Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers. More entries will load as you scroll down.


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Title Author* Date** Type of Content Technology Types Stressors Receptorssort descending
Wind Turbine Noise and Meteorological Influences Ramakrishnan, R., Sylvestre-Williams, N. September 2007 Journal Article Wind Energy general Noise N/A
Noise Impact - Wind Farms in Quebec Meunier, M., Savard, J. June 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy general Noise N/A
Evaluation of Wind Turbine Noise DeGagne, D., Lewis, A., May, C. September 2002 Journal Article Wind Energy general Noise N/A
Special Topic: Wildlife and Wind Energy: Are They Compatible? Hutchins, M., Leopold, B. April 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy general N/A N/A
Quantifying the Health and Environmental Benefits of Wind Power to Natural Gas McCubbin, D., Sovacool, B. February 2013 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind N/A N/A
Wind Energy Development Specialist Report: Kiowa, Rita Blanca, Black Kettle and McClellan Creek National Grasslands Plan Revision Environmental Impact Statement Hall, D. May 2011 Report Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Static Device N/A
Evaluating Acoustic Technologies to Monitor Aquatic Organisms at Renewable Energy Sites: Final Report Horne, J., et al. June 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
AWWI White Paper: Integration of Wildlife Detection and Deterrent Systems in Wind Power Plants Nielsen, K. December 2018 Report Wind Energy general N/A N/A
Energy Development Siting Recommendations for Playas Bartuszevige, A., et al. May 2017 Report Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Static Device N/A
Application of Isoscapes to Determine Geographic Origin of Terrestrial Wildlife for Conservation and Management Vander Zanden, H., et al. December 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind N/A N/A
Wildlife Science: Connecting Research with Management Sands, J., et al. May 2012 Book Wind Energy general N/A N/A
Impacts of Wind Energy Development on Wildlife: Challenges and Opportunities for Integrating Science, Management, and Policy Arnett, E. May 2012 Book Chapter Wind Energy general N/A N/A
Final Environmental Impact Report for the Hatchet Ridge Wind Project Shasta County Department of Resource Management June 2008 Report Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind N/A N/A
Report to Congress on the Potential Environmental Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Technologies US Department of Energy December 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Process-based vs. ad-hoc methods to estimate mortality using carcass surveys data: A review and a note about evidence complacency Peron, G. September 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general Dynamic Device N/A
Mortality estimation from carcass searches using the R-package carcass - a tutorial Korner-Nievergelt, F., et al. January 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy general N/A N/A
Environmental impact and capacity analysis of renewable energy resources: Case study of wind energy in Turkey Degirmenci, S. August 2016 Thesis Wind Energy general N/A N/A
Oil and gas infrastructure decommissioning in marine protected areas: System complexity, analysis and challenges Burdon, D., et al. October 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Offshore Windfarms Severinsen, G. January 2018 Book Chapter Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Renewable energy selection for net-zero energy communities: Life cycle based decision making under uncertainty Karunathilake, H., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A N/A
Structure-Borne Wave Radiation by Impact and Vibratory Piling in Offshore Installations: From Sound Prediction to Auditory Damage Tsouvalas, A., Metrikine, A. August 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise N/A
The Motus Wildlife Tracking System: a collaborative research network to enhance the understanding of wildlife movement Taylor, P., et al. June 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A N/A
Conservation features: Sensitive species and habitats in the German Exclusive Economic Zone Krause, J. January 2014 Book Chapter Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Renewable Energy Technologies and Migratory Species: Guidelines for sustainable deployment van der Winden, J., et al. February 2015 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A N/A
Analysis of the wind turbine noise emissions and impact on the environment Katinas, V., Marčiukaitis, M., Tamašauskienė, M. May 2016 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Noise N/A
A strategic analysis of tidal current energy conversion systems in the European Union Segura, E., Morales, R., Somolinos, J. February 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Environmental benefits of leaving offshore infrastructure in the ocean Fowler, A., et al. July 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device N/A
Remote Sensing for Marine Management Fingas, M. January 2019 Book Chapter N/A N/A N/A
Short-term integration costs of variable renewable energy: Wind curtailment and balancing in Britain and Germany Joos, M., Staffell, I. April 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general N/A N/A
New Advances in Benthic Monitoring Technology and Methodology Bayley, D., Mogg, A. January 2019 Book Chapter N/A N/A N/A
Debris in Deep Water Angiolillo, M. January 2019 Book Chapter N/A N/A N/A
Marine Oil Spills—Oil Pollution, Sources and Effects Zhang, B., et al. January 2019 Book Chapter N/A Chemicals N/A
Marine Oil Spills—Preparedness and Countermeasures Chen, B., et al. January 2019 Book Chapter N/A Chemicals N/A
Threats to Seamount Ecosystems and Their Management Rogers, A. January 2019 Book Chapter N/A N/A N/A
2017 State of Wind Development in the United States by Region Oteri, F., et al. April 2018 Report Wind Energy general N/A N/A
Assessing the cumulative exposure of wildlife to offshore wind energy development Wing Goodale, M., Milman, A. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Wind and Energy Wildlife Impacts Bispo, R., et al. March 2019 Book Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
The First Large-Scale Offshore Aerial Survey Using a High-Resolution Camera System McGovern, S., et al. March 2019 Book Chapter Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Impact of the establishment of US offshore wind power on neodymium flows Fishman, T., Graedel, T. March 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
An Aero-acoustic Noise Distribution Prediction Methodology for Offshore Wind Farms Cao, J., et al. December 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general Noise N/A
Underwater Acoustic Modeling Report - Virginia Offshore Wind Technology Advancement Project (VOWTAP) Tetra Tech December 2013 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise N/A
Where the Decibels Hit the Water: Perspectives on the Application of Science to Real-World Underwater Noise and Marine Protected Species Issues Scholik-Schlomer, A. June 2015 Journal Article N/A Noise N/A
Proceedings of the Wind-Wildlife Research Meeting XII PNWWRM XII March 2019 Conference Paper Wind Energy general N/A N/A
Wind energy: renewable energy and the environment Nelson, V., Starcher, K. January 2019 Book Wind Energy general N/A N/A
Biases in the Literature on Direct Wildlife Mortality from Energy Development Loss, S., Dorning, M., Diffendorfer, J. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A N/A
Widely used marine seismic survey air gun operations negatively impact zooplankton McCauley, R., et al. June 2017 Journal Article N/A Noise N/A
Anthropogenic noise causes body malformations and delays development in marine larvae de Soto, N., et al. October 2013 Journal Article N/A Noise N/A
Experimental studies of impacts of harbour sediments resuspension to marine invertebrates larvae: bioavailability of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn and toxicity Fichet, D., Radenac, G., Miramand, P. July 1998 Journal Article N/A N/A N/A
Installing Offshore Wind Turbine Foundations Quieter: A Performance Overview of the First Full-Scale Demonstration of the AdBm Underwater Noise Abatement System Elzinga, J., et al. May 2019 Conference Paper Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise N/A
AdBm Demonstration at Butendiek Offshore Wind Farm with Ballast Nedam N/A January 2014 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise N/A
How Does Wind Turbine Noise Affect People? Salt, A., Lichtenhan, J. January 2014 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind Noise N/A
A three-dimensional underwater sound propagation model for offshore wind farm noise prediction Lin, Y., et al. May 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise N/A
Evaluating Changes in the Marine Soundscape of an Offshore Wind Farm via the Machine Learning-Based Source Separation Lin, T., et al. June 2019 Conference Paper Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise N/A
Harnessing the Wind: How to Advance Wind Power Offshore NRDC July 2019 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device, Noise N/A
Potential effects of electrical energy transmission - the case study from the Polish Marine Areas (southern Baltic Sea) Otremba, Z., et al. June 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind EMF N/A
AUV-based characterization of EMF emissions from submerged power cables Dhanak, M., et al. September 2015 Conference Paper N/A EMF N/A
Assessment of impacts on tropical marine environment for off-shore clean energy development Kandlakunta, L., Deshmukh, M., Sharma, N. July 2019 Journal Article N/A Noise N/A
Characteristics of the soundscape before and after the construction of the Block Island Wind Farm Tripathy, A., et al. October 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise N/A
Provision of Evidence of the Conservation Impacts of Energy Production Tucker, G., et al. January 2008 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A N/A
Mineral raw material requirements and associated climate-change impacts of the French energy transition by 2050 Beylot, A., et al. January 2019 Journal Article N/A N/A N/A
Wildlife Mortality at Wind Facilities: How We Know What We Know How We Might Mislead Ourselves, and How We Set Our Future Course Huso, M. March 2019 Book Chapter Wind Energy general N/A N/A
Wind and Wildlife: Proceedings from the Conference on Wind Energy and Wildlife Impacts, October 2012, Melbourne, Australia Hull, C., et al. January 2015 Book Wind Energy general N/A N/A
Threats From Industrial Wind Turbines to Ontario’s Wildlife and Biodiversity Stelling, K., Petrie, S. January 2011 Report Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind N/A N/A
Site Selection of Hybrid Offshore Wind and Wave Energy Systems in Greece Incorporating Environmental Impact Assessment Loukogeorgaki, E., Vagiona, D., Vasileiou, M. August 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Feasibility Appraisal of an Offshore Wind Farm Located in Greece Soursou, P. October 2017 Thesis Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
The influence of regulatory framework on environmental impact assessment in the development of offshore wind farms in Spain: Issues, challenges and solutions Salvador, S., Gimeno, L., Larruga, F. July 2018 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
The Development of Ocean Test Beds for Ocean Technology Adaptation and Integration into the Emerging U.S. Offshore Wind Energy Industry Kirincich, A., et al. May 2018 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Overcoming Biological Data Deficiencies in Environmental Permitting for Offshore Wind Energy Ryan, K. May 2018 Thesis Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Lost listening area assessment of anthropogenic sounds in the Chukchi Sea Hannay, D., Hatch, L., Harrison, J. November 2016 Journal Article N/A Noise N/A
OSPAR request to advise on the current state and knowledge of studies into the deployment and environmental impacts of wet renewable technologies and marine energy storage systems N/A April 2019 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Effects of wind farms on near-surface wind speed Xin, Z., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Changes in Flow N/A
Potential impacts of energy development on shrublands in western North America Pocewicz, A., Copeland, H., Kiesecker, J. December 2011 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Habitat Change N/A
The VERTEX field campaign: observations of near-ground effects of wind turbine wakes Archer, C., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Changes in Flow N/A
Handbook on Marine Environment Protection: Science, Impacts, and Sustainable Management Salomon, M., Markus, T. January 2018 Book Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Progress in Renewable Energies Offshore Soares, C. October 2016 Book Marine Energy (General), OTEC, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Recent Developments in Ocean Energy and Offshore Wind: Financial Challenges and Environmental Misconceptions Esteban, M., Gasparatos, A., Doll, C. September 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Problems and Benefits Associated with the Development of Offshore Wind-Farms OSPAR Commission January 2004 Conference Paper Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Attraction, Avoidance, Collision, Displacement, Habitat Change N/A
Marine Renewable Energy Seascape Borthwick, A. March 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Coastal impact of a hybrid marine farm operating close to the Sardinia Island Onea, F., Rusu, L. May 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Changes in Flow N/A
Physical and Numerical Large-Scale Wave Basin Modeling of Fluid-Structure Interaction and Wave Impact Phenomena Yim, S., et al. June 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Changes in Flow N/A
Wind Energy: Increasing Deployment, Rising Environmental Concerns Tabassum-Abbasi, et al. March 2014 Journal Article Wind Energy (General) N/A N/A
Humanity and the Sea: Marine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental Interactions Shields, M., Payne, A. January 2014 Book Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Ecological Research at the Offshore Windfarm Alpha Ventus: Challenges, Results and Perspectives Beiersdorf, A., Radecke, A. January 2014 Book Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Environmental Impact of Wind Energy Mann, J., Teilmann, J. July 2013 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Potential Scour for Marine Current Turbines Based on Experience of Offshore Wind Turbine Chen, L., Lam, W., Shamsuddin, A. June 2013 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Proceedings of the Oregon Marine Renewable Energy Environmental Sciences Conference Boehlert, G., et al. April 2013 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A N/A
MERiFIC 3.2.1: Documentary Summary of the Environmental Impact of Renewable Marine Energy Sotta, C. September 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A N/A
West Coast Environmental Protocols Framework: Baseline and Monitoring Studies Klure, J., et al. September 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Screening Analysis for the Environmental Risk Evaluation System - Environmental Effects of Offshore Wind Energy Copping, A., Hanna, L. September 2011 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A N/A
List of Environmental Effects of MHK Devices Simas, T., Moura, A., Conley, D. September 2010 Presentation Marine Energy (General) N/A N/A
Simulation Of Wave Damping Near Coast Due To Offshore Wind Farms Alari, V., Raudsepp, U. September 2010 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Changes in Flow N/A
Greening Blue Energy: Identifying and Managing the Biodiversity Risks and Opportunities of Offshore Renewable Energy Wilhelmsson, D., et al. July 2010 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Ocean Wind Power Ecological Baseline Studies Final Report - Volume 1: Overview, Summary, and Application Geo-Marine July 2010 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Wind Turbines as Overwintering Sites Attractive to an Invasive Lady Beetle, Harmonia axyridis Pallas (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) Dudek, K., Dudek, M., Tryjanowski, P. December 2015 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Attraction N/A
Is a Wind-Power Plant Acting as a Barrier for Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) Movements? Colman, J., et al. December 2012 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Avoidance, Habitat Change N/A
Raptor Displacement Due to the Construction of a Wind Farm: Preliminary Results After the First 2 Years Since the Construction Campedelli, T., et al. January 2014 Journal Article Wind Energy (General), Land-Based Wind Displacement N/A
Barrow Offshore Wind Farm Post-Construction Monitoring Report Barrow Offshore Wind January 2008 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Review of Cabling Techniques and Environmental Effects Applicable to the Offshore Wind Farm Industry UK Department for Business Enterprise and Regulatory Reform January 2008 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change N/A
Danish Offshore Wind: Key Environmental Issues DONG Energy, et al. November 2006 Report Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Review of the Current State of Knowledge on the Environmental Impacts of the Location, Operation and Removal/Disposal of Offshore Wind-Farms OSPAR Commission April 2006 Conference Paper Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A N/A

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