Enrichment and Shifts in Macrobenthic Assemblages in an Offshore Wind Farm Area in the Belgian Part of the North Sea

Journal Article

Title: Enrichment and Shifts in Macrobenthic Assemblages in an Offshore Wind Farm Area in the Belgian Part of the North Sea
Publication Date:
April 01, 2014
Journal: Marine Environmental Research
Volume: 95
Pages: 1-12
Publisher: Elsevier
Affiliation:

Document Access

Website: External Link

Citation

Coates, D.; Deschutter, Y.; Vincx, M.; Vanaverbeke, J. (2014). Enrichment and Shifts in Macrobenthic Assemblages in an Offshore Wind Farm Area in the Belgian Part of the North Sea. Marine Environmental Research, 95, 1-12.
Abstract: 

The growing development of offshore wind energy installations across the North Sea is producing new hard anthropogenic structures in the natural soft sediments, causing changes to the surrounding macrobenthos. The extent of modification in permeable sediments around a gravity based wind turbine in the Belgian part of the North Sea was investigated in the period 2011 - 2012, along four gradients (south-west, north-east, south-east, north-west). Sediment grain size significantly reduced from 427 mu m at 200 m to 312 +/- 3 mu m at 15 m from the foundation along the south-west and north-west gradients. The organic matter content increased from 0.4 +/- 0.01% at 100 m to 2.5 +/- 0.9% at 15 m from the foundation. The observed changes in environmental characteristics triggered an increase in the macrobenthic density from 1390 +/- 129 ind m(-2) at 200 m to 18 583 +/- 6713 ind m(-2) at 15 m together with an enhanced diversity from 10 +/- 2 at 200 m to 30 +/- 5 species per sample at 15 m. Shifts in species dominance were also detected with a greater dominance of the ecosystem-engineer Lan ice conchilega (16-25%) close to the foundation. This study suggests a viable prediction of the effects offshore wind farms could create to the naturally occurring macrobenthos on a large-scale.

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