Human Dimensions

Potential impacts on local communities, societies, and economies.

Human Dimensions

 

The development of wind energy and marine renewable energy projects will likely affect human activities both socially and economically. Evaluation of stakeholder perspectives, needs, and rights is necessary to ensure that the benefits of the project outweigh the cost to local communities, society, and the economy. Common stakeholder concerns include loss of property value due to visual impacts; changes in livelihood, recreation, and decreased economic opportunity. Conversely, potential benefits of the development of wind energy and marine renewable energy projects include the creation of new jobs, increased tourism, and reduced emissions of greenhouse gases.

Total Results: 1200
Title Author Datesort ascending Type of Content Technology Type Stressor Receptor
Draft Fisheries Report of Cape Wind Energy Project ESS Group, Battelle September 2006 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Fisheries Data Report South of Tuckernuck Area ESS Group September 2006 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm II: EIA Report Fish Jensen, B., Klaustrup, M., Skov, H. July 2006 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Fish, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Skerries Tidal Stream Array: Environmental Impact Assessment Scoping Report Project Management Support Services July 2006 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Review and Analysis of Ocean Energy Systems Development and Supporting Policies AEA Energy & Environment June 2006 Report Marine Energy (General), OTEC, Tidal, Wave Human Dimensions
Development of Regulatory Requirements for Wind Turbines in Alberta DeGagne, D., Lewis, A. June 2006 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Noise Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Valuing the Attributes of Renewable Energy Investments Bergmann, A., Hanley, N., Wright, R. June 2006 Journal Article Human Dimensions
Instream Tidal Power in North America: Environmental and Permitting Issues Devine Tarbell & Associates June 2006 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions
Wave Hub Environmental Statement South West of England Regional Development Agency June 2006 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave Noise Birds, Seabirds, Ecosystem Processes, Fish, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Wave and Tidal Energy Its Emergence and the Challenges it Faces Ferro, B. May 2006 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Human Dimensions
Draft Guidelines for the Review and Evaluation of Potential Natural Resources Impacts from Utility-Scale Wind Energy Facilities in Vermont Agency of Natural Resources April 2006 Report Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Habitat Change Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Information Needs to Support Environmental Impact Assessments of the Effects of European Marine Offshore Wind Farms on Birds Fox, A., et al. March 2006 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Avoidance, Collision, Habitat Change Birds, Seabirds, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Proceedings of the Hydrokinetic and Wave Energy Technologies Technical and Environmental Issues Workshop US Department of Energy March 2006 Workshop Article Marine Energy (General) Chemicals Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions
Fish are Attracted to Vessels Røstad, A., et al. March 2006 Journal Article Attraction Fish, Human Dimensions, Navigation
Offshore Wind Energy Research on Environmental Impacts Köller, J., Köppel, J., Peters, W. March 2006 Book Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Invertebrates, Birds, Ecosystem Processes, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions
Dynamic Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of Renewable Energy Technologies Pehnt, M. January 2006 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Social, Planning and Environmental Impact Sørensen, H., et al. January 2006 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data, Stakeholder Engagement
Valuing the Shoreline - Guideline for Socio-Economic Analyses Persson, M., et al. January 2006 Report Human Dimensions
Tilting at Offshore Windmills: Regulating Wind Farm Development Within the Renewable Energy Zone Scott, K. December 2005 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Wave Dragon Mitigation Wave Dragon December 2005 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions
Ormonde Project Scoping Study for Coastal and Seabed Processes Coates, T., Skipper, C., Cranmer, G. November 2005 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Gwynt y Môr Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement RWE Group November 2005 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Climate Sensitivity of Marine Energy Harrison, G., Wallace, A. October 2005 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Climate Change
Review Report 2004: The Danish Offshore Wind Farm Demonstration Project: Horns Rev and Nysted Offshore Wind Farms Environmental Impact Assessment and Monitoring Boesen, C., Kjær, J. October 2005 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
An Evaluation of the Wildlife Impacts of Offshore Wind Development Relative to Fossil Fuel Power Production Jarvis, C. September 2005 Thesis Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Chemicals, Habitat Change Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Human Dimensions
Life Cycle GHG Emission Analysis of Power Generation Systems: Japanese Case Hondo, H. August 2005 Journal Article Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Variability of UK Marine Resources Carbon Trust July 2005 Report Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Strangford Lough Marine Current Turbine: Environmental Statement Davison, A., Mallows, T. June 2005 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
EMEC Tidal Test Facility Fall of Warness Eday, Orkney: Environmental Statement Foubister, L. June 2005 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Phase I Avian Risk Assessment: Clayton Wind Farm Jefferson County, New York Kerlinger, P., Guarnaccia, J. April 2005 Report Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Birds, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Inshore-Offshore Comparison of Parasite Infestation in Mytilus edulis: Implications for Open Ocean Aquaculture Buck, B., et al. April 2005 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Invertebrates, Human Dimensions
Charting Progress: An Integrated Assessment of the State of UK Seas UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs March 2005 Report Human Dimensions
Environmental Impact Assessment Guidance for Developers at the European Marine Energy Centre European Marine Energy Centre March 2005 Report Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
A Strategic Environmental Assessment of the Fish & Shellfish Resources with Respect to Proposed Offshore Wind Farms in the Eastern Irish Sea Lockwood, S. March 2005 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Invertebrates, Fish, Human Dimensions
The Environmental Case for Wind Power in New Jersey Ridlington, E., Rusch, E. March 2005 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Physical Environment, Human Dimensions, Climate Change
Snefjord vindpark: Vurdering av konsekvenser for landskap, flora, fauna, friluftsliv, kulturminner og reindriftsnæring Tombre, I., et al. February 2005 Report Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Habitat Change Birds, Raptors, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Terrestrial Mammals
Guidance on the Assessment of the Impact of Offshore Wind Farms: Methodology for Assessing the Marine Navigational Safety Risks of Offshore Wind Farms UK Department of Trade and Industry January 2005 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Navigation
Greater Gabbard Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement Greater Gabbard Offshore Winds January 2005 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise, Habitat Change Birds, Physical Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
The Offshore Wind Power Debate: Views from Cape Cod Kempton, W., et al. January 2005 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Human Dimensions
The Development of Marine Based Wind Energy Generation and Inshore Fisheries in UK Waters: Are They Compatible? Rodmell, D., Johnson, M. January 2005 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Fish, Human Dimensions
Weight of Evidence: A Review of Concept and Methods Weed, D. January 2005 Journal Article Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Offshore Wind Farms and Commercial Fisheries in the UK: A Study in Stakeholder Consultation Gray, T., Haggett, C., Bell, D. January 2005 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Fisheries, Stakeholder Engagement
The Need for Integrated Assessment of Large-Scale Offshore Wind Farm Development Kannen, A., et al. January 2005 Book Chapter Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Physical Environment, Human Dimensions
Wave Power in the US: Permitting and Jurisdictional Issues Ram, B., et al. December 2004 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave Human Dimensions
Environmental Impact Assessment for Andmyran wind farm in Andøy, Nordland Bjerke, J., et al. December 2004 Report Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
The Influence Of Large-Scale Wind Power On Global Climate Keith, D., et al. November 2004 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Human Dimensions, Climate Change
Life Cycle Assessment for Emerging Technologies: Case Studies for Photovoltaic and Wind Power Jungbluth, N., et al. November 2004 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
The Offshore-Ring: A New System Design for the Open Ocean Aquaculture of Macroalgae Buck, B., Buchholz, C. October 2004 Journal Article Invertebrates, Human Dimensions
Holberg Wind Energy Assessment Report British Columbia Environmental Assessment Office October 2004 Report Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Comparison of Energy Systems Using Life Cycle Assessment World Energy Council July 2004 Report Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Guidance Note for Environmental Impact Assessment in Respect of FEPA and CPA Requirements Centre for Environment Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (CEFAS) June 2004 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
North Atlantic Right Whales (Eubalaena glacialis) Ignore Ships but Respond to Alerting Stimuli Nowacek, D., Johnson, M., Tyack, P. February 2004 Journal Article Attraction, Collision, Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Human Dimensions, Navigation
Offshore Renewable Energy Installations (OREIs) - Guidance on UK Navigational Practice, Safety and Emergency Response Issues Maritime Maritime and Coastguard Agency January 2004 Report Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Navigation
Extensive Open Ocean Aquaculture Development Within Wind Farms in Germany: The Prospect of Offshore Co-Management and Legal Constraints Buck, B., Krause, G., Rosenthal, H. January 2004 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Fish, Human Dimensions
Potential and Future Prospects for Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) In Small Islands Developing States (SIDS) Binger, A. January 2004 Report Marine Energy (General), OTEC Human Dimensions
Managing Offshore Wind Developments in the United States: Legal, Environmental and Social Considerations using a Case Study in Nantucket Sound Santora, C., Hade, N., Odell, J. January 2004 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Environmental Impact of the ATOC/Pioneer Seamount Submarine Cable Kogan, I., et al. November 2003 Report Habitat Change Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Economical Considerations of Renewable Electric Energy Production - Especially Development of Wave Energy Leijon, M., et al. July 2003 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Human Dimensions
Adaptive Management and Ecological Restoration Murray, C., Marmorek, D. May 2003 Book Chapter Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Interim Guidelines to Avoid and Minimize Wildlife Impacts from Wind Turbines US Fish and Wildlife Service May 2003 Report Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Habitat Change Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Environmental Assessment: Wind Energy Center Edgeley/Kulm Project North Dakota Western Area Power Administration April 2003 Report Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Birds, Raptors, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Evaluation of the Environmental Impact of the 20 MW Wind Power Project in Tejona, Costa Rica Report of Phase 2 of the Tejona Wind Power Project (TWPP) van Hulle, F., et al. February 2003 Report Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Bats, Birds, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
National Wind Technology Center Site Environmental Assessment: Bird and Bat Use and Fatalities - Final Report Schmidt, E., et al. January 2003 Report Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Collision, Habitat Change Bats, Birds, Passerines, Raptors, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Life-Cycle Assessment of Electricity Generation Options: The Status of Research in the Year 2001 Gagnon, L., Bélanger, C., Uchiyama, Y. November 2002 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Future Offshore: A Strategic Framework for the Offshore Wind Industry UK Department of Trade and Industry November 2002 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Technologies and their Influence on Future UK Marine Resource Development and Management Side, J., Jowitt, P. July 2002 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Energy and CO2 Life-Cycle Analyses of Wind Turbines - Review and Applications Lenzen, M., Munksgaard, J. July 2002 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Billia Croo Environmental Statement Carl Bro Group July 2002 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave Birds, Seabirds, Shorebirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions
The Role of the DPSIR Approach and Conceptual Models in Marine Environmental Management: An Example for Offshore Wind Power Elliott, M. June 2002 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Maiden Wind Farm Benton County, Washington Final SEPA Environmental Impact Statement and Final NEPA Environmental Impact Statement Bonneville Power Administration, Benton County, Washington January 2002 Report Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Habitat Change Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Open Ocean Aquaculture and Offshore Wind Farms. A feasibility study on the multifunctional use of offshore wind farms and offshore mariculture in the North Sea area Buck, B. January 2002 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Gunfleet Sands Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Statement GE Wind Energy January 2002 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Using conjoint analysis to quantify public preferences over the environmental impacts of wind farms. An example from Spain Alvarez-Farizo, B., Hanley, N. January 2002 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data
UK Marine Special Areas of Conservation Project European Commission October 2001 Website Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions
Acoustic and Electromagnetic Noise Induced by Wind Mills - Implications for Underwater Surveillance Systems Pilot Study Fristedt, T., Morén, P., Söderberg, P. September 2001 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind EMF, Noise Human Dimensions
Life Cycle Assessment of a 150 MW Offshore Wind Turbine Farm at Nysted/Roedsand, Denmark Properzi, S., Herk-Hansen, H. July 2001 Conference Paper Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Washington's Coastal Zone Management Program Washington State Department of Ecology February 2001 Report Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Life Cycle Assessment of a Wind Farm and Related Externalities Schleisner, L. July 2000 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm Environmental Impact Assessment: Summary of EIA Report Elsamprojekt May 2000 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental impact assessment: guide to procedures UK Communities and Local Government January 2000 Report Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Commercial Ocean Fishing Statistics for California California Department of Fish and Wildlife January 2000 Website Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Effects on Birds of an Offshore Wind Park at Horns Rev: Environmental Impact Assessment Noer, H., et al. January 2000 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Avoidance, Collision, Habitat Change Birds, Raptors, Seabirds, Waterfowl, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental Assessment: Expanded Ponnequin Wind Energy Project, Weld County, Colorado US Department of Energy February 1999 Report Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Birds, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Impact Assessment of an Off-shore Wind Park on Sea Ducks Guillemette, M., Larsen, J., Clausager, I. March 1998 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise, Habitat Change Birds, Waterfowl, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
An assessment of research and development leadership in ocean energy technologies Bruch, V. April 1994 Report Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Renewable Energy From the Ocean: A Guide to OTEC Avery, W., Wu, C. January 1994 Book Marine Energy (General), OTEC Chemicals, Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Physical Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions
Ocean Energies: Environmental, Economic and Technological Aspects of Alternative Power Sources Charlier, R., Justus, J. September 1993 Book Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Physical Environment, Human Dimensions
Wind Power and Planning: The Environmental Impact of Windfarms in the UK Coles, R., Taylor, J. July 1993 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Collision, Noise, Habitat Change Birds, Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Visual Impact Assessment: There's More to it than Meets the Eye! Robotham, A., Quilleash, P., Hempstead, H. March 1992 Conference Paper Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Habitat Change Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts
Risks and Benefits of Wind Generated Electricity: Facts and Perceptions Bosley, P., Bosley, K. January 1992 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Large-Scale Management Experiments and Learning By Doing Walter, C., Holling, C. December 1990 Journal Article Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Altamont: Public Perceptions of a Wind Energy Landscape Thayer, R., Freeman, C. January 1987 Book Chapter Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Habitat Change Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts, Stakeholder Engagement
The Potential Impact of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) on Fisheries Myers, E., et al. June 1986 Report Marine Energy (General), OTEC Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Assessing the Environmental Impact of the Annapolis Tidal Power Project Tidmarsh, W. January 1984 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Fish, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental Aspects of Large-Scale Wind-Power Systems in the UK Robson, A. December 1983 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Collision, Noise Birds, Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts, Stakeholder Engagement
Assessment of Electromagnetic Interference Effects of the Solano Windfarm: Final Report Sengupta, D., Ferris, J., Senior, T. November 1981 Report Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Navigation
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Final Environmental Impact Statement National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration July 1981 Report Marine Energy (General), OTEC Chemicals, Noise, Habitat Change Physical Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
A Field Study on the Aesthetics of Small Wind Machines: A Preliminary Report Strojan, C., Lawrence, K., O'Donnell, D. January 1980 Conference Paper Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts
Environmental Impact Assessment for Operational OTEC Platforms Sands, M. September 1979 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), OTEC Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Assessment and Control of OTEC Ecological Impacts Wilde, P., Sandusky, J., Jassby, A. December 1978 Report Marine Energy (General), OTEC Chemicals, Habitat Change Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy

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