A continued expansion of the marine renewable energy sector will result in an increased demand in monitoring the natural marine environment. This may be due to a basic scientific interest but is foremost linked to the requirement of pre-and post-construction studies in relation to environmental impact assessments and consenting processes for marine renewable energy projects. With focus on wave and tidal power, but without attempting to provide a comprehensive list, we review methods, technologies and other scientific tools used for monitoring and predicting possible impacts from marine energy installations, on both population and behavioural levels. This includes traditional methods such as fishing gear, like nets and cages, modern technologies such as platforms with multi parameter equipment and the use of deterministic models. This paper is intended to serve as an overview for technology developers as well as authorities, regulators and decision makers with interests in general techniques, and naturally for scientists and consultants commonly being executors of studies and monitoring programs. By giving relevant and up to date references this paper may also be useful for finding more detailed information on study methods and variants. Finally, we give recommendations on where development of technologies is needed in order to face future requirements.
A Review of Methods and Models for Environmental Monitoring of Marine Renewable Energy
Title: A Review of Methods and Models for Environmental Monitoring of Marine Renewable Energy
September 01, 2017
Conference Name: 12th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC 2017)
Conference Location: Cork, Ireland
Bender, A.; Francisco, F.; Sundberg, J. (2017). A Review of Methods and Models for Environmental Monitoring of Marine Renewable Energy. Paper Presented at the 12th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference (EWTEC 2017), Cork, Ireland.