Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers.


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Titlesort descending Author* Date** Type of Content Technology Types Stressors Receptors
Long-Term Multibeam Measurements Around a Tidal Turbine Test Site in Orkney, Scotland Blondel, P., Williamson, B. August 2013 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Long‐term effect of a tidal, hydroelectric propeller turbine on the populations of three anadromous fish species Dadswell, M., et al. August 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Fish
Love me, love me not: Perceptions on the links between the energy sector and biodiversity conservation Moreira, F. May 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Lysekil Research Site, Sweden: A Status Update Lejerskog, E., et al. September 2011 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Lysekil Wave Energy Site Uppsala University March 2006 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Macrotidal Estuaries: A Region of Collision Between Migratory Marine Animals and Tidal Power Development Dadswell, M., Rulifson, R. January 1994 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Fish, Marine Mammals
Maine Tidal Power Initiative: Environmental Impact Protocols for Tidal Power Peterson, M. February 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Making Marine Renewable Energy Mainstream Murray, M. April 2011 Presentation Marine Energy (General), Wave Noise Birds, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Management of Coastal Flooding Under Climate Change Through Wave Farms Bergillos, R., Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Iglesias, G. January 2020 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Human Dimensions, Climate Change
Management of Sustainable Fisheries Alongside Marine Renewables: Modelling the Spatial Interactions Bell, M., Side, J., Walker, K. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Managing Eco-System Service Decisions Ullman, D., Halsey, K., Goldfinger, C. January 2013 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data
Managing Risk Through Marine Spatial Planning Cormier, R., Kannen, A. January 2019 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy Resource Electric Power Research Institute December 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Mapping Benthic Habitat Conditions and Seafloor Deposits Using Sediment Profile Imaging and a Semiautomated Image Processing System Revelas, E., et al. April 2019 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General) N/A Physical Environment
Mapping Fisheries for Marine Spatial Planning: Gear-Specific Vessel Monitoring System (VMS), Marine Conservation and Offshore Renewable Energy Campbell, M., et al. March 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Fish, Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Maren, A Test Facility for the Bolgekraftverk Round - Review and Consequences Vattenfall May 2008 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Marine Aggregate Extraction Helping to Determine Good Practice Garner, D. September 2006 Report Marine Energy (General) N/A Physical Environment
Marine Aggregate Levy Sustainability Fund (MALSF): Achievements and Challenges for the Future Marine Aggregate Levy Sustainability Fund March 2010 Report Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Development Technical Support and General Environmental Studies Copping, A., Geerlofs, S. January 2010 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Marine and Hydrokinetic Renewable Energy Technologies: Potential Navigational Impacts and Mitigation Measures Cool, R., et al. December 2009 Report Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Database Open EI November 2018 Database Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Marine Animal Alert System Task 2.1.5.3 - Development of Monitoring Technologies Final Report Carlson, T., et al. September 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Marine Mammals
Marine artificial structures as amplifiers of Aurelia aurita s.l. blooms: a case study of a newly installed floating pier Makabe, R., et al. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device N/A
Marine Biodiversity, Climate Change, and Governance of the Oceans Craig, R. March 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Marine bird colony and at-sea distributions along the Oregon coast: Implications for marine spatial planning and information gap analysis Suryan, R., et al. April 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Birds
Marine Bird Distribution Along the Oregon Coast Suryan, R., et al. April 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Birds, Seabirds
Marine Cadastre NOAA Office for Coastal Management, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) November 2018 Database Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Marine Energy Exploitation in the Mediterranean Region: Steps Forward and Challenges Pisacane, G., et al. October 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A N/A
Marine Energy Research and Innovation Centre (MERIC) Chilean Ministry of Energy, et al. October 2015 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Ocean Current, Tidal, Wave
Marine Energy White Paper - AWATEA AWATEA February 2014 Report Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Marine Energy: More than Just a Drop in the Ocean? Armstrong, J., Consultancy, F. January 2008 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave N/A Physical Environment, Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Marine Environmental Appraisal of an Ocean Energy Test Site in Inner Galway Bay Aquafact April 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Marine Fish Assemblages Associated with Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs): Effects of Fish Removal, FAD Size, Fouling Communities, and Prior Recruits Nelson, P. June 2003 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Attraction, Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Fish
Marine governance in an industrialised ocean: A case study of the emerging marine renewable energy industry Wright, G. February 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Marine Hydrokinetic Energy Regulators Workshop: Lessons from Wind Baring-Gould, I. May 2015 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A N/A
Marine Hydrokinetic Turbine Technology and the Environment: Device-Biota Interactions Crevison, S., Li, Y., Thresher, R. December 2010 Conference Paper Marine Energy general Collision N/A
Marine Hydrokinetics Regulatory Processes Literature Review O'Neil, R., Staines, G., Freeman, M. March 2019 Report Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Marine Mammal Behavioral Response to Tidal Turbine Sound Robertson, F., et al. June 2018 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Avoidance, Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Marine Mammals and Tidal Turbines: Understanding True Collision Risk Sparling, C., et al. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Marine Mammals
Marine Mammals and Tidal Turbines: What are the Issues of Concern and how are they being Resolved? Wilson, B., Hastie, G., Benjamins, S. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals
Marine Mammals Trace Anthropogenic Structures at Sea Russell, D., et al. July 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Marine Megavertebrates and Fishery Resources in the Nantucket Sound - Muskeget Channel Area Leeney, R., et al. September 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Fish, Marine Mammals
Marine Planning for Wales - Strategic Scoping Exercise Welsh Government March 2015 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Marine Planning: An Ocean Energy Perspective Johnson, K., Wright, G. January 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Marine Radar Derived Current Vector Mapping at a Planned Commercial Tidal Stream Turbine Array in the Pentland Firth Bell, P., et al. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Marine Renewable Energies: Perspectives and Implications for Marine Ecosystems Azzellino, A., et al. June 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Ecosystem
Marine Renewable Energy - The Essential Legal Considerations Chang, T. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Marine renewable energy and cetaceans Dolman, S., Simmonds, M., Green, M. January 2007 Journal Article Marine Energy general Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Marine Renewable Energy and Environmental Interactions: Baseline Assessments of Seabirds, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles and Benthic Communities on the Oregon Shelf Henkel, S., Suryan, R., Lagerquist, B. February 2014 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Marine Renewable Energy and Public Rights Todd, P. May 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Marine Renewable Energy and Scottish West Coast Fishers: Exploring Impacts, Opportunities and Potential Mitigation Alexander, K., Potts, T., Wilding, T. April 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Fisheries, Social & Economic Data
Marine Renewable Energy and the Environment: Progress and Challenges Polagye, B. January 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Marine Renewable Energy Converters and Biofouling: A Review on Impacts and Prevention Titah-Benbouzid, H., Benbouzid, M. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Attraction Invertebrates
Marine Renewable Energy Development: Assessing the Benthic Footprint at Multiple Scales Miller, R., et al. October 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates
Marine Renewable Energy in China: Current Status and Perspectives Zhang, Y., Lin, Z., Liu, Q. July 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Marine Renewable Energy in the Mediterranean Sea: Status and Perspectives Soukissian, T., et al. September 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), OTEC, Salinity Gradient, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Marine Spatial Planning, Social & Economic Data
Marine Renewable Energy Legislation for Nova Scotia Nova Scotia Department of Energy January 2010 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Marine Renewable Energy Seascape Borthwick, A. March 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Marine Renewable Energy Sediment Stability Evaluation Framework Roberts, J., Jones, C. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General) Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
Marine Renewable Energy Strategic Framework for Wales: Stage 1 Report Final Kazer, S., Golding, T. November 2008 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A N/A
Marine Renewable Energy Strategic Framework: Approach to Sustainable Development RPS Group March 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A N/A
Marine Renewable Energy Strategic Framework: Review of the Policy Context for Sustainable Marine Renewable Development McGarry, T. March 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Marine Renewable Energy Strategic Framework: Stage 3 - Stakeholder Participation Feedback RPS Group December 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Marine Renewable Energy Strategic Framework: Stage 3 - Stakeholder Participation Process RPS Group December 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Marine Renewable Energy Strategic Framework: Technical Addendum RPS Group March 2011 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Marine Renewable Energy, Electromagnetic (EM) Fields and EM-Sensitive Animals Gill, A., et al. February 2014 Book Chapter Marine Energy general EMF N/A
Marine Renewable Energy: A Global Review of the Extent of Marine Renewable Energy Developments, the Developing Technologies and Possible Conservation Implications for Cetaceans James, V. November 2013 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Marine Renewable Energy: Legal and Policy Challenges to Integrating an Emerging Renewable Energy Source Wright, G. July 2012 Presentation Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Marine Renewable Energy: Potential Benefits to Biodiversity? An Urgent Call for Research Inger, R., et al. December 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Ecosystem
Marine Renewable Energy: Resource Characterization and Physical Effects Yang, Z., Copping, A. January 2017 Book Marine Energy (General) N/A N/A
Marine Renewable Energy: The Ecological Implications of Altering the Hydrodynamics of the Marine Environment Shields, M., et al. January 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Changes in Flow Invertebrates, Physical Environment
Marine renewables and coastal communities—Experiences from the offshore oil industry in the 1970s and their relevance to marine renewables in the 2010s Johnson, K., Kerr, S., Side, J. March 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Human Dimensions
Marine Sector Analysis Report: Marine Renewable Energy N/A October 2014 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Marine spatial planning Ehler, C. February 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Marine Spatial Planning - Current Status 2014: National Planning in Sweden's Territorial Waters and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management (SwAM) June 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Marine spatial planning and stakeholder collaboration Brooks, P., Jedele, T. February 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning, Stakeholder Engagement
Marine Spatial Planning from an Irish perspective: Towards Best Practice in Integrated Maritime Governance Flannery, W. July 2011 Thesis Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Marine Spatial Planning in a Climate of Uncertainty - An Irish Perspective Carr, L. May 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Climate Change, Marine Spatial Planning
Marine Spatial Planning: A Step-by-Step Approach toward Ecosystem-based Management Ehler, C., Douvere, F. May 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Maritime Infrastructure Development Priorities to Support Ireland’s Future Ocean Energy Industry Marine Renewables Industry Association December 2014 Report Marine Energy general N/A Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy
Maritime Renewable Energy Markets: Power From the Sea Copping, A., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Maritime Spatial Planning and the EU’s Blue Growth Policy: Past, Present and Future Perspectives Schultz-Zehden, A., Weig, B., Lukic, I. January 2019 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Maritime spatial planning: past, present, future Zaucha, J., Gee, K. January 2019 Book Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Maritime/Marine Spatial Planning at the Interface of Research and Practice Ehler, C., Zaucha, J., Gee, K. January 2019 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
MaRVEN - Environmental Impacts of Noise, Vibrations and Electromagnetic Emissions from Marine Renewable Energy Thomsen, F., et al. September 2015 Report Marine Energy (General) Attraction, Avoidance, EMF N/A
MASTS Marine Renewable Energy Forum: Workshop on Environmental Impacts Research Funding Miller, R. October 2016 Workshop Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Meaningful stakeholder participation in marine spatial planning with offshore energy Yates, K. February 2018 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning, Stakeholder Engagement
Measurement and Assessment of Background Underwater Noise and its Comparison with Noise from Pin Pile Drilling Operations During Installation of the SeaGen Tidal Turbine Device, Strangford Lough Nedwell, J., Brooker, A. September 2008 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise Fish, Marine Mammals
Measurement of Long-Term Ambient Noise and Tidal Turbine Levels in the Bay of Fundy Martin, B., et al. November 2012 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise N/A
Measurement of the Effect of Power Absorption in the Lee of a Wave Energy Converter Ashton, I., Johanning, L., Linfoot, B. June 2009 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Physical Environment
Measurement of Underwater Operational Noise Emitted by Wave and Tidal Stream Energy Devices Lepper, P., Robinson, S. January 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Noise N/A
Measurements of Shoreline Wave Action to Establish Possible Environmental and Ecological Effects from Wave Energy Converter Arrays Beharie, R. September 2011 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal N/A
Measuring Changes in Ambient Noise Levels from the Installation and Operation of a Surge Wave Energy Converter in the Coastal Ocean Henkel, S., Haxel, J. October 2017 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Noise N/A
Measuring The Environmental Costs Of Tidal Power Plant Construction: A Choice Experiment Study Lee, J., Yoo, S. December 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Nearfield Habitat, Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data
Measuring the hydraulic effect of hydrokinetic energy extraction in the Tanana River, Alaska Edgerly, E., Ravens, T. August 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Riverine Changes in Flow Physical Environment
Measuring waves and currents at the European marine energy centre tidal energy test site: Campaign specification, measurement methodologies and data exploitation Sellar, B., et al. June 2017 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A N/A
Mechanical properties of harbor seal skin and blubber a test of anisotropy Grear, M., et al. February 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Meeting Europe's Renewable Energy Targets in Harmony with Nature BirdLife Europe January 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Birds
MERiFIC 3.2.1: Documentary Summary of the Environmental Impact of Renewable Marine Energy Sotta, C. September 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A N/A
MERiFIC 3.3.1: Collaborative Field Study Programme Sotta, C., Witt, M., Le Niliot, P. February 2014 Report Marine Energy general Noise Ecosystem, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds

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