A workshop was held to identify and prioritize the research, development, deployment and demonstration (RDD&D) needs of the marine and other hydrokinetic (MHK) energy industry. A broad set of participants included representatives from Federal and State government, national laboratories, non governmental organizations, academia and private industry. Eighteen (18) RDD&D topical areas were identified and prioritized. Five MHK types were covered: 1) wave energy, 2) tidal in-stream energy, 3) ocean current energy, 4) free flowing river in-stream energy and 5) ocean thermal energy. Each topical area consists of multiple subtopics. The three highest priority topical areas were:
- Testing (development including experimental through pilot demonstration)
- Environmental Issues (which will require device testing and deployed projects)
A topic that generated significant discussion in the workshop was the need for an additional workshop as soon as possible to reach an industry-wide vision, goal, objective and roadmap for developing and deploying MHK technology in the United States. The consensus recommendation from this workshop is that such a vision would provide a rationale for a funded program (public and/or private program). Once funding is available, specific programs and projects for high priority topics identified in this workshop should be developed and implemented.
Relative to the specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time lined (SMART) objectives, the consensus opinion expressed in the workshop is that the industry should set the bar (i.e., the vision, goals and objectives) as high as realistically achievable. The bar statement might be one similar to the UK bar, a specified installed capacity by a specified year. This bar along with the RDD&D needs and the timelines would help to define the funding requirements. Setting the bar and setting the prioritized RDD&D needs is an iterative process. Therefore, caution should be taken when considering the current list of prioritized needs which were defined and prioritized before setting the bar.
Once funding is available, specific programs and projects for high priority topics identified in this workshop should be developed and implemented.