Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers. More entries will load as you scroll down.


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Title Author*sort descending Date** Type of Content Technology Types Stressors Receptors
Design and Implementation of a Marine Animal Alert System to Support Marine Renewable Energy Deng, Z., et al. July 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Evaluation of Blade-Strike Models for Estimating the Biological Performance of Large Kaplan Turbines Deng, Z., et al. November 2005 Report Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
200 kHz Commercial Sonar Systems Generate Lower Frequency Side Lobes Audible to Some Marine Mammals Deng, Z., et al. April 2014 Journal Article N/A Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Fish Passage Assessment of an Advanced Hydropower Turbine and Conventional Turbine Using Blade-Strike Modeling Deng, Z., et al. January 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
Design and Implementation of a New Autonomous Sensor Fish to Support Advanced Hydropower Development Deng, Z., et al. November 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine N/A Fish
Use of an Autonomous Sensor to Evaluate the Biological Performance of the Advanced Turbine at Wanapum Dam Deng, Z., et al. September 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
Evaluation of Blade-Strike Models for Estimating the Biological Performance of Kaplan Turbines Deng, Z., et al. November 2007 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
Offshore Renewable Energy Development Plan: A Framework for the Sustainable Development of Ireland's Offshore Renewable Energy Resource Department of Communications, Energy and Natural Resources February 2014 Report N/A N/A Socio-economics
Severn Tidal Power Feasibility Study: Conclusions and Summary Report Department of Energy & Climate Change (DECC) October 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
The National Coastal Management Programme of South Africa Department of Environmental Affairs January 2014 Report N/A N/A Socio-economics
The Government of the Republic of South Africa National Environmental Management of the Ocean White Paper Department of Environmental Affairs May 2014 Report N/A N/A Socio-economics
Analysis of the environmental issues concerning the deployment of an OTEC power plant in Martinique Devault, D., Péné-Annette, A. November 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC Chemicals Socio-economics
Environmental Effects and the Permitting Processes for a Deep Water Offshore Wind-Wave Hybrid Generator DeVault, G. March 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Noise Measurements Of A Prototype Tidal Energy Turbine Deveau, D., et al. January 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise N/A
Instream Tidal Power in North America: Environmental and Permitting Issues Devine Tarbell & Associates June 2006 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Ecosystem, Socio-economics
Public Engagement with Large-Scale Renewable Energy Technologies: Breaking the Cycle of NIMBYism Devine-Wright, P. November 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
Enhancing Local Distinctiveness Fosters Public Acceptance of Tidal Energy: A UK Case Study Devine-Wright, P. January 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Renewable Energy and the Public: from NIMBY to Participation Devine-Wright, P. January 2011 Book Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Land-Based Wind, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
Dynamics of a Floating Platform Mounting a Hydrokinetic Turbine Dewhurst, T., et al. July 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Characterization of EMF Emissions from Submarine Cables and Monitoring for Potential Responses of Marine Species Dhanak, M., et al. September 2015 Conference Paper N/A EMF N/A
Assessment of Electromagnetic Field Emissions from Subsea Cables Dhanak, M., et al. April 2016 Conference Paper Marine Energy general EMF N/A
AUV-based characterization of EMF emissions from submerged power cables Dhanak, M., et al. September 2015 Conference Paper N/A EMF N/A
Exposure to Seismic Survey Alters Blue Whale Acoustic Communication Di Iorio, L., Clark, C. February 2010 Journal Article N/A Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Evaluation of the nearshore impact of a hybrid wave-wind energy farm Diaconu, S., Onea, F., Rusu, E. February 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Energy Removal Farfield Environment
The Environmental Impact of a Wave Dragon Array Operating in the Black Sea Diaconu, S., Rusu, E. April 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
A Review of Approaches for Classifying Benthic Habitats and Evaluating Habitat Quality Diaza, R., Solan, M., Valente, R. November 2004 Journal Article N/A N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Assessment and Control of OTEC Physical Environmental Impacts Ditmars, J. November 1978 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, OTEC N/A Nearfield Habitat
Orientation Behaviour of Leatherback Sea Turtles within the North Atlantic Subtropical Gyre Dodge, K., Galuardi, B., Lutcavage, M. April 2015 Journal Article N/A N/A Sea Turtles
The Regulation of Tidal Energy Development Off Nova Scotia: Navigating Foggy Waters Doelle, M., et al. September 2006 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Fulfilling EU Laws to Ensure Marine Mammal Protection During Marine Renewable Construction Operations in Scotland Dolman, S., et al. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Towards Best Environmental Practice for Cetacean Conservation in Developing Scotland's Marine Renewable Energy Dolman, S., Simmonds, M. September 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Marine renewable energy and cetaceans Dolman, S., Simmonds, M., Green, M. January 2007 Journal Article Marine Energy general Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Marine Hydrokinetic (MHK) systems: Using systems thinking in resource characterization and estimating costs for the practical harvest of electricity from tidal currents Domenech, J., Eveleigh, T., Tanju, B. January 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
The kinematics and performance of fish fast-start swimming Domenici, P., Blake, R. February 1997 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Fish
Killer Whales (Orcinus orca) feeding on schooling herring (Clupea harengus) using underwater tail-slaps: Kinematic analyses of field observations Domenici, P., et al. December 1999 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Marine Spatial Planning Advancing the Ecosystem-Based Approach to Coastal Zone Management: A Review Domínguez-Tejo, E., et al. October 2016 Journal Article N/A N/A Ecosystem, Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Climate Change Impacts on Marine Ecosystems Doney, S., et al. January 2012 Journal Article N/A N/A Ecosystem, Socio-economics
An Overview of a Simulation Approach to Assessing Environmental Risk of Sound Exposure to Marine Mammals Donovan, C., et al. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general Noise Marine Mammals
Expert Elicitation Methods in Quantifying the Consequences of Acoustic Disturbance from Offshore Renewable Energy Developments Donovan, C., et al. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general Noise N/A
A Simulation Approach to Assessing Environmental Risk of Sound Exposure to Marine Mammals Donovan, C., et al. February 2017 Journal Article N/A Noise Marine Mammals
PG&E WaveConnect Program Final Report Dooher, B., et al. December 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Final Report Feasibility Study for the California Wave Energy Test Center (CalWave) Volume 2 Dooher, B., et al. July 2017 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Life cycle assessment of the Seagen marine current turbine Douglas, C., Harrison, G., Chick, J. February 2008 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Life Cycle Assessment
The Importance of Marine Spatial Planning in Advancing Ecosystem-Based Sea Use Management Douvere, F. September 2008 Journal Article N/A N/A Ecosystem, Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Westray South Tidal Project DP Energy Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
West Islay Tidal Project DP Energy Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Assessing the Macro-Economic Benefit of Installing a Farm of Oscillating Water Columns in Scotland and Portugal Draycott, S., et al. October 2018 Journal Article N/A N/A Socio-economics
Fish, finances, and feasibility: Concerns about tidal energy development in the United States Dreyer, S., et al. July 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Changing Tides: Acceptability, Support, and Perceptions of Tidal Energy in the United States Dreyer, S., Polis, H., Jenkins, L. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
2017 Marine Hydrokinetic Instrumentation Workshop Report Driscoll, F., Mauer, E., Rieks, J. March 2018 Workshop Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
D7.1: Requirements and Criteria for the Design and Planning of Ocean Energy Farms DTOcean May 2015 Report Marine Energy general N/A N/A
The trade-off between tidal-turbine array yield and environmental impact: A habitat suitability modelling approach du Feu, R., et al. May 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Benthic Invertebrates
Permitting, Risk and Marine Hydrokinetic Energy Development Dubbs, L., Keeler, A., O'Meara, T. December 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
The Number and Distribution of Marine Mammals in the Fall of Warness, Orkney July 2005 - July 2006 Duck, C., et al. August 2006 Report N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
How Wrong Can You Be? Can a Simple Spreading Formula Be Used to Predict Worst-Case Underwater Sound Levels? Duncan, A., Parsons, M. November 2011 Conference Paper N/A Noise N/A
Effects of submarine power transmission cables on a glass sponge reef and associated megafaunal community Dunham, A., et al. June 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Noise Correction of Turbulent Spectra Obtained from Acoustic Doppler Velocimeters Durgesh, V., et al. June 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general Noise N/A
High-use oceanic areas for Atlantic leatherback sea turtles (Dermochelys coriacea) as identified using satellite telemetered location and dive information Eckert, S. March 2006 Journal Article N/A N/A Sea Turtles
Eco Wave Power Manzanillo I Project Eco Wave Power January 2019 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Eco Wave Power wave energy power station Gibraltar Eco Wave Power Ltd May 2016 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Site d' Expérimentation en Mer pour la Récupération de l'Energie des Vagues (SEM-REV) Ecole Centrale de Nantes (ECN) January 2009 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind
A review of crustacean sensitivity to high amplitude underwater noise: Data needs for effective risk assessment in relation to UK commercial species Edmonds, N., et al. July 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Benthic Invertebrates
Guidance for Communities on the Development of Wave and Tidal Projects Edwards, C., et al. September 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy, Stakeholder Engagement
A Framework for Net Environmental Benefit Analysis for Remediation or Restoration of Petroleum-Contaminated Sites Efroymson, R., Nicolette, J., Suter II, G. January 2003 Report N/A Chemicals Nearfield Habitat
Marine spatial planning Ehler, C. February 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Marine Spatial Planning: A Step-by-Step Approach toward Ecosystem-based Management Ehler, C., Douvere, F. May 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Maritime/Marine Spatial Planning at the Interface of Research and Practice Ehler, C., Zaucha, J., Gee, K. January 2019 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
EPRI Workshop on EMF and Aquatic Life Electric Power Research Institute April 2013 Workshop Article Marine Energy general EMF Nearfield Habitat
Fish Passage Through Turbines: Application of Conventional Hydropower Data to Hydrokinetic Technologies Electric Power Research Institute October 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy Resource Electric Power Research Institute December 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Offshore Ocean Wave Energy: A Summer 2009 Technology and Market Assessment Electric Power Research Institute December 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Prioritized Research, Development, Deployment and Demonstration Needs: Marine and Other Hydrokinetic Renewable Energy Electric Power Research Institute December 2008 Report Marine Energy general N/A N/A
A systematic review of transferable solution options for the environmental impacts of tidal lagoons Elliott, K., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
A New Context-Based Approach to Assess Marine Mammal Behavioral Responses to Anthropogenic Sounds Ellison, W., et al. February 2012 Journal Article N/A Noise Marine Mammals
D2.7 Tidal Measurement Best Practice Manual Elsaesser, B., et al. November 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Using Habitat Models to Identify Suitable Sites for Marine Protected Areas for Harbour Porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) Embling, C., et al. February 2010 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Enablers Task Force on Marine Spatial Planning: Report to the Inter-Departmental Marine Coordination Group Enablers Task Force July 2015 Report N/A N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
The Effect of Turbulence on the Cost of Swimming for Juvenile Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) Enders, E., Boisclair, D., Roy, A. September 2003 Journal Article N/A Energy Removal Fish
Direct drive surge wave energy converter with grid integration functionality Enferad, E., et al. May 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Effects of Seismic Shooting on Catch and Catch-Availability of Cod and Haddock Engas, A., et al. August 1993 Report N/A Noise Fish
The Perception of Weak Electric D.C. Currents by the European Eel (Anguilla anguilla) Enger, P., Kristensen, L., Sand, O. July 1976 Journal Article N/A EMF Fish
Biscay Marine Energy Platform (BiMEP) Ente Vasco de la Energia January 2008 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Equitable Testing and Evaluation of Marine Energy Extraction Devices in terms of Performance, Cost and Environmental Impact EquiMar March 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Life Cycle Assessment
Underwater Noise of Whale Watching Boats and Potential Effects on Killer Whales (Orcinus orca), Based on an Acoustic Impact Model Erbe, C. April 2002 Journal Article N/A Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
The Marine Soundscape and the Effects of Noise on Aquatic Mammals Erbe, C. September 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general Noise Marine Mammals
Communication Masking in Marine Mammals: A Review and Research Strategy Erbe, C., et al. February 2016 Journal Article N/A Noise Marine Mammals
Records of Trace Metals in Sediments from the Oregon Shelf and Slope: Investigating the Occurrence of Hypoxia Over the Past Several Thousand Years Erhardt, A., et al. September 2014 Journal Article N/A N/A Socio-economics, Climate Change
A Bayesian approach to marine spatial planning Erhardt, M. July 2013 Thesis N/A N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Effect of magnetic pulses on Caribbean spiny lobsters: implications for magnetoreception Ernst, D., Lohmann, K. June 2016 Journal Article N/A EMF Benthic Invertebrates
Recent Developments in Ocean Energy and Offshore Wind: Financial Challenges and Environmental Misconceptions Esteban, M., Gasparatos, A., Doll, C. September 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Life Cycle Assessment
Electricity Generation by the Ocean Thermal Energy Etemadi, A., et al. December 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC Chemicals, Energy Removal, Static Device Ecosystem, Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Long-Term Datasets on Marine Mammals: Learning from the Past to Manage the Future European Cetacean Society March 2011 Conference Paper N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
UK Marine Special Areas of Conservation Project European Commission October 2001 Website N/A N/A Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
EMEC Billia Croo Grid-Connected Wave Test Site European Marine Energy Centre October 2003 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
EMEC Fall of Warness Grid-Connected Tidal Test Site European Marine Energy Centre July 2005 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
EMEC Scapa Flow Non Grid-Connected Wave Test Site European Marine Energy Centre September 2011 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
EMEC Shapinsay Sound Non Grid-Connected Nursery Tidal Test Site European Marine Energy Centre September 2011 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Environmental Impact Assessment Guidance for Developers at the European Marine Energy Centre European Marine Energy Centre March 2005 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
European Marine Energy Centre European Marine Energy Centre January 2003 Website Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A N/A
Guidance for Developers at EMEC Grid-Connected Sites: Supporting Environmental Documentation European Marine Energy Centre August 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics

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