Wing-Beat Characteristics of Birds Recorded with Tracking Radar and Cine Camera

Journal Article

Title: Wing-Beat Characteristics of Birds Recorded with Tracking Radar and Cine Camera
Publication Date:
April 01, 2010
Journal: IBIS The International Journal of Avian Science
Volume: 152
Issue: 2
Pages: 272-291
Publisher: Wiley
Receptor:

Document Access

Website: External Link

Citation

Bruderer, B.; Peter, D.; Boldt, A.; Liechti, F. (2010). Wing-Beat Characteristics of Birds Recorded with Tracking Radar and Cine Camera. IBIS The International Journal of Avian Science, 152(2), 272-291.
Abstract: 

This study presents wing-beat frequency data measured mainly by radar, complemented by video and cinematic recordings, for 153 western Palaearctic and two African species. Data on a further 45 Palaearctic species from other sources are provided in an electronic appendix. For 41 species with passerine-type flight, the duration of flapping and pausing phases is given. The graphical presentations of frequency ranges and wing-beat patterns show within-species variation and allow easy comparison between species, taxonomic groups and types of flight. Wing-beat frequency is described by Pennycuick (J. Exp. Biol. 2001; 204: 3283–3294) as a function of body-mass, wing-span, wing-area, gravity and air density; for birds with passerine-type flight the power-fraction has also to be considered. We tested Pennycuick’s general allometric model and estimated the coefficients based on our data. The general model explained a high proportion of variation in wing-beat frequency and the coefficients differed only slightly from Pennycuick’s original values. Modelling continuous-flapping flyers alone resulted in coefficients not different from those predicted (within 95% intervals). Doing so for passerine-type birds resulted in a model with non-significant contributions of body-mass and wing-span to the model. This was mainly due to the very high correlation between body-mass, wing-span and wing-area, revealing similar relative scaling properties within this flight type. However, wing-beat frequency increased less than expected with respect to power-fraction, indicating that the drop in flight level during the non-flapping phases, compensated by the factor (g/q)0.5 in Pennycuick’s model, is smaller than presumed. This may be due to lift produced by the body during the bounding phase or by only partial folding of the wings.

Find Tethys on InstagramFind Tethys on FacebookFind Tethys on Twitter
 
CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.