Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting Annex IV and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and Annex IV metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers. More entries will load as you scroll down.


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Title Author* Date**sort ascending Type of Content Technology Types Stressors Receptors
Electromagnetic Field Impacts on Elasmobranch and American Lobster Movement and Migration from Direct Current Cables King, J., et al. March 2015 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
RiCORE Project Gray, D., et al. January 2015 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Adaptable Monitoring Package (AMP) Polagye, B., et al. January 2015 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general Dynamic Device, Noise, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles
Marine Energy Research Innovation and Knowledge Accelorator (MERIKA) Greenwood, C., et al. March 2014 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
MaRVEN - Environmental Impacts of Noise, Vibrations and Electromagnetic Emissions from Marine Renewables Thomsen, F. December 2013 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave EMF, Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Will Ocean Energy Harm Marine Ecosystems? Hammar, L. January 2013 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Ocean Current, Tidal, Wave Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles
Modelling Foraging Strategies in High Energy Environments (FORSITE) Chimienti, M., et al. January 2013 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds
Partnership for Research In Marine Renewable Energy (PRIMaRE) Zhang, J., et al. January 2013 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general Chemicals, Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Bats, Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics
Pilot Marine Spatial Plan for the Pentland Firth and Orkney Waters Turnbull, S. April 2012 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Noise, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Sub-Mesoscale Flow Regime Modeling and the Influence of Energy Extraction at a Tidal Energy Site Harris, R. April 2012 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
Hydrokinetic Turbine Effects on Fish Swimming Behaviour Hammar, L., et al. February 2012 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device, Static Device Fish
Large Scale Interactive Coupled 3D Modelled for Wave and Tidal Energy Resource and Environmental Impact (TeraWatt) Heath, M., et al. February 2012 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Dynamic Device, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Environmental Impact Assessment of the Danish Wave Energy Center Margheritini, L., Azzellino, A. January 2012 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave EMF, Energy Removal, Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Impacts of Large Scale Wave Energy Converter Arrays on the Regional Wave Climate Christie, D., et al. January 2012 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Monitoring and Evaluation of Spatially Managed Areas (MESMA) van Hoof, L. January 2012 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Statistical Modelling of Bird and Cetacean Distributions in Offshore Renewables Development Areas Mackenzie, M., et al. January 2012 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general N/A Birds, Seabirds, Marine Mammals
A Diving Bird Collision Risk Assessment Framework for Tidal Turbines Grant, M., Trinder, M., Harding, N. January 2012 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Birds, Seabirds
Quantifying Benefits and Impacts of Fishing Exclusion Zones on Bio-Resources around Marine Renewable Energy Installations (QBEX) Blondel, P., et al. January 2012 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Ocean Current, Tidal, Wave Dynamic Device, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Fish, Marine Mammals
Understanding Benthic Productivity on Artificial Structures: Maximising the Benefit of Marine Renewable Energy Devices Porter, J., Rouse, S., Wilding, T. May 2011 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Dynamic Device, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Hebridean Marine Energy Futures (HMEF) Christie, D., et al. March 2011 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Coastal Marine Animal Surveys Kajiura, S. January 2011 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general EMF, Static Device Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Flow, Water Column & Benthic Ecology 4D (FLOWBEC) Blondel, P., et al. January 2011 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Energy Removal Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish
Sea Turtles in the Straits of Florida Wyneken, J. January 2011 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general Static Device Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Wave Energy Converters for use in Coastal Protection Nørgaard, J., Andersen, T. January 2011 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Farfield Environment
Optimising Array Form for Energy Extraction and Environmental Benefit (EBAO) Bryden, I., et al. January 2011 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Understanding How Marine Renewable Device Operations Influence Fine Scale Habitat Use & Behaviour of Marine Vertebrates (RESPONSE) Thompson, D., et al. January 2011 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Static Device Marine Mammals
Appropriate Assessment Screening for AMETS, Co. Mayo Scally, L. January 2011 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds
Impacts of Offshore Renewable Energy Devices on Population Connectivity Adams, T., et al. October 2010 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general Dynamic Device, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Streamlining of Ocean Wave Farms Impact Assessment (SOWFIA) Conley, D., et al. October 2010 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Socio-economics
Bayesian Integration for Marine Spatial Planning and Renewable Energy Siting Halsey, K., Goldfinger, C. September 2010 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Bats, Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Ocean Current Turbine Rotor Noise Glegg, S. August 2010 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Ocean Current, Tidal Noise Marine Mammals
Acoustic Effects of Tidal Energy Polagye, B., et al. May 2010 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise Fish, Marine Mammals
The Future of the Atlantic Marine Environment (FAME) de Liedekerke, V., et al. January 2010 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds, Seabirds
Flow Modification in Tory Channel Plew, D., Stevens, C. January 2010 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal, Static Device Farfield Environment
Hydrographic and Sediment Field Surveys Howes, B., et al. January 2010 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Marine Renewable Energy and the Environment (MaREE) Adams, T., et al. January 2010 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat
MRE Extraction and Gulf Stream Dynamics Hanson, H., Chassignet, E., Bosec, A. July 2009 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Ocean Current Energy Removal, Static Device N/A
Acoustic Impact Assessment of Offshore Energy Project Richier, L., Guinot, F. January 2009 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise Fish, Marine Mammals
Aquatic Renewable Energy Technologies 2 (Aqua-RET2) Daly, O. January 2009 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Offshore Power Production and Marine Stakeholders: From Understanding Conflict to Impact Mitigation Alexander, K., et al. January 2009 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Ecosystem, Fish, Socio-economics
Peninsula Research Institute for Marine Renewable Energy (PRIMaRE) Lorraine, R., Tremlett, C. January 2009 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Chemicals, Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Bats, Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Ecosystem, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Navigation
Flow Variability in Cook Strait Stevens, C. January 2009 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
Analysis of Bird and Marine Mammal Data for Billia Croo Wave Test Site, Orkney Robbins, A. January 2009 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave Dynamic Device, Static Device Birds, Seabirds, Waterfowl, Marine Mammals
Marine Fish Response to Pile Driving Sound Mueller-Blenkle, C., et al. January 2009 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Fish
The Ecological Impacts of Tidal Energy Development Broadhurst, M., et al. October 2008 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Impacts of TEC and WEC Array Operation on Sediment Dynamics Reche, P., et al. August 2008 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Wave Energy Acoustic Monitoring (WEAM) Sarmento, A. November 2007 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave Noise Marine Mammals
Wave Energy Planning and Marketing (WAVEPLAM) Lopez, J. October 2007 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Marine Renewable Energy Development in Scotland (MREDS) Side, J., et al. May 2007 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat
Field Based Experimental Studies of Marine Organism Response to Electromagnetic Field (EMF) Associated with Marine Renewable Energy Devices: Understanding the Environmental Impacts Gill, A. January 2007 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general EMF Fish
Aqua Renewable Energy Technologies (Aqua-RET) Murphy, D. October 2006 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Flow Structure Determination in French Pass NZ Stevens, C. January 2006 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Nearfield Habitat
Pentland Firth Tidal Stream Modelling Using Stanford Unstructured Non-hydrostatic Terrain-Following Adaptive Navier-Stokes Simulator (SUNTANS) Baston, S., Harris, R. January 2006 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal N/A
SuperGen Marine Energy Research Wallace, R., et al. October 2003 Research Study Annex IV Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Marine Mammals
Collaborative Offshore Wind Research into the Environment Electromagnetic Field (COWRIE EMF) Research Gill, A., et al. January 2003 Research Study Annex IV N/A EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish, Marine Mammals
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