Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers.


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Title Author* Date** Type of Content Technology Types Stressors Receptorssort descending
Marine Renewable Energy: Potential Benefits to Biodiversity? An Urgent Call for Research Inger, R., et al. December 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Ecosystem
The future of coastal and estuarine modeling: Findings from a workshop Fringer, O., et al. November 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Ecosystem
Integrated Ecosystem Assessments: Developing the Scientific Basis for Ecosystem-Based Management of the Ocean Levin, P., et al. January 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Ecosystem Processes
Using Coupled Hydrodynamic Biogeochemical Models to Predict the Effects of Tidal Turbine Arrays on Phytoplankton Dynamics Schuchert, P., et al. May 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Ecosystem Processes
Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Wake Interactions of Marine Hydrokinetic Turbines Gotelli, C., et al. August 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Riverine Changes in Flow Ecosystem Processes
Potential Environmental Consequences of Enhanced Ocean Upwelling Karl, D., et al. September 2013 Presentation Marine Energy (General), OTEC N/A Ecosystem Processes
Tidal Power and the Aquatic Environment of La Rance Retiere, C. January 1994 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Ecosystem Processes
Connectivity of larval stages of sedentary marine communities between hard substrates and offshore structures in the North Sea van der Molen, J., et al. October 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Attraction, Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes
Effects of ocean sprawl on ecological connectivity: impacts and solutions Bishop, M., et al. February 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes
Special Issue: Renewable Ocean Energy Development and the Environment Zydlewski, G., Copping, A., Redden, A. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Ecosystem Processes
Artificial Marine Structures Facilitate the Spread of a Non-Indigenous Green Algae Bulleri, F., Airoldi, L. October 2005 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes
Offshore renewable energy: ecological implications of generating electricity in the coastal zone Gill, A. August 2005 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Ecosystem Processes
The ecology of infrastructure decommissioning in the North Sea: what we need to know and how to achieve it Fowler, A., et al. August 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General) N/A Ecosystem Processes
A Review of the Potential Impacts of Wave and Tidal Energy Development on Scotland's Marine Environment Aquatera June 2014 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave N/A Ecosystem Processes
Second Interim Report of the Working Group on Marine Benthal and Renewable Energy Developments (WGMBRED) International Council for the Exploration of the Sea March 2014 Report Marine Energy (General) N/A Ecosystem Processes
EPRI Workshop on EMF and Aquatic Life Electric Power Research Institute April 2013 Workshop Article Marine Energy (General) EMF Ecosystem Processes
Artificial Reef Effect in Relation to Offshore Renewable Energy Conversion: State of the Art Langhamer, O. December 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Fish
The Ecology of Marine Tidal Race Environments and the Impact of Tidal Energy Development Broadhurst, M. January 2013 Thesis Marine Energy (General), Tidal Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Fish
Marine Fish Assemblages Associated with Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs): Effects of Fish Removal, FAD Size, Fouling Communities, and Prior Recruits Nelson, P. June 2003 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Attraction, Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Fish
A General Theory on Fish Aggregation to Floating Objects: An Alternative to the Meeting Point Hypothesis Castro, J., Santiago, J., Santana-Ortega, A. June 2002 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Attraction, Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Fish
Applying Ecological Risk Assessment Methodology for Outlining Ecosystem Effects of Ocean Energy Technologies Hammar, L., Gullström, M. January 2011 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General) N/A Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
South Korea's Plans for Tidal Power: When a "Green" Solution Creates More Problems Ko, Y., Schubert, D. November 2011 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Fisheries, Social & Economic Data
Ecological best practice in decommissioning: a review of scientific research Fortune, I., Paterson, D. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
From ocean sprawl to blue-green infrastructure – A UK perspective on an issue of global significance Evans, A., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Contributions of marine infrastructures to marine planning and protected area networking Shabtay, A., Portman, M., Carmel, Y. June 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Tidal barrages in the UK: Ecological and social impacts, potential mitigation, and tools to support barrage planning Hooper, T., Austen, M. July 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data
Environmental and Human Dimensions of Ocean Renewable Energy Development Henkel, S., Conway, F., Boehlert, G. February 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data
Marine Mammals Trace Anthropogenic Structures at Sea Russell, D., et al. July 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Environmental Impacts NOAA Office of Ocean & Coastal Resource Management January 2010 Report Marine Energy (General), OTEC Chemicals, EMF, Entrapment Ecosystem Processes, Nearfield Habitat
A Scenario-Based Approach to Evaluating Potential Environmental Impacts Following a Tidal Barrage Installation Kidd, I., et al. November 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Ecosystem Processes, Physical Environment
Intertidal Ecology and Potential Power Impacts, Bay of Fundy, Canada Gordon, D. Jr. January 1994 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Ecosystem Processes, Physical Environment
Physical and Biological Modeling of a 100 Megawatt Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Discharge Plume Rocheleau, G., Grandelli, P. September 2011 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), OTEC Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Physical Environment
Wave and Tidal Energy: Environmental Effects Iglesias, G., et al. July 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave N/A Ecosystem Processes, Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
Exploring Potential Sites for Salinity Gradient Renewable Energy on the North Carolina Coast and Evaluating the Potential Effects of Local Salinity Regime Variation on SAV Communities Due to Reverse Electrodialysis Effluent Palko, H. January 2017 Thesis Marine Energy (General), Salinity Gradient Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Physical Environment, Water Quality
Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Grandelli, P., et al. September 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), OTEC Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Physical Environment, Water Quality
Scaling of Spatial and Temporal Biological Variability at Marine Renewable Energy Sites Jacques, D., Horne, J. April 2014 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Ecosystem, Fish
Describing and Comparing Variability of Fish and Macrozooplankton Density at Marine Hydrokinetic Energy Sites Jacques, D. January 2014 Thesis Marine Energy general N/A Ecosystem, Fish
California Current Cetacean & Ecosystem Assessment Survey (CalCurCEAS): Final Report to Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Regarding Surveys of Windfloat and Wave Energy Areas Barlow, J., Henry, A., Ballance, L. April 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Ecosystem, Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
MERiFIC 3.3.1: Collaborative Field Study Programme Sotta, C., Witt, M., Le Niliot, P. February 2014 Report Marine Energy general Noise Ecosystem, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Current tidal power technologies and their suitability for applications in coastal and marine areas Roberts, A., et al. May 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Ecosystem, Socio-economics
Estimating Effects of Tidal Power Projects and Climate Change on Threatened and Endangered Marine Species and Their Food Web Busch, S., Greene, C., Good, T. December 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Ecosystem, Socio-economics, Climate Change
Vitamine ENA: A framework for the development of ecosystem-based indicators for decision makers Safi, G., et al. May 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Ecosystem, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Scapa Flow Scale Site Environmental Description 2019 European Marine Energy Centre (EMEC) January 2019 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave N/A Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental Monitoring Report EMEC AK-1000 Rigg, D. September 2019 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Environmental Impact Assessment
The Port Fairy Pilot Wave Energy Project Environmental Management Plan BPS BioPower Systems Pty Ltd February 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave N/A Environmental Impact Assessment
Assessment Of Tidal Energy Removal Impacts On Physical Systems: Development Of MHK Module And Analysis Of Effects On Hydrodynamics Yang, Z., Wang, T. September 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Far-Field Effects of Tidal Energy Extraction in the Minas Passage on Tidal Circulation in the Bay of Fundy and Gulf of Maine Using a Nested-Grid Coastal Circulation Model Hasegawa, D., et al. November 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Far-field Dynamics Of Tidal Energy Extraction In Channel Networks Malte, P., Polagye, B. January 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Far-Field Modelling of the Hydro-Environmental Impact of Tidal Stream Turbines Ahmadian, R., Falconer, R., Bockelmann-Evans, B. February 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Impact of Tidal Energy Converter (TEC) Arrays on the Dynamics of Headland Sand Banks Neill, S., Jordan, J., Couch, S. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
In-Stream Tidal Energy Potential of Puget Sound, Washington Polagye, B., Kawase, M., Malte, P. January 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine, Tidal N/A Farfield Environment
Methodology for Tidal Turbine Representation in Ocean Circulation Model Roc, T., Conley, D., Greaves, D. March 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Modeling Tidal Circulation and Stratification in Skagit River Estuary Using an Unstructured Grid Ocean Model Yang, Z., Khangaonkar, T. January 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Persistence of Antifouling Agents in the Marine Biosphere Ranke, J. February 2002 Journal Article Marine Energy general Chemicals Farfield Environment
Power Availability in the Florida Current and Impact of its Extraction on the Gulf Stream Bozec, A., Hanson, H., Duerr, A. December 2010 Presentation Marine Energy general, Ocean Current Energy Removal Farfield Environment
The Effect of Tidal Power Generation on Sediment Transport in Muskeget Channel University of Massachusetts January 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
The Environmental Impact of a Wave Dragon Array Operating in the Black Sea Diaconu, S., Rusu, E. April 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Modelling the Far Field Hydro-Environmental Impacts of Tidal Farms - A Focus on Tidal Regime, Intertidal Zones and Flushing Nash, S., et al. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Farfield Environment
The Effects of a Severn Barrage on Wave Conditions in the Bristol Channel Fairley, I., et al. August 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Hydraulic Impacts of Hydrokinetic Devices Kartezhnikova, M., Ravens, T. June 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Wave Farm Impact: The Role of Farm-to-Coast Distance Iglesias, G., Carballo, R. September 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Integrating Ocean Wave Energy at Large-Scales: A Study of the US Pacific Northwest Parkinson, S., et al. April 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Farfield Environment
A Study of the Change in the Wave Field Due to the Presence of Wave Energy Converters Kalén, O. January 2010 Thesis Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Hydrodynamic Response to Large Scale Tidal Energy Extraction Brown, A., Neill, S. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Hydrodynamic Effects of Kinetic Power Extraction by In-Stream Tidal Turbines Polagye, B. January 2009 Thesis Marine Energy general, Riverine, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Study on the Influence of the Distance to Shore for a Wave Energy Farm Operating in the Central Part of the Portuguese Nearshore Rusu, E., Onea, F. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Potential Environmental Impact of Tidal Energy Extraction in the Pentland Firth at Large Spatial Scales: Results of a Biogeochemical Model van der Molen, J., Ruardij, P., Greenwood, N. May 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Modelling Changes to Physical Environmental Impacts Due to Wave Energy Array Layouts Smith, H., Ashton, I. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Farfield Environment
Assessing the Cumulative Environmental Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Developments: Establishing Common Ground Willsteed, E., et al. January 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Farfield Environment
Environmental Effects of Marine Energy Development on Physical Systems Roberts, J., Jones, C. May 2015 Presentation Marine Energy general Energy Removal Farfield Environment
How Green is 'Green' Energy? Gibson, L., Wilman, E., Laurance, W. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine, Wind Energy general N/A Farfield Environment
Evaluating Statistical Models to Measure Environmental Change: A Tidal Turbine Case Study Linder, H., Horne, J. January 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Farfield Environment
Large Scale Three-Dimensional Modelling for Wave and Tidal Energy Resource and Environmental Impact: Methodologies for Quantifying Acceptable Thresholds for Sustainable Exploitation Gallego, A., et al. October 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Multi-Scale Ocean Response to a Large Tidal Stream Turbine Array De Dominicis, M., Murray, R., Wolf, J. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Simulating Current-Energy Converters: SNL-EFDC Model Development, Verification, and Parameter Estimation James, S., et al. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Comparative effects of climate change and tidal stream energy extraction in the NW European continental shelf De Dominicis, M., Wolf, J., Murray, R. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Farfield Environment
Tidal stream energy impacts on estuarine circulation Ramos, V., et al. April 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Assessment of the impacts of tidal stream energy through high-resolution numerical modeling Ramos, V., et al. November 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Interaction between instream axial flow hydrokinetic turbines and uni-directional flow bedforms Hill, C., Musa, M., Guala, M. February 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Ocean Current, Tidal N/A Farfield Environment
The effect of arrays of wave energy converters on the nearshore wave climate Atan, R., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Sound of Islay Demonstration Tidal Array: Inter-tidal Survey of Potential Cable Routes Trendall, J. August 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Farfield Environment, Environmental Impact Assessment
Sound of Islay Demonstration Tidal Array: Inter-tidal Survey of Potential Cable Routes Trendall, J. August 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Farfield Environment, Environmental Impact Assessment
Appropriateness of Existing Monitoring Studies for the Fundy Tidal Energy Project and Considerations for Monitoring Commercial Scale Scenarios Fisheries and Oceans Canada June 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Farfield Environment, Fish
Update on the Marine Environmental Consequences of Tidal Power Development in the Upper Reaches of the Bay of Fundy Gordon, D., Dadswell, M. June 1984 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Final Environmental Impact Statement National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration July 1981 Report Marine Energy general, OTEC Chemicals, Noise, Static Device Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
An Economic and Environmental Assessment of Transporting Bulk Energy from a Grazing Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Facility Gilmore, E., Blohm, A., Sinsabaugh, S. November 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC N/A Farfield Environment, Socio-economics
An artificial neural network model of coastal erosion mitigation through wave farms Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Bergillos, R., Iglesias, G. September 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Socio-economics
Wave farm impacts on coastal flooding under sea-level rise: A case study in southern Spain Bergillos, R., Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Iglesias, G. February 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Socio-economics, Climate Change
A Method for EIA Scoping of Wave Energy Converters - Based on Classification of the Used Technology Margheritini, L., Hansen, A., Frigaard, P. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Farfield Environment, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
A Review of Studies Related to the Effects of Propeller-Type Turbine Passage on Fish Early Life Stages Cada, G. January 1990 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
An Estimation Of Survival And Injury Of Fish Passed Through The Hydro Green Energy Hydrokinetic System, And A Characterization Of Fish Entrainment Potential At The Mississippi Lock And Dam No. 2 Hydroelectric Projects Normandeau Associates December 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
Effects Of Tidal Turbine Noise On Fish Hearing And Tissues Halvorsen, M., Carlson, T., Copping, A. September 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise Fish
Efforts to Reduce Mortality to Hydroelectric Turbine-Passed Fish: Locating and Quantifying Damaging Shear Stresses Cada, G., et al. February 2006 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
Evaluation of Blade-Strike Models for Estimating the Biological Performance of Large Kaplan Turbines Deng, Z., et al. November 2005 Report Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
Evaluation of Fish-Injury Mechanisms During Exposure to a High-Velocity Jet Guensch, G., Mueller, R., Dauble, D. November 2002 Report Marine Energy general Dynamic Device Fish
Evaluation of Fish Injury and Mortality Associated with Hydrokinetic Turbines Amaral, S., et al. November 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
Evaluation of the Effects of Turbulence on the Behaviour of Migratory Fish Odeh, M., et al. March 2002 Report Marine Energy general, Riverine Energy Removal Fish
Fish Passage Through Turbines: Application of Conventional Hydropower Data to Hydrokinetic Technologies Electric Power Research Institute October 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
Fish in a Tidally Dynamic Region in Maine: Hydroacoustic Assessments in Relation to Tidal Power Development Viehman, H. May 2012 Thesis Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise Fish
Literature Review on the Potential Effects of Electromagnetic Fields and Subsea Noise from Marine Renewable Energy Developments on Atlantic Salmon, Sea Trout and European Eel Gill, A., Bartlett, M. January 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave EMF, Noise Fish

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