Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers.


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Titlesort descending Author* Date** Type of Content Technology Types Stressors Receptors
"Small is Beautiful" - But will Small WECs Ever Become Commercial? Friis-Madsen, E., Soerensen, H., Russell, I. July 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
'You don't do a chemistry experiment in your best china': Symbolic interpretations of place and technology in a wave energy case McLachlan, C. December 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data
2011 Water Power Technologies Peer Review Report Murphy, M., Zayas, J., Reed, M. June 2012 Report Marine Energy general N/A N/A
2017 Marine Hydrokinetic Instrumentation Workshop Report Driscoll, F., Mauer, E., Rieks, J. March 2018 Workshop Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
2018 State of the Sector Report: Marine Renewable Energy in Canada Marine Renewables Canada June 2018 Report Marine Energy general, Riverine, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
3D modelling of the impacts of in-stream horizontal-axis Tidal Energy Converters (TECs) on offshore sandbank dynamics Chatzirodou, A., Karunarathna, H., Reeve, D. October 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment
40MW Oyster Wave Array North West Coast, Isle of Lewis Environmental Statement Royal Haskoning March 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave N/A N/A
A 1:8.7 Scale Water Tunnel Verification & Validation of an Axial Flow Water Turbine Fontaine, A., et al. August 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Riverine, Tidal N/A N/A
A Bayesian approach to habitat suitability prediction Lockett, D. March 2012 Thesis Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
A Benchmark for Life Cycle Air Emissions and Life Cycle Impact Assessment of Hydrokinetic Energy Extraction using Life Cycle Assessment Miller, V., Landis, A., Schaefer, L. March 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
A Best Practice Framework to Reconcile Full-scale Marine Renewable Energy Deployments with Marine Natura 2000 Sites Le Lièvre, C. June 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A N/A
A Comparative Review of Entrainment Survival Studies at Power Plants in Estuarine Environments Mayhew, D., et al. September 2000 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Entrapment N/A
A Comparison of Numerical Modelling Techniques for Tidal Stream Turbine Analysis Masters, I., et al. July 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
A Comparison of Underwater Noise at Two High Energy Sites Willis, M., et al. September 2011 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise N/A
A Conflict of Greens: Green Development Versus Habitat Preservation - The Case of Incheon, South Korea Ko, Y., Schubert, D., Hester, R. June 2011 Magazine Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Birds, Human Dimensions
A Coordinated Action Plan for Addressing Collision Risk for Marine Mammals and Tidal Turbines Hutchison, I., Copping, A. August 2016 Workshop Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Avoidance, Collision Marine Mammals
A Diving Bird Collision Risk Assessment Framework for Tidal Turbines Grant, M., Trinder, M., Harding, N. January 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Birds
A dynamic risk assessment method to address safety of navigation concerns around offshore renewable energy installations Mehdi, R., Baldauf, M., Deeb, H. March 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Navigation
A Finite Element Circulation Model for Embayments with Drying Intertidal Areas and its Application to the Quoddy Region of the Bay of Fundy Greenberg, D., et al. January 2005 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
A fish-eye view of riverine hydropower systems: the current understanding of the biological response to turbine passage Pracheil, B., et al. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Riverine Avoidance, Collision Fish
A Framework for an International Marine Energy Roadmap Mueller, M., et al. January 2007 Workshop Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
A Framework for Determining Improved Placement of Current Energy Converters Subject to Environmental Constraints Nelson, K., et al. June 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
A Framework for Environmental Risk Assessment and Decision-Making for Tidal Energy Development in Canada Isaacman, L., Daborn, G., Redden, A. August 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Legal & Policy
A Framework for Environmental Risk Assessment and Decision-Making for Tidal Energy Development in Canada [Presentation] Isaacman, L., Daborn, G., Redden, A. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
A framework to evaluate the environmental impact of OCEAN energy devices Mendoza, E., et al. June 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Ocean Current, OTEC, Tidal, Wave, Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
A French Application Case of Tidal Turbine Certification Paboeuf, S., Macadre, L., Sun, P. June 2016 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
A fundamental coupling methodology for modeling near-field and far-field wave effects of floating structures and wave energy devices Stratigaki, V., Troch, P., Forehand, D. December 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Physical Environment
A General Theory on Fish Aggregation to Floating Objects: An Alternative to the Meeting Point Hypothesis Castro, J., Santiago, J., Santana-Ortega, A. June 2002 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Attraction, Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Fish
A Geographical-Based Multi-Criteria Approach for Marine Energy Farm Planning Maslov, N., et al. May 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
A high-resolution hindcast of sea level and 3D currents for marine renewable energy applications: A case study in the Bay of Biscay Chiri, H., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
A Holistic Method for Selecting Tidal Stream Energy Hotspots Under Technical, Economic and Functional Constraints Vazquez, A., Iglesias, G. June 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
A Marine Spatial Planning Approach to Select Suitable Areas for Installing Wave Energy Converters on the Basque Continental Shelf (Bay of Biscay) Galparsoro, I., et al. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Static Device Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
A Marine Spatial Planning Framework for the Optimal Siting of Marine Renewable Energy Installations: Two Danish Case Studies Azzellino, A., et al. January 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
A Method for EIA Scoping of Wave Energy Converters - Based on Classification of the Used Technology Margheritini, L., Hansen, A., Frigaard, P. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Farfield Environment, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
A Methodology for Multi-Criteria Design of Multi-Use Offshore Platforms for Marine Renewable Energy Harvesting Zanuttigh, B., et al. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
A Methodology to Assess Displacement Effects on Key Wildlife Species Arising from Marine Energy Conversion Systems using Onshore Observation Data Long, C., Scott-Hayward, L., Norris, J. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General) Displacement, Habitat Change N/A
A Modeling Study of the Potential Water Quality Impacts from In-Stream Tidal Energy Extraction Wang, T., Yang, Z., Copping, A. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Water Quality
A Modeling Study of Tidal Energy Extraction and the Associated Impact on Tidal Circulation in a Multi-Inlet Bay System of Puget Sound Wang, T., Yang, Z. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment
A New Tool to Forecast Fish Movement and Passage Goodwin, R., et al. August 2007 Magazine Article Marine Energy general, Riverine N/A Fish
A Political, Economic, Social, Technology, Legal and Environmental (PESTLE) Approach for Risk Identification of the Tidal Industry in the United Kingdom Kolios, A., Read, G. October 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy, Stakeholder Engagement
A Political, Economic, Social, Technology, Legal and Environmental (PESTLE) Approach for Risk Identification of the Tidal Industry in the United Kingdom Kolios, A., Read, G. September 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data, Stakeholder Engagement
A Portable, Real-Time Passive Acoustic System and Autonomous Hydrophone Array for Noise Monitoring of Offshore Wave Energy Projects Haxel, J., et al. April 2016 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Noise N/A
A Probabilistic Model for Hydrokinetic Turbine Collision Risks: Exploring Impacts on Fish Hammar, L., et al. March 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Avoidance, Changes in Flow, Collision Fish
A Protocol for Classifying Ecologically Relevant Marine Zones, A Statistical Approach Verfaillie, E., et al. March 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Nearfield Habitat
A Protocol for Implementing the Interim Population Consequences of Disturbance (PCoD) approach: Quantifying and Assessing the Effects of UK Offshore Renewable Energy Developments on Marine Mammal Populations Booth, C., et al. November 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Marine Mammals
A Quality Management Review of Scotland's Sectoral Marine Plan for Tidal Energy Sangiuliano, S. August 2016 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
A Quantitative, Non-Destructive Methodology for Habitat Characterisation and Benthic Monitoring at Offshore Renewable Energy Developments Sheehan, E., Stevens, T., Attrill, M. December 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
A Regional Ecological Risk Assessment of the Kaipara Harbour, New Zealand, Using a Relative Risk Model Kanwar, P., Bowden, W., Greenhalgh, S. May 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
A Remotely Operated, Autonomous Wave Energy Converter System Lewis, T. March 2014 Thesis Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
A review of crustacean sensitivity to high amplitude underwater noise: Data needs for effective risk assessment in relation to UK commercial species Edmonds, N., et al. July 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Benthic Invertebrates
A Review of Marine Bird Diving Behaviour: Assessing Underwater Collision Risk with Tidal Turbines Robbins, A., et al. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy (General), Tidal Avoidance, Collision Birds, Seabirds
A Review of Methods and Models for Environmental Monitoring of Marine Renewable Energy Bender, A., Francisco, F., Sundberg, J. September 2017 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A N/A
A Review of Regulatory and Policy Requirements for Hydrokinetic Power Projects in New York State Linz, F., Hirschberger, A., Casadonte, A. December 2012 Report Marine Energy general N/A N/A
A Review of Studies Related to the Effects of Propeller-Type Turbine Passage on Fish Early Life Stages Cada, G. January 1990 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
A Review of the Application of Lifecycle Analysis to Renewable Energy Systems Lund, C., Biswas, W. April 2008 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Life Cycle Assessment
A Review of the Current Understanding of the Hydro-Environmental Impacts of Energy Removal by Tidal Turbines Nash, S., Phoenix, A. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal N/A
A Review of the Environmental Impacts for Marine and Hydrokinetic Projects to Inform Regulatory Permitting: Summary Findings from the 2015 Workshop on Marine and Hydrokinetic Technologies, Washington, D.C. Baring-Gould, E., et al. July 2016 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
A Review of the Potential Impacts of Wave and Tidal Energy Development on Scotland's Marine Environment Aquatera June 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Nearfield Habitat
A Review of the Potential Water Quality Impacts of Tidal Renewable Energy Systems Kadiri, M., et al. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
A review of unmanned vehicles for the detection and monitoring of marine fauna Verfuss, U., et al. March 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
A Review on the Technology, Performance, Design Optimization, Reliability, Techno-Economics and Environmental Impacts of Hydrokinetic Energy Conversion Systems Kumar, D., Sarkar, S. June 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device N/A
A roadmap for marine spatial planning: A critical examination of the European Commission's guiding principles based on their application in the Clyde MSP Pilot Project Flannery, W., Cinnéide, M. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning, Stakeholder Engagement
A Scenario-Based Approach to Evaluating Potential Environmental Impacts Following a Tidal Barrage Installation Kidd, I., et al. November 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Ecosystem Processes, Physical Environment
A Scoping Study on: Research into Changes in Sediment Dynamics Linked to Marine Renewable Energy Installations Amoudry, L., et al. April 2009 Report Marine Energy (General) Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
A Sea of Troubles? Evaluating User Conflicts in the Development of Ocean Energy de Groot, J., et al. January 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
A Self-Contained Subsea Platform for Acoustic Monitoring of the Environment Around Marine Renewable Energy Devices - Field Deployments at Wave and Tidal Energy Sites in Orkney, Scotland Williamson, B., et al. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Collision Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
A strategic analysis of tidal current energy conversion systems in the European Union Segura, E., Morales, R., Somolinos, J. February 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
A Study of the Change in the Wave Field Due to the Presence of Wave Energy Converters Kalén, O. January 2010 Thesis Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
A systematic review of transferable solution options for the environmental impacts of tidal lagoons Elliott, K., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
A Tool for Simulating Collision Probabilities of Animals with Marine Renewable Energy Devices Schmitt, P., et al. November 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device N/A
A transformational paradigm for marine renewable energy development Graziano, M., et al. January 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data
A Validation of the dBht as a Measure of the Behavioural and Auditory Effects of Underwater Noise Nedwell, J., et al. October 2007 Report Marine Energy general Noise N/A
A Wave Farm for an Island: Detailed Effects on the Nearshore Wave Climate Veigas, M., Ramos, V., Iglesias, G. May 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow N/A
A World First: Swansea Bay Tidal Lagoon in Review Waters, S., Aggidis, G. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Accelerating Ocean Energy to the Marketplace: Environmental Research at the U.S. Department of Energy National Laboratories Copping, A., et al. October 2010 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General) N/A N/A
Accommodating Wave and Tidal Energy - Control and Decision in Scotland Johnson, K., Kerr, S., Side, J. September 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Acoustic Characterization of a Hydrokinetic Turbine Polagye, B., Murphy, P. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Riverine Noise N/A
Acoustic characterization of Mutriku OWC Plant Bald, J., et al. March 2017 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave Noise N/A
Acoustic Environmental Monitoring - Wello Penguin Cooling System Noise Study Beharie, R., Side, J. January 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave Noise N/A
Acoustic Field Calibration for Noise Prediction: the CALCOM'10 Data Set Martins, N., Felisberto, P., Jesus, S. June 2011 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Noise N/A
Acoustic Imaging around Marine Renewable Energy Devices - Field Deployments of the FLOWBEC Platform Williamson, B., et al. July 2016 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Nearfield Habitat
Acoustic impact of a wave energy converter in Mediterranean shallow waters Buscaino, G., et al. July 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Noise Fish
Acoustic Life Cycle Assessment of Offshore Renewables - Implications from a Wave-Energy Converter Deployment in Falmouth Bay, UK Blondel, P., Walsh, J. June 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Noise N/A
Acoustic Monitoring of Beluga Whale Interactions with Cook Inlet Tidal Energy Project ORPC Alaska February 2014 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Acoustic Noise Measurement Methodology for the Billia Croo Wave Energy Test Site Lepper, P., et al. November 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Noise N/A
Acoustic Tracking of Fish Movements in the Minas Passage and FORCE Demonstration Area: Pre-Turbine Baseline Studies (2011-2013) Redden, A., Stokesbury, M. January 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Fish
Active acoustic monitoring in extreme turbulence around marine renewable energy devices Fraser, S., et al. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Adding People to the Sea: Conceptualizing Social Sustainability in Maritime Spatial Planning Saunders, F., Gilek, M., Tafon, R. January 2019 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Addressing the Effects of Human-Generated Sound on Marine Life: An Integrated Research Plan for US Federal Agencies Southall, B., et al. January 2009 Report Marine Energy (General) Noise Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Admiralty Inlet Basin Flow Model Pacific Northwest National Laboratory January 2012 Video Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal N/A
Admiralty Inlet Final Environmental Assessment Snohomish County Public Utility District No. 1 August 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Admiralty Inlet Final License Application Snohomish County Public Utility District No. 1 March 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A N/A
Admiralty Inlet Pilot Tidal Project OpenHydro Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Admiralty Inlet Post-Installation Environmental Monitoring Summary Polagye, B. April 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Advanced Anchoring and Mooring Study Sound and Sea Technologies November 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Static Device N/A
Advances in Research to Understand the Impacts of Wave and Tidal Energy Devices in the United States Brown-Saracino, J. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A N/A
Advancing a Key Consenting Risk for Tidal Energy: The Risk of Marine Mammal Collision for In-Stream Tidal Energy Devices Booth, C., et al. April 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Marine Mammals
Agent-Based Modelling of fish collisions with tidal turbines Rossington, K., Benson, T. May 2019 Presentation Marine Energy (General), Tidal Avoidance, Collision Fish
Airborne and Underwater Noise Assessment at the Pico OWC Wave Power Plant de Moura, A., et al. October 2010 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Noise N/A
Algorithms for Marine Mammal Modelling and an Application in Ramsey Sound Lake, T., Masters, I., Croft, N. January 2017 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals

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