Review of Offshore Wind Farm Impact Monitoring and Mitigation with Regard to Marine Mammals

Book Chapter

Title: Review of Offshore Wind Farm Impact Monitoring and Mitigation with Regard to Marine Mammals
Publication Date:
January 01, 2016
Book Title: The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II
Published City: New York, USA
Volume: 875
Chapter: 147
Pages: 1175-1182
Publisher: Springer
Receptor:

Document Access

Website: External Link

Citation

Verfuss, U.; Sparling, C.; Arnot, C.; Judd, A.; Coyle, M. (2016). Review of Offshore Wind Farm Impact Monitoring and Mitigation with Regard to Marine Mammals. The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II (pp. 1175-1182). New York, USA: Springer.
Abstract: 

Monitoring and mitigation reports from 19 UK and 9 other European Union (EU) offshore wind farm (OWF) developments were reviewed, providing a synthesis of the evidence associated with the observed environmental impact on marine mammals. UK licensing conditions were largely concerned with mitigation measures reducing the risk of physical and auditory injury from pile driving. At the other EU sites, impact monitoring was conducted along with mitigation measures. Noise-mitigation measures were developed and tested in UK and German waters in German government-financed projects. We highlight some of the review’s findings and lessons learned with regard to noise impact on marine mammals.

Find Tethys on InstagramFind Tethys on FacebookFind Tethys on Twitter
 
CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.