Development of alternative energy sources has become a necessity as fossil energy resources are declining. At the same time, energy demand is rapidly increasing, putting the world on the verge of a global energy crisis. Moreover, the extensive use of conventional energy sources is polluting the environment and causing global warming. On the other hand, wind and other renewable energy sources are viable and clean alternatives to fossil fuels. Low operating cost and extensive availability make wind one of the most advantageous and effective renewable energy sources. This paper provides an exposure to the necessity for deployment of renewable energy sources and the worldwide installed capacity of wind power as well as a review of various wind technologies in conjunction with their applications and devices of operation. Furthermore, this paper discusses the cost of electric generation in wind power plants as well as the economic and environmental policies that advocate the installation of wind energy systems.
Wind energy: Trends and enabling technologies
Kumar, Y.; Ringenberg, J.; Depuru, S.; Devabhaktuni, V.; Woo Lee, J.; Nikolaidis, E.; Andersen, B.; Afjeh, A. (2016). Wind energy: Trends and enabling technologies. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 53, 209-224.