Knowledge Base

The Knowledge Base provides access to information about the environmental effects of marine and wind energy, supporting OES-Environmental and WREN initiatives. Relevant documents and OES-Environmental metadata forms are compiled into a user-friendly table with advanced filtering. Filters may be selected on the right, or keywords entered in the Search Text box. Content may also be sorted alphabetically by clicking on column headers. More entries will load as you scroll down.


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Title Author* Date** Type of Content Technology Typessort descending Stressors Receptors
A General Theory on Fish Aggregation to Floating Objects: An Alternative to the Meeting Point Hypothesis Castro, J., Santiago, J., Santana-Ortega, A. June 2002 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Ecosystem, Fish
A Protocol for Classifying Ecologically Relevant Marine Zones, A Statistical Approach Verfaillie, E., et al. March 2009 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Nearfield Habitat
A Quantitative, Non-Destructive Methodology for Habitat Characterisation and Benthic Monitoring at Offshore Renewable Energy Developments Sheehan, E., Stevens, T., Attrill, M. December 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
A Benchmark for Life Cycle Air Emissions and Life Cycle Impact Assessment of Hydrokinetic Energy Extraction using Life Cycle Assessment Miller, V., Landis, A., Schaefer, L. March 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Climate Change, Life Cycle Assessment
An Adaptive Framework for Selecting Environmental Monitoring Protocols to Support Ocean Renewable Energy Development Shumchenia, E., et al. September 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
An Unstructured Grid, Finite-Volume Coastal Ocean Model (FVCOM) System Chen, C., Beardsley, R., Cowles, G. March 2006 Journal Article Marine Energy general Energy Removal Farfield Environment
Artificial Reef Effect in Relation to Offshore Renewable Energy Conversion: State of the Art Langhamer, O. December 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Artificial Marine Structures Facilitate the Spread of a Non-Indigenous Green Algae Bulleri, F., Airoldi, L. October 2005 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Nearfield Habitat
Comprehensive Planning, Dominant-Use Zones, and User Rights: A New Era in Ocean Governance Sanchirico, J., et al. January 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Concurrent and Legacy Economic and Environmental Impacts from Establishing a Marine Energy Sector in Scotland Allan, G., et al. July 2008 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Consistency Conflicts and Federalism Choice: Marine Spatial Planning Beyond the States' Territorial Seas Burger, M. July 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Socio-economics, Marine Spatial Planning
Dynamic Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of Renewable Energy Technologies Pehnt, M. January 2006 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Life Cycle Assessment
Environmental and Human Dimensions of Ocean Renewable Energy Development Henkel, S., Conway, F., Boehlert, G. February 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Exploring the Impact of Technology Development and Adoption for Sustainable Hydroelectric Power and Storage Technologies in the Pacific Northwest United States Cowan, K., Daim, T., Anderson, T. December 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Field Experiments on the Attraction of Pelagic Fish to Floating Objects Hunter, J., Mitchell, C. January 1968 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Fish
Fish Aggregation Device (FAD) Research: Gaps in Current Knowledge and Future Directions for Ecological Studies Dempster, T., Taquet, M. March 2004 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Ecosystem, Fish
Harnessing the Ocean's Power: Opportunities in Renewable Ocean Energy Resources Griset, T. January 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Homing of Pelagic Fish to Fish Aggregation Devices (FADs): The Role of Sensory Cues Dempster, T., Kingsford, M. August 2003 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Fish
Hydropower's Future, the Environment, and Global Electricity System Sternberg, R. February 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Long-Term Exposure of Several Marine Benthic Animals to Static Magnetic Fields Zettler, M., Bochert, R. September 2004 Journal Article Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Fish
Marine Biodiversity, Climate Change, and Governance of the Oceans Craig, R. March 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Marine Fish Assemblages Associated with Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs): Effects of Fish Removal, FAD Size, Fouling Communities, and Prior Recruits Nelson, P. June 2003 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Fish
Numerical Simulation of 3D Flow Past a Real-Life Marine Hydrokinetic Turbine Kang, S., et al. April 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Ocean Renewable Energy's Potential Role In Supplying Future Electrical Energy Needs Thresher, R., Musial, W. January 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Overview of Ocean Renewable Energy in China Wang, S., et al. January 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Permitting, Risk and Marine Hydrokinetic Energy Development Dubbs, L., Keeler, A., O'Meara, T. December 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Persistence of Antifouling Agents in the Marine Biosphere Ranke, J. February 2002 Journal Article Marine Energy general Chemicals Farfield Environment
Potential Interactions between Diadromous Fishes of U.K. Conservation Importance and the Electromagnetic Fields and Subsea Noise from Marine Renewable Energy Developments Gill, A., Bartlett, M., Thomsen, F. July 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general EMF, Noise Fish
Renewable Energy Vs. Biodiversity: Policy Conflicts And The Future Of Nature Conservation Jackson, A. October 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Renewable Energy Costs, Potentials, Barriers: Conceptual Issues Verbruggen, A., et al. February 2010 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Shallow Moving Structures Promote Marine Invader Dominance Dafforn, K., Johnston, E., Glasby, T. January 2005 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Ecosystem
Simulation-Based Investigations of Fishery Changes as Affected by the Scale and Design of Artificial Habitats Sayer, M., et al. November 2005 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Fish
Sub-Sea Power Cables And The Migration Behaviour Of The European Eel Langenfelt, I., Westerberg, H. October 2008 Journal Article Marine Energy general EMF Fish
Target Strength of Southern Resident Killer Whales (Orcinus orca): Measurement and Modeling Xu, J., et al. March 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Temporal Variability of Pelagic Fish Assemblages around Fish Aggregation Devices: Biological and Physical Influences Dempster, T. May 2005 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Fish
The Case for Renewables Apart from Global Warming Swift-Hook, D. January 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
The Effects of Copper-Based Antifouling Paint on Mortality and Enzymatic Activity of a Non-Target Organism Katranitsas, A., Castritsi-Cathariosa, J., Persoone, G. November 2003 Journal Article Marine Energy general Chemicals Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
The Environmental Effects of the Installation and Functioning of the Submarine SwePol Link HVDC Transmission Line: A Case Study of the Polish Marine Area of the Baltic Sea Andrulewicz, E., Napierska, D., Otremba, Z. June 2003 Journal Article Marine Energy general EMF Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Visual Censuses Around Drifting Fish Aggregating Devices (FADs): A New Approach For Assessing The Diversity Of Fish In Open-ocean Waters Gaertner, J., et al. August 2008 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Fish
Insights into the Ocean Health Index for Marine Renewable Energy Lam, W., Roy, C. May 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Regulating Marine Renewable Energy Development: A Preliminary Assessment of UK Permitting Processes Wright, G. March 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
An International Assessment of the Environmental Effects of Marine Energy Development Copping, A., et al. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device, Energy Removal, Noise Fish, Marine Mammals
A Geographical-Based Multi-Criteria Approach for Marine Energy Farm Planning Maslov, N., et al. May 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Farfield Environment
Spatial Planning for Sustainable Marine Renewable Energy Developments in Scotland Davies, I., Watret, R., Gubbins, M. October 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Socio-economics
Experimental Evaluation of a Mixer-Ejector Marine Hydrokinetic Turbine at Two Open-Water Tidal Energy Test Sites in NH and MA Rowell, M., et al. July 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Symmetry: The Key to Diagnosing Propeller Strike Injuries in Sea Mammals Byard, R., et al. April 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device Marine Mammals
The Assessment of Lethal Propeller Strike Injuries in Sea Mammals Byard, R., et al. April 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device Marine Mammals, Pinnipeds
Noise Correction of Turbulent Spectra Obtained from Acoustic Doppler Velocimeters Durgesh, V., et al. June 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general Noise N/A
Survival and Behavioral Effects of Exposure to a Hydrokinetic Turbine on Juvenile Atlantic Salmon and Adult American Shad Castro-Santos, T., Haro, A. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Fish
Modeling the Effects of Tidal Energy Extraction on Estuarine Hydrodynamics in a Stratified Estuary Yang, Z., Wang, T. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general Energy Removal N/A
Multibeam Acoustic Detection of Fish and Water Column Targets at High-Flow Sites Melvin, G., Cochrane, N. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Fish
Marine Renewable Energy - The Essential Legal Considerations Chang, T. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Marine Renewable Energy and Public Rights Todd, P. May 2012 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Review of Consenting Processes for Ocean Energy in Selected European Union Member States Simas, T., et al. April 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
A Probabilistic Model for Hydrokinetic Turbine Collision Risks: Exploring Impacts on Fish Hammar, L., et al. March 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device Fish
Power and Perspective: Fisheries and the Ocean Commons Beset by Demands of Development Pomeroy, C., Hall-Arber, M., Conway, F. December 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Fish, Socio-economics
Economic and Socio-Economic Assessment Methods for Ocean Renewable Energy: Public and Private Perspectives Dalton, G., et al. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics
Social and Ecological Impacts of Marine Energy Development Bonar, P., Bryden, I., Borthwick, A. July 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Ecosystem, Socio-economics
Marine Renewable Energy in China: Current Status and Perspectives Zhang, Y., Lin, Z., Liu, Q. July 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Ecology of Fishes in a High-Latitude, Turbid River with Implications for the Impacts of Hydrokinetic Devices Seitz, A., et al. September 2011 Journal Article Marine Energy general Chemicals, Dynamic Device, EMF, Energy Removal Fish
Numerical Performance Analysis of Acoustic Doppler Velocity Profilers in the Wake of an Axial-Flow Marine Hydrokinetic Turbine Richmond, M., Harding, S., Romero-Gomez, P. September 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Nearfield Habitat
Climate Sensitivity of Marine Energy Harrison, G., Wallace, A. October 2005 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Climate Change
Potential Impacts of Ocean Acidification on the Puget Sound Food Web Busch, D., Harvey, C., McElhany, P. April 2013 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Ecosystem
The kinematics and performance of fish fast-start swimming Domenici, P., Blake, R. February 1997 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Fish
Killer Whales (Orcinus orca) feeding on schooling herring (Clupea harengus) using underwater tail-slaps: Kinematic analyses of field observations Domenici, P., et al. December 1999 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
The Direction Change Concept for Reticulospinal Control of Goldfish Escape Foreman, M., Eaton, R. October 1993 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Fish
Life Cycle Assessment of Ocean Energy Technologies: A Systematic Review Paredes, M., Padilla-Rivera, A., Güereca, L. September 2019 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Climate Change, Life Cycle Assessment
A Comparative Review of Entrainment Survival Studies at Power Plants in Estuarine Environments Mayhew, D., et al. September 2000 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Resolving Issues with Environmental Impact Assessment of Marine Renewable Energy Installations Maclean, I., et al. December 2014 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Environmental Impact Assessment, Legal and Policy
Spatial Ecosystem Modelling of Marine Renewable Energy Installations: Gauging the Utility of Ecospace Alexander, K., Meyjes, S., Heymans, J. July 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Fishing
Active acoustic monitoring in extreme turbulence around marine renewable energy devices Fraser, S., et al. April 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Hydrokinetic Energy Conversion: Technology, Research, and Outlook Laws, N., Epps, B. May 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device N/A
A Review on the Technology, Performance, Design Optimization, Reliability, Techno-Economics and Environmental Impacts of Hydrokinetic Energy Conversion Systems Kumar, D., Sarkar, S. June 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general Dynamic Device N/A
Biofouling Community Composition across a Range of Environmental Conditions and Geographical Locations Suitable for Floating Marine Renewable Energy Generation Macleod, A., et al. February 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Benthic Invertebrates, Nearfield Habitat
Establishing a legal research agenda for ocean energy Wright, G., et al. January 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Institutional Improvement Measures for Environmental Assessment in the Pursuit of Eco-Friendly Ocean Renewable Energy Development in South Korea Park, J., Kim, T. May 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Characterizing Biological Impacts at Marine Renewable Energy Sites Wiesebron, L., Horne, J., Hendrix, N. June 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Ecosystem
Incorporating Data Uncertainty when Estimating Potential Vulnerability of Scottish Seabirds to Marine Renewable Energy Developments Wade, H., et al. August 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Birds, Seabirds, Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
Predictive Modelling to Identify Near-Shore, Fine-Scale Seabird Distributions during the Breeding Season Warwick-Evans, V., et al. March 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Birds, Seabirds, Nearfield Habitat
Hydropower and Environmental Regulation - A Scottish Perspective Copestake, P. March 2006 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Birds
Temporal Patterns in Habitat Use by Small Cetaceans at an Oceanographically Dynamic Marine Renewable Energy Test Site in the Celtic Sea Cox, S., et al. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general Static Device Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Research Priorities for Assessing Potential Impacts of Emerging Marine Renewable Energy Technologies: Insights from Developments in Wales (UK) Roche, R., et al. December 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Farfield Environment, Nearfield Habitat, Socio-economics
Developing Benefit Schemes and Financial Compensation Measures for Fishermen Impacted by Marine Renewable Energy Projects Reilly, K., O'Hagan, A., Dalton, G. October 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Fishing
Moving from Consultation to Participation: A Case Study of the Involvement of Fishermen in Decisions Relating to Marine Renewable Energy Projects on the Island of Ireland Reilly, K., O'Hagan, A., Dalton, G. December 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Fishing, Stakeholder Engagement
Assessing the Cumulative Environmental Effects of Marine Renewable Energy Developments: Establishing Common Ground Willsteed, E., et al. January 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Farfield Environment
Introducing Ocean Energy Industries to a Busy Marine Environment Hammar, L., et al. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Turning Off the DRIP ('Data-Rich, Information-Poor') - Rationalising Monitoring with a Focus on Marine Renewable Energy Developments and the Benthos Wilding, T., et al. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Benthic Invertebrates, Ecosystem
Evidence for Geomagnetic Imprinting and Magnetic Navigation in the Natal Homing of Sea Turtles Brothers, J., Lohmann, K. February 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general EMF Sea Turtles
Stochasticism in Noise Generated by an Array of Marine Hydrokinetic Devices Hafla, E., Johnson, E., Roberts, J. November 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general Noise N/A
Coupled Modeling of Hydrodynamics and Sound in Coastal Ocean for Renewable Ocean Energy Development Long, W., et al. March 2016 Journal Article Marine Energy general Noise N/A
Fine-Scale Foraging Movements by Fish-Eating Killer Whales (Orcinus orca) Relate to the Vertical Distributions and Escape Responses of Salmonid Prey (Oncorhynchus spp.) Wright, B., et al. February 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Fish, Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
A Regional Ecological Risk Assessment of the Kaipara Harbour, New Zealand, Using a Relative Risk Model Kanwar, P., Bowden, W., Greenhalgh, S. May 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Stakeholder Engagement
Understanding our seas: National Institute of Oceanography, Goa Naqvi, S. April 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general Energy Removal Socio-economics, Fishing
Benthic Community Composition on Submerged Reefs in the Central Great Barrier Reef Roberts, T., et al. June 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Benthic Invertebrates
Out in the Wash: Spatial Ecology of a Temperate Marine Shallow Rocky-Reef Species Derived using Acoustic Telemetry Stocks, J., Gray, C., Taylor, M. January 2015 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Fish
Legal System for the Development of Marine Renewable Energy in China Chang, Y., Wang, N. August 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Socio-economics, Legal and Policy
A Framework for Determining Improved Placement of Current Energy Converters Subject to Environmental Constraints Nelson, K., et al. June 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Developing a Novel Risk-Based Methodology for Multi-Criteria Decision Making in Marine Renewable Energy Applications Abaei, M., et al. March 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A N/A
Observations and Tracking of Killer Whales (Orcinus orca) with Shore-Based X-Band Marine Radar at a Marine Energy Test Site McCann, D., Bell, P. July 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Marine Mammals, Cetaceans
Modeling Baseline Conditions of Ecological Indicators: Marine Renewable Energy Environmental Monitoring Linder, H., Horne, J., Ward, E. December 2017 Journal Article Marine Energy general N/A Ecosystem

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