Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers.


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Title Author* Date** Type of Content Technology Types Stressors Receptorssort descending
Updated Summary of Knowledge: Selected Areas of the Pacific Coast Kaplan, B., et al. July 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Ecosystem, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics
Installation of Tidal Turbine Array at Kyle Rhea, Scotland: Scoping Study Bedford, G., Tarrant, D., Trendall, J. March 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
The Kyle Rhea Tidal Stream Array Environmental Statement: Non-Technical Summary Sea Generation January 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Fairhead Tidal Environmental Impact Assessment Scoping Document McGrath, C. December 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal EMF, Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Oregon State University and Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center Wave Energy Test Project US Department of Energy August 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Ramsey Sound Tidal Energy Limited Non-Technical Summary of the Environmental Statement Tidal Energy October 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
EMEC Fall of Warness Test Site: Environmental Appraisal European Marine Energy Centre August 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental Assessment Registration Document - Fundy Tidal Energy Demonstration Project Volume I: Environmental Assessment AECOM June 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Wave Energy Test Site Environmental Assessment: Marine Corps Base Hawaii Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC) January 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Ecosystem, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
EMEC Tidal Test Facility Fall of Warness Eday, Orkney: Environmental Statement Foubister, L. June 2005 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Assessing potential impacts of energized submarine power cables on crab harvests Love, M., et al. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Socio-economics, Fishing
MeyGen Tidal Energy Project Phase 1: Environmental Statement MeyGen January 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Noise Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Making Marine Renewable Energy Mainstream Murray, M. April 2011 Presentation Marine Energy (General), Wave Noise Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Pathways of Effects for Offshore Renewable Energy in Canada Isaacman, L., Daborn, G. December 2011 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Avoidance, Changes in Flow, Chemicals, Collision, Displacement, EMF, Habitat Change, Lighting, Noise Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Physical Environment, Reptiles, Human Dimensions
Wave Energy in Tropical Regions: Deployment Challenges, Environmental and Social Perspectives Felix, A., et al. July 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave N/A Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data
Environmental Scoping Report Westray South Tidal Array SSE Renewables October 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise, Static Device Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics
Reedsport OPT Environmental Assessment Ocean Power Technologies December 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics
A Conflict of Greens: Green Development Versus Habitat Preservation - The Case of Incheon, South Korea Ko, Y., Schubert, D., Hester, R. June 2011 Magazine Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Birds, Human Dimensions
SeaGen Tidal Turbine - An Exercise in Adaptive Management Ainsworth, D. April 2011 Presentation Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Birds, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions
Wave Hub Environmental Statement South West of England Regional Development Agency June 2006 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Noise Birds, Seabirds, Ecosystem, Fish, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Billia Croo Environmental Statement Carl Bro Group July 2002 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave N/A Birds, Seabirds, Shorebirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Applying Ecological Risk Assessment Methodology for Outlining Ecosystem Effects of Ocean Energy Technologies Hammar, L., Gullström, M. January 2011 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General) N/A Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
South Korea's Plans for Tidal Power: When a "Green" Solution Creates More Problems Ko, Y., Schubert, D. November 2011 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Fisheries, Social & Economic Data
Ecological best practice in decommissioning: a review of scientific research Fortune, I., Paterson, D. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
From ocean sprawl to blue-green infrastructure – A UK perspective on an issue of global significance Evans, A., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Contributions of marine infrastructures to marine planning and protected area networking Shabtay, A., Portman, M., Carmel, Y. June 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Tidal barrages in the UK: Ecological and social impacts, potential mitigation, and tools to support barrage planning Hooper, T., Austen, M. July 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Collision Ecosystem Processes, Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data
Current tidal power technologies and their suitability for applications in coastal and marine areas Roberts, A., et al. May 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Ecosystem, Socio-economics
Estimating Effects of Tidal Power Projects and Climate Change on Threatened and Endangered Marine Species and Their Food Web Busch, S., Greene, C., Good, T. December 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Ecosystem, Socio-economics, Climate Change
Vitamine ENA: A framework for the development of ecosystem-based indicators for decision makers Safi, G., et al. May 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Ecosystem, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Final Environmental Impact Statement National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration July 1981 Report Marine Energy general, OTEC Chemicals, Noise, Static Device Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
The Biskay Marine Energy Platform (bimep), Environmental Impacts and Monitoring Plan Bald, J., et al. October 2012 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
An Economic and Environmental Assessment of Transporting Bulk Energy from a Grazing Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Facility Gilmore, E., Blohm, A., Sinsabaugh, S. November 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC N/A Farfield Environment, Socio-economics
An artificial neural network model of coastal erosion mitigation through wave farms Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Bergillos, R., Iglesias, G. September 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Socio-economics
Wave farm impacts on coastal flooding under sea-level rise: A case study in southern Spain Bergillos, R., Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Iglesias, G. February 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Socio-economics, Climate Change
A Method for EIA Scoping of Wave Energy Converters - Based on Classification of the Used Technology Margheritini, L., Hansen, A., Frigaard, P. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Farfield Environment, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Development of Wireless Control System With Underwater Fish-Eye Camera to Monitor Fish at the Test Site of Marine Renewable Energy Yoshida, T., et al. November 2019 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General) N/A Fish, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Mapping Fisheries for Marine Spatial Planning: Gear-Specific Vessel Monitoring System (VMS), Marine Conservation and Offshore Renewable Energy Campbell, M., et al. March 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Fish, Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Prioritisation of monitoring and research for diadromous fish in the context of Marine/Offshore Renewables: A summary of stakeholder engagement meetings between Marine Scotland, wild fisheries interests and wind, wave and tidal developers Hunter, D., Malcolm, I., Armstrong, J. March 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Fish, Human Dimensions, Fisheries, Stakeholder Engagement
Camera technology for monitoring marine biodiversity and human impact Bicknell, A., et al. October 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Fish, Invertebrates, Human Dimensions
Addressing the Effects of Human-Generated Sound on Marine Life: An Integrated Research Plan for US Federal Agencies Southall, B., et al. January 2009 Report Marine Energy (General) Noise Fish, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Admiralty Inlet Final Environmental Assessment Snohomish County Public Utility District No. 1 August 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Environmental Assessment for Mississippi River Lock and Dam No. 2 Hydroelectric Project City of Hastings September 2008 Report Marine Energy (General), Riverine Collision Fish, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Assessing the Environmental Impact of the Annapolis Tidal Power Project Tidmarsh, W. January 1984 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Fish, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental Impact Assessments for Wave Energy Developments - Learning from Existing Activities and Informing Future Research Priorities Leeney, R., et al. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Fish, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Marine renewables and coastal communities—Experiences from the offshore oil industry in the 1970s and their relevance to marine renewables in the 2010s Johnson, K., Kerr, S., Side, J. March 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Human Dimensions
An assessment of research and development leadership in ocean energy technologies Bruch, V. April 1994 Report Marine Energy general N/A Human Dimensions
Case Study - Wave Dragon Milford Haven Project N/A December 2008 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave N/A Human Dimensions
ORJIP Ocean Energy: The Forward Look; an Ocean Energy Environmental Research Strategy for the UK ORJIP July 2015 Report Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions
PG&E WaveConnect Program Final Report Dooher, B., et al. December 2011 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave N/A Human Dimensions
Instream Tidal Power in North America: Environmental and Permitting Issues Devine Tarbell & Associates June 2006 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Human Dimensions
Proceedings of the Hydrokinetic and Wave Energy Technologies Technical and Environmental Issues Workshop US Department of Energy March 2006 Workshop Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions
The State of Knowledge for Environmental Effects: Driving Consenting/Permitting for the Marine Renewable Energy Industry Copping, A. January 2018 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave N/A Human Dimensions
Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Development Technical Support and General Environmental Studies Copping, A., Geerlofs, S. January 2010 Report Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions
Management of Coastal Flooding Under Climate Change Through Wave Farms Bergillos, R., Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Iglesias, G. January 2020 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Human Dimensions, Climate Change
Ocean Energy and Coastal Protection A Novel Strategy for Coastal Management Under Climate Change Bergillos, R., Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Iglesias, G. January 2020 Book Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Human Dimensions, Climate Change
The Case for Renewables Apart from Global Warming Swift-Hook, D. January 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Climate Change
Biodiversity Issues Should Be Better Taken into Account in the Energy Transition Hallosserie, A., et al. August 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Climate Change
Ensuring Co-benefits for Biodiversity, Climate Change and Sustainable Development Smith, R., et al. August 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Climate Change, Environmental Impact Assessment, Legal & Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Ecological Effects of Electricity Generation, Storage and Use Henderson, P. May 2018 Book Marine Energy (General), Ocean Current, OTEC, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Climate Change, Environmental Impact Assessment, Social & Economic Data
Marine Spatial Planning in a Climate of Uncertainty - An Irish Perspective Carr, L. May 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Climate Change, Marine Spatial Planning
EcoWatt2050 Project Summary Side, J. January 2017 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Climate Change, Marine Spatial Planning
The dynamic linkage between renewable energy, tourism, CO2 emissions, economic growth, foreign direct investment, and trade Jebli, M., Youssef, S., Apergis, N. February 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Climate Change, Recreation & Tourism, Social & Economic Data
Effects of trust and public participation on acceptability of renewable energy projects in the Netherlands and China Liu, L., et al. July 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Climate Change, Social & Economic Data, Stakeholder Engagement
Cumulative Impact Assessment of Tidal Stream Energy Extraction in the Irish Sea Haverson, D., et al. June 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Report on Environmental Impact Assessment and Mitigation Strategies TROPOS July 2014 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Cobscook Bay Tidal Energy Project: 2013 Environmental Monitoring Report ORPC Maine March 2014 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
SeaGen Environmental Monitoring Programme: Final Report Keenan, G., et al. January 2011 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Strategic Priorities for Assessing Ecological Impacts of Marine Renewable Energy Devices in the Pentland Firth (Scotland, UK) Shields, M., et al. July 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Galway Bay Marine and Renewable Energy Test Site Foreshore Lease Application Environmental Report The Marine Institute February 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
A review of unmanned vehicles for the detection and monitoring of marine fauna Verfuss, U., et al. March 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Sound of Islay Environmental Statement ScottishPower Renewables July 2010 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Proposed Torr Head Tidal Scheme Environmental Scoping Report THETIS Energy September 2009 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Strengthening the Role of Science in Marine Governance through Environmental Impact Assessment: A Case Study of the Marine Renewable Energy Industry Wright, G. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental aspects of designing multi-purpose offshore platforms in the scope of the FP7 TROPOS Project Lu, S., et al. April 2014 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
The Kyle Rhea Tidal Stream Array Volume II: Environmental Statement Royal Haskoning, Sea Generation (Kyle Rhea) Ltd. January 2013 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
An Adaptive Framework for Selecting Environmental Monitoring Protocols to Support Ocean Renewable Energy Development Shumchenia, E., et al. September 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Survey, Deploy and Monitor Licensing Policy Guidance Marine Scotland August 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Phase 2 - Bay of Fundy, Nova Scotia including the Outer Bay of Fundy Tidal Energy Project Site - Mi’kmaq Ecological Knowledge Study Moore, D., Hodder, C. May 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
SOWFIA Deliverable D 3.1: Inventory of Environmental Impact Monitoring Activities at Wave & Tidal Energy Sites in Europe Final Report Conley, D., et al. July 2011 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Ramsey Sound Tidal Energy Limited Scoping Report Tidal Energy November 2008 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Wave Dragon Mitigation Wave Dragon December 2005 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
A framework to evaluate the environmental impact of OCEAN energy devices Mendoza, E., et al. June 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Ocean Current, OTEC, Tidal, Wave, Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Deep Green Holyhead Deep Project Phase I (0.5 MW) - Environmental Statement Minesto June 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Swansea Bay Tidal Lagoon Adaptive Environmental Management Plan N/A November 2014 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
AMBEMAR-DSS: A decision support system for the environmental impact assessment of marine renewable energies Guinda, X., et al. June 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Potential of coastal headlands for tidal energy extraction and the resulting environmental effects along Negeri Sembilan coastlines: A numerical simulation study Goh, H., et al. February 2020 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Large-scale Water-related Innovative Renewable Energy Projects and the Habitats and Birds Directives: Legal Issues and Solutions van Hees, S. February 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Legal & Policy
SOWFIA Deliverable D5.5: Report of Final Project Conference, Aalborg, Denmark Perez-Collazo, C., Greaves, D. September 2013 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Legal & Policy
SOWFIA Enabling Wave Power: Streamlining Processes for Progress Greaves, D., et al. September 2013 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Legal & Policy
SOWFIA Deliverable D.3.3: Interim WP3 Report Magagna, D., et al. September 2013 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Legal & Policy
A Framework for Environmental Risk Assessment and Decision-Making for Tidal Energy Development in Canada Isaacman, L., Daborn, G., Redden, A. August 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Legal & Policy
Consenting, EIA and HRA Guidance for Marine Renewable Energy Developments in Scotland European Marine Energy Centre, Xodus Group August 2010 Report Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Legal & Policy
Protocol to Develop an Environmental Impact Study of Wave Energy Converters Bald, J., et al. May 2010 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Legal & Policy
Environmental assessment of intake alternatives for seawater reverse osmosis in the Arabian Gulf Al-Kaabi, A., Mackey, R. July 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Salinity Gradient N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Life Cycle Assessment
Equitable Testing and Evaluation of Marine Energy Extraction Devices in terms of Performance, Cost and Environmental Impact EquiMar March 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Life Cycle Assessment
Marine Renewable Energy in the Mediterranean Sea: Status and Perspectives Soukissian, T., et al. September 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), OTEC, Salinity Gradient, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Marine Spatial Planning, Social & Economic Data
Wave energy to power a desalination plant in the north of Gran Canaria Island: Wave resource, socioeconomic and environmental assessment Fernández Prieto, L., Rodríguez Rodríguez, G., Schallenberg Rodríguez, J. February 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Social & Economic Data
Atlantic Marine Energy Test Site Environmental Impact Statement Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland December 2011 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Social & Economic Data
Phase 1 - Bay of Fundy, Nova Scotia including the Fundy Tidal Energy Demonstration Project Site - Mi’kmaq Ecological Knowledge Study Moore, D., Hodder, G. August 2009 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Social & Economic Data

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