Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers. More entries will load as you scroll down.


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Titlesort ascending Author* Date** Type of Content Technology Types Stressors Receptors
Assessing the Sensitivity of Seabird Populations to Adverse Effects from Tidal Stream Turbines and Wave Energy Devices Furness, R., et al. June 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Static Device Birds
Assessing the risks to marine mammal populations from renewable energy devices: an interim approach Lusseau, D., et al. January 2012 Report Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals
Assessing the Influence of Inflow Turbulence on Noise and Performance of a Tidal Turbine using Large Eddy Simulations Lloyd, T., Turnock, S., Humphrey, V. November 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise N/A
Assessing the Impact of Underwater Sounds on Fishes and Other Forms of Marine Life Hawkins, A., Popper, A. March 2014 Magazine Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Fish
Assessing the impact of tidal stream energy extraction on the Lagrangian circulation Guillou, N., Chapalain, G. October 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment
Assessing the Impact of Rows of Tidal-Stream Turbines on the Overtides of the M2 Potter, D, Folkard, A., Ilić, S. April 2018 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Farfield Environment
Assessing the Impact of Man-Made Underwater Noise from Marine Renewable in the Outer Hebrides Ward, P. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave Noise N/A
Assessing the impact of introduced infrastructure at sea with cameras: A case study for spatial scale, time and statistical power Bicknell, A., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Habitat Change Invertebrates
Assessing the Far Field Effects of Tidal Power Extraction on the Bay of Fundy, Gulf of Maine and Scotian Shelf Sheng, J., et al. June 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport, Water Quality
Assessing the Environmental Impact of the Annapolis Tidal Power Project Tidmarsh, W. January 1984 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Fish, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Assessing the Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Development on Marine and Estuarine Resources Ward, J., et al. January 2010 Conference Paper Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Assessing the cumulative exposure of wildlife to offshore wind energy development Wing Goodale, M., Milman, A. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Assessing the Cumulative Environmental Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Developments: Establishing Common Ground Willsteed, E., et al. January 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Farfield Environment
Assessing Resource Assessment for MRE Hanson, H., et al. December 2010 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Assessing potential impacts of energized submarine power cables on crab harvests Love, M., et al. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Socio-economics, Fishing
Assessing collision risk between underwater turbines and marine wildlife Scottish Natural Heritage May 2016 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device N/A
Aspects of Offshore Renewable Energy and the Alterations of Marine Habitats Wilhelmsson, D. January 2009 Thesis Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Fish, Nearfield Habitat
Artificial Reef Effect in Relation to Offshore Renewable Energy Conversion: State of the Art Langhamer, O. December 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Artificial Reef Effect and Fouling Impacts on Offshore Wave Power Foundations and Buoys - A Pilot Study Langhamer, O., Wilhelmsson, D., Engström, J. April 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Artificial Marine Structures Facilitate the Spread of a Non-Indigenous Green Algae Bulleri, F., Airoldi, L. October 2005 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Array Optimization for Tidal Energy Extraction in a Tidal Channel - A Numerical Modeling Analysis Yang, Z., Wang, T., Copping, A. April 2014 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A N/A
Argyll Tidal Demonstrator Project Nautricity Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Appropriateness of Existing Monitoring Studies for the Fundy Tidal Energy Project and Considerations for Monitoring Commercial Scale Scenarios Fisheries and Oceans Canada June 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Farfield Environment, Fish
Approaches to Marine Mammal Monitoring at Marine Renewable Energy Developments Macleod, K., et al. August 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Marine Mammals
Applying Risk Science and Stakeholder Engagement to Overcome Environmental Barriers to Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Projects Copping, A., Anderson, R., Van Cleve, F. September 2010 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy, Stakeholder Engagement
Applying Ecological Risk Assessment Methodology for Outlining Ecosystem Effects of Ocean Energy Technologies Hammar, L., Gullström, M. January 2011 Conference Paper Marine Energy general Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Ecosystem, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Applying a simple model for estimating the likelihood of collision of marine mammals with tidal turbines Copping, A., Grear, M. August 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Marine Mammals
Application of Tidal Energy for Purification in Fresh Water Lake Jung, R., Isshiki, H. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Application of the Time-Dependent Mild-Slope Equations for the Simulation of Wake Effects in the Lee of a Farm of Wave Dragon Wave Energy Converters Beels, C., et al. August 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Nearfield Habitat
Applicability of the "Frame of Reference" Approach for Environmental Monitoring of Offshore Renewable Energy Projects Garel, E., et al. August 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Anticipated Coastal Impacts: What Water-Users Think of Marine Renewables and Why Stokes, C., et al. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Human Dimensions
Anthropogenic Sources of Underwater Sound can Modify how Sediment-Dwelling Invertebrates Mediate Ecosystem Properties Solan, M., et al. February 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Noise Benthic Invertebrates
Anthropogenic disturbance facilitates a non-native species on offshore oil platforms Viola, S., et al. July 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Attraction, Habitat Change Invertebrates
Annex IV Project - Ocean Energy Systems Implementing Agreement Battey, H., Copping, A. April 2011 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Annex IV Goals Copping, A. April 2011 Presentation Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Annex IV 2016 State of the Science Report: Environmental Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Development Around the World Copping, A., et al. April 2016 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Attraction, Avoidance, Changes in Flow, Collision, EMF, Entrapment, Habitat Change, Noise Birds, Ecosystem Processes, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat, Physical Environment, Reptiles, Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Annex IV - Investigating Environmental Effects of Wave and Tidal Devices Through International Cooperation Copping, A., et al. April 2014 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Changes in Flow, Habitat Change, Noise N/A
Annex IV - International Collaboration to Investigate Environmental Effects of Wave and Tidal Devices Copping, A., et al. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A N/A
Annex I: Movements and Diving Behaviour of Juvenile Grey Seals in Areas of High Tidal Energy Thompson, D. July 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Annex A: Summary of Operational Underwater Noise from a Wave Energy Converter System at the EMEC Wave Energy Test Site May 2011: Comparison of Pelamis System Operational and Baseline Noise Measurements Lepper, P., et al. September 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Noise N/A
Annapolis Tidal Station Nova Scotia Power January 1984 Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Riverine, Tidal
Analysis-based results on the delineation of prearrangement areas for marine renewable energy installations in the Western Black Sea Basin Mateescu, R., Vlasceanu, E., Rusu, L. August 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General) Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment, Marine Spatial Planning
Analysis of the Possible Displacement of Bird and Marine Mammal Species Related to the Installation and Operation of Marine Energy Conversion Systems Long, C. January 2017 Report Marine Energy (General) Displacement, Habitat Change Birds, Marine Mammals
Analysis of the Impacts of Wave Energy Converter Arrays on the Nearshore Wave Climate O'Dea, A., Haller, M. April 2014 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Analysis of the environmental issues concerning the deployment of an OTEC power plant in Martinique Devault, D., Péné-Annette, A. November 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC Chemicals Socio-economics
Analysis of Experience from Environmental Impact Assessments of Wave Energy Test Centres Conley, D., et al. April 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Analysis of Bird and Marine Mammal Data for Fall of Warness Tidal Test Site, Orkney Robbins, A. January 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Birds, Seabirds, Shorebirds, Waterfowl, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Analysis of Bird and Marine Mammal Data for Billia Croo Wave Test Site, Orkney Robbins, A. January 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Birds, Seabirds, Shorebirds, Waterfowl, Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Analysing the potentials and effects of multi-use between tidal energy development and environmental protection and monitoring: A case study of the inner sound of the Pentland Firth Sangiuliano, S. August 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
An Unstructured Grid, Finite-Volume Coastal Ocean Model (FVCOM) System Chen, C., Beardsley, R., Cowles, G. March 2006 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Physical Environment
An Overview of the Environmental Impact of Non-Wind Renewable Energy Systems in the Marine Environment OSPAR Commission January 2006 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A N/A
An Overview Of Ocean Renewable Energy Technologies Bedard, R., et al. June 2010 Magazine Article Marine Energy general, OTEC, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
An Overview of a Simulation Approach to Assessing Environmental Risk of Sound Exposure to Marine Mammals Donovan, C., et al. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general Noise Marine Mammals
An Offshore Renewable Energy Environmental Research & Innovation Strategy for the UK Natural Environment Research Council December 2019 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions
An LCA of the Pelamis wave energy converter Thomson, R., Chick, J., Harrison, G. July 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Life Cycle Assessment
An Investigation of the Impacts of Climate Change on Wave Energy Generation: The Wave Hub, Cornwall, UK Reeve, D., et al. September 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
An Introduction to Marine Renewable Energy Sheilds, M. January 2014 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
An International Assessment of the Environmental Effects of Marine Energy Development Copping, A., et al. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Noise Fish, Marine Mammals
An Integrated Solution to Real Time Marine Mammal Monitoring for Tidal Turbines Bromley, P., Boake, C., Broudic, M. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Static Device Marine Mammals
An Evaluation of the Use of Shore-Based Surveys for Estimating Spatial Overlap between Deep-Diving Seabirds and Tidal Stream Turbines Waggitt, J., Bell, P., Scott, B. December 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Birds
An Estimation Of Survival And Injury Of Fish Passed Through The Hydro Green Energy Hydrokinetic System, And A Characterization Of Fish Entrainment Potential At The Mississippi Lock And Dam No. 2 Hydroelectric Projects Normandeau Associates December 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
An Economic and Environmental Assessment of Transporting Bulk Energy from a Grazing Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Facility Gilmore, E., Blohm, A., Sinsabaugh, S. November 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC N/A Farfield Environment, Socio-economics
An Assessment of the Marine Renewable Energy Sector in Canada - Now and in the Future Canmet ENERGY January 2011 Report Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
An assessment of the impacts of a tidal renewable energy scheme on the eutrophication potential of the Severn Estuary, UK Kadiri, M., et al. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
An assessment of research and development leadership in ocean energy technologies Bruch, V. April 1994 Report Marine Energy general N/A Human Dimensions
An artificial neural network model of coastal erosion mitigation through wave farms Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Bergillos, R., Iglesias, G. September 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Socio-economics
An Adaptive Framework for Selecting Environmental Monitoring Protocols to Support Ocean Renewable Energy Development Shumchenia, E., et al. September 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
AMBEMAR-DSS: A decision support system for the environmental impact assessment of marine renewable energies Guinda, X., et al. June 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment, Stakeholder Engagement
Alteration to the shallow-water tides and tidal asymmetry by tidal-stream turbines Potter, D January 2019 Thesis Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Sediment Transport
Algorithms for Marine Mammal Modelling and an Application in Ramsey Sound Lake, T., Masters, I., Croft, N. January 2017 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals
Airborne and Underwater Noise Assessment at the Pico OWC Wave Power Plant de Moura, A., et al. October 2010 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Noise N/A
Agent-Based Modelling of fish collisions with tidal turbines Rossington, K., Benson, T. May 2019 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Fish
Advancing a Key Consenting Risk for Tidal Energy: The Risk of Marine Mammal Collision for In-Stream Tidal Energy Devices Booth, C., et al. April 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Marine Mammals
Advances in Research to Understand the Impacts of Wave and Tidal Energy Devices in the United States Brown-Saracino, J. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A N/A
Advanced Anchoring and Mooring Study Sound and Sea Technologies November 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Static Device N/A
Admiralty Inlet Post-Installation Environmental Monitoring Summary Polagye, B. April 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Admiralty Inlet Pilot Tidal Project OpenHydro Project Site OES-Environmental Marine Energy general, Tidal
Admiralty Inlet Final License Application Snohomish County Public Utility District No. 1 March 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A N/A
Admiralty Inlet Final Environmental Assessment Snohomish County Public Utility District No. 1 August 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Admiralty Inlet Basin Flow Model Pacific Northwest National Laboratory January 2012 Video Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal N/A
Adjusting the Financial Risk of Tidal Current Projects by Optimising the 'Installed Capacity/Capacity Factor'-Ratio Already During the Feasibility Stage Bucher, R., Couch, S. June 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
Addressing the Effects of Human-Generated Sound on Marine Life: An Integrated Research Plan for US Federal Agencies Southall, B., et al. January 2009 Report Marine Energy general Noise Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Adding People to the Sea: Conceptualizing Social Sustainability in Maritime Spatial Planning Saunders, F., Gilek, M., Tafon, R. January 2019 Book Chapter Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Active acoustic monitoring in extreme turbulence around marine renewable energy devices Fraser, S., et al. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Acoustic Tracking of Fish Movements in the Minas Passage and FORCE Demonstration Area: Pre-Turbine Baseline Studies (2011-2013) Redden, A., Stokesbury, M. January 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Fish
Acoustic Noise Measurement Methodology for the Billia Croo Wave Energy Test Site Lepper, P., et al. November 2012 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Noise N/A
Acoustic Monitoring of Beluga Whale Interactions with Cook Inlet Tidal Energy Project ORPC Alaska February 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Static Device Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Acoustic Life Cycle Assessment of Offshore Renewables - Implications from a Wave-Energy Converter Deployment in Falmouth Bay, UK Blondel, P., Walsh, J. June 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Noise N/A
Acoustic impact of a wave energy converter in Mediterranean shallow waters Buscaino, G., et al. July 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Noise Fish
Acoustic Imaging around Marine Renewable Energy Devices - Field Deployments of the FLOWBEC Platform Williamson, B., et al. July 2016 Conference Paper Marine Energy general N/A Nearfield Habitat
Acoustic Field Calibration for Noise Prediction: the CALCOM'10 Data Set Martins, N., Felisberto, P., Jesus, S. June 2011 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Noise N/A
Acoustic Environmental Monitoring - Wello Penguin Cooling System Noise Study Beharie, R., Side, J. January 2012 Report Marine Energy (General), Wave Noise N/A
Acoustic characterization of Mutriku OWC Plant Bald, J., et al. March 2017 Presentation Marine Energy general, Wave Noise N/A
Acoustic Characterization of a Hydrokinetic Turbine Polagye, B., Murphy, P. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Riverine Noise N/A
Accommodating Wave and Tidal Energy - Control and Decision in Scotland Johnson, K., Kerr, S., Side, J. September 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Accelerating Ocean Energy to the Marketplace: Environmental Research at the U.S. Department of Energy National Laboratories Copping, A., et al. October 2010 Conference Paper Marine Energy (General) N/A N/A
A World First: Swansea Bay Tidal Lagoon in Review Waters, S., Aggidis, G. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
A Wave Farm for an Island: Detailed Effects on the Nearshore Wave Climate Veigas, M., Ramos, V., Iglesias, G. May 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow N/A
A Validation of the dBht as a Measure of the Behavioural and Auditory Effects of Underwater Noise Nedwell, J., et al. October 2007 Report Marine Energy general Noise N/A
A transformational paradigm for marine renewable energy development Graziano, M., et al. January 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions

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