Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers. More entries will load as you scroll down.


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Titlesort descending Author* Date** Type of Content Technology Types Stressors Receptors
Characterization of EMF Emissions from Submarine Cables and Monitoring for Potential Responses of Marine Species Dhanak, M., et al. September 2015 Conference Paper N/A EMF N/A
Characterization of the Tanana River at Nenana, Alaska, to Determine the Important Factors Affecting Site Selection, Deployment, and Operation of Hydrokinetic Devices to Generate Power Johnson, J., et al. March 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Riverine N/A Fish
Characterizing Biological Impacts at Marine Renewable Energy Sites Wiesebron, L., Horne, J., Hendrix, N. June 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Ecosystem
Characterizing Large River Sounds: Providing Context for Understanding the Environmental Effects of Noise Produced by Hydrokinetic Turbines Bevelhimer, M., Deng, D., Scherelis, C. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Noise Socio-economics, Navigation
Characterizing the first wave of fish and invertebrate colonization on a new offshore petroleum platform Todd, V., et al. May 2019 Journal Article N/A Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Fish, Nearfield Habitat
Characterizing the Juvenile Fish Community in Turbid Alaskan Rivers to Assess Potential Interactions with Hydrokinetic Devices Bradley, P., Evans, M., Seitz, A. August 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine N/A Fish
Characterizing the Mean Flow Field in Rivers for Resource and Environmental Impact Assessments of Hydrokinetic Energy Generation Sites Petrie, J., et al. September 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Energy Removal Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Characterizing the Relative Contributions of Large Vessels to Total Ocean Noise Fields: A Case Study Using the Gerry E. Studds Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary Hatch, L., et al. November 2008 Journal Article N/A Noise Socio-economics, Navigation
Charting Progress 2: An Assessment of the State of UK Seas UK Marine Monitoring Assessment Strategy Community July 2010 Report N/A N/A Socio-economics
Charting Progress: An Integrated Assessment of the State of UK Seas UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs March 2005 Report N/A N/A Socio-economics
China Funds Development Of New Tidal Current Energy Devices Yanbo, G., Yan, L., Changlei, M. April 2011 Magazine Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Clarence Strait Tidal Energy Project Tenax Energy Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Classification of Three-Dimensional Ocean Features using Three-Dimensional Empirical Orthogonal Functions Martins, N., et al. July 2010 Conference Paper N/A Noise N/A
Clean energy that safeguards ecosystems and livelihoods: Integrated assessments to unleash full sustainable potential for renewable energy Athanas, A., McCormick, N. January 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Ecosystem, Socio-economics
Click Communication in Harbour Porpoises Phocoena phocoena Clausen, K., et al. January 2010 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Climate change and renewable energy from the ocean and tides: Calming the sea of regulatory uncertainty Leary, D., Esteban, M. December 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Climate Change Impacts on Marine Ecosystems Doney, S., et al. January 2012 Journal Article N/A N/A Ecosystem, Socio-economics
Climate Sensitivity of Marine Energy Harrison, G., Wallace, A. October 2005 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Climate Change
Co-locating offshore wind farms and marine protected areas Ashley, M., et al. February 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning Data Registry National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration March 2014 Website N/A N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning: Legal Considerations Mengerink, K., Armsby, M., Diamond, J. January 2010 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Coastal Defence using Wave Farms: The Role of Farm-to-Coast Distance Abanades, J., Greaves, D., Iglesias, G. March 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Coastal Environments — Challenges for Integrated Management in Multi-use Settings O’Mahony, C., et al. December 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Coastal Impact Induced by a Pelamis Wave Farm Operating in the Portuguese Nearshore Rusu, E., Soares, C. October 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Coastal impact of a hybrid marine farm operating close to the Sardinia Island Onea, F., Rusu, L. May 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Coastal Marine Animal Surveys Kajiura, S. January 2011 Research Study OES-Environmental Marine Energy general EMF, Static Device Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Coating Selection Process for Gulf Stream Hydroturbines Bak, A. December 2009 Thesis Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Cobscook Bay Tidal Energy Project Ocean Renewable Power Company September 2012 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Cobscook Bay Tidal Energy Project: 2012 Environmental Monitoring Report ORPC Maine March 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat
Cobscook Bay Tidal Energy Project: 2013 Environmental Monitoring Report ORPC Maine March 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat
Cobscook Bay Tidal Energy Project: 2014 Environmental Monitoring Report ORPC Maine March 2015 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Cobscook Bay Tidal Energy Project: 2015 Environmental Monitoring Report ORPC Maine March 2016 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat
Cobscook Bay Tidal Energy Project: 2016 Environmental Monitoring Report ORPC Maine April 2017 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise Fish, Nearfield Habitat
Coherence Extrapolation for Underwater Ambient Noise Quijano, J., et al. May 2014 Journal Article N/A Noise N/A
Collaboration and Innovation Challenges faced by the Ocean Energy Sector and Possible Solutions Marine Renewables Industry Association (MRIA) May 2018 Report Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Collaborative Offshore Wind Research into the Environment Electromagnetic Field (COWRIE EMF) Research Gill, A., et al. January 2003 Research Study OES-Environmental N/A EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish, Marine Mammals
Collaborative Research on Finfish, Their Distribution, and Diversity in Cobscook Bay Vieser, J. August 2014 Thesis N/A N/A Fish
Collision Risk of Fish with Wave and Tidal Devices ABP Marine Environmental Research July 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Dynamic Device Fish
Collision Risks Between Marine Renewable Energy Devices and Mammals, Fish and Diving Birds Wilson, B., et al. March 2007 Report Marine Energy general Dynamic Device Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Collisions Between Ships and Whales Laist, D., et al. January 2001 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Colonisation of Fish and Crabs of Wave Energy Foundations and the Effects of Manufactured Holes - A Field Experiment Langhamer, O., Wilhelmsson, D. June 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Colonization of an Artificial Hard Substrate by Mytilus edulis in the German Bight Joschko, T., et al. October 2008 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Colonization of Blue Mussels (Mytilus Edulis) on Offshore Wave Power Installations Langhamer, O. July 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Combined Exploitation of Offshore Wind and Wave Energy in the Italian Seas: A Spatial Planning Approach Azzellino, A., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Combined Optical and Acoustic Monitoring of Fishes in the Demonstration Site of Marine Renewable Energy Development Kitazawa, D., Mizukami, Y. June 2016 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Fish
Combining Offshore Wind and Wave Energy Extraction: An Environmental Perspective Rumes, B., et al. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Combining Passive Acoustics and Imaging Sonar Techniques to Study Sperm Whales' Foraging Strategies Giorli, G. September 2017 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Combining Wave Energy with Wind and Solar: Short-Term Forecasting Reikard, G., Robertson, B., Bidlot, J. September 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Commercial Ocean Fishing Statistics for California California Department of Fish and Wildlife January 2000 Website N/A N/A Socio-economics, Fishing
Communicating Marine Environmental Information to Decision Makers: Enablers and Barriers to Use of Publications (Grey Literature) of the Gulf of Maine Council on the Marine Environment Cossarini, D., MacDonald, B., Wells, P. August 2014 Journal Article N/A N/A Socio-economics
Communication Masking in Marine Mammals: A Review and Research Strategy Erbe, C., et al. February 2016 Journal Article N/A Noise Marine Mammals
Community and Business Toolkit for Tidal Energy Development MacDougall, S., Colton, J. March 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Community Energy and Emissions Planning for Tidal Current Turbines: A Case Study of the Municipalities of the Southern Gulf Islands Region, British Columbia Sangiuliano, S. September 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Life Cycle Assessment
Companhia da Energia Oceânica SA (CEO) - Aguçadoura Pelamis Wave Power July 2008 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Comparative Effects of Climate Change and Tidal Stream Energy Extraction in a Shelf Sea De Demonicis, M., Wolf, J., Murray, R. July 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Comparative effects of climate change and tidal stream energy extraction in the NW European continental shelf De Dominicis, M., Wolf, J., Murray, R. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Farfield Environment
Comparative Studies Reveal Variability in the use of Tidal Stream Environments by Seabirds Waggitt, J., et al. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Birds, Seabirds
Comparing methods suitable for monitoring marine mammals in low visibility conditions during seismic surveys Verfuss, U., et al. January 2018 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals
Comparing nekton distributions at two tidal energy sites suggests potential for generic environmental monitoring Wiesebron, L., et al. July 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Fish
Comparing Transect Survey and WSR-88D Radar Methods for Monitoring Daily Changes in Stopover Migrant Communities Fischer, R., et al. February 2012 Journal Article N/A N/A Birds
Comparison of Blade-Strike Modeling Results with Empirical Data Ploskey, G., Carlson, T. March 2004 Report Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
Comparison of Energy Systems Using Life Cycle Assessment World Energy Council July 2004 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Life Cycle Assessment
Comparison of hydro-environmental impacts for ebb-only and two-way generation for a Severn Barrage Ahmadian, R., Falconer, R., Bockelmann-Evans, B. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Nearfield Habitat
Comparison of Simulation Models Used in Assessing the Effects of Power-Plant-Induced Mortality on Fish Populations Swartzman, G., Deriso, R., Cowan, C. May 1977 Conference Paper N/A Dynamic Device Fish
Comparison of Underwater Background Noise during Spring and Neap Tide in a High Tidal Current Site: Ramsey Sound Broudic, M., et al. January 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise N/A
Compatibility of Magnetic Imprinting and Secular Variation Putman, N., Lohmann, K. July 2008 Journal Article N/A EMF Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Compatibility of offshore energy installations with marine protected areas Thurstan, R., Yates, K., O'Leary, B. February 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Ecosystem
Compliance Monitoring Of Underwater Blasting For Rock Removal At Warrior Point, Columbia River Channel Improvement Project Carlson, T., et al. May 2011 Report N/A Noise Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Comprehensive Planning, Dominant-Use Zones, and User Rights: A New Era in Ocean Governance Sanchirico, J., et al. January 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Computational Prediction of Pressure Change in the Vicinity of Tidal Stream Turbines and the Consequences for Fish Survival Rate Zangiabadi, E., et al. February 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device, Static Device Fish
Computational Tools to Assess Turbine Biological Performance Richmond, M., et al. July 2014 Magazine Article Marine Energy general, Riverine N/A Fish
Conceptual Models of Potential Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Impacts on Biological Resources Grippo, M., Hlohowskyj, I. October 2012 Report Marine Energy general EMF, Energy Removal, Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Concerning an Act on Offshore Renewable Energy Production (the Offshore Energy Act) Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum and Energy January 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Concurrent and Legacy Economic and Environmental Impacts from Establishing a Marine Energy Sector in Scotland Allan, G., et al. July 2008 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Confronting the Financing Impasse: Risk Management through Internationally Staged Investments in Tidal Energy Development MacDougall, S. June 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Confusion Reigns? A Review of Marine Megafauna Interactions with Tidal-Stream Environments Benjamins, S., et al. August 2015 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Birds, Marine Mammals
Consenting Guidance for Developers at the EMEC Fall of Warness Test Site European Marine Energy Centre January 2015 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Consenting ocean energy projects: issues, challenges and opportunities O'Hagen, A., Wright, G. January 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Consenting Processes for Ocean Energy on OES Member Countries WavEC Offshore Renewables February 2015 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Consenting Processes for Ocean Energy Updated on Barriers and Recommendations O'Hagan, A. July 2016 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Consenting, EIA and HRA Guidance for Marine Renewable Energy Developments in Scotland European Marine Energy Centre, Xodus Group August 2010 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Consideration of scales in offshore wind environmental impact assessments Ryan, K., Danylchuk, A., Jordaan, A. March 2019 Journal Article Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Consistency Conflicts and Federalism Choice: Marine Spatial Planning Beyond the States' Territorial Seas Burger, M. July 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Context-Dependent Impacts of Anthropogenic Noise on Individual and Social Behaviour in a Cooperatively Breeding Fish Bruintjes, R., Radford, A. June 2013 Journal Article N/A Noise Fish
Contrasting effects of GPS device and harness attachment on adult survival of Lesser Black‐backed Gulls Larus fuscus and Great Skuas Stercorarius skua Thaxter, C., et al. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Birds
Coordination and Cooperation in the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive and the US National Ocean Policy Maier, N. May 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
Coping with Uncertainty in Environmental Impact Assessments: Open Techniques Cardenas, I., Halman, J. September 2016 Journal Article N/A N/A Farfield Environment, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
CorPower Ocean – Scapa Flow, EMEC CorPower Ocean January 2018 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Corrections of Fish School Area and Mean Volume Backscattering Strength by Simulation of an Omnidirectional Multi-Beam Sonar Trygonis, V., Kapelponis, Z. March 2018 Journal Article N/A N/A Fish
Correlations Between Benthic Habitats and Demersal Fish Assemblages - A Case Study on the Dogger Bank (North Sea) Sell, A., Kröncke, I. July 2013 Journal Article N/A Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Corrosion of Stainless Steel in Simulated Tide of Fresh Natural Seawater of South East Pacific Fischer, D., et al. July 2016 Journal Article N/A N/A N/A
Costa Head Wave Farm Archimedes Wave Swing Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Costa Head Wave Farm: Scoping Report Offshore Project Infrastructure Xodus Group May 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Councils in Partnership: A Local Authority Perspective on Marine Spatial Planning Turnbull, S. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Counting Seabirds at Sea from Ships: A Review of Methods Employed and a Suggestion for a Standardized Approach Tasker, M., et al. July 1984 Journal Article N/A N/A Birds, Seabirds
Coupled Modeling of Hydrodynamics and Sound in Coastal Ocean for Renewable Ocean Energy Development Long, W., et al. March 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general Noise N/A
COWRIE 2.0 Electromagnetic Fields (EMF) Phase 2: EMF Sensitive Fish Response to EM Emissions from Sub-sea Electricity Cables of the Type used by the Offshore Renewable Energy Industry Gill, A., et al. March 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind EMF Fish
Creation of microhabitats (tidepools) in ripraps with climax communities as a way to mitigate negative effects of artificial substrate on marine biodiversity Ostale-Valriberas, E., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Criteria and Case Definitions for Serious Injury and Death of Pinnipeds and Cetaceans Caused by Anthropogenic Trauma Moore, M., et al. April 2013 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device, Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
Critical challenges and capacity building needs for renewable energy deployment in Pacific Small Island Developing States (Pacific SIDS) Lucas, H., et al. August 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Climate Change

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