Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers. More entries will load as you scroll down.


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Titlesort descending Author* Date** Type of Content Technology Types Stressors Receptors
Drivers and Annual Estimates of Marine Wildlife Entanglement Rates: A Long-Term Case Study with Australian Fur Seals McIntosh, R., et al. December 2015 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Dual wave farms and coastline dynamics: The role of inter-device spacing Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Bergillos, R., Iglesias, G. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Socio-economics, Climate Change
Dual wave farms for energy production and coastal protection Abanades, J., et al. June 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Socio-economics, Climate Change
Dual wave farms for energy production and coastal protection under sea level rise Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Bergillos, R., Iglesias, G. June 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Socio-economics, Climate Change
Dynamic Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of Renewable Energy Technologies Pehnt, M. January 2006 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Life Cycle Assessment
Dynamics of a Floating Platform Mounting a Hydrokinetic Turbine Dewhurst, T., et al. July 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
East Inshore and East Offshore Marine Plan Areas Evidence and Issues: Overview Report Marine Management Organisation January 2012 Report N/A N/A Socio-economics
East Inshore and East Offshore Marine Plans Marine Management Organisation April 2014 Report N/A N/A Socio-economics
Eastern Scotian Shelf Integrated Ocean Management Plan Fisheries and Oceans Canada January 2007 Report N/A N/A Socio-economics
Echolocation in Marine Mammals Au, W., Hastings, M. January 2008 Book Chapter N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Eco Wave Power Manzanillo I Project Eco Wave Power January 2019 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Eco Wave Power wave energy power station Gibraltar Eco Wave Power Ltd May 2016 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Ecological and morphological traits predict depth-generalist fishes on coral reefs Bridge, T., et al. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Fish
Ecological Effects of Wave Energy Development in the Pacific Northwest Boehlert, G., et al. January 2008 Workshop Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal, Static Device Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Ecological Functions and Adaptations of the Elasmobranch Electrosense Tricas, T., Sisneros, J. January 2004 Book Chapter N/A EMF Fish
Ecological performance of young-of-the-year blue rockfish (Sebastes mystinus) associated with oil platforms and natural reefs in California as measured by daily growth rates Love, M., et al. January 2007 Journal Article N/A Static Device Fish
Ecological Value of Submerged Breakwaters for Habitat Enhancement on a Residential Scale Scyphers, S., Powers, S., Heck, K. February 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Ecology of Fishes in a High-Latitude, Turbid River with Implications for the Impacts of Hydrokinetic Devices Seitz, A., et al. September 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general Chemicals, Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal Fish
Economic and Socio-Economic Assessment Methods for Ocean Renewable Energy: Public and Private Perspectives Dalton, G., et al. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Economic Evaluation of the Recreational Value of the Coastal Environment in a Marine Renewables Deployment Area Voke, M., et al. January 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Energy Removal Socio-economics, Aesthetics, Recreation
Economic Impact from Large-Scale Deployment of Offshore Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology in Oregon Coastal Counties Jimenez, T., Tegen, S., Beiter, P. March 2015 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Economic Impact of Large-Scale Deployment of Offshore Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology in Oregon Jimenez, T., Tegen, S. December 2014 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Economic Modelling of the Potential of Wave Energy Hayward, J., et al. December 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Economical Considerations of Renewable Electric Energy Production - Especially Development of Wave Energy Leijon, M., et al. July 2003 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Economics: National Ocean Watch NOAA Coastal Services Center January 2012 Website N/A N/A Socio-economics
EcoSpatial Information Database: U.S. Atlantic Region Madsen, K., et al. May 2014 Report N/A N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Ecosystem, Fish
Education and Training for Maritime Spatial Planners Calado, H., et al. January 2019 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Effect of anthropogenic light on bird movement, habitat selection, and distribution: A systematic map protocol Adams, C., et al. June 2019 Journal Article N/A Lighting Birds
Effect of Level, Duration, and Inter-Pulse Interval of 1-2 kHz Sonar Signal Exposures on Harbor Porpoise Hearing Kastelein, R., et al. May 2014 Journal Article N/A Noise Marine Mammals
Effect of magnetic pulses on Caribbean spiny lobsters: implications for magnetoreception Ernst, D., Lohmann, K. June 2016 Journal Article N/A EMF Benthic Invertebrates
Effect of Modified Magnetic Field on the Ocean Migration of Maturing Chum Salmon, Oncorhynchus keta Yano, A., et al. April 1997 Journal Article N/A EMF Fish
Effect of OTEC Thermal Effluent on the Kosrae Coastal Waters of the Micronesia Kim, J., Mun, J., Kim, H. September 2013 Presentation Marine Energy general, OTEC Energy Removal, Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Effect of the Sound Generated by an Acoustic Harassment Device on the Relative Abundance and Distribution of Harbor Porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) in Retreat Passage, British Columbia Olesiuk, P., et al. October 2002 Journal Article N/A Noise Marine Mammals
Effect Of Tidal Stream Power Generation On The Region-wide Circulation In A Shallow Sea Shapiro, G. February 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Effective Energy-Saving Device of Eco-Ship by Using Wave Propulsion Huang, S., et al. October 2016 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Effective Monitoring Strategies Conley, D. April 2011 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave Chemicals, EMF, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Effects of a Tidal Lagoon on the Hydrodynamics of Swansea Bay, Wales, UK Horrillo-Caraballo, J., et al. May 2019 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Effects Of Ambient And Boat Noise On Hearing And Communication In Three Fish Species Living In A Marine Protected Area (Miramare, Italy) Codarin, A., et al. December 2009 Journal Article N/A Noise Fish
Effects of an Electric Field on White Sharks: In Situ Testing of an Electric Deterrent Huveneers, C., et al. May 2013 Journal Article N/A EMF Fish
Effects of an Offshore Oil Platform on the Distribution and Abundance of Commercially Important Crab Species Page, H., et al. August 1999 Journal Article N/A Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Effects of Artificial Reefs (Southern Portugal) on Sediment-Water Transport of Nutrients: Importance of the Hydrodynamic Regime Falcão, M., et al. August 2009 Journal Article N/A Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Effects of cold shock on egg, larval, and juvenile stages of tropical fishes: Potential impacts of ocean thermal energy conversion Lamadrid-Rose, Y., Boehlert, G. March 1988 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC N/A Fish
Effects of Displacement from Marine Renewable Development on Seabirds Breeding at SPAs: A Proof of Concept Model of Common Guillemots Breeding on the Isle of May McDonald, C., et al. May 2012 Report Marine Energy general Static Device Birds
Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Behavior of Largemouth Bass and Pallid Sturgeon in an Experimental Pond Setting Bevelhimer, M., Cada, G., Scherelis, C. September 2015 Report N/A EMF Fish
Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Fish and Invertebrates - FY2010 Progress Report Schultz, I., et al. October 2010 Report Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Fish and Invertebrates - FY2012 Progress Report Woodruff, D., et al. May 2013 Report Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Marine Species: A Literature Review Slater, M. September 2010 Report Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish, Marine Mammals
Effects of EMF emissions from undersea electric cables on coral reef fish Kilfoyle, A., et al. November 2017 Journal Article N/A EMF Fish, Nearfield Habitat
Effects of EMF Emissions from Undersea Electric Cables on Coral Reef Fishes Jermain, R. July 2016 Thesis N/A EMF Fish
Effects of EMFs from Undersea Power Cables on Elasmobranchs and other Marine Species Normandeau Associates, et al. May 2011 Report N/A EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish, Marine Mammals
Effects of EMFs from Underwater Power Cables on Elasmobranchs and Other Marine Species Tricas, T., Gill, A. May 2011 Report N/A EMF Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Effects of Energy Extraction on Sediment Dynamics in Intertidal Ecosystems of the Minas Basin van Proosdij, D., et al. February 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Effects of exposure to pile driving sounds on fish inner ear tissues Casper, B., et al. October 2013 Journal Article N/A Noise Fish
Effects of fine-scale oceanographic features on the distribution and movements of harbour porpoises Phocoena phocoena in the Bay of Fundy Johnson, D., Westgate, A., Read, A. June 2005 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals
Effects of fishing rope strength on the severity of large whale entanglements Knowlton, A., et al. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics, Fishing
Effects of High-Relief Structures on Cold Temperate Fish Assemblages: A field Experiment Wilhelmsson, D., Yahya, S., Öhman, M. August 2006 Journal Article N/A Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Effects of Hydrokinetic Energy Turbine Arrays on Sediment Transport at São Marcos Bay, Brazil González-Gorbeña, E., et al. August 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Effects of hydrokinetic turbine sound on the behavior of four species of fish within an experimental mesocosm Schramm, M., Bevelhimer, M., Scherelis, C. June 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise Fish
Effects of impulsive noise on marine mammals: investigating range‐dependent risk Hastie, G., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals
Effects of Man-Made Structures on Sedimentary Oxygenation: Extent, Seasonality and Implications for Offshore Renewables Wilding, T. June 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
Effects of mid-frequency active sonar on hearing in fish Halvorsen, M., et al. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Fish
Effects of Noise on Fish, Fisheries, and Invertebrates in the U.S. Atlantic and Arctic from Energy Industry Sound-Generating Activities Hawkins, A., Popper, A. February 2012 Report Marine Energy general Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Effects of ocean sprawl on ecological connectivity: impacts and solutions Bishop, M., et al. February 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Effects of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Systems on Near and Far Field Seawater Properties - A Case Study for Hawaii Jia, Y., Nihous, G., Richards, K. November 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Effects of Pile Driving on the Residency and Movement of Tagged Reef Fish Iafrate, J., et al. November 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Fish
Effects of Renewable Energy Production and Infrastructure on Wildlife Sanchez-Zapata, J., et al. May 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A Ecosystem
Effects of Seismic Shooting on Catch and Catch-Availability of Cod and Haddock Engas, A., et al. August 1993 Report N/A Noise Fish
Effects of submarine power transmission cables on a glass sponge reef and associated megafaunal community Dunham, A., et al. June 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Effects Of Tidal Turbine Noise On Fish Hearing And Tissues Halvorsen, M., Carlson, T., Copping, A. September 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise Fish
Effects of underwater noise on auditory sensitivity of a cyprinid fish Scholik, A., Yan, H. February 2001 Journal Article N/A Noise Fish
Effects of Underwater Sounds on Escape Behavior of Steller Sea Lions Akamatsu, T., et al. January 1996 Journal Article N/A Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Effects of Underwater Turbine Noise on Crab Larval Metamorphosis Pine, M., Jeffs, A., Radford, C. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise Benthic Invertebrates
Effects Of Wave Energy Converters On The Surrounding Soft-bottom Macrofauna (west Coast Of Sweden) Langhamer, O. June 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Effects of Wave Energy Generators on Nephrops norvegicus Bender, A., Sunberg, J. September 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Dynamic Device Benthic Invertebrates
Effects on Freshwater Organisms of Magnetic Fields Associated with Hydrokinetic Turbines Cada, G., et al. July 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Riverine EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Efficient unstructured mesh generation for marine renewable energy applications Avdis, A., et al. September 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device N/A
Efforts to Reduce Mortality to Hydroelectric Turbine-Passed Fish: Locating and Quantifying Damaging Shear Stresses Cada, G., et al. February 2006 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
EIMR 2016 Expert Workshop Report: Biofouling Miller, R., Loxton, J. February 2016 Workshop Article Marine Energy general Static Device N/A
Elasmobranch Cognitive Ability: Using Electroreceptive Foraging Behaviour to Demonstrate Learning, Habituation and Memory in a Benthic Shark Kimber, J., et al. January 2014 Journal Article N/A EMF Fish
Electric and Magnetic Field Detection in Elasmobranch Fishes Kalmijn, A. November 1982 Journal Article N/A EMF Fish
Electricity Generation by the Ocean Thermal Energy Etemadi, A., et al. December 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC Chemicals, Energy Removal, Static Device Ecosystem, Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Electromagnetic Field (EMF) Impacts on Elasmobranch (shark, rays, and skates) and American Lobster Movement and Migration from Direct Current Cables Hutchison, Z., et al. March 2018 Report Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Electromagnetic Field Study Slater, M., et al. September 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave EMF N/A
Embracing Thresholds for Better Environmental Management Kelly, R., et al. March 2015 Journal Article N/A N/A Ecosystem
EMEC Billia Croo FLOWBEC Fluorometer Monitoring Data

University of Aberdeen

July 2013 Dataset Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Ecosystem
EMEC Billia Croo FLOWBEC Platform Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter Data

University of Aberdeen

July 2013 Dataset Marine Energy general, Wave Dynamic Device N/A
EMEC Billia Croo FLOWBEC Platform Multi-Beam Sonar and Echosounder Data

University of Aberdeen

July 2013 Dataset Marine Energy general, Wave Dynamic Device Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
EMEC Billia Croo Grid-Connected Wave Test Site European Marine Energy Centre October 2003 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
EMEC Billia Croo High-Intensity Wildlife Observation Data

University of Aberdeen

July 2013 Dataset Marine Energy general, Wave Dynamic Device Birds, Marine Mammals
EMEC Billia Croo Test Site: Environmental Appraisal Xodus Group March 2019 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
EMEC Billia Croo Wave Test Site: Wildlife Observations Project Annual Report Marine Scotland May 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Birds, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
EMEC Billia Croo Wildlife Observation Data

European Marine Energy Centre (EMEC)

June 2009 Dataset Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Birds, Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
EMEC Fall of Warness Boat-Based Wildlife Surveys (RESPONSE Project)

University of Aberdeen

May 2012 Dataset Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Birds
EMEC Fall of Warness FLOWBEC Platform Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter Data

University of Aberdeen

June 2013 Dataset Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device N/A
EMEC Fall of Warness FLOWBEC Platform Fluorometer Monitoring Data

University of Aberdeen

June 2012 Dataset Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Ecosystem
EMEC Fall of Warness FLOWBEC Platform Multi-Beam Sonar and Echosounder Data

University of Aberdeen

June 2012 Dataset Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
EMEC Fall of Warness Grid-Connected Tidal Test Site European Marine Energy Centre July 2005 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
EMEC Fall of Warness High-Intensity Wildlife Observation Data

University of Aberdeen

June 2012 Dataset Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Birds, Marine Mammals
EMEC Fall of Warness Test Site: Environmental Appraisal European Marine Energy Centre August 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
EMEC Fall of Warness Tidal Test Site: Wildlife Observations Project Annual Report Marine Scotland May 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Birds, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds

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