Flocculation and Sediment Deposition in a Hypertidal Creek

Journal Article

Title: Flocculation and Sediment Deposition in a Hypertidal Creek
Publication Date:
July 01, 2014
Journal: Continental Shelf Research
Volume: 82
Pages: 72-84
Publisher: Elsevier
Stressor:
Technology Type:

Document Access

Website: External Link

Citation

O'Laughlin, C.; van Proosdij, D.; Milligan, T. (2014). Flocculation and Sediment Deposition in a Hypertidal Creek. Continental Shelf Research, 82, 72-84.
Abstract: 

In the hypertidal Bay of Fundy, environmental impacts in response to commercial-scale tidal power development remain to be fully understood. The extraction of tidal energy may impact sediment dynamics in far-field environments, such as the intertidal zone, through potential alterations to tidal amplitude in the Minas Basin. Tidal conditions (e.g. current velocity, turbulence, suspended sediment concentration) were monitored in a sheltered salt marsh creek over 18 tidal cycles in various stages of the spring-neap cycle. Samples of deposited and suspended sediments were collected and analyzed for grain size using a Beckman Coulter Multisizer III. Results suggest that the flocculated component of both deposited and suspended sediment is consistently high over a wide range of tidal conditions. A routinely high incoming concentration of highly-flocculated material results in large amounts of sediment deposition in tidal creeks in response to individual tidal cycles. Resuspension and removal of newly deposited material is shown to vary with over-marsh, bankfull and channel-restricted tides. Disruption of the tidal regime due to a reduction in Minas Basin tidal amplitude may lessen the cumulative export capacity of tidal channels over time, potentially leading to gradual infilling of tidal creeks.

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