Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers. More entries will load as you scroll down.


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Title Author* Date** Type of Content Technology Types Stressorssort descending Receptors
Current Ability to Assess Impacts of Electromagnetic Fields Associated with Marine and Hydrokinetic Technologies on Marine Fishes in Hawaii Claisse, J., et al. September 2015 Report Marine Energy general EMF Fish
MHK and Electromagnetic Fields (EMFs) Gill, A. May 2015 Presentation Marine Energy general EMF N/A
Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Fish and Invertebrates - FY2010 Progress Report Schultz, I., et al. October 2010 Report Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Assessment of Potential Impact of Electromagnetic Fields from Undersea Cable on Migratory Fish Behavior Kavet, R., et al. September 2016 Report Marine Energy general EMF Fish
Evidence for Geomagnetic Imprinting and Magnetic Navigation in the Natal Homing of Sea Turtles Brothers, J., Lohmann, K. February 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general EMF Sea Turtles
Marine Renewable Energy, Electromagnetic (EM) Fields and EM-Sensitive Animals Gill, A., et al. February 2014 Book Chapter Marine Energy general EMF N/A
Electromagnetic Field (EMF) Impacts on Elasmobranch (shark, rays, and skates) and American Lobster Movement and Migration from Direct Current Cables Hutchison, Z., et al. March 2018 Report Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Understanding the effects of electromagnetic field emissions from Marine Renewable Energy Devices (MREDs) on the commercially important edible crab, Cancer pagurus (L.) Scott, K., Harsanyi, P., Lyndon, A. June 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates
Potential Impact of Submarine Power Cables on Crab Harvest Bull, A., Nishimoto, M. February 2016 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind EMF Benthic Invertebrates
Assessing potential impacts of energized submarine power cables on crab harvests Love, M., et al. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Socio-economics, Fishing
EPRI Workshop on EMF and Aquatic Life Electric Power Research Institute April 2013 Workshop Article Marine Energy general EMF Nearfield Habitat
Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Fish and Invertebrates - FY2012 Progress Report Woodruff, D., et al. May 2013 Report Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Marine Species: A Literature Review Slater, M. September 2010 Report Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish, Marine Mammals
Assessing the Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Energy Development on Marine and Estuarine Resources Ward, J., et al. January 2010 Conference Paper Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Effects on Freshwater Organisms of Magnetic Fields Associated with Hydrokinetic Turbines Cada, G., et al. July 2011 Report Marine Energy general, Riverine EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Electromagnetic Field Study Slater, M., et al. September 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave EMF N/A
Long-Term Exposure of Several Marine Benthic Animals to Static Magnetic Fields Zettler, M., Bochert, R. September 2004 Journal Article Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Review of Literature and Studies on Electro Magnetic Fields (EMF) Generated by Undersea Power Cables and Associated Influence on Marine Organisms Switzer, T., Meggitt, D. September 2010 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind EMF N/A
COWRIE 2.0 Electromagnetic Fields (EMF) Phase 2: EMF Sensitive Fish Response to EM Emissions from Sub-sea Electricity Cables of the Type used by the Offshore Renewable Energy Industry Gill, A., et al. March 2009 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind EMF Fish
Sub-Sea Power Cables And The Migration Behaviour Of The European Eel Langenfelt, I., Westerberg, H. October 2008 Journal Article Marine Energy general EMF Fish
The Environmental Effects of the Installation and Functioning of the Submarine SwePol Link HVDC Transmission Line: A Case Study of the Polish Marine Area of the Baltic Sea Andrulewicz, E., Napierska, D., Otremba, Z. June 2003 Journal Article Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Developing Wave Energy in Coastal California: Potential Socio-Economic and Environmental Effects Nelson, P., et al. October 2008 Report Marine Energy general, Wave EMF, Energy Removal, Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Socio-economics
Strategic Priorities for Assessing Ecological Impacts of Marine Renewable Energy Devices in the Pentland Firth (Scotland, UK) Shields, M., et al. July 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal EMF, Energy Removal, Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat
Conceptual Models of Potential Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Impacts on Biological Resources Grippo, M., Hlohowskyj, I. October 2012 Report Marine Energy general EMF, Energy Removal, Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Greening Blue Energy: Identifying and Managing the Biodiversity Risks and Opportunities of Offshore Renewable Energy Wilhelmsson, D., et al. July 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat
Humanity and the Sea: Marine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental Interactions Shields, M., Payne, A. January 2014 Book Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind EMF, Energy Removal, Noise, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles
Proceedings of the Oregon Marine Renewable Energy Environmental Sciences Conference Boehlert, G., et al. April 2013 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind EMF, Energy Removal, Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics
Environmental Effects Monitoring Report 2011-2013 FORCE January 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal EMF, Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Literature Review on the Potential Effects of Electromagnetic Fields and Subsea Noise from Marine Renewable Energy Developments on Atlantic Salmon, Sea Trout and European Eel Gill, A., Bartlett, M. January 2010 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave EMF, Noise Fish
Potential Interactions between Diadromous Fishes of U.K. Conservation Importance and the Electromagnetic Fields and Subsea Noise from Marine Renewable Energy Developments Gill, A., Bartlett, M., Thomsen, F. July 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general EMF, Noise Fish
Summary Report on Environmental Monitoring Related to the Pearson College - ENCANA - Clean Current Tidal Power Demonstration Project at Race Rocks Ecological Reserve Thuringer, P., Reidy, R. December 2006 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal EMF, Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Seabirds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Nearfield Habitat
Fairhead Tidal Environmental Impact Assessment Scoping Document McGrath, C. December 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal EMF, Noise Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Study on the Influence of the Distance to Shore for a Wave Energy Farm Operating in the Central Part of the Portuguese Nearshore Rusu, E., Onea, F. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Impact of Tidal Energy Arrays Located in Regions of Tidal Asymmetry Neill, S. March 2013 Workshop Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal N/A
TeraWatt Position Papers: A "Toolbox" of Methods to Better Understand and Assess the Effects of Tidal and Wave Energy Arrays on the Marine Environment Murray, R., et al. August 2015 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
The Simulation of Nearshore Wave Energy Converters and their Associated Impacts around the Outer Hebrides Greenwood, C., Christie, D., Venugopal, V. September 2013 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal N/A
Wave Energy Level and Geographic Setting Correlate with Florida Beach Water Quality Feng, Z., et al. March 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal N/A
Impacts of Tidal-Stream Energy Converter (TEC) Arrays in Relation to the Natural Variability of Sedimentary Processes Robins, P., Neill, S., Lewis, M. May 2014 Presentation Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal N/A
Potential Environmental Impact of Tidal Energy Extraction in the Pentland Firth at Large Spatial Scales: Results of a Biogeochemical Model van der Molen, J., Ruardij, P., Greenwood, N. May 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Hydrodynamic Effects of Hydrokinetic Turbine Deployment in an Irrigation Canal Gunawan, B., Roberts, J., Neary, V. April 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Riverine Energy Removal N/A
Impacts of Tidal Energy Extraction on Sea Bed Morphology Chatzirodou, A., Karunarathna, H. June 2014 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal N/A
Modelling the Response of Sandbank Dynamics to Tidal Energy Extraction Chatzirodou, A., Karunarathna, H., Reeve, D. June 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal N/A
Marine Renewable Energy Seascape Borthwick, A. March 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Energy Removal Socio-economics, Climate Change, Legal and Policy
Do Changes in Current Flow as a Result of Arrays of Tidal Turbines Have an Effect on Benthic Communities? Kregting, L., et al. August 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Benthic Invertebrates
Numerical Evaluation of Marine Current Turbine: Impact on Environment and its Potential of Renewable Energy Utilization Kitazawa, D., Zhang, J. April 2016 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Ecosystem, Farfield Environment
Numerical Modelling of Wave Energy Converters: Environmental Impact Assessment Kregting, L., Elsäßer, B. June 2016 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Impact of Tidal Level Variations on Wave Energy Absorption at Wave Hub Castellucci, V., Eriksson, M., Waters, R. October 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal N/A
Wave Energy Converter (WEC) Array Effects on Wave, Current, and Sediment Circulation: Monterey Bay, CA Jones, C., Magalen, J., Roberts, J. January 2014 Report Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
Experimental Measurement of Wave Field Variations around Wave Energy Converter Arrays O'Boyle, L., Elsäßer, B., Whittaker, T. January 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Morphological Process of a Restored Estuary Downstream of a Tidal Barrier Kuang, C., et al. March 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Geomorphological Analogues for Large Estuarine Engineering Projects: A Case Study of Barrages, Causeways and Tidal Energy Projects Morris, R. July 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal N/A
Effects of Hydrokinetic Energy Turbine Arrays on Sediment Transport at São Marcos Bay, Brazil González-Gorbeña, E., et al. August 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Environmental Effects of Marine Energy Development on Physical Systems Roberts, J., Jones, C. May 2015 Presentation Marine Energy general Energy Removal Farfield Environment
A Modeling Study of Tidal Energy Extraction and the Associated Impact on Tidal Circulation in a Multi-Inlet Bay System of Puget Sound Wang, T., Yang, Z. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Cumulative Impact Assessment of Tidal Stream Energy Extraction in the Irish Sea Haverson, D., et al. June 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Modelling the Effects of Marine Energy Extraction on Non-Cohesive Sediment Transport and Morphological Change in the Pentland Firth and Orkney Waters Fairley, I., Karunarathna, H., Chatzirodou, A. January 2017 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
A Review of the Current Understanding of the Hydro-Environmental Impacts of Energy Removal by Tidal Turbines Nash, S., Phoenix, A. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal N/A
Understanding our seas: National Institute of Oceanography, Goa Naqvi, S. April 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general Energy Removal Socio-economics, Fishing
A French Application Case of Tidal Turbine Certification Paboeuf, S., Macadre, L., Sun, P. June 2016 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal N/A
Variability in Suspended Sediment Concentration in the Minas Basin, Bay of Fundy, and Implications for Changes due to Tidal Power Extraction Ashall, L., Mulligan, R., Law, B. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal N/A
Modelling Seabed Shear Stress, Sediment Mobility, and Sediment Transport in the Bay of Fundy Li, M., et al. September 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal N/A
The Impact of Marine Renewable Energy Extraction on Sediment Dynamics Neill, S., Robins, P., Fairley, I. April 2017 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Marine Renewable Energy: Resource Characterization and Physical Effects Yang, Z., Copping, A. January 2017 Book Marine Energy general Energy Removal N/A
Implications of Tidal Energy Extraction on Sedimentary Processes within Shallow Intertidal Environments van Proosdij, D., et al. March 2013 Report Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Measurement of the Effect of Power Absorption in the Lee of a Wave Energy Converter Ashton, I., Johanning, L., Linfoot, B. June 2009 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal N/A
Hydrodynamic Impacts of a Marine Renewable Energy Installation on the Benthic Boundary Layer in a Tidal Channel Fraser, S., et al. September 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal N/A
Developing Methodologies for Large Scale Wave and Tidal Stream Marine Renewable Energy Extraction and its Environmental Impact: An Overview of the TeraWatt Project Side, J., et al. October 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Large Scale Three-Dimensional Modelling for Wave and Tidal Energy Resource and Environmental Impact: Methodologies for Quantifying Acceptable Thresholds for Sustainable Exploitation Gallego, A., et al. October 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Multi-Scale Ocean Response to a Large Tidal Stream Turbine Array De Dominicis, M., Murray, R., Wolf, J. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Baselines and Monitoring Methods for Detecting Impacts of Hydrodynamic Energy Extraction on Intertidal Communities of Rocky Shores Want, A., et al. January 2014 Book Chapter Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Climate Change
Modelling Study of the Effects of Suspended Aquaculture Installations on Tidal Stream Generation in Cobscook Bay O'Donncha, F., James, S., Ragnoli, E. March 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Socio-economics, Fishing
Simulating Current-Energy Converters: SNL-EFDC Model Development, Verification, and Parameter Estimation James, S., et al. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Numerical Modelling Study of the Effects of Suspended Aquaculture Farms on Tidal Stream Energy Generation O'Donncha, F., et al. September 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Socio-economics, Fishing
Modelling the Hydrodynamic and Morphological Impacts of a Tidal Stream Development in Ramsey Sound Haverson, D., et al. October 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
The Role of Wave Energy Converter Farms on Coastal Protection in Eroding Deltas, Guadalfeo, Southern Spain Bergillos, R., et al. January 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Using Coupled Hydrodynamic Biogeochemical Models to Predict the Effects of Tidal Turbine Arrays on Phytoplankton Dynamics Schuchert, P., et al. May 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Ecosystem
Impact of different tidal renewable energy projects on the hydrodynamic processes in the Severn Estuary, UK Xia, J., Falconer, R., Lin, B. January 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
Comparative Effects of Climate Change and Tidal Stream Energy Extraction in a Shelf Sea De Demonicis, M., Wolf, J., Murray, R. July 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Evaluation of the shoreline effect of the marine energy farms in different coastal environments Rusu, E., Onea, F. August 2018 Conference Paper Marine Energy general Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Numerical modeling of the effects of wave energy converter characteristics on nearshore wave conditions Chang, G., et al. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
Wake effect assessment of a flap type wave energy converter farm under realistic environmental conditions by using a numerical coupling methodology Tomey-Bozo, N., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal N/A
Wave farm impacts on coastal flooding under sea-level rise: A case study in southern Spain Bergillos, R., Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Iglesias, G. February 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Socio-economics, Climate Change
Protection of gravel-dominated coasts through wave farms: Layout and shoreline evolution Rodriguez-Delgado, C., et al. September 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
The impact of wave energy converter arrays on wave-induced forcing in the surf zone O'Dea, A., Haller, M., Ozkan-Haller, H. August 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal N/A
Wave farm effects on the coast: The alongshore position Rodriguez-Delgado, C., et al. November 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Evaluation of the nearshore impact of a hybrid wave-wind energy farm Diaconu, S., Onea, F., Rusu, E. February 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Coastal impact of a hybrid marine farm operating close to the Sardinia Island Onea, F., Rusu, L. May 2015 Conference Paper Marine Energy general, Wave, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Numerical modelling of the effect of the hydro-kinetic turbines on the transport of sediments - Application to the Rhone site. Khaled, F., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Localised anthropogenic wake generates a predictable foraging hotspot for top predators Lieber, L., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Birds, Seabirds
Performance and resilience of hydrokinetic turbine arrays under large migrating fluvial bedforms Musa, M., et al. July 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Modelling impacts of tidal stream turbines on surface waves Li, X., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
Tidal stream energy impacts on estuarine circulation Ramos, V., et al. April 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Assessment of the impacts of tidal stream energy through high-resolution numerical modeling Ramos, V., et al. November 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
The impacts of tidal turbines on water levels in a shallow estuary Garcia-Oliva, M., Djordjević, S., Tabor, G. September 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal N/A
Tidal stream energy impact on the transient and residual flow in an estuary: A 3D analysis Sanchez, M., et al. March 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal N/A
The trade-off between tidal-turbine array yield and environmental impact: A habitat suitability modelling approach du Feu, R., et al. May 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Benthic Invertebrates
The effect of arrays of wave energy converters on the nearshore wave climate Atan, R., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Wave farm impact based on realistic wave-WEC interaction Carballo, R., Iglesias, G. March 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
A fundamental coupling methodology for modeling near-field and far-field wave effects of floating structures and wave energy devices Stratigaki, V., Troch, P., Forehand, D. December 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat
The impact of energy extraction of wave energy converter arrays on wave climate under multi-directional seas Tay, Z., Venugopal, V. February 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat

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