Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers. More entries will load as you scroll down.


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Titlesort descending Author* Date** Type of Content Technology Types Stressors Receptors
'You don't do a chemistry experiment in your best china': Symbolic interpretations of place and technology in a wave energy case McLachlan, C. December 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
3D modelling of the impacts of in-stream horizontal-axis Tidal Energy Converters (TECs) on offshore sandbank dynamics Chatzirodou, A., Karunarathna, H., Reeve, D. October 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment
A 35 year high-resolution wave atlas for nearshore energy production and economics at the Aegean Sea Lavidas, G., Venugopal, V. April 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Socio-economics
A Benchmark for Life Cycle Air Emissions and Life Cycle Impact Assessment of Hydrokinetic Energy Extraction using Life Cycle Assessment Miller, V., Landis, A., Schaefer, L. March 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Life Cycle Assessment
A Comparative Review of Entrainment Survival Studies at Power Plants in Estuarine Environments Mayhew, D., et al. September 2000 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Entrapment N/A
A Comparison of Numerical Modelling Techniques for Tidal Stream Turbine Analysis Masters, I., et al. July 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
A comprehensive insight into tidal stream energy farms in Iran Radfar, S., et al. November 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Human Dimensions
A dynamic risk assessment method to address safety of navigation concerns around offshore renewable energy installations Mehdi, R., Baldauf, M., Deeb, H. March 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Navigation
A Finite Element Circulation Model for Embayments with Drying Intertidal Areas and its Application to the Quoddy Region of the Bay of Fundy Greenberg, D., et al. January 2005 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
A fish-eye view of riverine hydropower systems: the current understanding of the biological response to turbine passage Pracheil, B., et al. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Riverine Avoidance, Collision Fish
A Framework for Determining Improved Placement of Current Energy Converters Subject to Environmental Constraints Nelson, K., et al. June 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
A framework to evaluate the environmental impact of OCEAN energy devices Mendoza, E., et al. June 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Ocean Current, OTEC, Tidal, Wave, Offshore Wind Attraction, Avoidance, Collision, Noise Birds, Seabirds, Shorebirds, Ecosystem Processes, Fish, Invertebrates, Marine Mammals, Cetaceans, Pinnipeds, Nearfield Habitat, Physical Environment, Environmental Impact Assessment
A fundamental coupling methodology for modeling near-field and far-field wave effects of floating structures and wave energy devices Stratigaki, V., Troch, P., Forehand, D. December 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Physical Environment
A General Theory on Fish Aggregation to Floating Objects: An Alternative to the Meeting Point Hypothesis Castro, J., Santiago, J., Santana-Ortega, A. June 2002 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Ecosystem, Fish
A Geographical-Based Multi-Criteria Approach for Marine Energy Farm Planning Maslov, N., et al. May 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
A high-resolution hindcast of sea level and 3D currents for marine renewable energy applications: A case study in the Bay of Biscay Chiri, H., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
A Holistic Method for Selecting Tidal Stream Energy Hotspots Under Technical, Economic and Functional Constraints Vazquez, A., Iglesias, G. June 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
A Marine Spatial Planning Approach to Select Suitable Areas for Installing Wave Energy Converters on the Basque Continental Shelf (Bay of Biscay) Galparsoro, I., et al. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Static Device Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
A Marine Spatial Planning Framework for the Optimal Siting of Marine Renewable Energy Installations: Two Danish Case Studies Azzellino, A., et al. January 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
A Method for EIA Scoping of Wave Energy Converters - Based on Classification of the Used Technology Margheritini, L., Hansen, A., Frigaard, P. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Farfield Environment, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
A Methodology for Multi-Criteria Design of Multi-Use Offshore Platforms for Marine Renewable Energy Harvesting Zanuttigh, B., et al. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics
A Modeling Study of the Potential Water Quality Impacts from In-Stream Tidal Energy Extraction Wang, T., Yang, Z., Copping, A. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment, Water Quality
A Modeling Study of Tidal Energy Extraction and the Associated Impact on Tidal Circulation in a Multi-Inlet Bay System of Puget Sound Wang, T., Yang, Z. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment
A Political, Economic, Social, Technology, Legal and Environmental (PESTLE) Approach for Risk Identification of the Tidal Industry in the United Kingdom Kolios, A., Read, G. September 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
A Political, Economic, Social, Technology, Legal and Environmental (PESTLE) Approach for Risk Identification of the Tidal Industry in the United Kingdom Kolios, A., Read, G. October 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy, Stakeholder Engagement
A Probabilistic Model for Hydrokinetic Turbine Collision Risks: Exploring Impacts on Fish Hammar, L., et al. March 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Avoidance, Changes in Flow, Collision Fish
A Protocol for Classifying Ecologically Relevant Marine Zones, A Statistical Approach Verfaillie, E., et al. March 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Nearfield Habitat
A Quantitative, Non-Destructive Methodology for Habitat Characterisation and Benthic Monitoring at Offshore Renewable Energy Developments Sheehan, E., Stevens, T., Attrill, M. December 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
A Regional Ecological Risk Assessment of the Kaipara Harbour, New Zealand, Using a Relative Risk Model Kanwar, P., Bowden, W., Greenhalgh, S. May 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
A review of crustacean sensitivity to high amplitude underwater noise: Data needs for effective risk assessment in relation to UK commercial species Edmonds, N., et al. July 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind Noise Benthic Invertebrates
A Review of Studies Related to the Effects of Propeller-Type Turbine Passage on Fish Early Life Stages Cada, G. January 1990 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
A Review of the Application of Lifecycle Analysis to Renewable Energy Systems Lund, C., Biswas, W. April 2008 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine, Tidal, Wave, Wind Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Life Cycle Assessment
A Review of the Current Understanding of the Hydro-Environmental Impacts of Energy Removal by Tidal Turbines Nash, S., Phoenix, A. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal N/A
A Review of the Potential Water Quality Impacts of Tidal Renewable Energy Systems Kadiri, M., et al. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Nearfield Habitat
A review of unmanned vehicles for the detection and monitoring of marine fauna Verfuss, U., et al. March 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Environmental Impact Assessment
A Review on the Technology, Performance, Design Optimization, Reliability, Techno-Economics and Environmental Impacts of Hydrokinetic Energy Conversion Systems Kumar, D., Sarkar, S. June 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device N/A
A roadmap for marine spatial planning: A critical examination of the European Commission's guiding principles based on their application in the Clyde MSP Pilot Project Flannery, W., Cinnéide, M. January 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning, Stakeholder Engagement
A Scenario-Based Approach to Evaluating Potential Environmental Impacts Following a Tidal Barrage Installation Kidd, I., et al. November 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Ecosystem Processes, Physical Environment
A Self-Contained Subsea Platform for Acoustic Monitoring of the Environment Around Marine Renewable Energy Devices - Field Deployments at Wave and Tidal Energy Sites in Orkney, Scotland Williamson, B., et al. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Collision Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
A strategic analysis of tidal current energy conversion systems in the European Union Segura, E., Morales, R., Somolinos, J. February 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
A systematic review of transferable solution options for the environmental impacts of tidal lagoons Elliott, K., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
A Techno-Economic Analysis of Tidal Energy Technology Johnstone, C., et al. January 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
A Tidal Power Project Wright, G. September 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
A Tool for Simulating Collision Probabilities of Animals with Marine Renewable Energy Devices Schmitt, P., et al. November 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device N/A
A transformational paradigm for marine renewable energy development Graziano, M., et al. January 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data
A Wave Farm for an Island: Detailed Effects on the Nearshore Wave Climate Veigas, M., Ramos, V., Iglesias, G. May 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow N/A
A World First: Swansea Bay Tidal Lagoon in Review Waters, S., Aggidis, G. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Accommodating Wave and Tidal Energy - Control and Decision in Scotland Johnson, K., Kerr, S., Side, J. September 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal, Wave N/A Socio-economics
Acoustic impact of a wave energy converter in Mediterranean shallow waters Buscaino, G., et al. July 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Noise Fish
Acoustic Life Cycle Assessment of Offshore Renewables - Implications from a Wave-Energy Converter Deployment in Falmouth Bay, UK Blondel, P., Walsh, J. June 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Noise N/A
Active acoustic monitoring in extreme turbulence around marine renewable energy devices Fraser, S., et al. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Adjusting the Financial Risk of Tidal Current Projects by Optimising the 'Installed Capacity/Capacity Factor'-Ratio Already During the Feasibility Stage Bucher, R., Couch, S. June 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Socio-economics
An Adaptive Framework for Selecting Environmental Monitoring Protocols to Support Ocean Renewable Energy Development Shumchenia, E., et al. September 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
An artificial neural network model of coastal erosion mitigation through wave farms Rodriguez-Delgado, C., Bergillos, R., Iglesias, G. September 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Energy Removal Farfield Environment, Socio-economics
An assessment of the impacts of a tidal renewable energy scheme on the eutrophication potential of the Severn Estuary, UK Kadiri, M., et al. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
An Economic and Environmental Assessment of Transporting Bulk Energy from a Grazing Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Facility Gilmore, E., Blohm, A., Sinsabaugh, S. November 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, OTEC N/A Farfield Environment, Socio-economics
An Evaluation of the Use of Shore-Based Surveys for Estimating Spatial Overlap between Deep-Diving Seabirds and Tidal Stream Turbines Waggitt, J., Bell, P., Scott, B. December 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Birds
An International Assessment of the Environmental Effects of Marine Energy Development Copping, A., et al. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Attraction, Avoidance, Changes in Flow, Collision, Displacement, Noise Fish, Marine Mammals
An Investigation of the Impacts of Climate Change on Wave Energy Generation: The Wave Hub, Cornwall, UK Reeve, D., et al. September 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A N/A
An LCA of the Pelamis wave energy converter Thomson, R., Chick, J., Harrison, G. July 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Life Cycle Assessment
An Unstructured Grid, Finite-Volume Coastal Ocean Model (FVCOM) System Chen, C., Beardsley, R., Cowles, G. March 2006 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) N/A Physical Environment
Analysing the potentials and effects of multi-use between tidal energy development and environmental protection and monitoring: A case study of the inner sound of the Pentland Firth Sangiuliano, S. August 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal N/A Human Dimensions, Marine Spatial Planning
Analysis of the environmental issues concerning the deployment of an OTEC power plant in Martinique Devault, D., Péné-Annette, A. November 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), OTEC N/A N/A
Anthropogenic disturbance facilitates a non-native species on offshore oil platforms Viola, S., et al. July 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Attraction, Habitat Change Invertebrates
Anthropogenic Sources of Underwater Sound can Modify how Sediment-Dwelling Invertebrates Mediate Ecosystem Properties Solan, M., et al. February 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Noise Benthic Invertebrates
Anticipated Coastal Impacts: What Water-Users Think of Marine Renewables and Why Stokes, C., et al. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Human Dimensions
Applicability of the "Frame of Reference" Approach for Environmental Monitoring of Offshore Renewable Energy Projects Garel, E., et al. August 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Application of the Time-Dependent Mild-Slope Equations for the Simulation of Wake Effects in the Lee of a Farm of Wave Dragon Wave Energy Converters Beels, C., et al. August 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Nearfield Habitat
Application of Tidal Energy for Purification in Fresh Water Lake Jung, R., Isshiki, H. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A N/A
Applying a simple model for estimating the likelihood of collision of marine mammals with tidal turbines Copping, A., Grear, M. August 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Marine Mammals
Artificial Marine Structures Facilitate the Spread of a Non-Indigenous Green Algae Bulleri, F., Airoldi, L. October 2005 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Artificial Reef Effect and Fouling Impacts on Offshore Wave Power Foundations and Buoys - A Pilot Study Langhamer, O., Wilhelmsson, D., Engström, J. April 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Artificial Reef Effect in Relation to Offshore Renewable Energy Conversion: State of the Art Langhamer, O. December 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy (General) Habitat Change Ecosystem Processes, Fish
Assessing potential impacts of energized submarine power cables on crab harvests Love, M., et al. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Socio-economics, Fishing
Assessing the Cumulative Environmental Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Developments: Establishing Common Ground Willsteed, E., et al. January 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Farfield Environment
Assessing the cumulative exposure of wildlife to offshore wind energy development Wing Goodale, M., Milman, A. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A N/A
Assessing the Environmental Impact of the Annapolis Tidal Power Project Tidmarsh, W. January 1984 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Fish, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment
Assessing the impact of introduced infrastructure at sea with cameras: A case study for spatial scale, time and statistical power Bicknell, A., et al. April 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Habitat Change Invertebrates
Assessing the impact of tidal stream energy extraction on the Lagrangian circulation Guillou, N., Chapalain, G. October 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Changes in Flow Physical Environment
Assessing the Influence of Inflow Turbulence on Noise and Performance of a Tidal Turbine using Large Eddy Simulations Lloyd, T., Turnock, S., Humphrey, V. November 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Noise N/A
Assessing the Sensitivity of Seabird Populations to Adverse Effects from Tidal Stream Turbines and Wave Energy Devices Furness, R., et al. June 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal, Wave Attraction, Collision, Displacement, Habitat Change Birds, Seabirds
Assessing the Vulnerability of the Marine Bird Community in the Western North Sea to Climate Change and Other Anthropogenic Impacts Burthe, S., et al. July 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Birds, Seabirds, Ecosystem Processes
Assessing use-use interactions at sea: A theoretical framework for spatial decision support tools facilitating co-location in maritime spatial planning Bonnevie, I., Hansen, H., Schrøder, L. August 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Assessing Wave Energy Effects on Biodiversity: The Wave Hub Experience Witt, M., et al. October 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Birds, Fish, Marine Mammals
Assessment Method for Sound Radiated by Cyclically Operating Wells Turbines Starzmann, R., et al. June 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Noise N/A
Assessment of array shape of tidal stream turbines on hydro-environmental impacts and power output Ahmadian, R., Falconer, R. August 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal N/A
Assessment of Chemicals Released in the Marine Environment by Dielectric Elastomers Useful as Active Elements in Wave Energy Harvesters Zaltariov, M., et al. January 2018 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave Chemicals N/A
Assessment of Entanglement Risk to Marine Megafauna due to Offshore Renewable Energy Mooring Systems Harnois, V., et al. September 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind Entrapment Marine Mammals
Assessment of the Changes Induced by a Wave Energy Farm in the Nearshore Wave Conditions Bento, A., et al. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wave Changes in Flow Physical Environment
Assessment of the impacts of tidal stream energy through high-resolution numerical modeling Ramos, V., et al. November 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Assessment of Zooplankton Injury and Mortality Associated With Underwater Turbines for Tidal Energy Production Schlezinger, D., Taylor, C., Howes, B. July 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal Dynamic Device Ecosystem
Atlantic Sturgeon Spatial and Temporal Distribution in Minas Passage, Nova Scotia, Canada, a Region of Future Tidal Energy Extraction Stokesbury, M., et al. July 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Tidal N/A Fish
Attitudes and Perceptions of Fishermen on the Island of Ireland Towards the Development of Marine Renewable Energy Projects Reilly, K., O'Hagan, A., Dalton, G. August 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Wind Energy (General), Offshore Wind N/A Human Dimensions, Social & Economic Data
Attitudes of Scottish Fishers Towards Marine Renewable Energy Alexander, K., Wilding, T., Jacomina Heymans, J. January 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Fish, Socio-economics
Barging Effects On Sensory Systems Of Chinook Salmon Smolts Halvorsen, M., et al. January 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Riverine Dynamic Device Fish
Baseline Presence of and Effects of Tidal Turbine Installation and Operations on Harbour Porpoise in Minas Passage, Bay of Fundy, Canada Tollit, D., et al. January 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy (General), Tidal Avoidance, Noise Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Beach response to wave energy converter farms acting as coastal defence Mendoza, E., et al. May 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wave N/A Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Benthic Community Composition on Submerged Reefs in the Central Great Barrier Reef Roberts, T., et al. June 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Benthic effects of offshore renewables: identification of knowledge gaps and urgently needed research Dannheim, J., et al. March 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Benthos distribution modelling and its relevance for marine ecosystem management Reiss, H., et al. February 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general, Wind Energy general, Offshore Wind N/A Benthic Invertebrates

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