The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers. More entries will load as you scroll down.
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|Title||Author*||Date**||Type of Content||Technology Types||Stressors||Receptors|
|Review of Methods and Techniques for Field Validation of Collision Rates and Avoidance Amongst Birds and Bats at Offshore Wind Turbines||Dirksen, S.||March 2017||Report||Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind||Dynamic Device||Bats, Birds|
|A Synchronized Sensor Array for Remote Monitoring of Avian and Bat Interactions with Offshore Renewable Energy Facilities||Suryan, R., Albertani, R., Polagye, B.||July 2016||Report||Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind||Dynamic Device||Bats, Birds|
|Design and Initial Component Tests of an Integrated Avian and Bat Collision Detection System for Offshore Wind Turbines||Flowers, J., et al.||April 2014||Conference Paper||Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind||Dynamic Device||Bats, Birds|
|Evaluating the Effectiveness of an Ultrasonic Acoustic Deterrent for Reducing Bat Fatalities at Wind Turbines||Arnett, E., et al.||June 2013||Journal Article||Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind||Dynamic Device||Bats|
|Bird and Bat Collision Risks & Wind Energy Facilities||Willmott, J., et al.||December 2012||Report||Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind||Dynamic Device, Static Device||Bats, Birds|
|Interactions with Offshore Wind Energy: Birds and Bats||Island Institute||January 2012||Presentation||Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind||Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Static Device||Bats, Birds, Seabirds|
|Contextualizing Avian Mortality: A Preliminary Appraisal of Bird and Bat Fatalities from Wind, Fossil-Fuel, and Nuclear Electricity||Sovacool, B.||June 2009||Journal Article||Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind||Dynamic Device, Static Device||Bats, Birds|
|Wind Energy Systems: Environmental Aspects and Impacts||Manwell, J., McGowan, J., Rogers, A.||January 2009||Book Chapter||Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind||Dynamic Device, Static Device||Bats, Birds, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics|
|Ecological Effects of Wind-Energy Development||National Resource Council||August 2007||Book Chapter||Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind||Dynamic Device, Static Device||Bats, Birds, Nearfield Habitat|
|Bats and Offshore Wind Turbines Studied in Southern Scandinavia||Ahlén, I., et al.||July 2007||Report||Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind||Dynamic Device||Bats|