This paper concentrates on the assessment of energy and emissions related to the production and manufacture of materials for an offshore wind farm as well as a wind farm on land based on a life cycle analysis (LCA) model. In Denmark a model has been developed for life cycle assessments of different materials. The model is able to assess the energy use related to the production, transportation and manufacture of 1 kg of material. The energy use is divided into fuels used in order to estimate the emissions through the life cycle. In the paper the model and the attached assumptions are described, and the model is demonstrated for two wind farms. The externalities for the wind farms are reported, showing the importance of life cycle assessment for renewable energy technologies.
Life Cycle Assessment of a Wind Farm and Related Externalities
Title: Life Cycle Assessment of a Wind Farm and Related Externalities
July 01, 2000
Journal: Renewable Energy
Schleisner, L. (2000). Life Cycle Assessment of a Wind Farm and Related Externalities. Renewable Energy, 20(3), 279-288.