Human Dimensions

The human dimensions of renewable energy, including impacts on local communities, society and economy.

Human Dimensions

The construction of marine renewable energy and wind energy projects will likely affect human activities both socially and economically at a variety of scales. Constructed devices may have impacts or perceived risk of impacts to people in the area. Evaluation of stakeholder perspectives, needs, and rights is necessary to ensure that the benefits of the device outweigh the cost to industry and residents. Common stakeholder concerns are loss of property value due to aesthetics or erosion, changes in livelihood and recreation, decrease in economic opportunity, or disruption of peace. Potential socio-economic benefits are creation of new industry jobs, increased tourism, or incorporation of new devices as visual art pieces.

Photo Credit: Deepwater Wind

Total Results: 1214
Titlesort descending Author Date Type of Content Technology Type Stressor Receptor
Positive energies? An empirical study of community energy participation and attitudes to renewable energy Bauwens, T., Devine-Wright, P. July 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Potential and Future Prospects for Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) In Small Islands Developing States (SIDS) Binger, A. January 2004 Report Marine Energy (General), OTEC Human Dimensions
Potential impacts of energy development on shrublands in western North America Pocewicz, A., Copeland, H., Kiesecker, J. December 2011 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Habitat Change Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Potentials of Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches to Assessing Ecosystem Services Busch, M., et al. October 2012 Journal Article Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions
Power and Perspective: Fisheries and the Ocean Commons Beset by Demands of Development Pomeroy, C., Hall-Arber, M., Conway, F. December 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Fish, Human Dimensions
Power from the Brave New Ocean: Marine Renewable Energy and Ecological Risks Hammar, L. January 2014 Thesis Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Collision Fish, Human Dimensions
Practical Approaches and Advances in Spatial Tools to Achieve Multi-Objective Marine Spatial Planning Lombard, A., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Practical Experience of Sectoral Planning for Marine Renewable Energy Development in Scotland Davies, I., et al. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Practical tools to support marine spatial planning: A review and some prototype tools Stelzenmüller, V., et al. March 2013 Journal Article Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Predicting lethal entanglements as a consequence of drag from fishing gear van der Hoop, J., et al. February 2017 Journal Article Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Preferences of Coastal Zone User Groups Regarding the Siting of Offshore Wind Farms Ladenburg, J., Dubgaard, A. February 2009 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts, Recreation & Tourism
Prioritisation of monitoring and research for diadromous fish in the context of Marine/Offshore Renewables: A summary of stakeholder engagement meetings between Marine Scotland, wild fisheries interests and wind, wave and tidal developers Hunter, D., Malcolm, I., Armstrong, J. March 2014 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Fish, Human Dimensions, Fisheries, Stakeholder Engagement
Private Incentives for the Emergence of Co-Production of Offshore Wind Energy and Mussel Aquaculture Griffin, R., Buck, B., Krause, G. January 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Invertebrates, Human Dimensions
Procedural justice in Canadian wind energy development: A comparison of community-based and technocratic siting processes Walker, C., Baxter, J. July 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Proceedings of the Effects of Oil on Wildlife: Research, Rehabilitation, and General Concerns Massey, J. January 2007 Conference Paper Chemicals Birds, Ground-Nesting Birds, Seabirds, Waterfowl, Physical Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions
Proceedings of the Hydrokinetic and Wave Energy Technologies Technical and Environmental Issues Workshop US Department of Energy March 2006 Workshop Article Marine Energy (General) Chemicals Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions
Proceedings of the Oregon Marine Renewable Energy Environmental Sciences Conference Boehlert, G., et al. April 2013 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind EMF, Changes in Flow, Habitat Change Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Reptiles, Human Dimensions
Progress in Renewable Energies Offshore Soares, C. October 2016 Book Marine Energy (General), OTEC, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Project Adair: Mapping Marine Heritage Sites in Orkney and the Pentland Firth Pollard, E., et al. March 2012 Report Human Dimensions
Property Value Impacts of Wind Turbines and the Influence of Attitudes toward Wind Energy Vyn, R. November 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Proposed Torr Head Tidal Scheme Environmental Scoping Report THETIS Energy September 2009 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Noise, Habitat Change Invertebrates, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions
Prospective energy security scenarios in Spain: The future role of renewable power generation technologies and climate change implications García-Gusano, D., Iribarren, D. October 2018 Journal Article Human Dimensions, Climate Change, Life Cycle Assessment
Protocols for the Equitable Assessment of Marine Energy Converters Ingram, D., et al. January 2011 Book Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Public Acceptance of Offshore Wind Farms in the Netherlands: Testing and Adjusting the Public Acceptance Models for a Better Wind of Change Dion, A. January 2019 Thesis Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Public acceptance of offshore wind power: does perceived fairness of process matter? Firestone, J., et al. December 2012 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Public Attitudes and Environmental Impacts of Wind Farms: A Review Karydis, M. February 2013 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Collision, Habitat Change Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts
Public Engagement with Large-Scale Renewable Energy Technologies: Breaking the Cycle of NIMBYism Devine-Wright, P. November 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Public engagement with offshore renewable energy: A critical review Wiersma, B., Devine-Wright, P. June 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Public estimates of support for offshore wind energy: False consensus, pluralistic ignorance, and partisan effects Sokoloski, R., Markowitz, E., Bidwell, D. January 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Public Opinion about Large Offshore Wind Power: Underlying Factors Firestone, J., Kempton, W. March 2007 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Public Opinion and the Environmental, Economic and Aesthetic Impacts of Offshore Wind Bush, D., Hoagland, P. February 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts, Stakeholder Engagement
Public Participation in Wind Energy Projects Located in Germany: Which Form of Participation is the Key to Acceptance? Langer, K., Decker, T., Menrad, K. November 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Public Perceptions and Externalities in Tidal Stream Energy: A Valuation for Policy Making Vazquez, A., Iglesias, G. March 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Human Dimensions
Public perceptions of and responses to new energy technologies Boudet, H. May 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Public views on renewable energy in the Rocky Mountain region of the United States: Distinct attitudes, exposure, and other key predictors of wind energy Olson-Hazboun, S., Krannich, R., Robertson, P. November 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Climate Change, Visual Impacts
Public Willingness to Pay and Policy Preferences for Tidal Energy Research and Development: A Study of Households in Washington State Polis, H., Dreyer, S., Jenkins, L. June 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Public Willingness to Pay and Policy Preferences for Tidal Energy Research and Development: A Study of Households in Washington State Polis, H., Dreyer, S., Jenkins, L. June 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Human Dimensions
Public Willingness to Pay and Policy Preferences for Tidal Energy Research and Development: A Study of Households in Washington State Polis, H., Dreyer, S., Jenkins, L. June 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Human Dimensions
R and D and Ocean Energy: A review of Research and Development in Ocean Energy in the Republic of Ireland Marine Renewables Industry Association September 2012 Report Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy, Stakeholder Engagement
Ramsey Sound Tidal Energy Limited Non-Technical Summary of the Environmental Statement Tidal Energy October 2009 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions
Ramsey Sound Tidal Energy Limited Scoping Report Tidal Energy November 2008 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions
Recent Developments in Ocean Energy and Offshore Wind: Financial Challenges and Environmental Misconceptions Esteban, M., Gasparatos, A., Doll, C. September 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Reconciling Biodiversity Conservation and Widespread Deployment of Renewable Energy Technologies in the UK Gove, B., et al. May 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Recreational Fisheries Statistics National Marine Fisheries Service, Fisheries Statistics Division January 2012 Website Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Recreational Use of Offshore Wind Farms: Experiences and Opinions of Sea Anglers in the UK Hooper, T., Hattam, C., Austen, M. April 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Human Dimensions, Recreation & Tourism
Recycling offshore wind farms at decommissioning stage Topham, E., et al. June 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Redefining the Territorial Sea in the Clean Water Act: Replacing Outdated Terminology and Extending Regulatory Jurisdiction Matthews, J. June 2011 Journal Article Human Dimensions
Reducing Bat Fatalities at Wind Facilities while Improving the Economic Efficiency of Operational Mitigation Martin, C., et al. March 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Bats, Human Dimensions
Reducing Wind Curtailment through Transmission Expansion in a Wind Vision Future Jorgenson, J., Mai, T., Brinkman, G. January 2017 Report Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Reedsport OPT Environmental Assessment Ocean Power Technologies December 2010 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Reptiles, Human Dimensions
REEFS: An Artificial Reef for Wave Energy Harnessing and Shore Protection – A New Concept Towards Multipurpose Sustainable Solutions de Almeida, J. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Human Dimensions
Reflections on Integrating Operations and Maintenance Activities of Offshore Wind Farms and Mariculture Michler-Cieluch, T., Krause, G., Buck, B. January 2009 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Refusal of planning consent for the Docking Shoal offshore wind farm: Stakeholder perspectives and lessons learned Broadbent, I., Nixon, C. June 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Legal and Policy, Stakeholder Engagement
Regional Locational Guidance for Wave and Tidal Energy in the Shetland Islands Tweddle, J., et al. January 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Human Dimensions
Regional variation in public acceptance of wind energy development in Europe: What are the roles of planning procedures and participation? Suskevics, M., et al. February 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Regulating Avian Impacts Under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act and Other Laws: The Wind Industry Collides with One of its Own, the Environmental Protection Movement McKinsey, J. January 2007 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Collision, Habitat Change Bats, Birds, Human Dimensions
Regulating Marine Renewable Energy Development: A Preliminary Assessment of UK Permitting Processes Wright, G. March 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Regulating wave and tidal energy: An industry perspective on the Scottish marine governance framework Wright, G. March 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Legal and Policy
Regulatory Introduction: Roles and Responsibilities within the Permitting Process West, A. May 2015 Presentation Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Reintroduction of White-Tailed Eagles to the Republic of Ireland: A Case Study of Media Coverage Burke, B., et al. January 2014 Journal Article Birds, Raptors, Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Renewable Energy and Marine Spatial Planning: Scientific and Legal Implications Kannen, A., et al. August 2013 Book Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Renewable Energy and the Public: from NIMBY to Participation Devine-Wright, P. January 2011 Book Marine Energy (General), Wave, Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Renewable Energy and Wildlife Conservation Moorman, C., Grodsky, S., Rupp, S. January 2019 Book Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General) Bats, Birds, Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Renewable Energy Costs, Potentials, Barriers: Conceptual Issues Verbruggen, A., et al. February 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Renewable energy from the high seas: Geo-spatial modelling of resource potential and legal implications for developing offshore wind projects beyond the national jurisdiction of coastal States Elsner, P., Suarez, S. May 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Renewable Energy From the Ocean: A Guide to OTEC Avery, W., Wu, C. January 1994 Book Marine Energy (General), OTEC Chemicals, Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Physical Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions
Renewable Energy in Scotland Alldritt, D., Hopwood, D. May 2010 Magazine Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Renewable energy projections for climate change mitigation: An analysis of uncertainty and errors Indra al Irsyad, M., Halog, A., Nepal, R. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Climate Change
Renewable Energy Resources and Wildlife: Impacts and Opportunities Arnett, E., Strickland, M., Morrison, M. February 2007 Conference Paper Wind Energy (General) Collision, Habitat Change Bats, Birds, Physical Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Climate Change
Renewable Energy Respecting Nature: A Synthesis of Knowledge on Environmental Impacts of Renewable Energy Financed by the Research Council of Norway May, R., et al. October 2012 Report Wind Energy (General) Collision, Habitat Change Birds, Fish, Human Dimensions
Renewable Energy Vs. Biodiversity: Policy Conflicts And The Future Of Nature Conservation Jackson, A. October 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Renewables, Shipping, and Protected Species: A Vanishing Opportunity for Effective Marine Spatial Planning? Petruny, L., Wright, A., Smith, C. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy (General) Noise Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning, Navigation
Renewables-to-reefs: Participatory multicriteria decision analysis is required to optimize wind farm decommissioning Fowler, A., Macreadie, P., Booth, D. September 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Renewables-to-reefs: Response to Fowler et al. Smyth, K., et al. September 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Renewables-To-Reefs? Decommissioning Options for the Offshore Wind Power Industry Smyth, K., et al. January 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Invertebrates, Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Report on Environmental Impact Assessment and Mitigation Strategies TROPOS July 2014 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Changes in Flow, Lighting, Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Fish, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Research for the Sustainable Development of Tidal Power in Maine Johnson, T., Zydlewski, G. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Human Dimensions
Research frontiers in sustainable development of energy, water and environment systems in a time of climate crisis Kılkış, Ş., et al. November 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Climate Change
Research on Chinese Life Cycle-Based Wind Power Plant Environmental Influence Prevention Measures Wang, H., et al. August 2014 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Research Priorities for Assessing Potential Impacts of Emerging Marine Renewable Energy Technologies: Insights from Developments in Wales (UK) Roche, R., et al. December 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Physical Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions
Resolving Issues with Environmental Impact Assessment of Marine Renewable Energy Installations Maclean, I., et al. December 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Legal and Policy
Retrospective and Outlook for an Environmentally Sound Development of Offshore Wind Energy Lüdeke, J. January 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Review and Analysis of Ocean Energy Systems Development and Supporting Policies AEA Energy & Environment June 2006 Report Marine Energy (General), OTEC, Tidal, Wave Human Dimensions
Review and evaluation of marine spatial planning in the Shetland Islands Kelly, C., et al. April 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Review and Evaluation of the Eastern Scotian Shelf Integrated Management (ESSIM) Initiative McCuaig, J., Herbert, G. January 2013 Report Human Dimensions
Review of Cabling Techniques and Environmental Effects Applicable to the Offshore Wind Farm Industry UK Department for Business Enterprise and Regulatory Reform January 2008 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Changes in Flow, Habitat Change Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions
Review of Consenting Processes for Ocean Energy in Selected European Union Member States Simas, T., et al. April 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Review of Raptor Sections of the Bluestone Wind Avian Risk Assessment Miller, T. March 2019 Report Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Collision Birds, Raptors, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Review of the Current State of Knowledge on the Environmental Impacts of the Location, Operation and Removal/Disposal of Offshore Wind-Farms OSPAR Commission April 2006 Conference Paper Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Chemicals, EMF, Changes in Flow, Noise, Habitat Change Birds, Human Dimensions
Review of the Reef Effects of Offshore Wind Farm Structures and their Potential for Enhancement and Mitigation UK Department for Business Enterprise and Regulatory Reform January 2008 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Invertebrates, Fish, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions
Review of Wave Hub Technical Studies: Impacts on Inshore Surfing Beaches Black, K. December 2007 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Human Dimensions
Review Report 2004: The Danish Offshore Wind Farm Demonstration Project: Horns Rev and Nysted Offshore Wind Farms Environmental Impact Assessment and Monitoring Boesen, C., Kjær, J. October 2005 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind EMF, Changes in Flow, Noise, Habitat Change Invertebrates, Birds, Physical Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions
Review Report 2005: The Danish Offshore Wind Farm Demonstration Project: Horns Rev and Nysted Offshore Wind Farms Environmental Impact Assessment and Monitoring DONG Energy, Vattenfall November 2006 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind EMF, Noise, Habitat Change Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Revised Navigational Risk Assessment ESS Group, Inc. November 2006 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Navigation
Rhode Island Ocean Special Area Management Plan: Ocean SAMP - Volume 1 Rhode Island Coastal Resources Management Council October 2010 Report Human Dimensions
Rhode Island Ocean Special Area Management Plan: Ocean SAMP - Volume 2 Rhode Island Coastal Resources Management Council April 2013 Report Human Dimensions
Rhode Island's Ocean Special Area Management Plan: Leading the Way for the Nation Fugate, G. January 2012 Journal Article Human Dimensions
Riding the Wave: Confronting Jurisdictional and Regulatory Barriers to Ocean Energy Development Murray, D., et al. October 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Human Dimensions
Rights and Ownership in Sea Country: Implications of Marine Renewable Energy for Indigenous and Local Communities Kerr, S., et al. February 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Risk analysis of maintenance ship collisions with offshore wind turbines Presencia, C., Shafiee, M. June 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Navigation

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