Underwater Noise from Construction and Operation of Offshore Wind Farms

Journal Article

Title: Underwater Noise from Construction and Operation of Offshore Wind Farms
Publication Date:
January 01, 2008
Journal: Bioacoustics
Volume: 17
Issue: 1-3
Pages: 143-146
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Stressor:

Document Access

Website: External Link

Citation

Tougaard, J.; Madsen, P.; Wahlberg, M. (2008). Underwater Noise from Construction and Operation of Offshore Wind Farms. Bioacoustics, 17(1-3), 143-146.
Abstract: 

Offshore wind energy is a new source of underwater noise in the marine environment. The noise comes from two fundamentally different contributions. The first is construction (and decommissioning) activities that can generate noise of considerable intensity but within a limited time period. The second is operation of the wind farm where turbine machinery (and service activities) creates a low-intensity, yet almost continuous, underwater noise.

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