Reindeer and windpower


Title: Reindeer and windpower
Publication Date:
May 30, 2015
Document Number: Report 6564
Pages: 51
Sponsoring Organization:

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Skarin, A.; Nellemann, C.; Sandström, P.; Rönnegård, L.; Lundqvist, H. (2013). Reindeer and windpower. Report by Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA), and Dalarna University. pp 51.


This repoert is in Swedish


In the track of ever-expanding new infrastructure, such as wind power, roads and power lines, it becomes increasingly important to map and understand how free-ranging animals and wildlife respond. During the past decades, human – Rangifer interactions have been assessed in over a hundred studies, with a strong bias on wild reindeer and caribou, although more recently also studies on domesticated reindeer in Norway, Finland, Sweden and Russia have been done with similar results. To clarify further the possible responses of domes-ticated reindeer to various disturbance sources, a review was made of over 15 existing disturbance studies of domesticated reindeer, we also discuss the effect of domestication on reindeer. The review shows the same pattern of avoidance in domesticated reindeer as for wild reindeer and caribou despite the domestication process. Sami reindeer husbandry today is an extensive form of pastoralism, which has led to a low degree of tameness among the reindeer. Domesticated reindeer can avoid infrastructure and human activity up to 12 km from the disturbance source and the avoided distance may shift between seasons and years and type of disturbance source, as well as diminish during periods of extreme starvation or insect harassment, similar to observa-tion in wild reindeer and caribou. To get an overall picture of how the rein-deer use their grazing land, it is therefore important to study large-scale and long-term habitat use of the reindeer whether they are domesticated or not.

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