Human Dimensions

The human dimensions of renewable energy, including impacts on local communities, society and economy.

Human Dimensions

The construction of marine renewable energy and wind energy projects will likely affect human activities both socially and economically at a variety of scales. Constructed devices may have impacts or perceived risk of impacts to people in the area. Evaluation of stakeholder perspectives, needs, and rights is necessary to ensure that the benefits of the device outweigh the cost to industry and residents. Common stakeholder concerns are loss of property value due to aesthetics or erosion, changes in livelihood and recreation, decrease in economic opportunity, or disruption of peace. Potential socio-economic benefits are creation of new industry jobs, increased tourism, or incorporation of new devices as visual art pieces.

Photo Credit: Deepwater Wind

Total Results: 1214
Titlesort descending Author Date Type of Content Technology Type Stressor Receptor
Not in my hiking trail? Acceptance of wind farms in the Austrian Alps Brudermann, T., Zaman, R., Posch, A. July 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Habitat Change Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts, Recreation & Tourism, Stakeholder Engagement
Numerical Modelling Study of the Effects of Suspended Aquaculture Farms on Tidal Stream Energy Generation O'Donncha, F., et al. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Obligations and aspirations: A critical evaluation of offshore wind farm cumulative impact assessments Willsteed, E., et al. February 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Ocean Acidification-Induced Food Quality Deterioration Constrains Trophic Transfer Rossoll, D., et al. April 2012 Journal Article Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Climate Change
Ocean Beliefs and Support for an Offshore Wind Energy Project Bidwell, D. September 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Ocean Energies: Environmental, Economic and Technological Aspects of Alternative Power Sources Charlier, R., Justus, J. September 1993 Book Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Physical Environment, Human Dimensions
Ocean Energy and Coastal Protection A Novel Strategy for Coastal Management Under Climate Change Bergillos, R., Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Iglesias, G. January 2020 Book Marine Energy general, Wave Changes in Flow Human Dimensions, Climate Change
Ocean Energy: Governance Challenges for Wave and Tidal Stream Technologies Wright, G., Kerr, S., Johnson, K. January 2018 Book Marine Energy general Human Dimensions
Ocean Governance for the 21st Century: Making Marine Zoning Climate Change Adaptable Craig, R. January 2012 Journal Article Human Dimensions
Ocean Management & Planning in the United States: From Competition to Cooperation Heimes, R. September 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Ocean Planning and the Gulf of Maine: Exploring Bi-National Policy Options Fanning, L., Heimes, R. May 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Ocean Renewable Energy's Potential Role In Supplying Future Electrical Energy Needs Thresher, R., Musial, W. January 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general Human Dimensions
Ocean Space, Ocean Place The Human Dimensions Of Wave Energy In Oregon Conway, F., et al. January 2010 Magazine Article Marine Energy general, Wave Human Dimensions
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Final Environmental Impact Statement National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration July 1981 Report Marine Energy general, OTEC Chemicals, Noise, Habitat Change Physical Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Ocean Tracking Network Canada: A Network Approach to Addressing Critical Issues in Fisheries and Resource Management with Implications for Ocean Governance Cooke, S., et al. January 2011 Journal Article Fish, Human Dimensions
Ocean Wave Energy in the United States: Current Status and Future Perspectives Lehmann, M., et al. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Human Dimensions
Ocean Zoning for Conservation, Fisheries and Marine Renewable Energy: Assessing Trade-Offs and Co-Location Opportunities Yates, K., Schoeman, D., Klein, C. April 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
OES Annual Report 2011 Ocean Energy Systems (OES) January 2012 Report Marine Energy general Human Dimensions
OES-IA Annex IV: Environmental Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Devices Copping, A., O'Toole, M. April 2011 Workshop Article Marine Energy general Human Dimensions
Offshore Energy and Marine Spatial Planning Yates, K., Bradshaw, C. February 2018 Book Marine Energy general Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Offshore Energy Planning Provisions and transnational Maritime Spatial Planning in the North Sea Region: Findings from the NorthSEE project Wright, K., Kafas, A., Davies, I. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Offshore gas production infrastructure reutilisation for blue energy production Sedlar, D., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Habitat Change Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Offshore Ocean Wave Energy: A Summer 2009 Technology and Market Assessment Electric Power Research Institute December 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Human Dimensions
Offshore Power Production and Marine Stakeholders: From Understanding Conflict to Impact Mitigation Alexander, K. January 2012 Thesis Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Offshore Renewable Energy Development Plan (OREDP) For Ireland: Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA): Volume 1: Non - Technical Summary (NTS) Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland October 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Offshore Renewable Energy Development Plan: A Framework for the Sustainable Development of Ireland's Offshore Renewable Energy Resource Department of Communications, Energy and Natural Resources February 2014 Report Human Dimensions
Offshore Renewable Energy Installations (OREIs) - Guidance on UK Navigational Practice, Safety and Emergency Response Issues Maritime Maritime and Coastguard Agency January 2004 Report Marine Energy general Human Dimensions, Navigation
Offshore Renewable Energy Regulatory Primer Showalter, S., Bowling, T. October 2011 Report Marine Energy general Human Dimensions
Offshore Renewables - Guidance on Assessing the Impact on Coastal Landscape and Seascape: Guidance for Scoping an Environmental Statement Scottish Natural Heritage March 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Offshore Renewables Resource Assessment and Development (ORRAD) Project PMSS October 2010 Report Marine Energy general Human Dimensions
Offshore underwater substation for wave energy converter arrays Vining, J., Muetze, A. October 2007 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Offshore Wave Power in the US: Environmental Issues Hagerman, G., Bedard, R. December 2004 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Changes in Flow, Noise, Habitat Change Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions
Offshore Wind Capital Cost Estimation in the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf - A Reference Class Approach Kaiser, M., Snyder, B. September 2012 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Offshore Wind Energy Development Site Assessment and Characterization: Evaluation of the Current Status and European Experience Rein, C., et al. August 2013 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Offshore Wind Energy Research on Environmental Impacts Köller, J., Köppel, J., Peters, W. March 2006 Book Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Invertebrates, Birds, Ecosystem Processes, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions
Offshore wind energy resource assessment under techno-economic and social-ecological constraints Magar, V., Gross, M., González-García, L. February 2018 Journal Article Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Offshore Wind Energy: Good Practice in Impact Assessment, Mitigation and Compensation Lüdeke, J. March 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Offshore wind farm in marine spatial planning and the stakeholders engagement: Opportunities and challenges for Taiwan Zhang, Y., et al. November 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Fisheries, Marine Spatial Planning, Stakeholder Engagement
Offshore Wind Farm Site Selection Study around Jeju Island, South Korea Kim, T., Park, J., Maeng, J. January 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions
Offshore Wind Farms and Commercial Fisheries in the UK: A Study in Stakeholder Consultation Gray, T., Haggett, C., Bell, D. January 2005 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Fisheries, Stakeholder Engagement
Offshore Wind Farms and the Environment: Danish Experiences from Horns Rev and Nysted Danish Energy Authority November 2006 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions
Offshore wind farms in Southern Europe – Determining tourist preference and social acceptance Westerberg, V., Jacobsen, J., Lifran, R. November 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts, Recreation & Tourism
Offshore Wind Farms in the Belgian Part of the North Sea: Early Environmental Impact Assessment and Spatio-Temporal Variability Degraer, S., Brabant, R., Rumes, B. January 2010 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Offshore Wind Market and Economic Analysis Navigant Consulting February 2013 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Offshore wind power development as affected by seascape values on the German North Sea coast Gee, K. April 2010 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts, Stakeholder Engagement
Offshore Wind Power Policy and Planning in Sweden Söderholm, P., Pettersson, M. February 2010 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Offshore Wind Turbine Foundations: Staying Afloat in Deepwaters Sunderasan, S. January 2015 Book Chapter Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Offshore Wind Turbine Visibility and Visual Impact Threshold Distances Sullivan, R., et al. March 2013 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts
Offshore wind zoning in China: Method and experience Ou, L., et al. January 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Ökobilanzierung von Schweizer Windenergie Eymann, L., et al. November 2015 Report Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Birds, Human Dimensions, Climate Change, Life Cycle Assessment
Olivebranches and Idiot's Guides: Frameworks for Community Engagement in Australian Wind Farm Development Howard, T. March 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Habitat Change Human Dimensions
On Certain Problems Concerning Environmental Impact Assessment of Wind Turbines in Scope of Acoustic Effects Wszolek, T., et al. January 2014 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Noise Bats, Birds, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Open Ocean Aquaculture and Offshore Wind Farms. A feasibility study on the multifunctional use of offshore wind farms and offshore mariculture in the North Sea area Buck, B. January 2002 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Opportunities and Barriers of High-Voltage Direct Current Grids: A State of the Art Analysis Coll-Mayor, D., Schmid, J. October 2012 Journal Article Human Dimensions
Opposition "overblown"? Community response to wind energy siting in the Western United States Giordono, L., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general Human Dimensions
Optimising Array Form for Energy Extraction and Environmental Benefit (EBAO) Presentation Bryden, I. January 2012 Presentation Marine Energy general Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions
Optimising tidal lagoons: an environmental focus Elliott, K. July 2019 Thesis Marine Energy general, Tidal Human Dimensions
Options and Opportunities for Marine Fisheries Mitigation Associated with Windfarms Blyth-Skyrme, R. January 2010 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Habitat Change Fish, Human Dimensions
ORECCA European Offshore Renewable Energy Roadmap Jeffrey, H., Sedgwick, J. September 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Oregon Historic Sites Database Oregon State Parks January 2012 Website Human Dimensions
Oregon Marine Map MarineMap Consortium January 2012 Website Marine Energy general Habitat Change Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions
Oregon State University and Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center Wave Energy Test Project US Department of Energy August 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions
ORJIP Ocean Energy: The Forward Look; an Ocean Energy Environmental Research Strategy for the UK ORJIP July 2015 Report Marine Energy general Collision, Noise, Habitat Change Human Dimensions
OSPAR request to advise on the current state and knowledge of studies into the deployment and environmental impacts of wet renewable technologies and marine energy storage systems April 2019 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Changes in Flow, Noise Birds, Physical Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts
Other Environmental Issues of Wind Energy Development: Aesthetics, Cultural Resources, Land Use Compatibility, Water Resources, and Site Restoration Walker, R., Swift, A. May 2015 Book Chapter Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts
Our Seas - A Shared Resource High Level Marine Objectives HM Government January 2009 Report Human Dimensions
Out of Sight but Not out of Mind? Public Perceptions of Wave Energy Bailey, I., West, J., Whitehead, I. June 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Habitat Change Human Dimensions
Outer Continental Shelf Lease Blocks National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration November 2016 Website Human Dimensions
Over the Sea and Far Away? A Consideration of the Planning, Politics and Public Perception of Offshore Wind Farms Haggett, C. August 2008 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Overcoming Barriers to Marine Renewables Energy Development Freeman, M., et al. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
OXYFLUX, an innovative wave-driven device for the oxygenation of deep layers in coastal areas: A physical investigation Antonini, A., Lamberti, A., Archetti, R. October 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Human Dimensions, Climate Change, Fisheries
Oyster 2 Wave Energy Project Environmental Statement Aquamarine Power June 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Noise, Habitat Change Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions
Pacific Coast Fisheries GIS Resource Database US Geological Survey January 2015 Website Human Dimensions
Pacific Region Marine Renewables Environmental Regulatory Workshop Report Copping, A., et al. March 2017 Workshop Article Marine Energy general Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Past, present and future environmental footprint of the Danish wind turbine fleet with LCA_WIND_DK, an online interactive platform Besseau, R., et al. July 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Life Cycle Assessment
Pathways of Effects for Offshore Renewable Energy in Canada Isaacman, L., Daborn, G. December 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Chemicals, Collision, EMF, Changes in Flow, Lighting, Noise, Habitat Change Invertebrates, Birds, Physical Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Reptiles, Human Dimensions
Pennsylvania Game Commission Wind Energy Voluntary Cooperation Agreement: Amendment I Pennsylvania Game Commission July 2013 Report Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions
Pentland Firth and Orkney Waters Enabling Actions Report: Ornithological Cumulative Impact Assessment Framework MacArthur, D., et al. May 2013 Report Birds, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Pentland Firth and Orkney Waters Marine Spatial Plan Framework & Regional Locational Guidance for Marine Energy Marine Scotland January 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Habitat Change Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Perceived Concerns and Possible Management Strategies for Governing 'Wind-Farm Mariculture Integration' Michler-Cieluch, T., Krause, G. November 2008 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Habitat Change Invertebrates, Human Dimensions
Perceptions of Commercial and Recreational Fishers on the Potential Ecological Impacts of the Block Island Wind Farm (US) ten Brink, T., Dalton, T. November 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Perceptions of fishers and developers on the co-location of offshore wind farms and decapod fisheries in the UK Hooper, T., Ashley, M., Austen, M. November 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Invertebrates, Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Perceptions of the Inshore Wave Resource by Beach Water Users in the Lee of Wave Hub Stokes, C. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave Human Dimensions, Recreation & Tourism, Stakeholder Engagement
Permitting and Leasing for Maine Marine Hydrokinetic (MHK) Power Projects Thaler, J. January 2013 Report Marine Energy general Human Dimensions
Permitting and Leasing for Marine Offshore Wind Energy Projects Thaler, J. January 2013 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Permitting, Risk and Marine Hydrokinetic Energy Development Dubbs, L., Keeler, A., O'Meara, T. December 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general Human Dimensions
Perspectives on a way forward for ocean renewable energy in Australia Hemer, M., et al. November 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy, Stakeholder Engagement
Perspectives on environmental ethics in sustainability of membrane based technologies for water and energy production Tufa, R. October 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Salinity Gradient Human Dimensions
Petroleum Production Platforms as Sites for the Expansion of Ciguatera in the Northwestern Gulf of Mexico Villareal, T., et al. February 2007 Journal Article Habitat Change Fish, Human Dimensions
PG&E WaveConnect Program Final Report Dooher, B., et al. December 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Human Dimensions
Phase 1 - Bay of Fundy, Nova Scotia including the Fundy Tidal Energy Demonstration Project Site - Mi’kmaq Ecological Knowledge Study Moore, D., Hodder, G. August 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Phase 2 - Bay of Fundy, Nova Scotia including the Outer Bay of Fundy Tidal Energy Project Site - Mi’kmaq Ecological Knowledge Study Moore, D., Hodder, C. May 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Phase I Avian Risk Assessment: Clayton Wind Farm Jefferson County, New York Kerlinger, P., Guarnaccia, J. April 2005 Report Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Birds, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Pilot Installation of Tidal Current Turbine in Kvalsundet, Tromsø County, Norway - Status and Possible Consequences for the Environment Systad, G., et al. December 2005 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Collision, Changes in Flow, Noise, Habitat Change Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions
Place attachment and marine recreationists' attitudes toward offshore wind energy development Brownlee, M., et al. December 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Recreation & Tourism
Placing Green Energy in the Sea: Offshore Wind Farms, Dolphins, Oysters, and the Territorial Politics of the Intertidal Zone in Taiwan Hung, P. August 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Habitat Change Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy, Stakeholder Engagement
Plastic and Evolutionary Responses to Climate Change in Fish Crozier, L., Hutchings, J. January 2014 Journal Article Fish, Human Dimensions
Policies and Measures for Protected Species in Wind Energy: An Assessment Between the U.S. and Germany Gartman, V. May 2014 Thesis Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions
Politics and Power in Marine Spatial Planning Flannery, W., Clarke, J., McAteer, B. January 2019 Book Chapter Marine Energy general Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Port Elizabeth Wind Energy Facility Avifaunal and Bat Impact Assessment Strugnell, L., Smallie, J., Patterson-Abrolat, C. October 2009 Report Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Bats, Birds, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment

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