Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers. More entries will load as you scroll down.


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Titlesort descending Author* Date** Type of Content Technology Types Stressors Receptors
Swansea Tidal Lagoon TBC Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Swimming behavior of roach (rutilus rutilus) and three-spined stickleback (gasterosteus aculeatus) in response to wind power noise and single-tone frequencies Andersson, M., et al. December 2007 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Fish
Swimming Speed, Respiration Rate, and Estimated Cost of Transport in Adult Killer Whales Williams, R., Noren, D. April 2009 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Symbiotic Offshore Energy Harvesting and Storage Systems Slocum, A. September 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Birds
Symmetry: The Key to Diagnosing Propeller Strike Injuries in Sea Mammals Byard, R., et al. April 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device Marine Mammals
System Perspectives on Renewable Power Sandén, B. January 2014 Book N/A N/A Socio-economics
Systematic Conservation Planning as a Tool to Advance Ecologically or Biologically Significant Area and Marine Spatial Planning Processes Harris, L., et al. January 2019 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning, Stakeholder Engagement
Söderfors Project Uppsala University March 2013 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Riverine, Tidal
Tacoma Narrows Tidal Currents Pacific Northwest National Laboratory August 2010 Video Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Tagged Species Detection: Approach to Monitoring Marine Species at Marine Hydrokinetic Projects Tomichek, C., et al. April 2014 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Fish
Taking Account of Land-Sea Interactions in Marine Spatial Planning Kidd, S., Jones, H., Jay, S. January 2019 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Target Strength of Southern Resident Killer Whales (Orcinus orca): Measurement and Modeling Xu, J., et al. March 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Technical Guidance for Assessing the Effects of Anthropogenic Sound on Marine Mammal Hearing: Underwater Acoustic Thresholds for Onset of Permanent and Temporary Threshold Shifts National Marine Fisheries Service July 2016 Report N/A Noise Marine Mammals
Technical Guidance for Assessment and Mitigation of the Hydroacoustic Effects of Pile Driving on Fish Oestman, R., et al. February 2009 Report Marine Energy general Noise Fish
Techniques for Cetacean-Habitat Modeling Redfern, J., et al. April 2006 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Technologies and their Influence on Future UK Marine Resource Development and Management Side, J., Jowitt, P. July 2002 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
Temporal Patterns In Ambient Noise Of Biological Origin From A Shallow Water Temperate Reef Radford, C., et al. May 2008 Journal Article N/A Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Temporal Patterns in Habitat Use by Small Cetaceans at an Oceanographically Dynamic Marine Renewable Energy Test Site in the Celtic Sea Cox, S., et al. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Temporal Patterns in Minas Basin Intertidal Weir Fish Catches and Presence of Harbour Porpoise during April - August 2013 Baker, M., Reed, M., Redden, A. July 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals
Temporal Variability in the Benthos: Does the Sea Floor Function Differently over Time? Frid, C. April 2011 Journal Article N/A N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Temporal Variability of Pelagic Fish Assemblages around Fish Aggregation Devices: Biological and Physical Influences Dempster, T. May 2005 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Attraction, Habitat Change Fish
Temporal Variation in Environmental Conditions and the Structure of Fish Assemblages around an Offshore Oil Platform in the North Sea Fujii, T. July 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Fish
Temporary Shift in Masked Hearing Thresholds in a Harbor Porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) after Exposure to Seismic Airgun Stimuli Lucke, K., et al. June 2009 Journal Article N/A Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Temporary Shift in Masked Hearing Thresholds in Odontocetes After Exposure to Single Underwater Impulses from a Seismic Watergun Finneran, J., et al. March 2002 Journal Article N/A Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Ten Years of Experience at the La Rance Tidal Power Plant Andre, H. December 1978 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
TeraWatt Position Papers: A "Toolbox" of Methods to Better Understand and Assess the Effects of Tidal and Wave Energy Arrays on the Marine Environment Murray, R., et al. August 2015 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport, Water Quality
Testing of a Ducted Axial Flow Tidal Turbine Lokocz, T. August 2010 Thesis Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Testing of Ocean Energy Buoy at Galway Bay, Ireland Ocean Energy January 2007 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Testing the Effectiveness of an Acoustic Deterrent for Grey Whales Along the Oregon Coast Lagerquist, B., Windsor, M., Mate, B. December 2012 Report Marine Energy (General) Entrapment, Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Tethys - Knowledge Management to Support Environmental Risk Modeling and Mitigation in MHK Power Systems Butner, S., et al. September 2010 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Tethys knowledge management system: Working to advance the marine renewable energy industry Whiting, J., et al. November 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A N/A
Tethys: Developing a Commons for Understanding Environmental Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Copping, A., et al. December 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
The 40 MWe OTEC Plant at Kahe Point, Oahu, Hawaii: A Case Study of Potential Biological Impacts Harrison, J. February 1987 Report Marine Energy general, OTEC N/A N/A
The ability of a benthic elasmobranch to discriminate between biological and artificial electric fields Kimber, J., et al. January 2011 Journal Article N/A EMF Fish
The Acoustics And Acoustic Behavior Of The California Spiny Lobster (Panulirus Interruptus) Patek, S., Shipp, L., Staaterman, E. January 2009 Journal Article N/A Noise Benthic Invertebrates
The Annapolis Tidal Power Project Head Pond Water Levels - Impacts and Mitigations Rice, R. September 1984 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment
The Application Of Observing System Data In California Current Ecosystem Assessments Brown, J., et al. March 2010 Report Marine Energy general N/A Ecosystem
The Assessment of Lethal Propeller Strike Injuries in Sea Mammals Byard, R., et al. April 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
The Attitudes of Fishermen on the Island of Ireland Towards the Development of Marine Renewable Energy in their Locality - Preliminary Survey Results Reilly, K., O'Hagan, A., Dalton, G. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Fishing, Stakeholder Engagement
The Behavioural and Physiological Effects of Pile-driving Noise on Marine Species Corbett, W. February 2019 Thesis N/A Noise Benthic Invertebrates
The Benthic Environment of the North and West of Scotland and the Northern and Western Isles: Sources of Information and Overview Wilding, T., Hughes, D., Black, K. October 2005 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Changes in Flow Invertebrates, Physical Environment
The benthic impacts of the Loch Linnhe Artificial Reef Wilding, T. January 2006 Journal Article N/A N/A Nearfield Habitat
The Biskay Marine Energy Platform (bimep), Environmental Impacts and Monitoring Plan Bald, J., et al. October 2012 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
The California Ocean Uses Atlas Marine Conservation Biology Institute, NOAA's Marine Protected Areas Center September 2011 Website N/A N/A Socio-economics
The Case for Renewables Apart from Global Warming Swift-Hook, D. January 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
The Challenging Life of Wave Energy Devices at Sea: A Few Points to Consider Tiron, R., et al. March 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Static Device N/A
The combined use of visual and acoustic data collection techniques for winter killer whale (Orcinus orca) observations Burham, R., et al. October 2016 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
The Costs of Chronic Noise Exposure for Terrestrial Organisms Barber, J., Crooks, K., Fristrup, K. March 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general Noise N/A
The Crowded Sea: Incorporating Multiple Marine Activities in Conservation Plans Can Significantly Alter Spatial Priorities Mazor, T., et al. August 2014 Journal Article N/A N/A Socio-economics
The Cumulative Effect on Sound Levels from Multiple Underwater Anthropogenic Sound Sources in Shallow Coastal Waters Pine, M., Jeffs, A., Radford, C. February 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise N/A
The Cumulative Impact of Tidal Stream Turbine Arrays on Sediment Transport in the Pentland Firth Fairley, I., Masters, I., Karunarathna, H. August 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
The current state of marine renewable energy policy in China Yang, X., et al. February 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
The Derivation, Performance and Role of Univariate and Multivariate Indicators of Benthic Change: Case Studies at Differing Spatial Scales Quintino, V., Elliott, M., Rodríguez, A. March 2006 Journal Article N/A N/A Benthic Invertebrates
The Development and Use of Individuals-Based Models to Predict the Effects of Habitat Loss and Disturbance on Waders and Waterfowl West, A., Caldow, R. March 2006 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Birds, Shorebirds, Waterfowl, Nearfield Habitat
The Development of a Targeted Environmental Monitoring Strategy and the Streamlining of Marine Renewables Consents in Scotland Norris, J. September 2009 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
The Development of World Oceans & Coasts and Concepts of Sustainability Stojanovic, T., Farmer, C. November 2013 Journal Article N/A N/A Socio-economics
The Direction Change Concept for Reticulospinal Control of Goldfish Escape Foreman, M., Eaton, R. October 1993 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Fish
The Ebb and Flow of Tidal Barrage Development in Zhejiang Province, China Li, Y., Pan, D. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
The ecology of infrastructure decommissioning in the North Sea: what we need to know and how to achieve it Fowler, A., et al. August 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Ecosystem, Nearfield Habitat
The Ecology of Marine Tidal Race Environments and the Impact of Tidal Energy Development Broadhurst, M. January 2013 Thesis Marine Energy general, Tidal Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
The economic geography of variable renewable energy and impacts of trade formulations for renewable mandates Bistline, J., Santen, N., Young, D. May 2019 Journal Article N/A N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
The Ecosystem Consequences of Sediment Disturbance Centre for Environment Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (CEFAS) March 2005 Report Marine Energy (General) Habitat Change N/A
The Effect of a Wave Energy Farm Protecting an Aquaculture Installation Silva, D., Rusu, E., Soares, C. August 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Water Quality
The Effect of Acoustic Harassment Devices on Harbour Porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) in the Bay of Fundy, Canada Johnston, D. November 2002 Journal Article N/A Noise Marine Mammals
The effect of arrays of wave energy converters on the nearshore wave climate Atan, R., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
The Effect of Signal Duration on the Underwater Hearing Thresholds of Two Harbor Seals (Phoca vitulina) for Single Tonal Signals Between 0.2 and 40 kHz Kastelein, R., et al. December 2009 Journal Article N/A Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
The Effect of Tidal Power Generation on Sediment Transport in Muskeget Channel University of Massachusetts January 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
The Effect of Turbulence on the Cost of Swimming for Juvenile Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) Enders, E., Boisclair, D., Roy, A. September 2003 Journal Article N/A Energy Removal Fish
The Effect of Wind-Generated Bubbles on Sea-Surface Backscattering at 940 Hz van Vossen, R., Ainslie, M. November 2011 Journal Article N/A Noise N/A
The Effects of a Severn Barrage on Wave Conditions in the Bristol Channel Fairley, I., et al. August 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
The Effects of Anthropogenic Sound on Marine Mammals Boyd, I., et al. June 2008 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
The Effects Of Anthropogenic Sources Of Sound On Fishes Popper, A., Hastings, M. January 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Fish
The effects of array configuration on the hydro-environmental impacts of tidal turbines Fallon, D., et al. April 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Nearfield Habitat
The Effects of Artificial Structures on Estuarine Infaunal Communities and Offshore Biofouling Communities Mendoza, M. August 2016 Thesis Marine Energy general N/A Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
The Effects of Copper-Based Antifouling Paint on Mortality and Enzymatic Activity of a Non-Target Organism Katranitsas, A., Castritsi-Cathariosa, J., Persoone, G. November 2003 Journal Article Marine Energy general Chemicals Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
The Effects of Human-Generated Sound on Fish Popper, A., Hastings, M. January 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Fish
The Effects of Landscape Modifications on the Long-Term Persistence of Animal Populations Nabe-Nielsen, J., et al. January 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Nearfield Habitat
The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II Popper, A., Hawkins, A. January 2016 Book N/A Noise N/A
The Effects of Noise on the Aquatic Environment Walmsley, D. August 2007 Conference Paper N/A Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Fish, Marine Mammals
The Efficacy of Midwater Artificial Structures for Attracting Pelagic Sport Fish Wickham, D., Watson, J. Jr., Ogren, L. January 1973 Journal Article N/A Attraction, Habitat Change Fish
The Efficiency Of A Turbine In A Tidal Channel Garrett, C., Cummins, P. September 2007 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
The Environment Effects of Ocean Energy Development & Its Management Countermeasures in China Ling, O. February 2016 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
The Environmental Effects of the Installation and Functioning of the Submarine SwePol Link HVDC Transmission Line: A Case Study of the Polish Marine Area of the Baltic Sea Andrulewicz, E., Napierska, D., Otremba, Z. June 2003 Journal Article Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
The Environmental Impact of a Wave Dragon Array Operating in the Black Sea Diaconu, S., Rusu, E. April 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
The Environmental Impact Study of the Biscay Marine Energy Platform (BiMEP) project Bald, J., et al. April 2015 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
The Environmental Interactions of Tidal and Wave Energy Generation Devices Frid, C., et al. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Static Device Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
The Environmental Work within the Vattenfall Ocean Energy Programme Anderson, K. September 2010 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A N/A
The expected efficiency and coastal impact of a hybrid energy farm operating in the Portuguese nearshore Onea, F., Rusu, E. February 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Nearfield Habitat
The Expected Shoreline Effect of a Marine Energy Farm Operating Close to Sardinia Island Onea, F., Rusu, E. November 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Changes in Flow Physical Environment
The Extractable Power From A Channel Linking A Bay To The Open Ocean Blanchfield, J., et al. May 2008 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
The First Large-Scale Offshore Aerial Survey Using a High-Resolution Camera System McGovern, S., et al. March 2019 Book Chapter Offshore Wind N/A N/A
The Florida Current: A Clean but Challenging Energy Resource Hanson, H., Bozek, A., Duerr, A. January 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Ocean Current N/A N/A
The future of coastal and estuarine modeling: Findings from a workshop Fringer, O., et al. November 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Ecosystem
The future of marine spatial planning Bradshaw, C., Greenhill, L., Yates, K. February 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
The Governance of Multi-Use Platforms at Sea for Energy Production and Aquaculture: Challenges for Policy Makers in European Seas Stuiver, M., et al. April 2016 Journal Article N/A N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
The Government of the Republic of South Africa National Environmental Management of the Ocean White Paper Department of Environmental Affairs May 2014 Report N/A N/A Socio-economics
The Hawaii Coastal Use Mapping Project National Marine Protected Areas Center September 2011 Website Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
The Hebridean Wave Model Christie, D. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
The Impact of Debris on Marine Life Gall, S., Thompson, R. March 2015 Journal Article N/A N/A Ecosystem
The impact of energy extraction of wave energy converter arrays on wave climate under multi-directional seas Tay, Z., Venugopal, V. February 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Physical Environment

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