The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers. More entries will load as you scroll down.
As an alternative to the Knowledge Base, check out the Map Viewer to access geotagged content in a spatial view.
|Title||Author*||Date**||Type of Content||Technology Types||Stressors||Receptors|
|An Analysis about Wind Farm Construction Based on the Perspective of the Development of Ecological Environment||Bai, Z.||September 2013||Journal Article||Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind||Dynamic Device, EMF, Noise, Static Device||N/A|
|Assessing Ecological Risks of Offshore Wind Power on Kattegat Cod||Hammar, L., Wikström, A., Molander, S.||June 2014||Journal Article||Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind||Chemicals, EMF, Noise, Static Device||Fish|
|Assessing potential impacts of energized submarine power cables on crab harvests||Love, M., et al.||December 2017||Journal Article||Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general||EMF||Benthic Invertebrates, Socio-economics, Fishing|
|Bats Avoid Radar Installations: Could Electromagnetic Fields Deter Bats from Colliding with Wind Turbines?||Racey, P., Nicholls, B.||March 2007||Journal Article||Wind Energy general||Dynamic Device, EMF||Bats|
|Behaviour of migrating birds exposed to X-band radar and a bright light beam||Bruderer, B., Peter, D., Steuri, T.||May 1999||Journal Article||Wind Energy general||EMF, Lighting||Birds|
|Coastal And Offshore Wind Energy Generation: Is It Environmentally Benign?||Wilson, J., et al.||June 2010||Journal Article||Wind Energy general||EMF, Noise, Static Device||Bats, Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat|
|Effects of Offshore Wind Farms on Marine Wildlife - A Generalized Impact Assessment||Bergström, L., et al.||March 2014||Journal Article||Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind||EMF, Noise, Static Device||Ecosystem, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment|
|Electromagnetic Simulation of the Near-Field Distribution around a Wind Farm||Ling, H., Yang, S.||January 2013||Journal Article||Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind||EMF||Nearfield Habitat|
|Environmental Assessment of Offshore Wind Power Generation near Rhode Island: Acoustic and Electromagnetic Effects on Marine Animals||Miller, J., et al.||October 2009||Journal Article||Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind||EMF, Noise||Benthic Invertebrates, Ecosystem, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles|
|Environmental Issues Associated with Wind Energy - A Review||Dai, K., et al.||March 2015||Journal Article||Wind Energy general||Dynamic Device, EMF, Noise, Static Device||N/A|
|Offshore Windmills and the Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Fish||Öhman, M., Sigray, P., Westerberg, H.||December 2007||Journal Article||Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind||EMF||Fish|
|Potential effects of electrical energy transmission - the case study from the Polish Marine Areas (southern Baltic Sea)||Otremba, Z., et al.||June 2019||Journal Article||Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind||EMF||N/A|
|The Aversive Effect of Electromagnetic Radiation on Foraging Bats - A Possible Means of Discouraging Bats from Approaching Wind Turbines||Nicholls, B., Racey, P.||July 2009||Journal Article||Wind Energy general||EMF||Bats|