Ocean waves are a more predictable resource with a higher energy density compared to solar and wind. In addition, and specifically for the United States, resource locations with high wave power are close to major load centers being located along coastlines. These features have sparked a surge of attention in the United States on trying to economically harness ocean wave power. The aim of this article is to provide a concise review of the current state of ocean wave energy conversion technologies and industry status in the United States including research and development as well as commercial activities and governmental support, concluding with a discussion of future industry perspectives. Existing facilities, softwares as well as laboratory and open-water test facilities and resources, active research groups and commercial activities have been identified. Over one third of commercially active wave energy developers worldwide are located within the United States, but only a few have reached a high Technology Readiness Level. These findings, together with a relevant practical resource located within the U.S. and the advantageous nature of the resource compared to other renewable resources, indicate that the United States is well positioned to advance the wave energy industry in the near future.
Ocean Wave Energy in the United States: Current Status and Future Perspectives
Title: Ocean Wave Energy in the United States: Current Status and Future Perspectives
July 01, 2017
Journal: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Lehmann, M.; Karimpour, F.; Goudey, C.; Jacobson, P.; Alam, M. (2017). Ocean Wave Energy in the United States: Current Status and Future Perspectives. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 74, 1300-1313.