Retrospective and Outlook for an Environmentally Sound Development of Offshore Wind Energy

Journal Article

Title: Retrospective and Outlook for an Environmentally Sound Development of Offshore Wind Energy
Authors: Lüdeke, J.
Publication Date:
January 01, 2019
Journal: International Journal of Environmental Science
Volume: 4
Pages: 19
Publisher: International Association of Research and Science

Document Access

Website: External Link
Attachment: Access File
(543 KB)

Citation

Lüdeke, J. (2019). Retrospective and Outlook for an Environmentally Sound Development of Offshore Wind Energy. International Journal of Environmental Science , 4, 19.
Abstract: 

This article shows the state of knowledge regarding ecological impacts of offshore wind farms. It developed proposals for reforms and incorporated international developments into the research. These proposals are derived from the experiences of the first OWF projects in Germany and their obstacles in the approval procedures. Therefore consistent and international standards for environmental impact assessments, a focus on specific subjects of protection (i.e. some birds or harbor porpoises) are proposed. Further recommendations include applying research findings to spatial planning and technical mitigation measures and regulating resting impacts with marine compensation measures.

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