Numerical Modeling of the Effect of Tidal Stream Turbines on the Hydrodynamics and the Sediment Transport - Application to the Alderney Race (Raz Blanchard), France

Journal Article

Title: Numerical Modeling of the Effect of Tidal Stream Turbines on the Hydrodynamics and the Sediment Transport - Application to the Alderney Race (Raz Blanchard), France
Publication Date:
March 01, 2015
Journal: Renewable Energy
Volume: 75
Pages: 356-365
Publisher: Elsevier
Stressor:
Technology Type:

Document Access

Website: External Link

Citation

Thiébot, J.; de Bois, P.; Guillou, S. (2015). Numerical Modeling of the Effect of Tidal Stream Turbines on the Hydrodynamics and the Sediment Transport - Application to the Alderney Race (Raz Blanchard), France. Renewable Energy, 75, 356-365.
Abstract: 

A regional 2DH hydrodynamic model is used to estimate the tidal stream resource of a site located in a macrotidal environment with extreme tidal velocities. The study site is the Alderney Race (Raz Blanchard in French) which is a straight located in the English Channel between the Alderney Island and La Hague cape (France). The estimation of the resource is used to build two realistic tidal energy extraction scenarios consisting in placing a 290 MW tidal turbine array in two different areas. Then, we analyze the impact of turbines on the hydrodynamics and the sediment transport. The hydrodynamic perturbation is restricted to the vicinity of the array where the mean current velocity reduction reaches 0.3 m/s locally (corresponding to 15% of the baseline velocity). Focusing on the variable driving the bedload (the critical erosion threshold exceedance), we confirm that tidal energy extraction tends to reduce the bedload rate and to deflect the sediment fluxes. Our simulations with a simple model for the suspended sediment transport suggest that tidal energy extraction has a significant effect on the area of deposition of the particles transiting through the tidal farm. For the baseline, the sediment particles transiting through the tidal farm deposit mostly in the eastern part of the English Channel. Depending on the location of the tidal farm, the sediment mass balance between the eastern and the western part of the English Channel changes drastically.

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