Incidental capture of leatherback sea turtles in fixed fishing gear off Atlantic Canada

Journal Article

Title: Incidental capture of leatherback sea turtles in fixed fishing gear off Atlantic Canada
Publication Date:
June 01, 2017
Journal: Aquatic Conservation
Volume: 27
Issue: 3
Pages: 631–642
Publisher: Wiley
Receptor:
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Document Access

Website: External Link

Citation

Hamelin, J.; James, M.; Ledwell, W.; Huntington, J.; Martin, K. (2017). Incidental capture of leatherback sea turtles in fixed fishing gear off Atlantic Canada. Aquatic Conservation, 27(3), 631–642.
Abstract: 
  1. Incidental capture in commercial fishing gear is a threat to many populations of marine megafauna, including sea turtles. While research has largely focused on pelagic longline impacts on sea turtles, fixed-gear fisheries are a significant, historically understudied source of injury and mortality.
  2. The present study assesses the interaction of endangered leatherback sea turtles (Dermochelys coriacea) with fixed-gear fisheries in high-latitude seasonal foraging habitat where sub-adult and adult turtles aggregate.
  3. Records of leatherback-fishery interactions (n = 205) were compiled from databases of publicly-reported sea turtle sightings in Atlantic Canada (1998–2014) to identify the spatio-temporal distribution of these events; to identify corresponding fisheries and gear types; and to describe the mechanics and outcomes of entanglements in fixed gear.
  4. Most reports came from coastal Nova Scotia (n = 136) and Newfoundland (n = 40), with reporting rates peaking in the mid-to-late 2000s. The majority of entanglements were reported during the summer months of July and August when leatherbacks are seasonally resident and several fisheries are active in continental shelf waters.
  5. Entanglements were most commonly reported in pot gear (e.g. snow crab, lobster, whelk) and trap nets (e.g. mackerel), reflecting extensive use of polypropylene lines distributed in the upper water column where leatherback foraging activity is concentrated.
  6. Given reporting biases and uncertainty regarding post-release survivorship, entanglement mortalities should be considered a gross underestimate of true mortality rates.
  7. This study highlights both the importance of looking beyond pelagic longlines to evaluate leatherback interactions with fixed-gear fisheries in high-use continental shelf foraging habitat, and of involving the fishing industry in developing mitigation measures to reduce entanglement rates and associated turtle mortality.
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