Wind energy, commonly recognized to be a clean and environmentally friendly renewable energy resource that can reduce our dependency on fossil fuels, has developed rapidly in recent years. Its mature technology and comparatively low cost make it promising as an important primary energy source in the future. However, there are potential environmental impacts due to the installation and operation of the wind turbines that cannot be ignored. This paper aims to provide an overview of world wind energy scenarios, the current status of wind turbine development, development trends of offshore wind farms, and the environmental and climatic impact of wind farms. The wake effect of wind turbines and modeling studies regarding this effect are also reviewed.
Wind Energy Development and its Environmental Impact: A Review
Title: Wind Energy Development and its Environmental Impact: A Review
January 01, 2012
Journal: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Leung, D.; Yang, Y. (2012). Wind Energy Development and its Environmental Impact: A Review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(1), 1031-1039.