Human Dimensions

The human dimensions of renewable energy, including impacts on local communities, society and economy.

Human Dimensions

The construction of marine renewable energy and wind energy projects will likely affect human activities both socially and economically at a variety of scales. Constructed devices may have impacts or perceived risk of impacts to people in the area. Evaluation of stakeholder perspectives, needs, and rights is necessary to ensure that the benefits of the device outweigh the cost to industry and residents. Common stakeholder concerns are loss of property value due to aesthetics or erosion, changes in livelihood and recreation, decrease in economic opportunity, or disruption of peace. Potential socio-economic benefits are creation of new industry jobs, increased tourism, or incorporation of new devices as visual art pieces.

Photo Credit: Deepwater Wind

Total Results: 1214
Title Authorsort descending Date Type of Content Technology Type Stressor Receptor
Harnessing the Ocean's Power: Opportunities in Renewable Ocean Energy Resources Griset, T. January 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Hawaii Ocean Resources Management Plan 2006 Hawaii Office of Planning December 2006 Report Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions
High Level Environmental Screening Study for Offshore Wind Farm Developments - Marine Habitats and Species Project Hiscock, K., Tyler-Walters, H., Jones, H. August 2002 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Collision, EMF, Changes in Flow, Noise, Habitat Change Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Ecosystem Processes, Physical Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions
Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm II: EIA Report Fish Jensen, B., Klaustrup, M., Skov, H. July 2006 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Changes in Flow, Noise, Habitat Change Fish, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Review Report 2004: The Danish Offshore Wind Farm Demonstration Project: Horns Rev and Nysted Offshore Wind Farms Environmental Impact Assessment and Monitoring Boesen, C., Kjær, J. October 2005 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind EMF, Changes in Flow, Noise, Habitat Change Invertebrates, Birds, Physical Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions
Hydrodynamics of a Ship/Whale Collision Silber, G., Slutsky, J., Bettridge, S. May 2010 Journal Article Collision Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Human Dimensions, Navigation
Hydrokinetic Energy in the United States - Resources, Challenges, and Opportunities Previsic, M., et al. September 2009 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Hydrokinetic Power for Energy Access in Rural Ghana Miller, V., et al. February 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Riverine Human Dimensions
Hydropower's Future, the Environment, and Global Electricity System Sternberg, R. February 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Impact Assessment of an Off-shore Wind Park on Sea Ducks Guillemette, M., Larsen, J., Clausager, I. March 1998 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Noise, Habitat Change Birds, Waterfowl, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Interactive Marine Spatial Planning: Siting Tidal Energy Arrays around the Mull of Kintyre Alexander, K., et al. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Habitat Change Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Intersectoral Assessment of Impacts on Seabirds: Baseline Report for a Comprehensive Environmental Management Plan for the Norwegian Sea Christensen-Dalsgaard, S., et al. January 2008 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Birds, Seabirds, Human Dimensions
Tidal Technologies: Key Issues Across Planning and Development for Environmental Regulators Bell, M., Side, J. March 2011 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Chemicals, Collision, Changes in Flow, Noise, Habitat Change Physical Environment, Human Dimensions
Large-Scale Offshore Wind Power in the United States: Assessment of Opportunities and Barriers Musial, M., Ram, B. September 2010 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions
Large-Scale Wind Deployment, Social Acceptance Horbaty, R., Huber, S., Ellis, G. September 2012 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Legal Authorities Relating to the Implementation of Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning National Ocean Council January 2011 Report Habitat Change Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Life Cycle Assessment for Emerging Technologies: Case Studies for Photovoltaic and Wind Power Jungbluth, N., et al. November 2004 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Life Cycle Assessment of a 150 MW Offshore Wind Turbine Farm at Nysted/Roedsand, Denmark Properzi, S., Herk-Hansen, H. July 2001 Conference Paper Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Life Cycle GHG Emission Analysis of Power Generation Systems: Japanese Case Hondo, H. August 2005 Journal Article Human Dimensions, Climate Change, Life Cycle Assessment
Life Cycle Assessment of a Multi-Megawatt Wind Turbine Martínez, E., et al. March 2009 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Life Cycle Assessment of a Wind Farm and Related Externalities Schleisner, L. July 2000 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Life Cycle Assessment of the Offshore Wind Farm Alpha Ventus Wagner, H., et al. May 2011 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Life-Cycle Assessment of Electricity Generation Options: The Status of Research in the Year 2001 Gagnon, L., Bélanger, C., Uchiyama, Y. November 2002 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Light-Induced Bird Strikes on Vessels in Southwest Greenland Merkel, F., Johansen, K. November 2011 Journal Article Lighting Birds, Seabirds, Waterfowl, Human Dimensions, Navigation
Maine Coastal Plan Maine State Planning Office May 2011 Report Habitat Change Human Dimensions
Maine Deepwater Offshore Wind Report University of Maine, Rockefeller Brothers Fund September 2012 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Changes in Flow, Noise Human Dimensions
Making Marine Renewable Energy Mainstream Murray, M. April 2011 Presentation Marine Energy (General), Wave Noise Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions
Ocean Governance for the 21st Century: Making Marine Zoning Climate Change Adaptable Craig, R. January 2012 Journal Article Human Dimensions
Managing Offshore Wind Developments in the United States: Legal, Environmental and Social Considerations using a Case Study in Nantucket Sound Santora, C., Hade, N., Odell, J. January 2004 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Marine Biodiversity, Climate Change, and Governance of the Oceans Craig, R. March 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Marine Energy: More than Just a Drop in the Ocean? Armstrong, J., Consultancy, F. January 2008 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Physical Environment, Human Dimensions
Marine Renewable Energy Legislation for Nova Scotia Nova Scotia Department of Energy January 2010 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Marine Renewable Energy Strategic Framework: Technical Addendum RPS Group March 2011 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Human Dimensions
Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management Policy Guide Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management October 2011 Report Habitat Change Human Dimensions
Measuring The Environmental Costs Of Tidal Power Plant Construction: A Choice Experiment Study Lee, J., Yoo, S. December 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions
Meta-Analysis of Net Energy Return for Wind Power Systems Kubiszewski, I., Cleveland, C., Endres, P. January 2010 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Modeling the Effect of Vessel Speed on Right Whale Ship Strike Risk Kite-Powell, H., Knowlton, A., Brown, M. April 2007 Report Collision Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Human Dimensions, Navigation
Modelling the Biological Significance of Behavioural Change in Coastal Bottlenose Dolphins in Response to Disturbance New, L., et al. April 2013 Journal Article Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Human Dimensions, Navigation
Multipurpose Marine Cadastre National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management January 2012 Website Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
NOAA Electronic Navigational Charts NOAA Office of Coast Survey January 2012 Website Human Dimensions, Navigation
National Ocean Economics Program Center for the Blue Economy January 2012 Website Human Dimensions
National Register of Historic Places Database National Park Service January 2011 Website Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Navigational Safety Risk Assessment for the Wave Test Site at the European Marine Energy Centre Cantello, D. May 2009 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave Habitat Change Human Dimensions, Navigation
New York Department of State Offshore Atlantic Ocean Study New York Department of State July 2013 Report Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Reptiles, Human Dimensions
North Atlantic Right Whales (Eubalaena glacialis) Ignore Ships but Respond to Alerting Stimuli Nowacek, D., Johnson, M., Tyack, P. February 2004 Journal Article Collision, Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Human Dimensions, Navigation
Guide to the OCS Alternative Energy Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) US Deparment of the Interior, Minerals Management Service October 2007 Report Marine Energy (General), Ocean Current, Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Chemicals, Noise, Habitat Change Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Reptiles, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
OES-IA Annex IV: Environmental Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Devices Copping, A., O'Toole, M. April 2011 Workshop Article Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Ocean Management & Planning in the United States: From Competition to Cooperation Heimes, R. September 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Ocean Planning and the Gulf of Maine: Exploring Bi-National Policy Options Fanning, L., Heimes, R. May 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Ocean Renewable Energy's Potential Role In Supplying Future Electrical Energy Needs Thresher, R., Musial, W. January 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Ocean Space, Ocean Place The Human Dimensions Of Wave Energy In Oregon Conway, F., et al. January 2010 Magazine Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Human Dimensions
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Final Environmental Impact Statement National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration July 1981 Report Marine Energy (General), OTEC Chemicals, Noise, Habitat Change Physical Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Offshore Ocean Wave Energy: A Summer 2009 Technology and Market Assessment Electric Power Research Institute December 2009 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave Human Dimensions
Offshore Renewable Energy Regulatory Primer Showalter, S., Bowling, T. October 2011 Report Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Ireland Offshore Renewable Energy Strategic Action Plan 2012 - 2020 UK Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment March 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Offshore Renewables - Guidance on Assessing the Impact on Coastal Landscape and Seascape: Guidance for Scoping an Environmental Statement Scottish Natural Heritage March 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Offshore Renewables Resource Assessment and Development (ORRAD) Project PMSS October 2010 Report Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Offshore Wind Capital Cost Estimation in the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf - A Reference Class Approach Kaiser, M., Snyder, B. September 2012 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Offshore Wind Farms and Commercial Fisheries in the UK: A Study in Stakeholder Consultation Gray, T., Haggett, C., Bell, D. January 2005 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions, Fisheries, Stakeholder Engagement
Offshore Wind Farms and the Environment: Danish Experiences from Horns Rev and Nysted Danish Energy Authority November 2006 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions
Offshore Wind Farms in the Belgian Part of the North Sea: Early Environmental Impact Assessment and Spatio-Temporal Variability Degraer, S., Brabant, R., Rumes, B. January 2010 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Offshore Wind Market and Economic Analysis Navigant Consulting February 2013 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Offshore Wind Power Policy and Planning in Sweden Söderholm, P., Pettersson, M. February 2010 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Opportunities and Barriers of High-Voltage Direct Current Grids: A State of the Art Analysis Coll-Mayor, D., Schmid, J. October 2012 Journal Article Human Dimensions
Options and Opportunities for Marine Fisheries Mitigation Associated with Windfarms Blyth-Skyrme, R. January 2010 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Fish, Human Dimensions
Oregon Historic Sites Database Oregon State Parks January 2012 Website Human Dimensions
Oregon Marine Map MarineMap Consortium January 2012 Website Marine Energy (General) Habitat Change Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions
Oregon State University and Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center Wave Energy Test Project US Department of Energy August 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions
Out of Sight but Not out of Mind? Public Perceptions of Wave Energy Bailey, I., West, J., Whitehead, I. June 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Habitat Change Human Dimensions
Outer Continental Shelf Lease Blocks National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration November 2016 Website Human Dimensions
Oyster 2 Wave Energy Project Environmental Statement Aquamarine Power June 2011 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave Noise, Habitat Change Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions
PG&E WaveConnect Program Final Report Dooher, B., et al. December 2011 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave Human Dimensions
Pathways of Effects for Offshore Renewable Energy in Canada Isaacman, L., Daborn, G. December 2011 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Chemicals, Collision, EMF, Changes in Flow, Lighting, Noise, Habitat Change Invertebrates, Birds, Physical Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Reptiles, Human Dimensions
Perceived Concerns and Possible Management Strategies for Governing 'Wind-Farm Mariculture Integration' Michler-Cieluch, T., Krause, G. November 2008 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Invertebrates, Human Dimensions
Permitting, Risk and Marine Hydrokinetic Energy Development Dubbs, L., Keeler, A., O'Meara, T. December 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Permitting and Leasing for Maine Marine Hydrokinetic (MHK) Power Projects Thaler, J. January 2013 Report Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Permitting and Leasing for Marine Offshore Wind Energy Projects Thaler, J. January 2013 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Pilot Installation of Tidal Current Turbine in Kvalsundet, Tromsø County, Norway - Status and Possible Consequences for the Environment Systad, G., et al. December 2005 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision, Changes in Flow, Noise, Habitat Change Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions
Proceedings of the Effects of Oil on Wildlife: Research, Rehabilitation, and General Concerns Massey, J. January 2007 Conference Paper Chemicals Birds, Ground-Nesting Birds, Seabirds, Waterfowl, Physical Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions
Proceedings of the Hydrokinetic and Wave Energy Technologies Technical and Environmental Issues Workshop US Department of Energy March 2006 Workshop Article Marine Energy (General) Chemicals Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions
Proceedings of the Oregon Marine Renewable Energy Environmental Sciences Conference Boehlert, G., et al. April 2013 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind EMF, Changes in Flow, Habitat Change Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Reptiles, Human Dimensions
Project Adair: Mapping Marine Heritage Sites in Orkney and the Pentland Firth Pollard, E., et al. March 2012 Report Human Dimensions
Habitats Regulations Appraisal of Draft Plan for Offshore Wind Energy in Scottish Territorial Waters: Proposed Approach for the Screening and Assessment of the Short and Medium Term Options APS Group Scotland March 2011 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Proposed Torr Head Tidal Scheme Environmental Scoping Report THETIS Energy September 2009 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Noise, Habitat Change Invertebrates, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions
Protocols for the Equitable Assessment of Marine Energy Converters Ingram, D., et al. January 2011 Book Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Public Engagement with Large-Scale Renewable Energy Technologies: Breaking the Cycle of NIMBYism Devine-Wright, P. November 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Public Opinion about Large Offshore Wind Power: Underlying Factors Firestone, J., Kempton, W. March 2007 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Ramsey Sound Tidal Energy Limited Non-Technical Summary of the Environmental Statement Tidal Energy October 2009 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions
Ramsey Sound Tidal Energy Limited Scoping Report Tidal Energy November 2008 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions
Recreational Fisheries Statistics National Marine Fisheries Service, Fisheries Statistics Division January 2012 Website Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Redefining the Territorial Sea in the Clean Water Act: Replacing Outdated Terminology and Extending Regulatory Jurisdiction Matthews, J. June 2011 Journal Article Human Dimensions
Reedsport OPT Environmental Assessment Ocean Power Technologies December 2010 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Reptiles, Human Dimensions
Reflections on Integrating Operations and Maintenance Activities of Offshore Wind Farms and Mariculture Michler-Cieluch, T., Krause, G., Buck, B. January 2009 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Regional Locational Guidance for Wave and Tidal Energy in the Shetland Islands Tweddle, J., et al. January 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Human Dimensions
Renewable Energy Vs. Biodiversity: Policy Conflicts And The Future Of Nature Conservation Jackson, A. October 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions
Renewable Energy in Scotland Alldritt, D., Hopwood, D. May 2010 Magazine Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Human Dimensions
Renewable Energy Costs, Potentials, Barriers: Conceptual Issues Verbruggen, A., et al. February 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Human Dimensions
ICES SGWTE Report 2011: Report of the Study Group on Environmental Impacts of Wave and Tidal Energy International Council for the Exploration of the Sea March 2011 Workshop Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Habitat Change Human Dimensions
Research for the Sustainable Development of Tidal Power in Maine Johnson, T., Zydlewski, G. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Human Dimensions
Review and Analysis of Ocean Energy Systems Development and Supporting Policies AEA Energy & Environment June 2006 Report Marine Energy (General), OTEC, Tidal, Wave Human Dimensions

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