Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers. More entries will load as you scroll down.


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Title Author* Date** Type of Contentsort descending Technology Types Stressors Receptors
RITE Monitoring of Environmental Effects (RMEE) Reports (DRAFT ver. Mar 2016) RITE Project (FERC No. P-12611) Smith, R. March 2016 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device, Noise Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Sea Turtles
Tidal Turbine Collision Detection: A review of the state-of-the-art sensors and imaging systems for detecting mammal collisions Jha, S. May 2016 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Marine Mammals
Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Discharges into their Adjacent Waters Grandelli, P., et al. September 2012 Report Marine Energy general, OTEC N/A N/A
TidGen Power System Commercialization Project Final Technical Report ORPC Maine December 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Monitoring getijdenturbines Oosterscheldekering Jaarrapportage 2018 Leopold, M., Scholl, M. March 2019 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds
National Policy Framework for Marine Renewable Energy within the United Kingdom Vantoch-Wood, A., et al. May 2012 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Marine bird colony and at-sea distributions along the Oregon coast: Implications for marine spatial planning and information gap analysis Suryan, R., et al. April 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Birds
EMEC Billia Croo Test Site: Environmental Appraisal Xodus Group March 2019 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Sound of Islay Demonstration Tidal Array: Inter-tidal Survey of Potential Cable Routes Trendall, J. August 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Farfield Environment, Environmental Impact Assessment
Sound of Islay Demonstration Tidal Array: Inter-tidal Survey of Potential Cable Routes Trendall, J. August 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Farfield Environment, Environmental Impact Assessment
Addressing conflicting spatial demands in MSP: Considerations for MSP planners Gee, K., et al. December 2018 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning, Stakeholder Engagement
Meeting Europe's Renewable Energy Targets in Harmony with Nature BirdLife Europe January 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Birds
Provision of Evidence of the Conservation Impacts of Energy Production Tucker, G., et al. January 2008 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A N/A
Seabird Surveys at Ireland’s Atlantic Marine Energy Test Site (AMETS) Hunt, J., Beaubier, J., McLoughlin, D. January 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Birds, Seabirds
SOWFIA: Learning from Impact Assessments of European wave energy developments O'Hagan, A., et al. January 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Interim Report of the Working Group on Marine Benthal and Renewable Energy Developments (WGMBRED) International Council for the Exploration of the Sea March 2017 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
ICES SGWTE Report 2012: Report of the Study Group on Environmental Impacts of Wave and Tidal Energy International Council for the Exploration of the Sea May 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
ICES SGWTE Report 2013: Report of the Study Group on Environmental Impacts of Wave and Tidal Energy International Council for the Exploration of the Sea March 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
ICES WGMBRED Report 2018: Report of the Working Group on Marine Benthal and Renewable Energy Developments (WGMBRED) International Council for the Exploration of the Sea March 2018 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
JWGBIRD Report 2018: Report of the Joint OSPAR/HELCOM/ICES Working Group on Marine Birds (JWGBIRD) International Council for the Exploration of the Sea October 2018 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Seabirds
Offshore Renewable Energy Development Plan (OREDP) For Ireland: Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA): Volume 1: Non - Technical Summary (NTS) Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland October 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Good Management Practices for Social and Economic Data Collection for Marine Renewable Energy Copping, A., et al. September 2019 Report Marine Energy general N/A Human Dimensions
Third-Level Education Needs of the Ocean Energy Industry Marine Renewables Industry Association August 2011 Report Marine Energy general N/A Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Funding the Development of the Ocean Energy Industry in Ireland Marine Renewables Industry Association February 2016 Report Marine Energy general N/A Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Maritime Infrastructure Development Priorities to Support Ireland’s Future Ocean Energy Industry Marine Renewables Industry Association December 2014 Report Marine Energy general N/A Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
The Opportunity for Co-Operation and Collaboration between Ireland and Scotland in Ocean Energy Marine Renewables Industry Association December 2013 Report Marine Energy general N/A Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Non-Financial and Non-Technical Barriers to the Development of the Ocean Energy Sector in Ireland Marine Renewables Industry Association February 2017 Report Marine Energy general N/A Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
R and D and Ocean Energy: A review of Research and Development in Ocean Energy in the Republic of Ireland Marine Renewables Industry Association September 2012 Report Marine Energy general N/A Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy, Stakeholder Engagement
Marine Hydrokinetics Regulatory Processes Literature Review O'Neil, R., Staines, G., Freeman, M. March 2019 Report Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Wave & Tidal Consenting Position Paper Series: Impacts on Fish and Shellfish Ecology Freeman, S., et al. October 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Fish, Invertebrates
Environmental Effects Monitoring Program 2018 Annual Report FORCE December 2018 Report N/A Noise Seabirds, Farfield Environment, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat
An Offshore Renewable Energy Environmental Research & Innovation Strategy for the UK Natural Environment Research Council December 2019 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions
Environmental and Consenting Barriers to Developing Floating Wind Farms Including Innovative Solutions Natural Envrironment Research Council December 2016 Report Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
The UK National Ecosystem Assessment Follow-on. Work package Report 6: shared, plural and cultural values of ecosystems Kenter, J., et al. January 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Human Dimensions
Guidance for Communities on the Development of Wave and Tidal Projects Edwards, C., et al. September 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy, Stakeholder Engagement
Wave & Tidal Consenting Position Paper Series: Ornithological Impacts Kirby, A., et al. October 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Birds
Underwater Acoustic Monitoring at Wave and Tidal Energy Sites: Guidance Notes for Regulators Lepper, P., et al. February 2014 Report Marine Energy general Noise N/A
Use of Static Passive Acoustic Monitoring (PAM) for monitoring cetaceans at Marine Renewable Energy Installations (MREIs) for Marine Scotland Embling, C., et al. October 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Assessing the risks to marine mammal populations from renewable energy devices: an interim approach Lusseau, D., et al. January 2012 Report Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals
Fisheries and marine renewable energy interactions: A summary report on a scoping workshop for the Marine Renewable Energy Knowledge Exchange Programme Rodwell, L., et al. May 2012 Report Marine Energy general N/A Fish, Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Prioritisation of monitoring and research for diadromous fish in the context of Marine/Offshore Renewables: A summary of stakeholder engagement meetings between Marine Scotland, wild fisheries interests and wind, wave and tidal developers Hunter, D., Malcolm, I., Armstrong, J. March 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Fish, Human Dimensions, Fisheries, Stakeholder Engagement
Request for advice on the populations of cetaceans that might be involved in significant interactions with marine renewable energy developments in Scottish marine waters Northridge, S. August 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Population Trends of Breeding Seabird Colonies in Scottish SPAs Malcolm, F., Lye, G., Lewis, M. July 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Birds, Seabirds
Population Sizes of Seabirds breeding in Scottish Special Protection Areas Lewis, M., et al. July 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Birds, Seabirds
Marine Renewable Energy Strategic Framework: Stage 3 - Stakeholder Participation Feedback RPS Group December 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Marine Renewable Energy Strategic Framework: Stage 3 - Stakeholder Participation Process RPS Group December 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Marine Renewable Energy Strategic Framework: Review of the Policy Context for Sustainable Marine Renewable Development McGarry, T. March 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Assessment of Risk to Marine Mammals from Underwater Marine Renewable Devices in Welsh Waters: Phase 1 - Desktop Review of Marine Mammals and Risks from Underwater Marine Renewable Devices in Welsh Waters Wilson, B., Gordon, J. March 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Collision, Habitat Change Marine Mammals
Marine Renewable Energy Strategic Framework for Wales: Stage 1 Report Final Kazer, S., Golding, T. November 2008 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A N/A
Marine Renewable Energy Strategic Framework: Approach to Sustainable Development RPS Group March 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A N/A
Review of Cetacean Monitoring Guidelines for Welsh Wave and Tidal Energy Developments Nuuttila, H. July 2015 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
An assessment of research and development leadership in ocean energy technologies Bruch, V. April 1994 Report Marine Energy general N/A Human Dimensions
Evaluating Effects of Stressors - Fiscal Year 2010 Progress Report: Environmental Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Anderson, R., Copping, A., Van Cleve, F. November 2010 Report Marine Energy general Collision, Habitat Change Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals
OSPAR request to advise on the current state and knowledge of studies into the deployment and environmental impacts of wet renewable technologies and marine energy storage systems N/A April 2019 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Environmental Assessment for Mississippi River Lock and Dam No. 2 Hydroelectric Project City of Hastings September 2008 Report Marine Energy (General), Riverine Collision Fish, Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
River, Tidal, and Ocean Current Hydrokinetic Energy Technologies: Status and Future Opportunities in Alaska Johnson, J., Pride, D. November 2010 Report Marine Energy (General), Riverine N/A Fish, Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
Modelling the Effects of Marine Energy Extraction on Non-Cohesive Sediment Transport and Morphological Change in the Pentland Firth and Orkney Waters Fairley, I., Karunarathna, H., Chatzirodou, A. January 2017 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
Equitable Testing and Evaluation of Marine Energy Extraction Devices in terms of Performance, Cost and Environmental Impact EquiMar March 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Life Cycle Assessment
Case Study - Wave Dragon Milford Haven Project N/A December 2008 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave N/A Human Dimensions
Marine Spatial Planning Needs of Marine Renewables Emerging Technologies Marine Renewables Industry Association December 2018 Report N/A N/A Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Consenting Processes for Ocean Energy on OES Member Countries WavEC Offshore Renewables February 2015 Report Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Ecosystem service mapping in the Severn estuary and inner Bristol Channel Ashley, M. September 2014 Report Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data
Laboratory Studies on the Effects of Shear on Fish Nietzel, D., et al. September 2000 Report Marine Energy (General), Riverine Changes in Flow Fish
Pathways of Effects for Offshore Renewable Energy in Canada Isaacman, L., Daborn, G. December 2011 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Avoidance, Changes in Flow, Chemicals, Collision, Displacement, EMF, Habitat Change, Lighting, Noise Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Physical Environment, Reptiles, Human Dimensions
Worldwide Synthesis and Analysis of Existing Information Regarding Environmental Effects of Alternative Energy Uses on the Outer Continental Shelf Michel, J., et al. July 2007 Report Marine Energy (General), Ocean Current, OTEC, Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Attraction, Avoidance, Collision, Displacement, Habitat Change Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Physical Environment, Reptiles, Human Dimensions
TeraWatt Position Papers: A "Toolbox" of Methods to Better Understand and Assess the Effects of Tidal and Wave Energy Arrays on the Marine Environment Murray, R., et al. August 2015 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport, Water Quality
Report on Environmental Impact Assessment and Mitigation Strategies TROPOS July 2014 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Cobscook Bay Tidal Energy Project: 2013 Environmental Monitoring Report ORPC Maine March 2014 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
D4.7 Best Practice Report on Environmental Monitoring and New Study Techniques Norris, J., et al. January 2014 Report Marine Energy (General) N/A N/A
Wave Energy Converter (WEC) Array Effects on Wave, Current, and Sediment Circulation: Monterey Bay, CA Jones, C., Magalen, J., Roberts, J. January 2014 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
Powering the Blue Economy: Exploring Opportunities for Marine Renewable Energy in Maritime Markets N/A April 2019 Report Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions
Implications of Tidal Energy Extraction on Sedimentary Processes within Shallow Intertidal Environments van Proosdij, D., et al. March 2013 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
Cobscook Bay Tidal Energy Project: 2012 Environmental Monitoring Report ORPC Maine March 2013 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A N/A
Effects of Energy Extraction on Sediment Dynamics in Intertidal Ecosystems of the Minas Basin van Proosdij, D., et al. February 2013 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
Environmental Effects of Marine Energy Development around the World: Annex IV Final Report Copping, A., et al. January 2013 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave N/A N/A
Impacts of Tidal Energy Extraction on Sediment Dynamics in Minas Basin, Bay of Fundy, NS Smith, P., et al. January 2013 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
Further Investigation of Wave Energy Converter Effects on Wave Fields: A Subsequent Modeling Sensitivity Study in Monterey Bay, CA Magalen, J., et al. December 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Physical Environment
Conceptual Models of Potential Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Impacts on Biological Resources Grippo, M., Hlohowskyj, I. October 2012 Report Marine Energy (General) N/A N/A
SNL-EFDC Model Application to Scotlandville Bend, Mississippi River Barco, J., et al. September 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Riverine Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
SNL-EFDC Simulations of MHK-Related Changes to Tidal Range and Flushing Roberts, J., James, S. September 2012 Report Marine Energy (General) Changes in Flow N/A
MERiFIC 3.2.1: Documentary Summary of the Environmental Impact of Renewable Marine Energy Sotta, C. September 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A N/A
West Coast Environmental Protocols Framework: Baseline and Monitoring Studies Klure, J., et al. September 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A N/A
SNL-EFDC Model Application to Cobscook Bay, ME Roberts, J., James, S. September 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment
Assessing the Far Field Effects of Tidal Power Extraction on the Bay of Fundy, Gulf of Maine and Scotian Shelf Sheng, J., et al. June 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport, Water Quality
Admiralty Inlet Final License Application Snohomish County Public Utility District No. 1 March 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A N/A
Investigation of Wave Energy Converter Effects on Near‐Shore Wave Fields: Model Generation, Validation and Evaluation ‐ Kaneohe Bay, HI Roberts, J., Chang, G., Jones, C. March 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Physical Environment
West Orkney South Wave Energy Site Environmental Scoping Report RSK Environment March 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave N/A N/A
40MW Oyster Wave Array North West Coast, Isle of Lewis Environmental Statement Royal Haskoning March 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave N/A N/A
Screening Analysis for the Environmental Risk Evaluation System - Environmental Effects of MHK Energy Copping, A., et al. September 2011 Report Marine Energy (General) N/A N/A
Guernsey Regional Environmental Assessment of Marine Energy Guernsey Renewable Energy Team July 2011 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave N/A N/A
Near Field Effects of Tidal Power Extraction on Extreme Events and Coastline Integrity in the Bay of Fundy Watanabe, R. March 2011 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Nearfield Habitat, Physical Environment
Tidal Technologies: Key Issues Across Planning and Development for Environmental Regulators Bell, M., Side, J. March 2011 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave N/A N/A
Scotland's Marine Atlas: Information for the National Marine Plan Baxter, J., et al. March 2011 Report Marine Energy (General) N/A N/A
SeaGen Environmental Monitoring Programme: Final Report Keenan, G., et al. January 2011 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
Greening Blue Energy: Identifying and Managing the Biodiversity Risks and Opportunities of Offshore Renewable Energy Wilhelmsson, D., et al. July 2010 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Protocol to Develop an Environmental Impact Study of Wave Energy Converters Bald, J., et al. May 2010 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave N/A N/A
Assessment of Potential Impact of Electromagnetic Fields from Undersea Cable on Migratory Fish Behavior Kavet, R., et al. September 2016 Report Marine Energy (General) Attraction, EMF Fish
Renewable Energy in situ Power Cable Observation Love, M., et al. April 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Attraction, EMF Fish, Invertebrates
MaRVEN - Environmental Impacts of Noise, Vibrations and Electromagnetic Emissions from Marine Renewable Energy Thomsen, F., et al. September 2015 Report Marine Energy (General) Attraction, Avoidance, EMF N/A
Evaluating the Potential for Marine and Hydrokinetic Devices to Act as Artificial Reefs or Fish Aggregating Devices, Based on Analysis of Surrogates in Tropical, Subtropical, and Temperate U.S. West Coast and Hawaiian Coastal Waters Kramer, S., et al. May 2015 Report Marine Energy (General) Attraction, Habitat Change Fish

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