Human Dimensions

The human dimensions of renewable energy, including impacts on local communities, society and economy.

Human Dimensions

The construction of marine renewable energy and wind energy projects will likely affect human activities both socially and economically at a variety of scales. Constructed devices may have impacts or perceived risk of impacts to people in the area. Evaluation of stakeholder perspectives, needs, and rights is necessary to ensure that the benefits of the device outweigh the cost to industry and residents. Common stakeholder concerns are loss of property value due to aesthetics or erosion, changes in livelihood and recreation, decrease in economic opportunity, or disruption of peace. Potential socio-economic benefits are creation of new industry jobs, increased tourism, or incorporation of new devices as visual art pieces.

Photo Credit: Deepwater Wind

Total Results: 1214
Titlesort descending Author Date Type of Content Technology Type Stressor Receptor
'You don't do a chemistry experiment in your best china': Symbolic interpretations of place and technology in a wave energy case McLachlan, C. December 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Human Dimensions
2015 Massachusetts Ocean Management Plan: Volume 1 - Management and Administration Commonwealth of Massachusetts January 2015 Report Human Dimensions
2015 Massachusetts Ocean Management Plan: Volume 2 - Baseline Assessment and Science Framework Commonwealth of Massachusetts January 2015 Report Human Dimensions
40MW Oyster Wave Array North West Coast, Isle of Lewis Environmental Statement Royal Haskoning March 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Collision, Changes in Flow, Noise, Habitat Change Birds, Ecosystem Processes, Physical Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
A 30-year projection of the future wind energy resources in the coastal environment of the Black Sea Rusu, E. September 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Climate Change
A 35 year high-resolution wave atlas for nearshore energy production and economics at the Aegean Sea Lavidas, G., Venugopal, V. April 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Human Dimensions
A Bayesian approach to marine spatial planning Erhardt, M. July 2013 Thesis Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
A Benchmark for Life Cycle Air Emissions and Life Cycle Impact Assessment of Hydrokinetic Energy Extraction using Life Cycle Assessment Miller, V., Landis, A., Schaefer, L. March 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general Human Dimensions, Climate Change, Life Cycle Assessment
A comparative assessment of proposed offshore wind power demonstration projects in the United States Bates, A., Firestone, J. November 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
A comparative life-cycle assessment of hydro-, nuclear and wind power: A China study Wang, L., et al. September 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Climate Change, Life Cycle Assessment
A Comparison of Offshore Wind Power Development in Europe and the US: Patterns and Drivers of Development Snyder, B., Kaiser, M. October 2009 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
A Comparison of Perceptions towards Wind Power among Local and Foreign Residents of Jeju Island, South Korea Kojetin, D., Min, K. June 2014 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions
A comprehensive insight into tidal stream energy farms in Iran Radfar, S., et al. November 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Human Dimensions
A Conceptual Model to Determine Vulnerability of Wildlife Populations to Offshore Wind Energy Development Goodale, M., Stenhouse, J. April 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions
A Conflict of Greens: Green Development Versus Habitat Preservation - The Case of Incheon, South Korea Ko, Y., Schubert, D., Hester, R. June 2011 Magazine Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Birds, Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions
A dynamic risk assessment method to address safety of navigation concerns around offshore renewable energy installations Mehdi, R., Baldauf, M., Deeb, H. March 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general Collision, Habitat Change Human Dimensions, Navigation
A Field Study on the Aesthetics of Small Wind Machines: A Preliminary Report Strojan, C., Lawrence, K., O'Donnell, D. January 1980 Conference Paper Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts
A Framework for an International Marine Energy Roadmap Mueller, M., et al. January 2007 Workshop Article Marine Energy general Human Dimensions
A Framework for Environmental Risk Assessment and Decision-Making for Tidal Energy Development in Canada Isaacman, L., Daborn, G., Redden, A. August 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Human Dimensions
A Framework for Environmental Risk Assessment and Decision-Making for Tidal Energy Development in Canada [Presentation] Isaacman, L., Daborn, G., Redden, A. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
A Group-Based Spatial Decision Support System for Wind Farm Site Selection in Northwest Ohio Gorsevski, P., et al. April 2013 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions
A Holistic Method for Selecting Tidal Stream Energy Hotspots Under Technical, Economic and Functional Constraints Vazquez, A., Iglesias, G. June 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Human Dimensions
A Life Cycle Co-Benefits Assessment of Wind Power in China Xue, B., et al. January 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Climate Change, Life Cycle Assessment
A Marine Spatial Planning Approach to Select Suitable Areas for Installing Wave Energy Converters on the Basque Continental Shelf (Bay of Biscay) Galparsoro, I., et al. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Habitat Change Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
A Marine Spatial Planning Framework for the Optimal Siting of Marine Renewable Energy Installations: Two Danish Case Studies Azzellino, A., et al. January 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Habitat Change Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
A Markov Model for Planning and Permitting Offshore Wind Energy: A Case Study of Radio-Tracked Terns in the Gulf of Maine, USA Cranmer, A., et al. May 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Birds, Seabirds, Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
A Method for EIA Scoping of Wave Energy Converters - Based on Classification of the Used Technology Margheritini, L., Hansen, A., Frigaard, P. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Physical Environment, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
A Methodology for Multi-Criteria Design of Multi-Use Offshore Platforms for Marine Renewable Energy Harvesting Zanuttigh, B., et al. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
A modelling approach for offshore wind farm feasibility with respect to ecosystem-based marine spatial planning Pınarbaşı, K., et al. June 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
A Multi-National Project Management Framework Audit of a European Union Marine Spatial Planning Project Sangiuliano, S. March 2018 Report Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
A Net-Present Value Analysis for a Wind Turbine Purchase at a Small US College Johnson, N., Solomon, B. May 2010 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions
A New Model for Environmental and Economic Evaluation of Renewable Energy Systems: The Case of Wind Turbines Savino, M., et al. March 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy general Physical Environment, Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
A path planning approach based on multi-direction A* algorithm for ships navigating within wind farm waters Xie, L., et al. June 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Navigation
A Pioneer in Transition: Horizon Scanning of Emerging Issues in Germany's Sustainable Wind Energy Development Köppel, J., et al. March 2019 Book Chapter Wind Energy general Human Dimensions
A Political, Economic, Social, Technology, Legal and Environmental (PESTLE) Approach for Risk Identification of the Tidal Industry in the United Kingdom Kolios, A., Read, G. September 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Human Dimensions
A Political, Economic, Social, Technology, Legal and Environmental (PESTLE) Approach for Risk Identification of the Tidal Industry in the United Kingdom Kolios, A., Read, G. October 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy, Stakeholder Engagement
A portfolio model for siting offshore wind farms with economic and environmental objectives Cranmer, A., et al. May 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions
A Probabilistic Approach to Introduce Risk Measurement Indicators to an Offshore Wind Project Evaluation - Improvement to an Existing Tool ECUME Douard, F., Domecq, C., Lair, W. January 2012 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
A procedure for deriving wind turbine noise limits by taking into account annoyance Fredianelli, L., Carpita, S., Licitra, G. January 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Noise Human Dimensions
A Quality Management Review of Scotland's Sectoral Marine Plan for Tidal Energy Sangiuliano, S. August 2016 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
A Quantitative Method to Analyze the Quality of EIA Information in Wind Energy Development and Avian/Bat Assessments Chang, T., et al. January 2013 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Collision, Habitat Change Bats, Birds, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
A Regional Ecological Risk Assessment of the Kaipara Harbour, New Zealand, Using a Relative Risk Model Kanwar, P., Bowden, W., Greenhalgh, S. May 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
A Report on the Perceptions of the Fishing Industry into the Potential Socio-Economic Impacts of Offshore Wind Energy Developments on their Work Patterns and Income Mackinson, S., et al. October 2006 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Fish, Human Dimensions
A Review of Cetacean and Pinniped Mortality in Coastal Fisheries Along the West Coast of the USA and Canada and the East Coast of the Russian Federation Barlow, J., et al. November 1994 Journal Article Marine Energy general Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Human Dimensions, Fisheries
A Review of the Application of Lifecycle Analysis to Renewable Energy Systems Lund, C., Biswas, W. April 2008 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
A review of the environmental and human impacts from wind parks. A case study for the Prefecture of Lasithi, Crete Katsaprakakis, D. June 2012 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions
A Review of the Environmental Impacts for Marine and Hydrokinetic Projects to Inform Regulatory Permitting: Summary Findings from the 2015 Workshop on Marine and Hydrokinetic Technologies, Washington, D.C. Baring-Gould, E., et al. July 2016 Report Marine Energy general Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
A Review of the Likely Effects of Climate Change on Anadromous Atlantic Salmon Salmo salar and Brown Trout Salmo trutta, with Particular Reference to Water Temperature and Flow Jonsson, B., Jonsson, N. December 2009 Journal Article Fish, Human Dimensions
A Review of Vessel Traffic and Fishing Activity Standards for Offshore Wind Farm in Domestic Areas Based on the Analysis of Foreign Cases Kwon, Y., Lee, C., Rim, G. February 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Habitat Change Human Dimensions, Fisheries
A roadmap for marine spatial planning: A critical examination of the European Commission's guiding principles based on their application in the Clyde MSP Pilot Project Flannery, W., Cinnéide, M. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning, Stakeholder Engagement
A Scoping Study on: Research into Changes in Sediment Dynamics Linked to Marine Renewable Energy Installations Amoudry, L., et al. April 2009 Report Marine Energy general Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Human Dimensions
A Sea of Troubles? Evaluating User Conflicts in the Development of Ocean Energy de Groot, J., et al. January 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
A Socio-Technical Framework for Examining the Consequences of Deforestation: A Case Study of Wind Project Development in Northern Europe Enevoldsen, P. April 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions
A Special Purpose: The Migratory Bird Treaty Act and Wind Energy Rose, R. October 2014 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Collision Birds, Human Dimensions
A Strategic Environmental Assessment of the Fish & Shellfish Resources with Respect to Proposed Offshore Wind Farms in the Eastern Irish Sea Lockwood, S. March 2005 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Invertebrates, Fish, Human Dimensions
A Sustainability Index of Potential Co-Location of Offshore Wind Farms and Open Water Aquaculture Benassai, G., et al. July 2014 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Habitat Change Fish, Human Dimensions
A Techno-Economic Analysis of Tidal Energy Technology Johnstone, C., et al. January 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Human Dimensions
A Tidal Power Project Wright, G. September 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Human Dimensions
A transformational paradigm for marine renewable energy development Graziano, M., et al. January 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
A Vessel Noise Budget for Admiralty Inlet, Puget Sound, Washington (USA) Bassett, C., et al. September 2012 Journal Article Noise Physical Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Navigation
A Well-Being Framework for Impact Evaluation: The Case of the UK Offshore Wind Industry Hattam, C., Hooper, T., Papathanasopoulou, E. April 2017 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Absolute Probability Estimates of Lethal Vessel Strikes to North Atlantic Right Whales in Roseway Basin, Scotian Shelf van der Hoop, J., Vanderlaan, A., Taggart, C. April 2012 Journal Article Collision Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Human Dimensions, Navigation
Accelerating Ocean Energy to the Marketplace: Environmental Research at the U.S. Department of Energy National Laboratories Copping, A., et al. October 2010 Conference Paper Marine Energy general Chemicals, EMF, Changes in Flow, Noise Human Dimensions
Accommodating Wave and Tidal Energy - Control and Decision in Scotland Johnson, K., Kerr, S., Side, J. September 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Human Dimensions
Achieving Blue Growth through Maritime Spatial Planning: Offshore Wind Energy Optimization and Biodiversity Conservation in Spain Rodríguez-Rodríguez, D., et al. November 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Acoustic and Electromagnetic Noise Induced by Wind Mills - Implications for Underwater Surveillance Systems Pilot Study Fristedt, T., Morén, P., Söderberg, P. September 2001 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind EMF, Noise Human Dimensions
Adaptive Management and Ecological Restoration Murray, C., Marmorek, D. May 2003 Book Chapter Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Adaptive marine spatial planning in the Netherlands sector of the North Sea de Vrees, L. February 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Adding People to the Sea: Conceptualizing Social Sustainability in Maritime Spatial Planning Saunders, F., Gilek, M., Tafon, R. January 2019 Book Chapter Marine Energy general Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Addressing conflicting spatial demands in MSP: Considerations for MSP planners Gee, K., et al. December 2018 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning, Stakeholder Engagement
Addressing the Effects of Human-Generated Sound on Marine Life: An Integrated Research Plan for US Federal Agencies Southall, B., et al. January 2009 Report Marine Energy general Noise Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions
Adjusting the Financial Risk of Tidal Current Projects by Optimising the 'Installed Capacity/Capacity Factor'-Ratio Already During the Feasibility Stage Bucher, R., Couch, S. June 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Human Dimensions
Admiralty Inlet Final Environmental Assessment Snohomish County Public Utility District No. 1 August 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions
Admiralty Inlet Final License Application Snohomish County Public Utility District No. 1 March 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Chemicals, Collision, EMF, Changes in Flow, Noise Invertebrates, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions
Advances in Marine Spatial Planning: Zoning Earth's Last Frontier Johnson, C. January 2014 Journal Article Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Advancing the Environmentally Responsible Development of Offshore Wind Energy in New York State: A Regulatory Review and Stakeholder Perceptions New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) June 2015 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy, Stakeholder Engagement
Advancing the relationship between renewable energy and ecosystem services for landscape planning and design: A literature review Picchi, P., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Altamont Pass Wind Resource Area Repowing Draft Program Environmental Impact Report Alameda County Community Development Agency June 2014 Report Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Noise, Habitat Change Birds, Human Dimensions
Altamont: Public Perceptions of a Wind Energy Landscape Thayer, R., Freeman, C. January 1987 Book Chapter Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Habitat Change Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts, Stakeholder Engagement
AMBEMAR-DSS: A decision support system for the environmental impact assessment of marine renewable energies Guinda, X., et al. June 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Stakeholder Engagement
An Adaptive Framework for Selecting Environmental Monitoring Protocols to Support Ocean Renewable Energy Development Shumchenia, E., et al. September 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general Human Dimensions
An Analysis of Offshore Wind Development: A Non-market, Stated Preference Approach to Measure Community Perceptions and Opinions and Estimate Willingness to Pay in Two Lake Michigan Regions Knapp, L., et al. April 2013 Thesis Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
An Analysis of the Potential Acoustic Effects of Cape Wind's Offshore Wind Farm on Marine Mammal Populations Burgman, J. April 2010 Thesis Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
An analysis of the state of impact assessment research for low carbon power production: Building a better understanding of information and knowledge gaps Hanna, K., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
An artificial neural network model of coastal erosion mitigation through wave farms Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Bergillos, R., Iglesias, G. September 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Human Dimensions
An assessment of research and development leadership in ocean energy technologies Bruch, V. April 1994 Report Marine Energy general Human Dimensions
An Assessment of the Economic Potential of Offshore Wind in the United States from 2015 to 2030 Beiter, P., et al. March 2017 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
An Assessment of the Marine Renewable Energy Sector in Canada - Now and in the Future Canmet ENERGY January 2011 Report Marine Energy general Human Dimensions
An Economic and Environmental Assessment of Transporting Bulk Energy from a Grazing Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Facility Gilmore, E., Blohm, A., Sinsabaugh, S. November 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC Physical Environment, Human Dimensions
An ecosystem approach for studying the impact of offshore wind farms: a French case study Pezy, J., Raoux, A., Dauvin, J. September 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
An Evaluation of the Wildlife Impacts of Offshore Wind Development Relative to Fossil Fuel Power Production Jarvis, C. September 2005 Thesis Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Chemicals, Habitat Change Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Human Dimensions
An Indicator to Objectively Quantify the Visual Impact of an Offshore Wind Farm Gonzalez-Rodriguez, A. April 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Visual Impacts
An Integrated Risk Framework for Gigawatt-Scale Deployments of Renewable Energy: The U.S. Wind Energy Case Ram, B. October 2009 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
An integrated risk-based assessment of the North Sea to guide ecosystem-based management Piet, G., et al. March 2019 Journal Article Human Dimensions
An Integrated Visual Impact Assessment Model for Offshore Windfarm Development Depellegrin, D., Blažauskas, N., Egarter-Vigl, L. September 2014 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Habitat Change Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
An Introduction to Socio-Economic Assessment within a Marine Strategy Framework Turner, R., et al. March 2010 Report Human Dimensions
An Italian Proposal on the Monitoring of Underwater Noise: Relationship Between the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) and Marine Spatial Planning Directive (MSP) Maccarrone, V., et al. December 2015 Journal Article Noise Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
An Offshore Renewable Energy Environmental Research & Innovation Strategy for the UK Natural Environment Research Council December 2019 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
An Overview of Offshore Wind Energy Resources in Europe Under Present and Future Climate deCastro, M., et al. July 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Analysing the potentials and effects of multi-use between tidal energy development and environmental protection and monitoring: A case study of the inner sound of the Pentland Firth Sangiuliano, S. August 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Human Dimensions

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