Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers.


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Title Author* Date** Type of Content Technology Types Stressors Receptorssort descending
Renewable Energy and Wildlife Conservation Moorman, C., Grodsky, S., Rupp, S. January 2019 Book Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General) N/A Bats, Birds
Colonization of Blue Mussels (Mytilus Edulis) on Offshore Wave Power Installations Langhamer, O. July 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Preliminary Assessment of the Conservation Importance of Benthic Species and Habitats off the West Coast of Orkney and in the Pentland Firth in Relation to the Development of Renewable Energy Schemes Moore, C. January 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Oregon Dungeness Crab Tagging Study Hildenbrand, K., Gladics, A., Eder, B. February 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Turbine Sound May Influence the Metamorphosis Behaviour of Estuarine Crab Megalopae Pine, M., Jeffs, A., Radford, C. December 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Benthic Invertebrates
ICES WGMBRED Report 2013: Report of the Working Group on Marine Benthal and Renewable Energy Developments (WGMBRED) International Council for the Exploration of the Sea March 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Marine Renewable Energy Development: Assessing the Benthic Footprint at Multiple Scales Miller, R., et al. October 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Benthos distribution modelling and its relevance for marine ecosystem management Reiss, H., et al. February 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Littoral Characterisation of West Mainland Orkney: The Relationship between Wave Energy, Topography and the Biological Community Want, A., Side, J., Bell, M. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Environmental Impacts over the Seabed and Benthic Communities of Underwater Cable Installation in the Biscay Marine Energy Platform (BIMEP) Bald, J., et al. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Monitoring Benthic Habitats and Biodiversity at the Tidal Energy Site of Paimpol-Brehat (Brittany, France) Carlier, A., et al. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Flow and Benthic Ecology 4D - FLOWBEC - An Overview Bell, P., et al. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Estimating Distribution of Sedimentary Benthic Habitats and Species on the Eastern Pacific Shelf and Detecting Effects of Device Deployment Henkel, S., et al. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Anthropogenic Sources of Underwater Sound can Modify how Sediment-Dwelling Invertebrates Mediate Ecosystem Properties Solan, M., et al. February 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Noise Benthic Invertebrates
Effects of Underwater Turbine Noise on Crab Larval Metamorphosis Pine, M., Jeffs, A., Radford, C. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise Benthic Invertebrates
Bottom substrate and associated epibenthic biota of the force tidal energy test site in Minas Passage, Bay of Fundy Morrison, K., Redden, A. January 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Minas Passage Lobster Tracking Study 2011-2013 Morrison, K., Broome, J., Redden, A. July 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Characterisation of the Biofouling Community on a Floating Wave Energy Device Nall, C., Schläppy, M., Guerin, A. May 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Wave energy and flow reduce the abundance and size of benthic species on oyster reefs Lunt, J., Reustle, J., Smee, D. April 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Good or Bad Vibrations? Impacts of Anthropogenic Vibration on the Marine Epibenthos Roberts, L., Elliott, M. October 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Benthic Invertebrates
Sensitivity of the Mussel Mytilus edulis to Substrate-Borne Vibration in Relation to Anthropogenically Generated Noise Roberts, L., et al. October 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Benthic Invertebrates
Habitat characterization of a tidal energy site using an ROV: Overcoming difficulties in a harsh environment Greene, H. September 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Benthic Community Composition on Submerged Reefs in the Central Great Barrier Reef Roberts, T., et al. June 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Does Stability in Local Community Composition Depend on Temporal Variation in Rates of Dispersal and Connectivity? Valanko, S., Norkko, J., Norkko, A. April 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Biodiversity Characterisation and Hydrodynamic Consequences of Marine Fouling Communities on Marine Renewable Energy Infrastructure in the Orkney Islands Archipelago, Scotland, UK Want, A., et al. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Fall of Warness HyTide 1000 Video Monitoring Data of Biofouling

Aquatera Ltd

May 2014 Dataset Marine Energy general, Tidal Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Setting an Agenda for Biofouling Research for the Marine Renewable Energy Industry Loxton, J., et al. September 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Benthic Invertebrates
The location of offshore wave power devices structures epifaunal assemblages Langhamer, O. December 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Understanding the effects of electromagnetic field emissions from Marine Renewable Energy Devices (MREDs) on the commercially important edible crab, Cancer pagurus (L.) Scott, K., Harsanyi, P., Lyndon, A. June 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates
BioFREE: An International Study of Biofouling Impacts on the Marine Renewable Energy Industry Want, A., Porter, J. December 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Benthic effects of offshore renewables: identification of knowledge gaps and urgently needed research Dannheim, J., et al. March 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Billia Croo Fisheries Project: Final Report to the Scottish Government European Marine Energy Centre November 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates
The trade-off between tidal-turbine array yield and environmental impact: A habitat suitability modelling approach du Feu, R., et al. May 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Benthic Invertebrates
A review of crustacean sensitivity to high amplitude underwater noise: Data needs for effective risk assessment in relation to UK commercial species Edmonds, N., et al. July 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Benthic Invertebrates
Updated Summary of Knowledge: Selected Areas of the Pacific Coast Kaplan, B., et al. July 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Ecosystem, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics
Installation of Tidal Turbine Array at Kyle Rhea, Scotland: Scoping Study Bedford, G., Tarrant, D., Trendall, J. March 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
The Kyle Rhea Tidal Stream Array Environmental Statement: Non-Technical Summary Sea Generation January 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Assessing Wave Energy Effects on Biodiversity: The Wave Hub Experience Witt, M., et al. October 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
FORCE Environmental Effects Monitoring Report September 2009 to January 2011 FORCE January 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Environmental Effects Monitoring Program Annual Report 2017 FORCE January 2018 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Environmental Effects Monitoring Report 2011-2013 FORCE January 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal EMF, Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Fairhead Tidal Environmental Impact Assessment Scoping Document McGrath, C. December 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal EMF, Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Oregon State University and Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center Wave Energy Test Project US Department of Energy August 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Ramsey Sound Tidal Energy Limited Non-Technical Summary of the Environmental Statement Tidal Energy October 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
EMEC Fall of Warness Test Site: Environmental Appraisal European Marine Energy Centre August 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Marine Renewable Energy and Environmental Interactions: Baseline Assessments of Seabirds, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles and Benthic Communities on the Oregon Shelf Henkel, S., Suryan, R., Lagerquist, B. February 2014 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Guidance on Survey and Monitoring in Relation to Marine Renewable Deployments in Scotland - Draft Reports Royal Haskoning September 2011 Report Marine Energy general N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Raptors, Seabirds, Shorebirds, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Environmental Monitoring at the Maren Wave Power Test Site Andersen, K., et al. September 2009 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Environmental Assessment Registration Document - Fundy Tidal Energy Demonstration Project Volume I: Environmental Assessment AECOM June 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Offshore Marine Renewable Energy Devices as Stepping Stones Across Biogeographical Boundaries Adams, T., et al. January 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Ecosystem
Spatial and Temporal Benthic Species Assemblage Responses with a Deployed Marine Tidal Energy Device: A Small Scaled Study Broadhurst, M., Orme, C. August 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Ecosystem
Turning Off the DRIP ('Data-Rich, Information-Poor') - Rationalising Monitoring with a Focus on Marine Renewable Energy Developments and the Benthos Wilding, T., et al. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Ecosystem
Artificial Reef Effect and Fouling Impacts on Offshore Wave Power Foundations and Buoys - A Pilot Study Langhamer, O., Wilhelmsson, D., Engström, J. April 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Baseline Data and Power Analysis for the OWET Dungeness Crab and Fish Baseline Study Terrill, S., et al. January 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Fish and Invertebrates - FY2012 Progress Report Woodruff, D., et al. May 2013 Report Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Assessing the Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Development on Marine and Estuarine Resources Ward, J., et al. January 2010 Conference Paper Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Effects of Noise on Fish, Fisheries, and Invertebrates in the U.S. Atlantic and Arctic from Energy Industry Sound-Generating Activities Hawkins, A., Popper, A. February 2012 Report Marine Energy general Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Effects on Freshwater Organisms of Magnetic Fields Associated with Hydrokinetic Turbines Cada, G., et al. July 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Riverine EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Long-Term Exposure of Several Marine Benthic Animals to Static Magnetic Fields Zettler, M., Bochert, R. September 2004 Journal Article Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Fish and Invertebrates - FY2010 Progress Report Schultz, I., et al. October 2010 Report Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Ecological Value of Submerged Breakwaters for Habitat Enhancement on a Residential Scale Scyphers, S., Powers, S., Heck, K. February 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
The Influence of Fisheries Exclusion and Addition of Hard Substrata on Fish and Crustaceans Wilhelmsson, D., Langhamer, O. January 2014 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Electromagnetic Field (EMF) Impacts on Elasmobranch (shark, rays, and skates) and American Lobster Movement and Migration from Direct Current Cables Hutchison, Z., et al. March 2018 Report Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Cobscook Bay Tidal Energy Project: 2014 Environmental Monitoring Report ORPC Maine March 2015 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Marine Species: A Literature Review Slater, M. September 2010 Report Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish, Marine Mammals
Study of the Acoustic Effects of Hydrokinetic Tidal Turbine in Admiralty Inlet, Puget Sound Collar, C., et al. March 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Fish, Marine Mammals
Underwater operational noise level emitted by a tidal current turbine and its potential impact on marine fauna Lossent, J., et al. June 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Fish, Marine Mammals
Environmental Monitoring of the Paimpol-Brehat Tidal Project Barillier, A., Carlier, A. February 2016 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals
EMEC Tidal Test Facility Fall of Warness Eday, Orkney: Environmental Statement Foubister, L. June 2005 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Assessing potential impacts of energized submarine power cables on crab harvests Love, M., et al. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Socio-economics, Fishing
Evaluating the Statistical Power of Detecting Changes in the Abundance of Seabirds at Sea Maclean, I., et al. January 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Birds
Population Sizes of Seabirds Breeding in Scottish SPAs Lewis, M., et al. July 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Birds
Using a Spatial Overlap Approach to Estimate the Risk of Collisions between Deep Diving Seabirds and Tidal Stream Turbines: A Review of Potential Methods and Approaches Waggitt, J., Scott, B. February 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Birds
Symbiotic Offshore Energy Harvesting and Storage Systems Slocum, A. September 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Birds
A Diving Bird Collision Risk Assessment Framework for Tidal Turbines Grant, M., Trinder, M., Harding, N. January 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Birds
Guidelines for a Sustainable Exploitation of Offshore Renewable Energy - Account on Seabird Species Cruz, E., Simas, T. December 2012 Report Marine Energy general N/A Birds
Diving Behaviour of Black Guillemots Cepphus grylle in the Pentland Firth, UK: Potential for Interactions with Tidal Stream Energy Developments Masden, E., Foster, S., Jackson, A. October 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Birds
An Evaluation of the Use of Shore-Based Surveys for Estimating Spatial Overlap between Deep-Diving Seabirds and Tidal Stream Turbines Waggitt, J., Bell, P., Scott, B. December 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Birds
Investigating the Potential Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Developments on Seabirds Wade, H. September 2015 Thesis Marine Energy general N/A Birds
Hydropower and Environmental Regulation - A Scottish Perspective Copestake, P. March 2006 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Birds
EMEC Fall of Warness Boat-Based Wildlife Surveys (RESPONSE Project)

University of Aberdeen

May 2012 Dataset Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Birds
Finding out the Fate of Displaced Birds Searle, K., et al. February 2018 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Birds
Modeling At-Sea Density of Marine Birds to Support Atlantic Marine Renewable Energy Planning Winship, A., et al. June 2018 Report Marine Energy general N/A Birds
Contrasting effects of GPS device and harness attachment on adult survival of Lesser Black‐backed Gulls Larus fuscus and Great Skuas Stercorarius skua Thaxter, C., et al. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Birds
Marine bird colony and at-sea distributions along the Oregon coast: Implications for marine spatial planning and information gap analysis Suryan, R., et al. April 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Birds
Meeting Europe's Renewable Energy Targets in Harmony with Nature BirdLife Europe January 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Birds
Wave & Tidal Consenting Position Paper Series: Ornithological Impacts Kirby, A., et al. October 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Birds
Tidal Barrages and Birds Clark, N. March 2006 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Displacement, Habitat Change Birds
First Specific Biodiversity Assessment in the Portuguese Pilot Zone for Marine Renewables Coelho, H., et al. June 2012 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Birds, Ecosystem, Marine Mammals
Review of Recent Literature Relevant to the Environmental Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Devices 2013 Kropp, R. January 2013 Report Marine Energy general N/A Birds, Fish
Summary of Environment Impact of Renewable Energy Resources Zhu, J., Cheung, K. December 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Birds, Fish
Multibeam Imaging of the Environment Around Marine Renewable Energy Devices Williamson, B., Blondel, P. December 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Changes in Flow Birds, Fish
Evaluating Effects of Stressors - Fiscal Year 2010 Progress Report: Environmental Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Anderson, R., Copping, A., Van Cleve, F. November 2010 Report Marine Energy (General) N/A Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals
MeyGen Tidal Energy Project Phase 1: Environmental Statement MeyGen January 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Noise Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Making Marine Renewable Energy Mainstream Murray, M. April 2011 Presentation Marine Energy (General), Wave Noise Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Long-Term Multibeam Measurements Around a Tidal Turbine Test Site in Orkney, Scotland Blondel, P., Williamson, B. August 2013 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Pentland Firth Meygen AR1500 FLOWBEC Platform Multi-beam and Echosounder Data

Atlantis Resources

October 2015 Dataset Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Pentland Firth MeyGen AR1500 and HS1500 Video Camera Data

Atlantis Resources

November 2016 Dataset Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Fall of Warness HyTide 1000 Video Monitoring Data of Wildlife Interactions

Aquatera Ltd

May 2014 Dataset Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Fall of Warness HyTide 1000 Observational Data Informing Video Analysis

Aquatera Ltd

June 2014 Dataset Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals

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