Scaling Possible Adverse Effects of Marine Wind Farms on Seabirds: Developing and Applying a Vulnerability Index

Journal Article

Title: Scaling Possible Adverse Effects of Marine Wind Farms on Seabirds: Developing and Applying a Vulnerability Index
Publication Date:
July 19, 2004
Journal: Journal of Applied Ecology
Volume: 41
Issue: 4
Pages: 724-734
Publisher: British Ecological Society
Receptor:

Document Access

Website: External Link

Citation

Garthe, S.; Hüppop, O. (2004). Scaling Possible Adverse Effects of Marine Wind Farms on Seabirds: Developing and Applying a Vulnerability Index. Journal of Applied Ecology, 41(4), 724-734.
Abstract: 

Despite the recent popularity in wind farms, the knowledge base concerning their environmental impacts is somewhat uncertain. The purpose of this study was to build a wind farm sensitive index for birds. The index site was applied to the Exclusive Economic Zone in Germany in the North Sea. The index is a unique tool, but detailed Environmental Impact Assessments cannot replace it.

 

The index was made using nine different factors derived from species attributes. Each factor received a score from 5 to 1. These factors include flight maneuverability, flight altitude, and percentage of time flying, nocturnal flight activity, disturbance by ship and helicopter traffic, flexibility in habitat use, biogeographically population size, adult survival rate, and European threat and conservation status.

Find Tethys on InstagramFind Tethys on FacebookFind Tethys on Twitter
 
CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.