysis from Workshop B and Analysis of the Stakeholder Survey Simas, T., et al. August 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Human Dimensions
SOWFIA Deliverable D.3.3: Interim WP3 Report Magagna, D., et al. September 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Human Dimensions
SOWFIA Deliverable D.2.4: Interim Report on Barriers, Accelerators and Lessons Learned from all Wave Energy Site Experiences Arjona, E., et al. March 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Human Dimensions
SOWFIA Deliverable D.2.1: Catalogue of Wave Energy Test Centres Mora-Figueroa, V., et al. September 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Human Dimensions
SOWFIA Deliverable D 3.1: Inventory of Environmental Impact Monitoring Activities at Wave & Tidal Energy Sites in Europe Final Report Conley, D., et al. July 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Human Dimensions
SOWFIA Deliverable 3.5 - Work Package 3 Final Report: Report on the Analysis of the Environmental Impact Assessment Experience for Wave Energy Conley, D., et al. October 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
South West Marine Energy Park Prospectus Southwest Marine Energy Park Coalition January 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
South Marine Plan Areas Options Report Marine Management Organisation February 2015 Report Human Dimensions
South Korea's Plans for Tidal Power: When a "Green" Solution Creates More Problems Ko, Y., Schubert, D. November 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Birds, Ecosystem, Human Dimensions
South Inshore and South Offshore Marine Plan Areas: South Plans Analytical Report Marine Management Organisation June 2014 Report Human Dimensions
Sound of Islay Environmental Statement ScottishPower Renewables July 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise, Static Device Invertebrates, Ecosystem, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Sociological Effects of Wind Farms in Maine Barthold, J. May 2015 Thesis Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions
Socioeconomic and demographic factors that influence publics' awareness on the different forms of renewable energy sources Karytsas, S., Theodoropoulou, H. November 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general Human Dimensions
Socio-Economic Impact of Outer Continental Shelf Wind Energy Development on Fisheries in the US Atlantic: Volume II - Appendices Kirkpatrick, A., et al. January 2017 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Fishing
Socio-Economic Impact of Outer Continental Shelf Wind Energy Development on Fisheries in the US Atlantic: Volume I - Report Narrative Kirkpatrick, A., et al. January 2017 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Fishing
Socio-cultural Dimensions of Marine Spatial Planning McKinley, E., Acott, T., Stojanovic, T. January 2019 Book Chapter Marine Energy general Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Societal acceptance of wind farms: Analysis of four common themes across Australian case studies Hall, N., Ashworth, P., Devine-Wright, P. July 2013 Journal Article Wind Energy general Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Social, Planning and Environmental Impact Sørensen, H., et al. January 2006 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Human Dimensions
Social licence in the marine sector: A review of understanding and application Kelly, R., Pecl, G., Fleming, A. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Social construction of risk in non-conventional renewable energy: Risk perception as a function of ecosystem services in La Araucanía, Chile Cordoves-Sánchez, M., Vallejos-Romero, A. May 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general Human Dimensions
Social Barriers to Renewable Energy Landscapes Pasqualetti, M. May 2011 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions
Social and Ecological Impacts of Marine Energy Development Bonar, P., Bryden, I., Borthwick, A. July 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general Ecosystem, Human Dimensions
Social acceptance of wind energy development and planning in rural communities of Australia: A consumer analysis D'Souza, C., Yiridoe, E. November 2014 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Social Acceptance of On-Shore Wind Energy in Apulia Region (Southern Italy) Caporale, D., De Lucia, C. December 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Social acceptance of ocean wave energy: A case study of an OWC shoreline plant Heras-Saizarbitoria, I., Zamanillo, I., Laskurain, I. August 2013 Journal Article Wave Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Snefjord vindpark: Vurdering av konsekvenser for landskap, flora, fauna, friluftsliv, kulturminner og reindriftsnæring Tombre, I., et al. February 2005 Report Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Static Device Birds, Raptors, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Terrestrial Mammals
Skerries Tidal Stream Array: Environmental Impact Assessment Scoping Report Project Management Support Services July 2006 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Siting Offshore Hydrokinetic Energy Projects: A Comparative Look at Wave Energy Regulation in the Pacific Northwest Salcido, R. October 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Human Dimensions
Siting Methodologies for Hydrokinetics: Navigating the Regulatory Framework Pacific Energy Ventures August 2010 Report Marine Energy general Human Dimensions
Siting and Designing Wind Farms in the Landscape - Version 3 Scottish Natural Heritage February 2017 Report Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Aesthetics

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