Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers. More entries will load as you scroll down.


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Title Author*sort descending Date** Type of Content Technology Types Stressors Receptors
Developing a Novel Risk-Based Methodology for Multi-Criteria Decision Making in Marine Renewable Energy Applications Abaei, M., et al. March 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Dual wave farms for energy production and coastal protection Abanades, J., et al. June 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport, Human Dimensions, Climate Change
Wave Farm Impact on the Beach Profile: A Case Study Abanades, J., Greaves, D., Iglesias, G. April 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
Wave farm impact on beach modal state Abanades, J., Greaves, D., Iglesias, G. March 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
Coastal defence through wave farms Abanades, J., Greaves, D., Iglesias, G. September 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
Coastal Defence using Wave Farms: The Role of Farm-to-Coast Distance Abanades, J., Greaves, D., Iglesias, G. March 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport, Human Dimensions
Effect of anthropogenic light on bird movement, habitat selection, and distribution: A systematic map protocol Adams, C., et al. June 2019 Journal Article N/A Lighting Birds
Offshore Marine Renewable Energy Devices as Stepping Stones Across Biogeographical Boundaries Adams, T., et al. January 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Ecosystem
Spatial and Temporal Changes in the Assemblage Structure of Fish Associated to Fish Aggregation Devices in the Western Mediterranean Addis, P., et al. May 2006 Journal Article N/A Attraction, Habitat Change Fish
A New Wave of Marine Evidence-Based Management: Emerging Challenges and Solutions to Transform Monitoring, Evaluating, and Reporting Addison, P., et al. December 2017 Journal Article N/A N/A Farfield Environment
Are We Missing the Boat? Current Uses of Long-Term Biological Monitoring Data in the Evaluation and Management of Marine Protected Areas Addison, P., Flander, L., Cook, C. February 2015 Journal Article N/A N/A Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Assessment of array shape of tidal stream turbines on hydro-environmental impacts and power output Ahmadian, R., Falconer, R. August 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal N/A
Far-Field Modelling of the Hydro-Environmental Impact of Tidal Stream Turbines Ahmadian, R., Falconer, R., Bockelmann-Evans, B. February 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Comparison of hydro-environmental impacts for ebb-only and two-way generation for a Severn Barrage Ahmadian, R., Falconer, R., Bockelmann-Evans, B. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Nearfield Habitat
Corridors for aliens but not for natives: effects of marine urban sprawl at a regional scale Airoldi, L., et al. July 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Invertebrates
Effects of Underwater Sounds on Escape Behavior of Steller Sea Lions Akamatsu, T., et al. January 1996 Journal Article N/A Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Environmental assessment of intake alternatives for seawater reverse osmosis in the Arabian Gulf Al-Kaabi, A., Mackey, R. July 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Salinity Gradient N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Life Cycle Assessment
Interactive Marine Spatial Planning: Siting Tidal Energy Arrays around the Mull of Kintyre Alexander, K., et al. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Static Device Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Spatial Ecosystem Modelling of Marine Renewable Energy Installations: Gauging the Utility of Ecospace Alexander, K., Meyjes, S., Heymans, J. July 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Fishing
Marine Renewable Energy and Scottish West Coast Fishers: Exploring Impacts, Opportunities and Potential Mitigation Alexander, K., Potts, T., Wilding, T. April 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Fisheries, Social & Economic Data
Attitudes of Scottish Fishers Towards Marine Renewable Energy Alexander, K., Wilding, T., Jacomina Heymans, J. January 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Fish, Socio-economics
Concurrent and Legacy Economic and Environmental Impacts from Establishing a Marine Energy Sector in Scotland Allan, G., et al. July 2008 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Multiple Stressors and Multifunctionality: Limited Effects on an Illuminated Benthic System Alsterberg, C., Sundbäck, K., Gamfeldt, L. December 2014 Journal Article N/A N/A Ecosystem, Nearfield Habitat
Evaluation of Behavior and Survival of Fish Exposed to an Axial-Flow Hydrokinetic Turbine Amaral, S., et al. February 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Fish
Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Renewable Energy Sources: A Review of Lifecycle Considerations Amponsah, N., et al. August 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Behavioural Responses of Harbour Seals to Human-Induced Disturbances Andersen, S., et al. January 2012 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Epibenthic Colonization of Concrete and Steel Pilings in a Cold-Temperate Embayment: A Weld Experiment Andersson, M., et al. March 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Swimming behavior of roach (rutilus rutilus) and three-spined stickleback (gasterosteus aculeatus) in response to wind power noise and single-tone frequencies Andersson, M., et al. December 2007 Journal Article Offshore Wind Noise Fish
Ten Years of Experience at the La Rance Tidal Power Plant Andre, H. December 1978 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
The Environmental Effects of the Installation and Functioning of the Submarine SwePol Link HVDC Transmission Line: A Case Study of the Polish Marine Area of the Baltic Sea Andrulewicz, E., Napierska, D., Otremba, Z. June 2003 Journal Article Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Low-Frequency Sounds Induce Acoustic Trauma in Cephalopods André, M., et al. November 2011 Journal Article N/A Noise Benthic Invertebrates
Sensitivity of tidal lagoon and barrage hydrodynamic impacts and energy outputs to operational characteristics Angeloudis, A., Falconer, R. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Ecosystem
OXYFLUX, an innovative wave-driven device for the oxygenation of deep layers in coastal areas: A physical investigation Antonini, A., Lamberti, A., Archetti, R. October 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave N/A Physical Environment, Water Quality
Wave Energy Utilization: A Review of the Technologies António, F. April 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Evaluation of Small Axial Flow Hydrokinetic Turbines for Remote Communities Anyi, M., Kirke, B. June 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine N/A Socio-economics
Encouraging Renewable Energy in the Offshore Environment Appiott, J., Dhanju, A., Cicin-Sain, B. March 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Environmental Challenges for Ocean Energy Generation Apunda, M., Nyangoye, B. July 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A N/A
Fish Assemblages on Sunken Vessels and Natural Reefs in Southeast Florida, USA Arena, P., Jordan, L., Spieler, R. January 2007 Journal Article N/A Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Use of Anthropogenic Sea Floor Structures by Australian Fur Seals: Potential Positive Ecological Impacts of Marine Industrial Development? Arnould, J., et al. July 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Variability in Suspended Sediment Concentration in the Minas Basin, Bay of Fundy, and Implications for Changes due to Tidal Power Extraction Ashall, L., Mulligan, R., Law, B. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
Hybrid Wave and Offshore Wind Farms: A Comparative Case Study of Co-located Layouts Astariz, S., et al. September 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Evaluation and Comparison of the Levelized Cost of Tidal, Wave, and Offshore Wind Energy Astariz, S., Vazquez, A., Iglesias, G. October 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
The effect of arrays of wave energy converters on the nearshore wave climate Atan, R., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Clean energy that safeguards ecosystems and livelihoods: Integrated assessments to unleash full sustainable potential for renewable energy Athanas, A., McCormick, N. January 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data
Environmental Impact Assessment for an OTEC Plant in Martinique Island Auvray, C., et al. April 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Efficient unstructured mesh generation for marine renewable energy applications Avdis, A., et al. September 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device N/A
Use of Multiple Orientation Cues by Juvenile Loggerhead Sea Turtles, Caretta caretta Avens, L., Lohmann, K. August 2003 Journal Article N/A EMF Sea Turtles
Study on Australian Energy Policy, Socio-Economic, and Environment Issues Azad, A., et al. December 2015 Journal Article N/A N/A Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data
Marine Renewable Energies: Perspectives and Implications for Marine Ecosystems Azzellino, A., et al. June 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Ecosystem
A Marine Spatial Planning Framework for the Optimal Siting of Marine Renewable Energy Installations: Two Danish Case Studies Azzellino, A., et al. January 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Combined Exploitation of Offshore Wind and Wave Energy in the Italian Seas: A Spatial Planning Approach Azzellino, A., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Stakeholder requirements for commercially successful wave energy converter farms Babarit, A., et al. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Generating Electricity from the Oceans Bahaj, A. September 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A N/A
Modelling Harbour Seal Habitat by Combining Data from Multiple Tracking Bailey, H., Hammond, P., Thompson, P. January 2014 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Out of Sight but Not out of Mind? Public Perceptions of Wave Energy Bailey, I., West, J., Whitehead, I. June 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Static Device Socio-economics
Factors Influencing the Diving Behaviour of Fish Eating Killer Whales: Sex Differences and Diel and Interannual Variation in Diving Rates Baird, R., Hanson, M., Dill, L. April 2005 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Demonstrating a New Framework for the Comparison of Environmental Impacts from Small- and Large-Scale Hydropower and Wind Power Projects Bakken, T., et al. July 2014 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device, Static Device Farfield Environment
The Costs of Chronic Noise Exposure for Terrestrial Organisms Barber, J., Crooks, K., Fristrup, K. March 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general Noise N/A
Underwater Surf Noise Near Sea Coasts of Different Types Bardyshev, V. January 2008 Journal Article N/A Noise Nearfield Habitat
Mitigating, Monitoring and Assessing the Effects of Anthropogenic Sound on Beaked Whales Barlow, J., Gisiner, R. January 2006 Journal Article N/A Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
The Muskeget Channel Tidal Energy Project: A Unique Case Study in the Licensing and Permitting of a Tidal Energy Project in Massachusetts Barrett, S. July 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
On Electric Fields of Power Lines and on Their Perception by Freshwater Fish Basov, B. April 2007 Journal Article N/A EMF Fish
A Vessel Noise Budget for Admiralty Inlet, Puget Sound, Washington (USA) Bassett, C., et al. September 2012 Journal Article N/A Noise Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Navigation
Flow-Noise and Turbulence in Two Tidal Channels Bassett, C., et al. February 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise N/A
Sediment-Generated Noise and Bed Stress in a Tidal Channel Bassett, C., Thomson, J., Polagye, B. April 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal, Noise N/A
Environmental Noise and Decision Making Possible Implications of Increases in Anthropogenic Noise for Information Processing in Marine Mammals Bateson, M. January 2007 Journal Article N/A Noise Marine Mammals
Bioelectric Fields of Marine Organisms: Voltage and Frequency Contributions to Detectability by Electroreceptive Predators Bedore, C., Kajiura, S. April 2013 Journal Article N/A EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Application of the Time-Dependent Mild-Slope Equations for the Simulation of Wake Effects in the Lee of a Farm of Wave Dragon Wave Energy Converters Beels, C., et al. August 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Nearfield Habitat
Wave Energy Conversion Systems: Optimal Localization Procedure Benassai, G., Dattero, M., Maffucci, A. January 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Development and application of a low-cost rapid assessment system for coastal benthic habitats Benjamin, C., et al. September 2019 Journal Article N/A N/A Ecosystem, Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Riding the Tide: Use of a Moving Tidal-Stream Habitat by Harbour Porpoises Benjamins, S., et al. May 2016 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals
Harbour Porpoise Distribution can Vary at Small Spatiotemporal Scales in Energetic Habitats Benjamins, S., et al. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Assessment of the Changes Induced by a Wave Energy Farm in the Nearshore Wave Conditions Bento, A., et al. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Physical Environment
Fuzzy Impact Assessment on the Landscape: The Kobold Platform in the Strait of Messina Case Study Bergamascoa, A., et al. January 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
The Role of Wave Energy Converter Farms on Coastal Protection in Eroding Deltas, Guadalfeo, Southern Spain Bergillos, R., et al. January 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
Wave farm impacts on coastal flooding under sea-level rise: A case study in southern Spain Bergillos, R., Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Iglesias, G. February 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Socio-economics, Climate Change
Valuing the Attributes of Renewable Energy Investments Bergmann, A., Hanley, N., Wright, R. June 2006 Journal Article N/A N/A Socio-economics
Characterizing Large River Sounds: Providing Context for Understanding the Environmental Effects of Noise Produced by Hydrokinetic Turbines Bevelhimer, M., Deng, D., Scherelis, C. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Riverine Noise N/A
Behavioral Responses of Representative Freshwater Fish Species to Electromagnetic Fields Bevelhimer, M., et al. April 2013 Journal Article N/A EMF Fish
Hydroacoustic Assessment of Behavioral Responses by Fish Passing Near an Operating Tidal Turbine in the East River, New York Bevelhimer, M., et al. August 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Fish
Mortality and Injury Assessment for Three Species of Fish Exposed to Simulated Turbine Blade Strike Bevelhimer, M., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
Unusual Mortality of Pinnipeds in the United Kingdom Associated with Helical (Corkscrew) Injuries of Anthropogenic Origin Bexton, S., et al. January 2012 Journal Article N/A Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Mineral raw material requirements and associated climate-change impacts of the French energy transition by 2050 Beylot, A., et al. January 2019 Journal Article N/A N/A N/A
Camera technology for monitoring marine biodiversity and human impact Bicknell, A., et al. October 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Fish, Invertebrates, Human Dimensions
Assessing the impact of introduced infrastructure at sea with cameras: A case study for spatial scale, time and statistical power Bicknell, A., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Habitat Change Invertebrates
Effects of ocean sprawl on ecological connectivity: impacts and solutions Bishop, M., et al. February 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes
The economic geography of variable renewable energy and impacts of trade formulations for renewable mandates Bistline, J., Santen, N., Young, D. May 2019 Journal Article N/A N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Recent Developments of Ocean Environmental Description with Focus on Uncertainties Bitner-Gregersen, E., et al. August 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Nearfield Habitat
The Extractable Power From A Channel Linking A Bay To The Open Ocean Blanchfield, J., et al. May 2008 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Acoustic Life Cycle Assessment of Offshore Renewables - Implications from a Wave-Energy Converter Deployment in Falmouth Bay, UK Blondel, P., Walsh, J. June 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Noise N/A
Multi-use of the sea: A wide array of opportunities from site-specific cases across Europe Bocci, M., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning, Stakeholder Engagement
Underwater Auditory Localization by a Swimming Harbor Seal (Phoca vitulina) Bodson, A., et al. January 2006 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Environmental and Ecological Effects of Ocean Renewable Energy Development: A Current Synthesis Boehlert, G., Gill, A. June 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Are High Densities of Fishes at Artificial Reefs the Result of Habitat Limitation or Behavioral Preference? Bohnsack, J. March 1989 Journal Article N/A Static Device Fish
True Navigation and Magnetic Maps in Spiny Lobsters Boles, L., Lohmann, K. January 2003 Journal Article N/A EMF Benthic Invertebrates
A review of the occurrence of inter‐colony segregation of seabird foraging areas and the implications for marine environmental impact assessment Bolton, M., et al. October 2018 Journal Article N/A N/A Birds, Seabirds
Social and Ecological Impacts of Marine Energy Development Bonar, P., Bryden, I., Borthwick, A. July 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data, Stakeholder Engagement
Assessing use-use interactions at sea: A theoretical framework for spatial decision support tools facilitating co-location in maritime spatial planning Bonnevie, I., Hansen, H., Schrøder, L. August 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Habitat Preferences and Distribution of the Harbour Porpoise Phocoena phocoena West of Scotland Booth, C., et al. March 2013 Journal Article N/A N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
A Test for Bias Attributable to Seabird Avoidance of Ships during Surveys Conducted in the Tropical Pacific Borberg, J., et al. January 2006 Journal Article N/A Avoidance Birds, Seabirds

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