Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers.


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Titlesort descending Author* Date** Type of Content Technology Types Stressors Receptors
Impact of Tidal Energy Converter (TEC) Array Operation on Sediment Dynamics Neill, S., Couch, S. September 2011 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
Impact of Tidal Energy Converter (TEC) Arrays on the Dynamics of Headland Sand Banks Neill, S., Jordan, J., Couch, S. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Impact of Tidal Stream Turbines on Sand Bank Dynamics Neill, S., Jordan, J., Couch, S. May 2011 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
Impact of Tidal-Stream Arrays in Relation to the Natural Variability of Sedimentary Processes Robins, P., Neill, S., Lewis, M. December 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
Impact of Wave Energy Arrays on Beach Processes Neill, S., et al. February 2012 Presentation Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
Impact of Wave Energy Converter (WEC) Array Operation on Nearshore Processes Neill, S., Iglesias, G. October 2012 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Nearfield Habitat
Impacts of a Wave Farm on Waves, Currents and Coastal Morphology in South West England Gonzalez-Santamaria, R., Zou, Q., Pan, S. June 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
Impacts of Tidal Energy Extraction on Sea Bed Morphology Chatzirodou, A., Karunarathna, H. June 2014 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
Impacts of Tidal Energy Extraction on Sediment Dynamics in Minas Basin, Bay of Fundy, NS Smith, P., et al. January 2013 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
Impacts of Tidal-Stream Energy Converter (TEC) Arrays in Relation to the Natural Variability of Sedimentary Processes Robins, P., Neill, S., Lewis, M. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
Impacts to Marine Fisheries Habitat from Nonfishing Activities in the Northeastern United States Johnson, M., et al. February 2008 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Implications of Tidal Energy Extraction on Sedimentary Processes within Shallow Intertidal Environments van Proosdij, D., et al. March 2013 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
Improvements to Probabilistic Tidal Turbine-Fish Interaction Model Parameters Tomichek, C., Colby, J., Adonizio, M. April 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Tidal Avoidance, Collision Fish
Improving policies and regulations for environmental-friendly ocean renewable energy development in Korea Park, J., Kim, T. August 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-Economics, Legal and Policy
Improving visual biodiversity assessments of motile fauna in turbid aquatic environments Jones, R., et al. August 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals
In sight and in mind: social implications of marine renewable energy Howell, R. July 2019 Thesis Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data
In situ characterization of turbine hydraulic environment to support development of fish-friendly hydropower guidelines in the lower Mekong River region Martinez, J., et al. August 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Fish
In situ observations and simulations of coastal wave field transformation by wave energy converters Contardo, S., et al. October 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Physical Environment
In-Situ Ecological Interactions with a Deployed Tidal Energy Device; An Observational Pilot Study Broadhurst, M., Barr, S., Orme, D. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Fish
In-Stream Hydrokinetic Power: Review and Appraisal VanZwieten, J., et al. September 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
In-Stream Tidal Energy Potential of Puget Sound, Washington Polagye, B., Kawase, M., Malte, P. January 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine, Tidal N/A Farfield Environment
Incorporating Data Uncertainty when Estimating Potential Vulnerability of Scottish Seabirds to Marine Renewable Energy Developments Wade, H., et al. August 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Birds, Seabirds
Increased integration between innovative ocean energy and the EU habitats, species and water protection rules through Maritime Spatial Planning van Hees, S. February 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Ocean Current, Salinity Gradient, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-Economics, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning
Individual Consistency in the Foraging Behaviour of Northern Gannets: Implications for Interactions with Offshore Renewable Energy Developments Soanes, L., et al. March 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Habitat Change Birds, Seabirds
Influence of Blade Solidity on Marine Hydrokinetic Turbines Jonson, M., et al. August 2012 Conference Paper Marine Energy general Noise N/A
Influence of Site Bathymetry on Tidal Resource Assessment Perez-Ortiz, A., et al. August 2014 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Influence of Tidal Energy Converters on sediment dynamics in tidal channel Auguste, C., et al. September 2019 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
Informing a Tidal Turbine Strike Probability Model through Characterization of Fish Behavioral Response using Multibeam Sonar Output Bevelhimer, M., et al. July 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Attraction, Avoidance, Collision Fish
Initial Consultation Document for the Roosevelt Island Tidal Energy Project Verdant Power October 2003 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Insights from Archaeological Analysis and Interpretation of Marine Data Sets to Inform Marine Cultural Heritage Management and Planning of Wave and Tidal Energy Development for Orkney Waters and the Pentland Firth, NE Scotland Pollard, E., et al. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave N/A Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Insights into the Ocean Health Index for Marine Renewable Energy Lam, W., Roy, C. May 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data
Installation of Tidal Turbine Array at Kyle Rhea, Scotland: Scoping Study Bedford, G., Tarrant, D., Trendall, J. March 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Farfield Environment, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Institutional Improvement Measures for Environmental Assessment in the Pursuit of Eco-Friendly Ocean Renewable Energy Development in South Korea Park, J., Kim, T. May 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Instream Tidal Power in North America: Environmental and Permitting Issues Devine Tarbell & Associates June 2006 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Human Dimensions
Instrumentation for Monitoring around Marine Renewable Energy Converters: Workshop Final Report Polagye, B., et al. January 2014 Workshop Article Marine Energy general N/A Nearfield Habitat
Integrated Ecosystem Assessments: Developing the Scientific Basis for Ecosystem-Based Management of the Ocean Levin, P., et al. January 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Ecosystem Processes
Integrated Environmental Mapping and Monitoring, a Methodological Approach to Optimise Knowledge Gathering and Sampling Strategy Nilssen, I., et al. July 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Integrated Instrumentation for Marine Energy Monitoring Polagye, B., et al. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Integrated Monitoring for Marine Energy Baird, S. April 2016 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Integrating a Multibeam and a Multifrequency Echosounder on the Flowbec Seabed Platform to Track Fish and Seabird Behavior around Tidal Turbine Structures Williamson, B., et al. April 2016 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Birds, Seabirds, Fish
Integrating Ocean Wave Energy at Large-Scales: A Study of the US Pacific Northwest Parkinson, S., et al. April 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Farfield Environment
Integration of wave energy and other marine renewable energy sources with the needs of coastal societies Manasseh, R., et al. January 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Ocean Current, OTEC, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data
Interaction between hydrokinetic turbine wakes and sediment dynamics: array performance and geomorphic effects under different siting strategies and sediment transport conditions Musa, M., Hill, C., Guala, M. August 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Riverine Changes in Flow Physical Environment
Interaction between instream axial flow hydrokinetic turbines and uni-directional flow bedforms Hill, C., Musa, M., Guala, M. February 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Ocean Current, Tidal N/A Farfield Environment
Interaction of Marine Renewable Energy and Marine Organisms: Active Acoustic Assessment Williamson, B., et al. September 2019 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Tidal Attraction, Avoidance, Collision, Displacement Fish
Interactions of Aquatic Animals with the ORPC OCGen in Cobscook Bay, Maine: Monitoring Behavior Change and Assessing the Probability of Encounter with a Deployed MHK Device Zydlewski, G., et al. October 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Avoidance, Collision, Habitat Change Fish
Interactions of Marine Hydrokinetic Devices in Complex Bathymetries: Numerical Simulations in the Chacao Channel in Southern Chile. Soto, K., Escauriaza, C., Richter, D. December 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Interactive Marine Spatial Planning: Siting Tidal Energy Arrays around the Mull of Kintyre Alexander, K., et al. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Static Device Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Interim Report of the Working Group on Marine Benthal and Renewable Energy Developments (WGMBRED) International Council for the Exploration of the Sea March 2017 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Invertebrates, Human Dimensions
International good practices for facilitating transboundary collaboration in Marine Spatial Planning Kull, M., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Internet of Things in Marine Environment Monitoring: A Review Xu, G., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Intersectoral Assessment of Impacts on Seabirds - Baseline Report for an Integrated Management Plan for the North Sea and Skagerrak Gasbjerg, G., et al. August 2011 Report Marine Energy (General) N/A Birds, Seabirds
Intertidal Ecology and Potential Power Impacts, Bay of Fundy, Canada Gordon, D. Jr. January 1994 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Ecosystem Processes, Physical Environment
Introducing Ocean Energy Industries to a Busy Marine Environment Hammar, L., et al. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Investigating the Co-Existence of Fisheries and Offshore Renewable Energy in the UK: Identification of a Mitigation Agenda for Fishing Effort Displacement de Groot, J., et al. December 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Fisheries
Investigating the Potential Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Developments on Seabirds Wade, H. September 2015 Thesis Marine Energy general N/A Birds
Investigation of Monitoring Fish Using Underwater Fish-Eye Camera at the Test Site of Marine Renewable Energy Yoshida, T., et al. June 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Fish
Investigation of Spatial Variation of Sea States Offshore of Humboldt Bay, CA Using a Hindcast Model Dallman, A., Neary, V., Stephenson, M. September 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Investigation of Wave Energy Converter Effects on Near‐Shore Wave Fields: Model Generation, Validation and Evaluation ‐ Kaneohe Bay, HI Roberts, J., Chang, G., Jones, C. March 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Physical Environment
Involving the Public in the Impact Assessment of Offshore Renewable Energy Facilities Portman, M. March 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Stakeholder Engagement
Ireland Offshore Renewable Energy Strategic Action Plan 2012 - 2020 UK Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment March 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Legal & Policy
Is There a Conflict Between Cetacean Conservation and Marine Renewable-Energy Developments? Brown, V., Simmonds, M. December 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Islay Limpet Wave Power Plant Report The Queen’s University of Belfast April 2002 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
Jiangxia Pilot Tidal Power Plant China Guodian Corporation January 1980 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Joint Programme on Ocean Energy Carlier, A., De Roeck, Y. December 2011 Workshop Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
JWGBIRD Report 2018: Report of the Joint OSPAR/HELCOM/ICES Working Group on Marine Birds (JWGBIRD) International Council for the Exploration of the Sea October 2018 Report Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Seabirds
Kaneohe Bay OPT Wave Project Ocean Power Technologies January 2009 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Wave
Killer Whales (Orcinus orca) feeding on schooling herring (Clupea harengus) using underwater tail-slaps: Kinematic analyses of field observations Domenici, P., et al. December 1999 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Kvalsund Tidal Turbine Prototype Hammerfest Strøm AS August 2003 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
La Rance Tidal Power Plant: 40-Year Operation Feedback - Lessons Learnt de Laleu, V. October 2009 Presentation Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A N/A
Laboratory Experiments on the Effects of Blade Strike from Hydrokinetic Energy Technologies on Larval and Juvenile Freshwater Fishes Schweizer, P., Cada, G., Bevelhimer, M. March 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
Laboratory Studies on the Effects of Shear on Fish Nietzel, D., et al. September 2000 Report Marine Energy (General), Riverine Changes in Flow Fish
Laboratory study on the effects of hydro kinetic turbines on hydrodynamics and sediment dynamics Ramírez-Mendoza, R., et al. May 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device N/A
Land-Based Infrared Imagery for Marine Mammal Detection Graber, J. April 2011 Thesis Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Large Scale Three-Dimensional Modelling for Wave and Tidal Energy Resource and Environmental Impact: Methodologies for Quantifying Acceptable Thresholds for Sustainable Exploitation Gallego, A., et al. October 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Large-scale Water-related Innovative Renewable Energy Projects and the Habitats and Birds Directives: Legal Issues and Solutions van Hees, S. February 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Legal & Policy
LCRI 2015 Overview of LCRI Research 2008 to 2015 Jones, P., et al. June 2015 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Climate Change
Learning from Early Commercial Tidal Energy Projects in the Puget Sound, Washington and the Pentland Firth, Scotland McMillin, N. January 2016 Thesis Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Legal System for the Development of Marine Renewable Energy in China Chang, Y., Wang, N. August 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Lessons learned in marine governance: Case studies of marine spatial planning practice in the U.S. Smythe, T., McCann, J. August 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Legal and Policy, Marine Spatial Planning, Stakeholder Engagement
Lessons Learnt from MeyGen Phase 1a: Design Phase MeyGen May 2017 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Lethal and Physical Injury of Marine Mammals and Requirements for Passive Acoustic Monitoring Parvin, S., Nedwell, J., Harland, E. February 2007 Report Marine Energy general Noise Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Licensing Guidance for Marine Renewable Energy Projects in Portugal (Mainland Coast) de Jesus, J., Almodovar, M., Simas, T. September 2016 Report Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Life Cycle Assessment of Ocean Energy Technologies: A Systematic Review Paredes, M., Padilla-Rivera, A., Güereca, L. September 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
Life cycle assessment of the Seagen marine current turbine Douglas, C., Harrison, G., Chick, J. February 2008 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Life Cycle Assessment
Life cycle comparison of a wave and tidal energy device Walker, S., Howell, R. November 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Life Cycle Assessment
Lifecycle Environmental Impact Assessment of an Overtopping Wave Energy Converter Embedded in Breakwater Systems Patrizi, N., et al. March 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Life Cycle Assessment
Limits to the Predictability of Tidal Current Energy Polagye, B., Epler, J., Thomson, J. September 2010 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Limits To Tidal Current Power Garrett, C., Cummins, P. November 2008 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Linking Integrated Coastal Zone Management to Maritime Spatial Planning: The Mediterranean Experience Ramieri, E., Bocci, M., Markovic, M. January 2019 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
List of Environmental Effects of MHK Devices Simas, T., Moura, A., Conley, D. September 2010 Presentation Marine Energy (General) N/A N/A
Listening In Riddoch, L. August 2009 Magazine Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise Birds, Seabirds, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Literature Review on the Potential Effects of Electromagnetic Fields and Subsea Noise from Marine Renewable Energy Developments on Atlantic Salmon, Sea Trout and European Eel Gill, A., Bartlett, M. January 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave EMF, Noise Fish
Littoral Characterisation of West Mainland Orkney: The Relationship between Wave Energy, Topography and the Biological Community Want, A., Side, J., Bell, M. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Local and Non-local Geomorphic Effects of Hydrokinetic Turbines: Bridging Renewable Energy and River Morphodynamics Musa, M. June 2019 Thesis Marine Energy (General), Riverine Changes in Flow Physical Environment
Local scour around a model hydrokinetic turbine in an erodible channel Hill, C., et al. April 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Habitat Change Physical Environment
Localised anthropogenic wake generates a predictable foraging hotspot for top predators Lieber, L., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Attraction, Changes in Flow Birds, Seabirds
Localization of Southern Resident Killer Whales Using Two Star Arrays to Support Marine Renewable Energy Ren, H., et al. October 2012 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Lock and Dam No. 2 Hydroelectric Project Hydro Green Energy August 2009 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Riverine
Long-Term Exposure of Several Marine Benthic Animals to Static Magnetic Fields Zettler, M., Bochert, R. September 2004 Journal Article Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish

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