Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers. More entries will load as you scroll down.


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Title Author* Date** Type of Content Technology Types Stressorssort descending Receptors
Artificial reefs facilitate tropical fish at their range edge Paxton, A., et al. May 2019 Journal Article N/A Attraction Nearfield Habitat
Overview and trends of ecological and socioeconomic research on artificial reefs Lima, J., Zalmon, I., Love, M. March 2019 Journal Article N/A Attraction Nearfield Habitat
Annex IV 2016 State of the Science Report: Environmental Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Development Around the World Copping, A., et al. April 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Attraction, Avoidance, Changes in Flow, Collision, EMF, Entrapment, Habitat Change, Noise Birds, Ecosystem Processes, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Physical Environment, Reptiles, Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
A framework to evaluate the environmental impact of OCEAN energy devices Mendoza, E., et al. June 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Ocean Current, OTEC, Tidal, Wave, Offshore Wind Attraction, Avoidance, Collision, Noise Birds, Seabirds, Shorebirds, Ecosystem Processes, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds, Nearfield Habitat, Physical Environment, Environmental Impact Assessment
Pathways of Effects for Offshore Renewable Energy in Canada Isaacman, L., Daborn, G. December 2011 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Avoidance, Changes in Flow, Chemicals, Collision, Displacement, EMF, Habitat Change, Lighting, Noise Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Physical Environment, Reptiles, Human Dimensions
Reindeer and Caribou (Rangifer tarandus) Response Towards Human Activities Reimers, E., Colman, J. January 2006 Journal Article N/A Avoidance, Habitat Change Nearfield Habitat
Measuring the hydraulic effect of hydrokinetic energy extraction in the Tanana River, Alaska Edgerly, E., Ravens, T. August 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Riverine Changes in Flow Nearfield Habitat
Session 1 Presentation - Wave Energy Converter Effects on Wave, Current, and Sediment Circulation: A Coupled Wave and Hydrodynamic Model of Santa Cruz, Monterey Bay, CA Jones, C., Chang, G., Roberts, J. January 2015 Presentation Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Nearfield Habitat, Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
Near Field Effects of Tidal Power Extraction on Extreme Events and Coastline Integrity in the Bay of Fundy Watanabe, R. March 2011 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Nearfield Habitat, Physical Environment
Assessment of the Potential of Tidal Power from Minas Passage and Minas Basin Karsten, R., et al. November 2011 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data
A Framework for Net Environmental Benefit Analysis for Remediation or Restoration of Petroleum-Contaminated Sites Efroymson, R., Nicolette, J., Suter II, G. January 2003 Report N/A Chemicals Nearfield Habitat
Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Grandelli, P., et al. September 2012 Report Marine Energy general, OTEC Chemicals Nearfield Habitat
Proceedings of the Hydrokinetic and Wave Energy Technologies Technical and Environmental Issues Workshop US Department of Energy March 2006 Workshop Article Marine Energy general Chemicals Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Screening for Biofouling and Corrosion of Tidal Energy Device Materials: In-Situ Results for Admiralty Inlet, Puget Sound, Washington Polagye, B., Thomson, J. April 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Chemicals Nearfield Habitat
Strategic Environmental Assessment Area 8 - Contamination of Water and Sediments Voisey, C., Tyrrell, D., Rowlatt, S March 2004 Report N/A Chemicals Nearfield Habitat
The Effects of Copper-Based Antifouling Paint on Mortality and Enzymatic Activity of a Non-Target Organism Katranitsas, A., Castritsi-Cathariosa, J., Persoone, G. November 2003 Journal Article Marine Energy general Chemicals Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Environmental Impacts NOAA Office of Ocean & Coastal Resource Management January 2010 Report Marine Energy (General), OTEC Chemicals, EMF, Entrapment Ecosystem Processes, Nearfield Habitat
Potential OTEC Impacts in the Hawaiian Marine Environment Parke, M. January 2010 Presentation Marine Energy general, OTEC Chemicals, EMF, Noise, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Ecosystem, Farfield Environment, Fish, Nearfield Habitat
Offshore Wave Energy Generation Devices: Impacts on Ocean Bio-Environment Lin, L., Yu, H. June 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Chemicals, EMF, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Nearfield Habitat
Electricity Generation by the Ocean Thermal Energy Etemadi, A., et al. December 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC Chemicals, Energy Removal, Static Device Ecosystem, Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Final Environmental Impact Statement National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration July 1981 Report Marine Energy general, OTEC Chemicals, Noise, Static Device Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Potential Environmental Effects of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Sound and Sea Technologies April 2010 Presentation Marine Energy general, OTEC Chemicals, Noise, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Farfield Environment, Fish, Nearfield Habitat
Renewable Energy From the Ocean: A Guide to OTEC Avery, W., Wu, C. January 1994 Book Marine Energy general, OTEC Chemicals, Static Device Ecosystem, Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Environmental Assessment for Mississippi River Lock and Dam No. 2 Hydroelectric Project City of Hastings September 2008 Report Marine Energy (General), Riverine Collision Fish, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Development of a Stereo Camera System for Monitoring Hydrokinetic Turbines Joslin, J., Polagye, B., Parker-Stetter, S. October 2012 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Nearfield Habitat
The expected efficiency and coastal impact of a hybrid energy farm operating in the Portuguese nearshore Onea, F., Rusu, E. February 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Nearfield Habitat
Parameterization of wind turbine impacts on hydrodynamics and sediment transport Rivier, A., et al. September 2016 Journal Article Offshore Wind Dynamic Device Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Numerical Simulations of the Effects of a Tidal Turbine Array on Near-Bed Velocity and Local Bed Shear Stress Gillibrand, P., Walters, R., McIlvenny, J. October 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Nearfield Habitat
Offshore renewable energy: ecological implications of generating electricity in the coastal zone Gill, A. August 2005 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device, EMF, Noise, Static Device Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
RITE Monitoring of Environmental Effects (RMEE) Reports (DRAFT ver. Mar 2016) RITE Project (FERC No. P-12611) Smith, R. March 2016 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device, Noise Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles
EPRI Workshop on EMF and Aquatic Life Electric Power Research Institute April 2013 Workshop Article Marine Energy general EMF Nearfield Habitat
The Environmental Effects of the Installation and Functioning of the Submarine SwePol Link HVDC Transmission Line: A Case Study of the Polish Marine Area of the Baltic Sea Andrulewicz, E., Napierska, D., Otremba, Z. June 2003 Journal Article Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
A Preliminary Review of the Impact of Placing Portions of an Extra-High Voltage Transmission Line Beneath the Chesapeake Bay & Other Waters Community & Environmental Defense Service February 2011 Report N/A EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Ecosystem, Fish, Nearfield Habitat
Installation and operational effects of a HVDC submarine cable in a continental shelf setting: Bass Strait, Australia Sherwood, J., et al. December 2016 Journal Article N/A EMF Nearfield Habitat
Effects of EMF emissions from undersea electric cables on coral reef fish Kilfoyle, A., et al. November 2017 Journal Article N/A EMF Fish, Nearfield Habitat
Summary Report on Environmental Monitoring Related to the Pearson College - ENCANA - Clean Current Tidal Power Demonstration Project at Race Rocks Ecological Reserve Thuringer, P., Reidy, R. December 2006 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal EMF, Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat
A Review of the Potential Water Quality Impacts of Tidal Renewable Energy Systems Kadiri, M., et al. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
Numerical Modeling of Tidal Currents and the Effects of Power Extraction on Estuarine Hydrodynamics Along the Georgia Coast, USA Defne, Z., Haas, K., Fritz, H. December 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Verifying Marine-Hydro-Kinetic Energy Generation Simulations Using SNL-EFDC James, S., et al. December 2011 Conference Paper Marine Energy general Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Hydrodynamic Impacts of Power Generation by Tidal Lagoons in the Bay of Fundy Cornett, A., Cousineau, J. December 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
Man-Made Structures on Marine Sediments: Effects on Adjacent Benthic Communities Davis, N., VanBlaricom, G., Dayton, P. January 1982 Journal Article N/A Energy Removal, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
A Protocol for Classifying Ecologically Relevant Marine Zones, A Statistical Approach Verfaillie, E., et al. March 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Nearfield Habitat
A Quantitative, Non-Destructive Methodology for Habitat Characterisation and Benthic Monitoring at Offshore Renewable Energy Developments Sheehan, E., Stevens, T., Attrill, M. December 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Marine Aggregate Levy Sustainability Fund (MALSF): Achievements and Challenges for the Future Marine Aggregate Levy Sustainability Fund March 2010 Report Marine Energy general N/A Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
An Assessment of the Conservation Importance of Species and Habitats Identified During a Series of Recent Research Cruises around Scotland Moore, C., Roberts, J. January 2011 Report N/A N/A Nearfield Habitat
Application of the Time-Dependent Mild-Slope Equations for the Simulation of Wake Effects in the Lee of a Farm of Wave Dragon Wave Energy Converters Beels, C., et al. August 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Nearfield Habitat
Benthic Cover Data NOAA Coastal Services Center January 2010 Website N/A N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Design and Implementation of a New Low-Cost Subsurface Mooring System for Efficient Data Recovery Tian, C., et al. September 2013 Conference Paper N/A N/A Nearfield Habitat
Developing New Ground Truthing Techniques for Seabed Mapping Foster-Smith, R., et al. February 2010 Report N/A N/A Nearfield Habitat
Environmental Assessment for Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion in Hawaii Comfort, C., Vega, L. September 2011 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, OTEC N/A Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental and Human Dimensions of Ocean Renewable Energy Development Henkel, S., Conway, F., Boehlert, G. February 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Epibenthic Assessment of a Renewable Tidal Energy Site Sheehan, E., et al. January 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Impact of Wave Energy Converter (WEC) Array Operation on Nearshore Processes Neill, S., Iglesias, G. October 2012 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Nearfield Habitat
Instrumentation for Monitoring around Marine Renewable Energy Converters: Workshop Final Report Polagye, B., et al. January 2014 Workshop Article Marine Energy general N/A Nearfield Habitat
Marine ALSF Science Review: Aggregate Research in UK Waters Newell, R., Reeds, K. June 2005 Presentation N/A N/A Ecosystem, Nearfield Habitat
Potential Impacts Of Hydrokinetic And Wave Energy Conversion Technologies On Aquatic Environments Cada, G., et al. April 2007 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine, Wave N/A Nearfield Habitat
Process-Driven Characterization and Mapping of Seabed Habitats Kostylev, V., Hannah, C. January 2007 Book Chapter N/A N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
UK Marine Special Areas of Conservation Project European Commission October 2001 Website N/A N/A Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Wave Dragon Mitigation Wave Dragon December 2005 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
The Effects of Landscape Modifications on the Long-Term Persistence of Animal Populations Nabe-Nielsen, J., et al. January 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Nearfield Habitat
Development of an Adaptable Monitoring Package for Marine Renewable Energy Projects Part II: Hydrodynamic Performance Joslin, J., et al. April 2014 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Nearfield Habitat
Development of an Adaptable Monitoring Package for Marine Renewable Energy Projects Part I: Conceptual Design and Operation Rush, B., et al. April 2014 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Nearfield Habitat
Analysis of the Impacts of Wave Energy Converter Arrays on the Nearshore Wave Climate O'Dea, A., Haller, M. April 2014 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Reconnaissance Geology and Geologic Hazards of the Offshore Coos Bay Basin, Oregon Clarke, S., Field, M., Hirozawa, C. January 1985 Report N/A N/A Nearfield Habitat
Natural and Human Impacts on Centennial Sediment Accumulation Patterns on the Umpqua River Margin, Oregon Wheatcroft, R., et al. May 2013 Journal Article N/A N/A Nearfield Habitat
Second Interim Report of the Working Group on Marine Benthal and Renewable Energy Developments (WGMBRED) International Council for the Exploration of the Sea March 2014 Report Marine Energy general N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Reynolds Number Dependence of Cross-Flow Turbine Performance and Near-Wake Characteristics Bachant, P., Wosnik, M. April 2014 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Nearfield Habitat
Performance and Near-Wake Measurements for a Vertical Axis Turbine at Moderate Reynolds Number Bachant, P., Wosnik, M. July 2013 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Nearfield Habitat
Impacts to Marine Fisheries Habitat from Nonfishing Activities in the Northeastern United States Johnson, M., et al. February 2008 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Fishing
Update on the Marine Environmental Consequences of Tidal Power Development in the Upper Reaches of the Bay of Fundy Gordon, D., Dadswell, M. June 1984 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Environment Description for the EMEC Wave Test Site Billia Croo, Orkney Finn, M. January 2005 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Nearfield Habitat
Environment Description for the EMEC Tidal Test Site Fall of Warness, Orkney Finn, M. December 2006 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Nearfield Habitat
Are We Missing the Boat? Current Uses of Long-Term Biological Monitoring Data in the Evaluation and Management of Marine Protected Areas Addison, P., Flander, L., Cook, C. February 2015 Journal Article N/A N/A Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Multiple Stressors and Multifunctionality: Limited Effects on an Illuminated Benthic System Alsterberg, C., Sundbäck, K., Gamfeldt, L. December 2014 Journal Article N/A N/A Ecosystem, Nearfield Habitat
The ecology of infrastructure decommissioning in the North Sea: what we need to know and how to achieve it Fowler, A., et al. August 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Ecosystem, Nearfield Habitat
Recent Developments of Ocean Environmental Description with Focus on Uncertainties Bitner-Gregersen, E., et al. August 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Nearfield Habitat
The Development and Use of Individuals-Based Models to Predict the Effects of Habitat Loss and Disturbance on Waders and Waterfowl West, A., Caldow, R. March 2006 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Birds, Shorebirds, Waterfowl, Nearfield Habitat
Wave Energy Test Site Environmental Assessment: Marine Corps Base Hawaii Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC) January 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Ecosystem, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental Impact Assessment for Operational OTEC Platforms Sands, M. September 1979 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, OTEC N/A Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Numerical Performance Analysis of Acoustic Doppler Velocity Profilers in the Wake of an Axial-Flow Marine Hydrokinetic Turbine Richmond, M., Harding, S., Romero-Gomez, P. September 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Nearfield Habitat
How Deep does an Anchor Penetrate the Seafloor? Maushake, C. November 2013 Workshop Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Nearfield Habitat
Assessment and Control of OTEC Physical Environmental Impacts Ditmars, J. November 1978 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, OTEC N/A Nearfield Habitat
Hard Coastal-Defence Structures as Habitats for Native and Exotic Rocky-Bottom Species Vaselli, S., Bulleri, F., Benedetti-Cecchi, L. October 2008 Journal Article N/A N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Impact of Coastal Defence Structures (tetrapods) on a Demersal Hard-Bottom Fish Community in the Southern North Sea Wehkamp, S., Fischer, P. February 2013 Journal Article N/A N/A Fish, Nearfield Habitat
A Review of the Potential Impacts of Wave and Tidal Energy Development on Scotland's Marine Environment Aquatera June 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Nearfield Habitat
Impact Assessment Tool Aquatera January 2015 Website Marine Energy general N/A Nearfield Habitat
Reviews of Power Supply and Environmental Energy Conversions for Artificial Upwelling Zhang, D., et al. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC, Wave N/A Nearfield Habitat
Additional Papers from the 10th International Congress on Marine Corrosion and Fouling Defence Science & Technology Imagination (DSTO) February 1999 Conference Paper N/A N/A Nearfield Habitat
Water Column Tomographic Inversion with a Network of Drifting Buoys Jesus, S., Soares, C., Martins, N. June 2008 Conference Paper N/A N/A Nearfield Habitat
Development of an Adaptable Monitoring Package for Marine Renewable Energy Joslin, J., Polagye, B., Stewart, A. November 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Nearfield Habitat
Ocean Networks Canada's Quasi Real-time Underwater Monitoring and Control Systems McLean, S., Pirenne, B. November 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
The Effects of Artificial Structures on Estuarine Infaunal Communities and Offshore Biofouling Communities Mendoza, M. August 2016 Thesis Marine Energy general N/A Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Development and application of a low-cost rapid assessment system for coastal benthic habitats Benjamin, C., et al. September 2019 Journal Article N/A N/A Ecosystem, Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Further Development and Testing of the EMEC Integrated Environmental Monitoring Platform Wragg, O. November 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
The Biskay Marine Energy Platform (bimep), Environmental Impacts and Monitoring Plan Bald, J., et al. October 2012 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
What's Next and Why? A Look Ahead at Strategic Ecological Research Direction Scott, B. May 2014 Presentation N/A N/A Nearfield Habitat
Predictive Modelling to Identify Near-Shore, Fine-Scale Seabird Distributions during the Breeding Season Warwick-Evans, V., et al. March 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Birds, Seabirds, Nearfield Habitat
Research Priorities for Assessing Potential Impacts of Emerging Marine Renewable Energy Technologies: Insights from Developments in Wales (UK) Roche, R., et al. December 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Scapa Flow Scale Site: Environmental Description European Marine Energy Centre April 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles
Shapinsay Sound Scale Site: Environmental Description European Marine Energy Centre April 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles

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